View Full Version : Haplogroup N found in two 7000 year old Libyan females?

Nebuchadnezzar II
09-05-2018, 11:23 AM
First genetic data from the Holocene Green Sahara – new insights into the human mitochondrial phylogeny
S. Vai1
, S. Sarno2
, M. Lari1
, D. Luiselli3
, G. Manzi4
, M. Gallinaro5
, S. Mataich1,2, A. Hübner6
, A. Modi1
, E. Pilli1
, M. A. Tafuri4
D. Caramelli1
, S. Di Lernia5,7
University of Florence, Department of Biology, Firenze, Italy
University of Bologna, Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Bologna, Italy
University of Bologna, Dipartimento di Beni Culturali, Ravenna, Italy
Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Environmental Biology, Roma, Italy
Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Ancient World Studies, Roma, Italy
Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department Evolutionary Genetics, Leipzig, Germany
University of the Witwatersrand, School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, Johannesburg, South Africa
Ancient DNA studies give us the possibility to directly observe the genetic variation through time and to explore the history of
anatomically modern human populations with a high level of resolution. While genetic data from a high number of individuals
are available for almost all the geographical areas in Eurasia covering a wide temporal range, information from Africa is limited
due to climate conditions that are not favourable to the DNA preservation in most of the continent. For this reason, the
knowledge of African genetic variability was restricted to modern data until recently, when studies focused on samples from
south and east Africa, Egypt and Morocco were published. Filling the gaps in space and time is extremely important since
present-day genetic variability could not properly reflect the past situation: different population genetics dynamics may have
occurred in different times and with specific regional impacts, modifying haplotype distribution and frequencies. Here we
present the first genetic data for the Saharan region, characterized by severe climate oscillations that could have driven
population expansion and contractions, migrations, admixture or isolation in the past. We analysed two ~7000-year-old female
individuals with signs of natural mummification from Takarkori Rockshelter, Libya. The mitochondrial genomes show a novel
mutation motif phylogenetically linked to the haplogroup N root. The divergence of this haplogroup from L3 lineage is
commonly dated around 50-65 ka, probably located in the Arabian Peninsula and linked to the exit of AMH from Africa. The
presence of this haplotype in Takarkori can represent a past relic of an African origin of haplogroup N or a trace of an ancient
migration from Eurasia not previously documented. Our finding highlights the importance to increase genetic data for past
African populations in order to detect lineages nowadays possibly disappeared or whose geographical distribution and
frequencies changed during time.

09-05-2018, 06:42 PM
Good news!

It would be great to find out how they have migrated there... There are many N in the Middle East, but how have they crossed the Sahara ?

07-21-2019, 11:05 PM
We have unresolved N glades in North Africa , N1b pops up in Mesolithic levant and that I wonder how N1a factors. N1b1 is most frequent today in the Caucasus and levant, so n1a and n1b in Europe likely just came with Farmers? That Crimean Gravettian was an N1 clade heading forward N1b, I hear. What’s interesting is I’ve heard multiple people belonging to my subclade mention doing deep subclade testing and scoring most or all deep matches among Turks and south Italians.

02-01-2020, 06:01 PM
Has this study been released yet?

And when can we get autosomal analysis of the ladies.

It is crucial at this time, especially after the shum laka paper

02-01-2020, 06:23 PM
It was released last year: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401177/

I haven't heard about any autosomal analysis, but I sure hope someone is working on it.

02-02-2020, 04:10 PM
The green sahara was multi-racial at that time in the northern part by near eastern migrants and in southern part by nilotic-like population , this mtdna in that sample suggests the near eastern affinity.