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View Full Version : Shared drift with Cimmerians, Sarmatians, & Scythians



Kurd
10-05-2018, 11:35 AM
New Cimmerian, Sarmatian, and Scythian samples were published in the recent paper "Genomes-Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads", krzewinska et al, 2018.

One of the most informative ways to examine genetic relationships between various ancient populations and present day populations is to see how genetically shifted the present day population is towards the particular ancient population, in this case, Cimmerians, Sarmatians, and Scythians to the exclusion of their ancestors, in this case Haji-Firuz-Chl.

Here I examine the genetic shift of various W Asian populations towards Cimmerians, Sarmatians, and Scythians to the exclusion of Haji-Firuz-Chl using dstats of the form D ( Chimp, Steppe-Nomad ; Haji-Firuz, W Asians ).

Of the W Asian populations examined, Kurds showed the highest shift towards these Steppe nomads.

Tables are sorted with highest D value on top. Z is not high with the Kurdish samples due to lower SNP overlap.



POP1
POP2
TARGET
OUTGROUP
D
Z
SNPs


Kurd-Kurmnaji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0274
3.087
47831


Kurd-Feyli
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0227
2.529
47556


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.018
4.535
227649


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0148
3.602
227649


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0121
2.947
227649


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0096
2.415
227649


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.009
2.217
226391


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0066
1.608
227649




















POP1
POP2
TARGET
OUTGROUP
D
Z
SNPs


Kurd-Kurmnaji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0245
3.046
61823


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0182
5.229
293059


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0157
4.313
293059


Kurd-Feyli
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0145
1.801
61624


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0143
4.014
293059


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0116
3.273
293059


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0078
2.197
291467


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0078
2.181
293059

Kurd
10-05-2018, 11:36 AM
POP1
POP2
TARGET
OUTGROUP
D
Z
SNPs


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0198
5.464
266047


Kurd-Feyli
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0187
2.121
55592


Kurd-Kurmnaji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0183
2.138
55774


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0176
4.802
266047


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0171
4.594
266047


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0123
3.315
264596


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0109
2.981
266047


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0081
2.306
266047











POP1
POP2
TARGET
OUTGROUP
D
Z
SNPs


Kurd-Kurmnaji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.01
1.648
91526


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0052
2.041
407115


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0047
1.785
407115


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0044
1.658
407115


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0028
1.116
407115


Kurd-Feyli
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0015
0.246
91198


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0009
0.353
404962


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0001
0.04
407115

Kurd
10-05-2018, 11:49 AM
This table shows which nomads the various W Asians are "most" shifted to , to the exclusion of Haji-Firuz-Chl. Ranked by highest D.



POP1
POP2
TARGET
OUTGROUP
D
Z
SNPs


Kurd-Kurmanji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0274
3.087
47831


Kurd-Kurmanji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0245
3.046
61823


Kurd-Kurmanji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0183
2.138
55774


Kurd-Kurmanji
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.01
1.648
91526











Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0176
4.802
266047


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0157
4.313
293059


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0148
3.602
227649


Abkhasian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0044
1.658
407115











Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0198
5.464
266047


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0182
5.229
293059


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.018
4.535
227649


Adygei
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0052
2.041
407115











Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0116
3.273
293059


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0109
2.981
266047


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0096
2.415
227649


Armenian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0028
1.116
407115











Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0123
3.315
264596


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.009
2.217
226391


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0078
2.197
291467


Assyrian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0009
0.353
404962











Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0171
4.594
266047


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0143
4.014
293059


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0121
2.947
227649


Georgian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0047
1.785
407115











Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_CherniYar
Chimp
0.0081
2.306
266047


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Chimp
0.0078
2.181
293059


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Cimmerian
Chimp
0.0066
1.608
227649


Jew_Iranian
Hajji_Firuz_C
Scythian_Glinoe
Chimp
0.0001
0.04
407115

Kurd
10-06-2018, 04:01 AM
f3 stats can be used as an indicator of admixture between 2 populations to create a target. Here 1 populations is fixed as an outgroup (Mbuti) such that the strength of the admixture signal is driven by source 2 (steppe nomads).

With f3s the lower the number, the higher the signal of admixture.

Using Cimmerians and Sarmatian_Temyaysovo, the strongest signal of admixture is obtained in Kurds and Pashtuns and other C Asians, followed by other W Asians, followed by Europeans

PCAs and ADMIXTURE based oracles should not be used to gauge geneflow from the steppe nomads as clustering of steppe nomads near Europeans is primarily due to shared distant Eurasian common ancestry and not actual introgression from steppe nomads as indicated by f3s here.

I gave this example in a different thread to illustrate this point. Suppose a British individual [ B ] has a Middle-Eastern father (M) and a British mother (Bm). On a PCA B's coordinates or placement is relatively far from other Europeans, and he places about half-way between the European and Middle-Eastern cluster. If someone went by his PCA placement, they would infer he is less related Bm than other Europeans are related to Bm. However, if we do an IBD test or test for shared haplotypes between B and Bm we will find that B is actually more directly related to Bm than other Europeans are to Bm. This is opposite of what the PCA indicate.

Similar situation here with steppe nomads placement in PCA or ADMIXTURE oracles with regards to Europeans and W Asians.



SOURCE 1
SOURCE 2
TARGET
F3
STD ERRORS
Z
SNPs


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-SE
0.0103
0.0036
2.9
61028


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-C3
0.0156
0.0037
4.3
61189


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Pashtun-Afg2
0.0161
0.0037
4.3
61164


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-F1
0.0179
0.0039
4.6
60948


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Pashtun-Afg1
0.0191
0.0040
4.8
61069


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Pashtun-Pak
0.0192
0.0010
19.3
284605


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-C1
0.0200
0.0038
5.2
61128


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Tajik
0.0212
0.0012
18.2
278157


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Uzbek
0.0214
0.0010
20.5
283926


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-C2
0.0247
0.0040
6.2
61124


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Adygei
0.0251
0.0011
22.8
282620


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-F8
0.0251
0.0040
6.3
60784


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-F2
0.0265
0.0043
6.1
60783


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Armenian
0.0267
0.0011
23.5
279224


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-F4
0.0269
0.0045
6.0
60796


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Kurd-F5
0.0272
0.0041
6.6
60965


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Greek
0.0274
0.0011
24.1
283944


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Assyrian
0.0281
0.0012
24.3
277971


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Abkhasian
0.0285
0.0012
23.2
278344


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
English
0.0287
0.0012
23.4
279127


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Ukrainian
0.0289
0.0012
24.0
278628


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Polish
0.0298
0.0012
25.8
282654


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Georgian
0.0298
0.0012
24.5
278753


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Irish
0.0306
0.0012
25.9
282650


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Estonians
0.0312
0.0013
23.2
267034


Mbuti
Sarmatian_Temyaysovo
Lithuanians
0.0321
0.0016
19.9
260031





SOURCE 1
SOURCE 2
TARGET
F3
STD ERRORS
Z
SNPs


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-SE
0.0123
0.0038
3.2
47100


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Pashtun-Afg2
0.0149
0.0043
3.5
47150


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Uzbek
0.0193
0.0011
18.2
220257


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-C1
0.0219
0.0042
5.2
47114


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-F8
0.0222
0.0043
5.2
46873


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Pashtun-Pak
0.0224
0.0011
21.0
220749


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-F1
0.0236
0.0043
5.5
47019


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Pashtun-Afg1
0.0238
0.0043
5.6
47094


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Tajik
0.0240
0.0012
19.5
215642


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-C3
0.0249
0.0041
6.0
47215


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-C2
0.0268
0.0042
6.4
47167


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Adygei
0.0295
0.0012
25.4
219302


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-F2
0.0298
0.0047
6.4
46821


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Armenian
0.0313
0.0012
25.3
216566


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Assyrian
0.0320
0.0012
26.3
215563


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Greek
0.0327
0.0012
27.5
220321


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Abkhasian
0.0328
0.0013
26.2
215800


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-F5
0.0334
0.0048
7.0
47006


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Ukrainian
0.0341
0.0013
26.3
216148


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Georgian
0.0346
0.0013
27.5
216225


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Estonians
0.0357
0.0014
25.5
207028


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Polish
0.0357
0.0012
28.6
219260


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Irish
0.0359
0.0013
28.5
219228


Mbuti
Cimmerian
English
0.0359
0.0014
26.6
216443


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Kurd-F4
0.0363
0.0051
7.2
46928


Mbuti
Cimmerian
Lithuanians
0.0382
0.0018
21.4
201438

Kurd
10-06-2018, 04:03 AM
With C Asian Saka f3s indicate a higher signal of admixture for Pashtuns and other C Asians, followed by Kurds, and then W Asians, and finally Europeans



SOURCE 1
SOURCE 2
TARGET
F3
STD ERRORS
Z
SNPs


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-SE
-0.0024
0.0027
-0.9
111302


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Pashtun-Afg2
-0.0014
0.0028
-0.5
111441


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Uzbek
0.0018
0.0006
3.2
505695


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Pashtun-Pak
0.0024
0.0006
4.3
506089


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Pashtun-Afg1
0.0031
0.0029
1.1
111138


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Tajik
0.0051
0.0007
7.3
497090


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-C3
0.0066
0.0028
2.3
111496


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F8
0.0070
0.0028
2.5
110524


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-C1
0.0077
0.0029
2.7
111256


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F1
0.0082
0.0031
2.7
110937


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-C2
0.0083
0.0030
2.8
111375


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F5
0.0083
0.0033
2.5
110969


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F2
0.0091
0.0033
2.8
110697


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Adygei
0.0098
0.0006
15.7
503237


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Armenian
0.0111
0.0007
16.0
498803


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Assyrian
0.0119
0.0007
17.8
493573


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Abkhasian
0.0124
0.0007
17.0
497348


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F4
0.0127
0.0035
3.6
110706


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Greek
0.0131
0.0006
20.6
505535


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Georgian
0.0143
0.0007
19.8
498037


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Ukrainian
0.0147
0.0008
19.6
497992


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Polish
0.0155
0.0007
23.1
500256


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
English
0.0160
0.0007
22.0
498358


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Estonians
0.0166
0.0009
18.7
476441


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Irish
0.0169
0.0007
25.6
500273


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Lithuanians
0.0179
0.0011
15.7
467876






SOURCE 1
SOURCE 2
TARGET
F3
STD ERRORS
Z
SNPs


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Uzbek
-0.0023
0.0005
-4.3
506984


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-SE
0.0023
0.0027
0.9
112655


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Pashtun-Afg2
0.0033
0.0029
1.1
112748


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Pashtun-Afg1
0.0069
0.0029
2.4
112475


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Pashtun-Pak
0.0071
0.0006
11.5
507840


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Tajik
0.0104
0.0008
13.4
499403


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F8
0.0129
0.0030
4.3
111889


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F1
0.0136
0.0030
4.5
112310


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-C3
0.0141
0.0031
4.6
112831


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F2
0.0156
0.0032
4.8
112091


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-C1
0.0158
0.0031
5.2
112599


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F5
0.0160
0.0034
4.7
112330


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-C2
0.0172
0.0030
5.7
112778


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Adygei
0.0177
0.0007
24.5
505285


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F4
0.0187
0.0037
5.1
112111


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Armenian
0.0204
0.0008
25.7
501492


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Assyrian
0.0211
0.0008
27.6
496262


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Abkhasian
0.0217
0.0008
26.5
500073


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Greek
0.0223
0.0007
30.3
507654


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Ukrainian
0.0228
0.0008
27.3
500623


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Estonians
0.0244
0.0010
24.9
479136


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Georgian
0.0245
0.0008
30.4
500713


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Polish
0.0247
0.0007
33.1
502381


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
English
0.0256
0.0008
30.4
501091


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Irish
0.0259
0.0008
33.5
502405


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Lithuanians
0.0262
0.0013
20.8
471470

Alain
10-06-2018, 04:59 AM
With C Asian Saka f3s indicate a higher signal of admixture for Pashtuns and other C Asians, followed by Kurds, and then W Asians, and finally Europeans



SOURCE 1
SOURCE 2
TARGET
F3
STD ERRORS
Z
SNPs


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-SE
-0.0024
0.0027
-0.9
111302


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Pashtun-Afg2
-0.0014
0.0028
-0.5
111441


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Uzbek
0.0018
0.0006
3.2
505695


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Pashtun-Pak
0.0024
0.0006
4.3
506089


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Pashtun-Afg1
0.0031
0.0029
1.1
111138


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Tajik
0.0051
0.0007
7.3
497090


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-C3
0.0066
0.0028
2.3
111496


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F8
0.0070
0.0028
2.5
110524


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-C1
0.0077
0.0029
2.7
111256


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F1
0.0082
0.0031
2.7
110937


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-C2
0.0083
0.0030
2.8
111375


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F5
0.0083
0.0033
2.5
110969


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F2
0.0091
0.0033
2.8
110697


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Adygei
0.0098
0.0006
15.7
503237


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Armenian
0.0111
0.0007
16.0
498803


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Assyrian
0.0119
0.0007
17.8
493573


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Abkhasian
0.0124
0.0007
17.0
497348


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Kurd-F4
0.0127
0.0035
3.6
110706


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Greek
0.0131
0.0006
20.6
505535


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Georgian
0.0143
0.0007
19.8
498037


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Ukrainian
0.0147
0.0008
19.6
497992


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Polish
0.0155
0.0007
23.1
500256


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
English
0.0160
0.0007
22.0
498358


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Estonians
0.0166
0.0009
18.7
476441


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Irish
0.0169
0.0007
25.6
500273


Mbuti
Saka_TienShan_A
Lithuanians
0.0179
0.0011
15.7
467876






SOURCE 1
SOURCE 2
TARGET
F3
STD ERRORS
Z
SNPs


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Uzbek
-0.0023
0.0005
-4.3
506984


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-SE
0.0023
0.0027
0.9
112655


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Pashtun-Afg2
0.0033
0.0029
1.1
112748


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Pashtun-Afg1
0.0069
0.0029
2.4
112475


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Pashtun-Pak
0.0071
0.0006
11.5
507840


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Tajik
0.0104
0.0008
13.4
499403


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F8
0.0129
0.0030
4.3
111889


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F1
0.0136
0.0030
4.5
112310


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-C3
0.0141
0.0031
4.6
112831


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F2
0.0156
0.0032
4.8
112091


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-C1
0.0158
0.0031
5.2
112599


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F5
0.0160
0.0034
4.7
112330


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-C2
0.0172
0.0030
5.7
112778


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Adygei
0.0177
0.0007
24.5
505285


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Kurd-F4
0.0187
0.0037
5.1
112111


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Armenian
0.0204
0.0008
25.7
501492


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Assyrian
0.0211
0.0008
27.6
496262


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Abkhasian
0.0217
0.0008
26.5
500073


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Greek
0.0223
0.0007
30.3
507654


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Ukrainian
0.0228
0.0008
27.3
500623


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Estonians
0.0244
0.0010
24.9
479136


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Georgian
0.0245
0.0008
30.4
500713


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Polish
0.0247
0.0007
33.1
502381


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
English
0.0256
0.0008
30.4
501091


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Irish
0.0259
0.0008
33.5
502405


Mbuti
Saka_Altai
Lithuanians
0.0262
0.0013
20.8
471470



Hallo Kurd who Saka Tien Shan B?