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09-13-2019, 01:17 PM
In the name of the Creator of all couples

Civilization of the Burnt City Shahr-e Sukhteh

The archaeological “burned city” is located 56 kilometers from the city of Zabul in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. The importance of this Iranian city, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, comes from the fact that its construction date back more than five thousand years ago, when the first signs of civilization and human culture emerged that introduced this region, which came to be known as the land of Iran.
This city was founded before 3200 BC, and was inhabited throughout four phases and historical periods gave up between 3200 and 1800 years BC.
The archaeological courtyard of the burned city was built in the 2nd and 3rd millennium BC, by those who emigrated to this city from all four corners of the globe.
Researchers and archaeologists have not yet found an archaeological pamphlet or historical document that speaks of the ancient and real name of this city, which was famous for a fire that occurred during two historical periods, ie between the years 3200 to 2750 BC, famous for the "burned city."
The scorched city is one of the most scarce archaeological cities in that women have had the financial management of the family. Archaeological discoveries indicate that the city can accommodate 151 hectares. Remaining monuments in the scorched city indicate that it contained five residential neighborhoods located in the northeast of the city, as well as central neighborhoods, an industrial zone, memorial buildings and a cemetery, all in the form of interconnected hills and hills. The residential neighborhoods included 80 hectares of the burned city. This city was the center of various industrial and artistic activities.
Various archaeological excavations and excavations were carried out in the scorched city. In the sixth stage of these excavations, archaeologists have found fascinating models of ornaments and ornamental machines.
The excavations proved that the burned city was an industrial city with workshops and factories for making pottery and jewelery, and that the inhabitants of the city benefited from the trees and plants available in the nature surrounding them as fuel. The archaeological discoveries in the scorched city involve pottery of various kinds, stone pots, knitting of fabrics and art of sweats, which indicates the existence of a variety of industries, especially textile and fabric production, which was witnessed a remarkable development at the time.
So far, it has been discovered in the scorched city on 12 kinds of woven fabrics of monochrome or multicolored and fishing rod, indicating that the people of the city were benefiting from the swamps of the swamps surrounding Lake Hamon to make baskets and mats, in addition to building roofs houses. The inhabitants of the burned city were also professional fishing and weaving fishing nets. There is no doubt that the burned city was one of the most developed cities at the time.

Artificial eye
For the first time, a 4,800-year-old artificial eye was found in the burned city. Archaeologists have found the artificial eye, which was planted in the body of a woman aged between 25 and 30 years, found in one of the graves of this city. This artificial eye was implanted by ophthalmologists at the time in the woman's left eye. The material used in this synthetic eye has not yet been determined, but it appears that it was made using natural asphalt mixed with some kind of animal fat. The upper part of the artificial eye is painted with gold wire in the form of capillaries in the eye, less than half a milliliter in diameter.
Brain surgery 5000 years ago
One of the fascinating discoveries of the scorched city points to scientific and medical signs of the earliest brain surgery there, dating back 5,000 years ago. The operation was performed on the skull of a twelve or thirteen-year-old girl. This girl was suffering from «hydrosphere» disease, which collects fluid in the skull, which led doctors to surgery on the skull of the sick girl and withdraw part of the skull bone

09-13-2019, 01:22 PM
5000-year-old ruler
During archaeological excavations in the scorched city, archaeologists found a wooden ruler made of an ebony tree. This ruler is 10 centimeters in length and half a millimeter in accuracy.

The oldest dice table in the world
The oldest dice table in the world was found in the archaeological site of the scorched city, in addition to 60 of them. This dice table is older than that discovered in the tomb of the royal city of Ur in Mesopotamia

The world's first animation
Archaeologists unearthed a cemetery with a picture of a goat and a tree. After several researches on this trophy, archaeologists have reached the important conclusion that the image carved on this trophy, unlike the rest of the discoveries in the vicinity of the scorched city, follows a targeted repetition leading to the goat towards the tree. In fact, the artist and the painter who made this pottery cup a drawing board, designed his feathers and based on his skill and genius, a goat moving towards the tree and fed from its leaves, by drawing five repetitive purposeful movements, which made archaeologists close these images to each other Finally a 20-second animation.
Luxury jewelry in the scorched city
Archaeologists discovered in the burned or burned city "month of Sukhoth" many, including many types of fine jewelry, which indicates the prosperity of this important craft in ancient Iranian civilization, archaeologists have discovered a lot of precious stones and onyx, lapis turquoise and marble in addition to jewelry Gold, silver and all other high-end metals.

Elamite writing discovered in the scorched city:

09-13-2019, 01:25 PM

Writing similar to the civilizations of Mesopotamia discovered in the scorched city has not been translated to this day:


Other things discovered in the scorched city:


09-13-2019, 01:27 PM