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RCO
01-15-2020, 05:20 PM
Genetic analysis of male Hungarian Conquerors: European and Asian paternal lineages of the conquering Hungarian tribes
Fóthi, E., Gonzalez, A., Fehér, T. et al. Archaeol Anthropol Sci (2020) 12: 31.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00996-0


NF/1 J1a3-Z1828 77.9% J1-M267 (xL620) P58−, L620− ?

I don't know if they tested FGC6064 positive ? Seven SNPs (N-L1034, N-VL29, R-Z93, R-M558, J-P58, J-L620 and J-FGC6064) were also genotyped. Degraded DNA can be deceptive in some SNPs because they found L620 negative and they could had investigated the entire trail of SNPs


Nagykőrös-Fekete dűlő, grave 1 (NF/1): J1-M267 (xL620)
This sample belongs to the J1 subgroup. The J-L136/J-P58 subgroups (11,000–12,000 years old) are characteristic of Semitic peoples (Arabs and Jews) and the so-called Cohen modal haplotype also belongs here. On the other hand, the Z1828 subgroup (8000 years old) is dominant among the peoples of Dagestan in the Northeast Caucasian Mountains. Based on the results from the STR analysis, the Hungarian Conqueror sample belongs neither to the J-L1936/J-P58 nor to the Z1828 subgroup. Its closest STR-based genetic relatives are members of a rare subgroup only found in Great Britain, with the L620+ FGC6064+ L136- Z1828- mutation. Nevertheless, the Hungarian Conqueror from the Nagykőrös-Fekete dűlő grave is negative for L620 and P58, while it is very distant from the Z1828 Dagestanian subgroup as well.

In any case that's another interesting example of specific European basal J1 individual. Northern Caucasian, Alan or Caspian ?


Based on the 19 Hungarian Conqueror elite warriors we examined, the paternal lineage of the Hungarian Conquerors is genetically quite heterogeneous. Of the three components, one was from present-day Bashkortostan in the Ural Mountains, while a second came from Inner Asia, most likely surviving elements from the Xiongnu Empire. These groups may have been joined by a third one in the Caucasus that was composed of several different ancestries, such as Northern Caucasian Turk, Alan, and Eastern European (perhaps early Slavs).



Lipták P (1952) New Hungarian skeletal remains of the 10th century from the Danube-Tisza plain. Annls hist-nat Mus natn hung 3:277–287

Grave 1. Nr. 6084. Archeological finds: 1. one silver ring at both temples, 2. a horse thigh-bone beside the skull, 3. 2 similar pieces of gold-foiled silver ornaments on the right breast, 4. 2 broken silver coins (Milanese, probably of Berengar's reign, 888—924 A. D.) on the left breast, 5. a stirrup beside and externally of the left leg, with 6. fragments of a bit on the right leg. — Some horse teeth and a tarsal bone were also found but the workers unanimously testified that there were no horse skull in the grave. . A skull in very good condition with somewhat deficient jaw (cranium) and skeletal bones. Male (Ad.) 30—35" years old. Plate XVII. N. vert. Spheroid. Sutures, especially around vertex, tortuously serrated, open. Roundheaded (brachycranial). Forehead medium broad (metriometopic). Cryptozygous. — N. occ.
* Regarding morphological descriptions and measurements I reiied on the prescriptions and schemets of Ma rtm: Lehrbuch dtr Anthropologie, second edition, 1928, Jena.
Cranial vault low (tapeinocranial), gable-shaped. On lambdoid region of sagital suture a small Wormian bone. Muscular ridges of occipital bone rather well developed, especially crista occipitalis externa. Protuberantia occipitalis externa only slightly pronounced (1—2). Mastoids large. — N. b a s. Foramen magnum strikingly small, long, rhomboid. Right condyle bipartite. In middle peg-like condylus tertius. Palate long, narrow (leptostaphyline), medium deep. Dental arch broken upsiloid. abnormal, second premolar missing on both sides, its place represented by diastema dextrally, sinistrally shut. With exception of first molars masticating surface complete. Mesuranic. — N. t e m p. Vault high (hypsicranial). Glabella small (1), brow ridge in traces. Forehead rather high, slope medium. Cranial vault arched, occipital curve medium (curvoccipital). Nasal root high, nasal profile slightly convex, nasal bridge very high, nasal spine small (1—2). Upper alveolar process low. Facial profile mesognathous.•—-N. front. Face broad (euryprosopic), narrowing downwards. Orbits somewhat angular, left low (chamaeconch), rigth mediumhigh (mesoconch), orbital distance small. Nasal root very small, nose rather broad (mesorrhine) bordering chamaerrhiny. Nasal aperture cordate, lower nasal borders fairly sharp. Malars in temporal position, zygomatic arch developed. Fossa canina shallow. Eu encephalic.— Mandible large, medium high. Gonial angles eversion pronounced. Right condyloid process broken away. Dental arch complete, hyperbolic. Of the skeletal bones only the<long bones, the scapula and the pelvic bones were saved. They are medium massive. Sacral bone long, curved. Posterior part of canalis sacralis open. Pelvic inlet in sagittal direction of a lengthened heart-shape. Pubic bones partly broken away, subpubic angle not measurable. Stature : 166 cm. Medium.