View Full Version : Hebrews in Balkans

08-22-2020, 08:00 PM
When is earliest known records of Hebrews inhabiting Balkan peninsula? 70 AD? Or was it earlier?

From Alexander Victor Micula - Romanian ambassador in Buenos Aires, Argentina

"I represent a country whose Jewish community has an interesting history which begins, according to the documents and archaeological evidence found so far, in 70 AD when the first Jewish merchants settled down in Dacia, now called Romania. Later on in 113, and 114 AD there was a large community of Jewish merchants together with the Romanian legions which occupied Dacia, as proven by documentary and archaeological evidence. Even though such communities became increasingly active throughout the centuries, they did not settle down in Romania during this period. We believe that the first Jews settled in Romania in 1390 AD the 14th century, when a large group of Jewish Hungarians, who refused to be converted to Christianity, found shelter there. Prince Dan I, prince of Wallachia, decided to take advantage of this opportunity and encouraged the emigration of Jewish Hungarians. Thus the country would progress more since these people were prominent merchants, incipient bankers, and craftsmen. They were tailors, shoemakers and worked with metal very well, so they represented a good opportunity for the development of the Wallachian principate. After the 15th century, Jewish settlements multiplied in another Romanian principate, the principate of Moldova. These settlements were encouraged by Prince Stephen the Great who knew about the Jewish emigration to Ukraine and Poland and believed the Jewish settlements would serve as a way to accelerate the development of his country. In the 16th century another large group of Jews settled in Romania, Sephardic Jews, who came from Constantinople and Salonica and settled down in Wallachia and Moldova. Thus, both Ashkenazis and Sephardies settled down in Romania they could prosper and contributed to the country's prosperity."