View Full Version : The last of the Caucasian Albanians: Udi people of Azerbaijan

02-16-2021, 06:42 PM
Udi samples have been added to Global25's spreadsheets, thanks to Azerbaijan - Turkic DNA Project.

Quoted from Wikipedia:
The Udi (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Udi_people) are considered to be one of the 26 tribes of the Caucasian Albania (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caucasian_Albania) of late antiquity. According to the classical authors, the Udi inhabited the area of the eastern Caucasus along the coast of the Caspian Sea, in a territory extending to the Kura River in the north. Today, most Udis belong to the Eastern Orthodox Church, while in Nij, they belong to the Gregorian church and used to conduct services in Armenian. Centuries of life in the Armenian, Iranian, and Turkish spheres influenced their culture, as is expressed in Udi folk traditions and the material culture. The Udi language is a Northeast Caucasian (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northeast_Caucasian_languages) language of the Lezgic branch. The two primary dialects are Nij (Nidzh) and Vartashen.

Distance to: Udi
0.02393166 Turkish_East
0.03013346 Kurdish
0.03177747 Armenian
0.03201548 Talysh_Azerbaijan
0.03287774 Armenian_Hemsheni
0.03388425 Ezid
0.03613521 Georgian_Jew
0.03651979 Assyrian
0.03677126 Turkish_Trabzon
0.03771644 Greek_Trabzon
0.03864834 Georgian_Laz
0.04282800 Azeri_Dagestan
0.04292114 Mountain_Jew
0.04298193 Iranian_Lor
0.04353148 Azeri_Turkey
0.04463588 Azeri
0.04474739 Turkish_Kayseri
0.04487524 Iranian_Zoroastrian
0.04839334 Turkish_Adana
0.05003167 Iranian_Fars

David's preset:

Target: Udi
Distance: 1.6214% / 0.01621359
52.6 Kura-Araxes_ARM_Kaps
16.6 Anatolia_Tepecik_Ciftlik_N
12.6 Yamnaya_RUS_Samara
9.0 Levant_PPNB
8.6 IRN_Ganj_Dareh_N
0.6 Han

Admixture results (Dodecad K12b):

Johnny ola
02-16-2021, 06:47 PM
Do you know anything about their yDNA?

J Man
02-16-2021, 07:07 PM
Do you know anything about their yDNA?

Likely mainly J1.

Johnny ola
02-16-2021, 07:19 PM
Likely mainly J1.

No J2a?

Johnny ola
02-16-2021, 07:36 PM
More steppe than Armenians according to my analysis.Udi people have something like 'Dagestani' admixture in their autosomal.So yes,they might be more J1.


J Man
02-16-2021, 09:41 PM
No J2a?

I'm not sure...They are Northeast Caucasian speakers so I think that they will be rather closely related to the peoples of Dagestan.

02-16-2021, 09:43 PM
nice their dodecad k12b results are very similar to mine

my results :


Johnny ola
02-16-2021, 09:46 PM
I'm not sure...They are Northeast Caucasian speakers so I think that they will be rather closely related to the peoples of Dagestan.

Yes. They are actually Armenian Like with a Dagestani Like admixture(more steppe) and less Levant compared to Armenians. Their Iran N/CHG ratios Are Not That different.

J Man
02-16-2021, 09:48 PM
Yes. They are actually Armenian Like with a Dagestani Like admixture(more steppe) and less Levant compared to Armenians. Their Iran N/CHG ratios Are Not That different.

I see two Udi samples in this project that are both J1.


02-16-2021, 10:15 PM
This was a great initiative from your side. I've had these Udi gedmatch samples for a while now and to me it looked like they fell inbetween Armenians and Northeast Caucasians. Indeed they are modelled quite nicely as Armenian + NE Caucasus.

Target: Udi
Distance: 1.3944% / 0.01394368
71.8 Armenian
28.2 Tabasaran

02-17-2021, 01:03 PM
Nice samples.

Target: Udi
Distance: 1.8443% / 0.01844341
51.4 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN
48.6 RUS_Alan_MA

Target: Udi
Distance: 1.6771% / 0.01677120 | ADC: 0.5x RC
50.0 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN
31.6 RUS_Alan_MA: DA162
18.4 RUS_Alan_MA: DA146

Target: Udi
Distance: 2.0339% / 0.02033933 | ADC: 1x RC
52.8 RUS_Alan_MA: DA162
47.2 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN

Those Alan samples are very similar to modern Nakh and Northwest Caucasian peoples, with the exception of DA146 who seems to have a very Dagestanian-like autosomal profile but with an additional Iranian input.

Target: RUS_Alan_MA: DA164
Distance: 3.3475% / 0.03347460
45.2 Sarmatian_RUS_Caspian_steppe
34.6 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN
20.2 RUS_North_Caucasus_MBA

Target: RUS_Alan_MA: DA243
Distance: 2.3004% / 0.02300433
45.2 Sarmatian_RUS_Caspian_steppe
30.8 RUS_North_Caucasus_MBA
24.0 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN

Target: RUS_Alan_MA: DA162
Distance: 2.1033% / 0.02103294
38.8 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN
35.8 Sarmatian_RUS_Caspian_steppe
25.4 RUS_North_Caucasus_MBA

Target: RUS_Alan_MA: DA146
Distance: 4.1432% / 0.04143245
36.0 Kura-Araxes_ARM_Kaps
32.8 IRN_Hasanlu_IA
31.2 RUS_Catacomb
0.0 Sarmatian_RUS_Caspian_steppe
0.0 RUS_North_Caucasus_MBA
0.0 AZE_Caucasus_lowlands_LN

The models that I posted are somewhat supported by historical sources as well.

In Greek mythology, the Gargareans, or Gargarenses, (Greek: Γαργαρείς Gargareis) were an all-male tribe. They copulated with the Amazons annually in order to keep both tribes reproductive.

Strabo wrote that "... the Amazons live close to Gargarei, on the northern foothills of the Caucasus mountains". The Amazons were attributed to the Circassians via the root maze. Gaius Plinius Secundus also localizes Gargarei at North of the Caucasus, but calls them Gegar.[4] Some scholars (P. K. Uslar, K. Miller, N. F. Yakovleff, E. I. Krupnoff, L. A. Elnickiy, I. M. Diakonoff, V .N. Gemrakeli) supported that Gargarei is an earlier Ingush ethnonym. Jaimoukha suggests that the myth might have been a nod to the similarity between Circassians and Durdzuks, despite their very different languages. The Ancient Greek chronicler Strabo mentioned that both the Gargareans and Amazons had migrated from Themiscyra.[5] Jaimoukha notes that Gargareans is one of many Nakh roots- gergara, meaning, in fact, "kindred" in proto-Nakh.[6]

However, there are other sources that suggest Gargareans were in fact Udis, and the name is derived from the river Karkar.

The Caucasian Albanian written language was used by the Gargareans in parts of Azerbaijan and Daghestan from the 5th to 12th centuries.
Caucasian Albanian possibly corresponds to the "Gargarian" language identified by medieval Armenian historians.

02-21-2021, 08:16 AM
Do you know anything about their yDNA?
Udi DNA Project (https://www.familytreedna.com/public/UdiDNAProject?iframe=yresults)
Udi people have polycomponental origin including Caucasian "core" and Middle Eastern and Central Asian inclusions.

All of them also are in Azerbaijan DNA Project.