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View Full Version : Singularities of Rio de Janeiro, 450 years



RCO
03-15-2014, 11:42 AM
The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on March 1, 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honor of St. Sebastian.
The Portuguese wanted to expel the French from that part of the South American coast which had been granted to them by the Treaty of Tordesillas. The task was given to Estácio de Sá, a nephew of Gov. Mem de Sá of Brazil, who in 1565 occupied the plain between Dog Face Hill (Morro Cara de Cão) and the Sugar Loaf and Urca mounts, thus laying the foundations of the future town of Rio de Janeiro. After two years (1565–67) of bloody battles, in which Estácio de Sá was killed and the French expelled, Mem de Sá chose a new site for the town, farther inland on the coast of the bay, at the top of the Hill of Rest (Morro do Descanso), or St. Januarius Hill (São Januário), later called the Castle Hill (Morro do Castelo). In 1568 the settlement was laid out in the form of a medieval citadel, protected by a bulwark and cannons. Wikipedia.

Tough Cannibals. The Tupinambás were the Native American population of Rio de Janeiro. The Tupi were divided into several tribes which were constantly engaged in war with one another. In these wars the Tupi normally tried to capture their enemies to later kill them in cannibalistic rituals. The warriors captured from other Tupí tribes were eaten as they believed they were absorbing their strength, thus in fear of absorbing weakness, they only sacrificed warriors perceived to be strong and brave. For the Tupí warriors, even when prisoners, it was a great honor to die valiantly during battle or to display courage during the festivities leading to his sacrifice.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tup%C3%AD_people

Rio is believed to have imported more slaves than any other city in the Americas, outranking places like Charleston, S.C.; Kingston, Jamaica; and Salvador in northeast Brazil. Altogether, Rio received more than 1.8 million African slaves, or 21.5 percent of all slaves who landed in the Americas, said Mariana P. Candido, a historian at the University of Kansas. Rio's slave past today:
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/09/world/americas/rios-race-to-future-intersects-slave-past.html?_r=2

Rio had the largest urban slave population in the Americas. In 1849 the census takers counted 78,855 slaves in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's major port and Imperial capital, three times as many as in New Orleans in 1840, as four times as many as Charleston in 1850. But unlike the two largest Deep South urban slave populations, between one half and three fourths of Rio's captive came from Africa. Slave Life in Rio De Janeiro, 1808-1850. Mary C. Karasch.

Rio de Janeiro was the capital of the Portuguese Empire during the Napoleonic Wars when the Portuguese Royal Court moved to Rio de Janeiro, 1808-1821, so Rio de Janeiro was the only city in the American Continent to had a Top European Nobility and to administer an European Empire.
http://www.amazon.com/Tropical-Versailles-Monarchy-Portuguese-1808-1821/dp/0415929881

There are more people in Rio de Janeiro nowadays (12,387,000) than in the entire Portugal (10,530,000).

"in a sample of 200 unrelated individuals, residents of the State of Rio de Janeiro, chosen randomly between participants from studies of fatherhood. Of the haplogrupos examined, only the R1a, has not been observed in our population. The more representative haplogroup was from European origin, the R1b1, with 51%, while the less representative, with 1% was the Q1a3a, found among Native Amerindians. 85% of Y chromosomes analyzed were from Europeans; 10.5% from Africans and 1% of Native Amerindians, and the rest have not had their origin defined. In this study sample, the vast majority of Y-chromosomes proved to be of European origin. Indeed, there were no significant differences when the haplogroup frequencies in Brazil and Portugal were compared by means of an exact test of population differentiation. These results corroborate historical data of the foundation of the population of Rio de Janeiro during the 16th century, a period where it was observed a significant reduction of Amerindian population was observed with important contribution from the Sub-Saharan region of Africa and Europe, particularly the Portuguese. In view of the high degree of admixture of the Brazilian population and advances in medicine, customized research on human genetic structure have fundamental implication in understanding the evolution and impact on human diseases, since for this approach, the skin color is an unreliable ancestry predictor of individual ethnic origins"
http://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/6306

BBC's view from the statue of Christ
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2014/newsspec_7141/index.html

Evolution of the Central Area of Rio de Janeiro
1625

Botafogo
1626

Ipanema
1627

if you want more images from a good beach and the people from Rio de janeiro just google the images from "Ipanema" or the new Bairro of "Barra da Tijuca"

RCO
03-16-2014, 12:29 PM
Portuguese Migration to the City of Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro was the third biggest city with Portuguese born residents after Porto and Lisbon.

Year - Total population of Rio - Portuguese born Residents - Proportion % of Portuguese in Rio
1890 - 522 651 - 106.461 - 20%
1906 – 811.443 - 133 393 – 16% (101.777 men, 31.606 women)
1950 - 2.377.451 – 196.000 - 10%

1906 Census
Total - 811.443
Brazilians - 600.908
Portuguese - 133.393
Italians – 25.557
Spaniards - 20.699
French - 3.474
Turks-Arabs (Syrian, Lebanese) – 2.875
Germans - 2.575
English - 1.671
Africans - 702