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pmokeefe
03-26-2021, 06:29 PM
Investigative genetic genealogy: Current methods, knowledge and practice (https://www.fsigenetics.com/article/S1872-4973(21)00013-2/fulltext)
Daniel Kling, Christopher Phillips, Debbie Kennett, Andreas Tillmar

Highlights
•Comprehensive review of investigative genetic genealogy from a forensic perspective.
•Background outlined for the DNA methodology and long-range familial searching process.
•Survey of current direct-to-consumer testing companies connected to investigative genetic genealogy.
•Overview of DNA technologies focusing on high-density SNP genotyping.

Abstract
Investigative genetic genealogy (IGG) has emerged as a new, rapidly growing field of forensic science. We describe the process whereby dense SNP data, commonly comprising more than half a million markers, are employed to infer distant relationships. By distant we refer to degrees of relatedness exceeding that of first cousins. We review how methods of relationship matching and SNP analysis on an enlarged scale are used in a forensic setting to identify a suspect in a criminal investigation or a missing person. There is currently a strong need in forensic genetics not only to understand the underlying models to infer relatedness but also to fully explore the DNA technologies and data used in IGG. This review brings together many of the topics and examines their effectiveness and operational limits, while suggesting future directions for their forensic validation. We further investigated the methods used by the major direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic ancestry testing companies as well as submitting a questionnaire where providers of forensic genetic genealogy summarized their operation/services. Although most of the DTC market, and genetic genealogy in general, has undisclosed, proprietary algorithms we review the current knowledge where information has been discussed and published more openly.