View Full Version : Metacognition: recognizing your mistakes

05-30-2016, 12:46 AM
Kruger and Dunning (1999) argued that this gross overconfidence occurs because those who lack skill simply are not in a position to accurately recognize the magnitude of their deficits. Their incompetence produces a double curse. First, their lack of skill, by definition, makes it difficult to produce correct responses and, thus, they make many mistakes. Second, this very same lack of skill also deprives them of success at the metacognitive task of recognizing when a particular decision is a correct or an incorrect one.


Essentially, lacking skill and ability in a particular area causes that person to be overconfident about their performance and to face even greater challenges in improving that performance, because they don't recognize those areas of weakness.

05-30-2016, 02:33 AM
One of my favourite satirical illustrations of this is Catherine Tate's character Helen Marsh (https://youtu.be/SKEIPNnHv4o).