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JMcB
07-10-2016, 08:05 PM
For those who are interested, here are some more papers on the Vikings. Again, they were written at different times and may already be known by some but for those who haven't seen them, they may be worthwhile.


Norse and Balts in the Viking Age - the written evidence.
Frans-Arne Stylegar

What do know about the contacts, if any, between Scandinavia and the Baltic tribes during the Viking age (c. AD 800 - 1000)? Two very different kinds of sources give some information: archaeology and written texts. This paper looks at the latter ...

https://www.academia.edu/21922903/Norse_and_Balts_in_the_Viking_Age_the_written_evid ence




Who was in Harold Bluetooth’s army? Strontium isotope investigation of the cemetery at the Viking Age fortress at Trelleborg, Denmark.

The circular fortress of Trelleborg on Zealand in Denmark is well known as a military camp with a key role in the formation of the Danish state under Harald Bluetooth in the tenth century AD. Taking a sample of 48 burials from the fort, strontium isotope analysis once again demonstrates its ability to eavesdrop on a community: at Trelleborg, the young men in its cemetery were largely recruited from outside Denmark, perhaps from Norway or the Slavic regions. Even persons buried together proved to have different origins, and the three females sampled were all from overseas, including a wealthy woman with a silver casket. Trelleborg, home of Harald Bluetooth’s army, was a fortress of foreigners with vivid implications for the nature of his political mission.

http://www.academia.edu/3511668/Who_was_in_Harold_Bluetooth_s_army_Strontium_isoto pe_investigation_of_the_cemetery_at_the_Viking_Age _fortress_at_Trelleborg_Denmark




England and the Irish Sea Zone in the Eleventh Century.
Clare Downham

Many historical studies have been written about Anglo-Irish relations in the years immediately after the English invasion of Ireland in 1169.1 That the invasion should have an important place in research is understandable, given its long-term impact and its implications in recent historical and political debate. In contrast, very few publi- cations have focused on Anglo-Irish political interaction in the eleventh century. In this paper, I hope to draw more attention to this somewhat neglected field of enquiry.

The emphasis of historical scholarship on the invasion and its aftermath has perhaps influenced the interpretation of earlier events. The issues in the eleventh century which have been studied most are those which can be seen to foreshadow the later invasion. These include Canterbury’s claims of ecclesiastical primacy, and the alleged ambitions of Knútr or William the Conqueror to dominate Irish rulers. Meanwhile, research on a wider range of issues has been lacking. The resulting narrative gives a rather selective view of events. This hindsight perspective has, I suggest, meant that England’s domination of Irish rulers in the eleventh century has tended to be exaggerated. Furthermore Ireland’s impact on England has generally been underestimated. In this paper I seek to highlight Ireland’s significance in English affairs from the reign of Æthelred the Unready to that of William Rufus.


https://www.academia.edu/1763453/England_and_the_Irish_Sea_Zone_in_the_Eleventh_Cen tury



Religious and Cultural Boundaries between Vikings and Irish: The Evidence of Conversion.
Clare Downham

The Scandinavian migrations of the early Viking Age imprinted in European minds an enduring image of vikings as marauding heathens. As descendants of these ‘salt water bandits’ settled into their new homes, they adopted traits from their host cultures. One such trait was the adoption of Christianity. This was perhaps the biggest change which affected vikings in a colonial situation as it entailed a new system of belief and way of understanding the world. Vikings in Ireland have often portrayed as late converts, with christian ideas only taking hold over a century after vikings settled in the island. Nevertheless in this paper I seek to argue that vikings of Dublin began to adopt christianity at an early stage, although the process of conversion was protracted and possibly uneven across social ranks. The stereotype of Hiberno-Scandinavians as staunch heathens may need revision.

https://www.academia.edu/2020479/Religious_and_Cultural_Boundaries_between_Vikings_ and_Irish_The_Evidence_of_Conversion



The Varangian legend: testimony from the Old Norse sources

Sverrir JakobSSon

In the eleventh century there existed, within the great army of the Byzantine empire, a regiment composed mainly of soldiers from Scandinavia and the Nordic countries. It's regiment was known as the Varangian Guard (tagma tōn Varangōn).

The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact the existence of this regiment had on prevailing attitudes towards the Byzantine empire within the Old Norse linguistic and cultural community.



https://www.academia.edu/26529047/The_Varangian_legend_testimony_from_the_Old_Norse_ sources





Archaeologists working in Trondheim in Norway are amazed by the discovery of a human skeleton in the bottom of an abandoned castle well. The skeleton provides evidence that confirms dramatic historical events mentioned in the Sagas.



http://niku.no/en/archaeology/archaeology_front/Sensational+archaeological+discovery+in+Norway+con firms+Viking+saga.9UFRHO4f.ips

spruithean
07-14-2016, 12:14 AM
Thanks for sharing these links!

JMcB
07-14-2016, 02:43 AM
Thanks for sharing these links!

It was my pleasure, spruithean.

Adrian Stevenson
07-17-2016, 08:45 AM
Thanks again for some good reading.