View Full Version : New craniometric evidence on the origin of the karelians

Captain Nordic
08-30-2016, 01:27 PM
Brand new physanthro study about origins of Karelians. Full study and figure2 CV1&CV2 attached.

(the Kylalahti Kalmistomäki Burial Ground)*

V.I. Khartanovich and I.G. Shirobokov

In 2006–2007, the expedition from Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, St. Petersburg excavated 52 inhumation burials at a 13th-14th- century cemetery in Kylalahti Kalmistomäki, Karelia. The burial goods are unusual for Karelia, eastern Finland, or other parts of northwestern Russia. The skeletal remains provide the first chance of assessing the biological affinities of the medieval “Korela.” The group displays a trait combination similar to that observed in modern Karelians and opposing them to other recent Eurasian populations. The same combination is observed in Mesolithic and Neolithic crania from the Eastern Baltic. The Kylalahti Kalmistomäki series supports the hypothesis stating that features of the early inhabitants of Europe have survived in certain populations of northwestern Eurasia up to the present time.

The face was wide and relatively low and a flattened upper facial profile le co-occurred with a sharp midfacial profile and sharply protruding nasal
bones (Alekseyeva, 1997). In Alekseyeva’s words, this
unusual trait combination, which was more than once
revealed by multivariate statistics, was widely distributed
and was typical of Mesolithic Caucasoids of the forest
and forest-steppe zones of Eastern Europe as evidenced
by groups such as Zvejnieki, Popovo, Southern Oleniy
(Reindeer) Island, and Vasilievka I and III. In her words,
there is no doubt that robustness and upper facial flatness
were inherited from earlier Caucasoid populations of
Eastern Europe

Judging by the concentration of these unusual features in Scandinavia,
the Baltic and the Onega area, people displaying them
had migrated to Eastern Europe from the northwest and
were possibly associated with the Mesolithic cultures of
the circum-Baltic region. Revisiting the long-standing
issue of admixture versus evolutionary conservatism in
the Mesolithic population of Eastern Europe in the light
of new data, we must reject the admixture hypothesis.
The location of this peculiar type and its expansion from
the west to the east suggest that it should be regarded
as an independent ancient type which originated in
northwestern Europe

The first medieval series from the Ladoga coast, the
one from Kylalahti Kalmistomäki, provides yet another
instance of regional evolutionary conservatism. Also, it
suggests that modern Karelians are not only culturally
but also biologically related to medieval “Korela.” This
group to some extent bridges a chronological gap between
the Mesolithic and the recent period, demonstrating the
minimal duration of the period over which the peculiar
morphological trait combination existed.