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MfA
02-22-2017, 02:42 PM
Researchers from the University of Dundee’s Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification (CAHID) have reconstructed the face of a Pictish man they showed to have been brutally murdered 1,400 years ago.



https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Ld0YJzngUT8/WKs_VFx4MxI/AAAAAAAB49U/R2qPHqssqWAwJvUxoNbjZsHqpxmNxEnfACLcB/s640/Scotland01.jpg (https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Ld0YJzngUT8/WKs_VFx4MxI/AAAAAAAB49U/R2qPHqssqWAwJvUxoNbjZsHqpxmNxEnfACLcB/s1600/Scotland01.jpg)


This face of a Pictish man who was brutally murdered more than 1,400 years
ago has been reconstructed by researchers [Credit: University of Dundee]



Archaeologists excavating a cave in the Black Isle, Ross-shire, were astonished to find the skeleton of a man buried in a recess of the cave. The body had been placed in an unusual cross-legged position, with large stones holding down his legs and arms.

The bones were sent to CAHID’s world-renowned forensic anthropologist Professor Dame Sue Black, whose team – including Dr Christopher Rynn and PhD students Micol Zuppello, Viviane Lira and Samantha Goodchild – have been able to describe in detail the horrific injuries he sustained as well as to digitally reconstruct what he looked like.

They identified at least five impacts that resulted in fracturing to the face and skull, allowing them to compile a detailed account of how the man died.

Professor Black said, “This is a fascinating skeleton in a remarkable state of preservation which has been expertly recovered. From studying his remains we learned a little about his short life but much more about his violent death. As you can see from the facial reconstruction he was a striking young man, but he met a very brutal end, suffering a minimum of five severe injuries to his head.



https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-HoQcatu3dWE/WKs_gTz5yLI/AAAAAAAB49Y/4DTRulOOvjEgtM5uq9jSebnLVYn74hRQwCLcB/s640/Scotland02.jpg (https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-HoQcatu3dWE/WKs_gTz5yLI/AAAAAAAB49Y/4DTRulOOvjEgtM5uq9jSebnLVYn74hRQwCLcB/s1600/Scotland02.jpg)


The skeleton was discovered during a cave excavation in the Black Isle
[Credit: Rosemarkie Caves Project]



“The first impact was by a circular cross-section implement that broke his teeth on the right side. The second may have been the same implement, used like a fighting stick which broke his jaw on the left. The third resulted in fracturing to the back of his head as he fell from the blow to his jaw with a tremendous force possibly onto a hard object perhaps stone.

“The fourth impact was intended to end his life as probably the same weapon was driven through his skull from one side and out the other as he lay on the ground. The fifth was not in keeping with the injuries caused in the other four where a hole, larger than that caused by the previous weapon, was made in the top of the skull.”

A bone sample sent for radiocarbon dating indicates that he died sometime between 430 and 630 A.D., commonly referred to as the Pictish period in Scotland.

The skeleton was discovered when a team of volunteers were digging to determine when the cave might have been occupied. Below substantial layers relating to cave-use since the turn of the 20th century, they found evidence that the cave had been used for iron-smithing during the Pictish period.



https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-60LEA1UeNIA/WKs_p8r7iRI/AAAAAAAB49c/XuxZMw6j0EsQwJGxKs7QCET5kDHZLLg8QCLcB/s640/Scotland03.jpg (https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-60LEA1UeNIA/WKs_p8r7iRI/AAAAAAAB49c/XuxZMw6j0EsQwJGxKs7QCET5kDHZLLg8QCLcB/s1600/Scotland03.jpg)


The Rosemarkie Caves Project has been excavating caves along the coast of the Black Isle
[Credit: Rosemarkie Caves Project]



Hearths and extensive iron-working debris indicate that the cave was selected specifically for this use, but the totally unexpected find of the skeleton gave the cave a completely different significance.

Excavation leader Steven Birch said, “Having specialised in prehistoric cave archaeology in Scotland for some years now, I am fascinated with the results. Here, we have a man who has been brutally killed, but who has been laid to rest in the cave with some consideration –placed on his back, within a dark alcove, and weighed down by beach stones.

“While we don’t know why the man was killed, the placement of his remains gives us insight into the culture of those who buried him. Perhaps his murder was the result of interpersonal conflict; or was there a sacrificial element relating to his death?”

The Rosemarkie Caves Project (http://www.spanglefish.com/rosemarkiecavesproject/index.asp) seeks to investigate the archaeology of caves in the Black Isle. For some years, the group has been locating and accurately surveying the series of caves extending for several miles along the coast of the Black Isle.

A number of small test-pit excavations over the last few years have provided evidence that the caves were being occupied, or at least utilised in some way, from 1,500-2,000 years ago. The cave excavation has also provided information about the more recent past, including objects left behind by occupants and temporary travellers living inside the cave 200 to 300 years ago. Evidence from this later period suggests that the inhabitants were making, or repairing, leather shoes, possibly for distribution to local communities on the Black Isle.

Ongoing specialist analysis on the skeleton and artefacts from the cave is expected to provide more details of the man’s place of origin and significance as well as provide more information about the cave’s archaeological and historical importance.

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-39002843

sktibo
02-23-2017, 05:50 AM
Ah, the mysterious Pictish Race...
Looks like a modern white person to me! very cool.

lwell
04-06-2017, 10:25 PM
I'm stuck looking at this because I have no knowledge of the Pictish Race...but this looks nearly identical to my dad in his young years.

Observer
05-05-2017, 03:12 AM
Looks a bit like Tom Brady with beard :P

I think this is Dundee CAHID's second reconstruction of ancient remains from UK? hope we'll get to see some BB reconstructions in the future

Jean M
05-05-2017, 07:56 AM
Ah, the mysterious Pictish Race...

Mysterious? How so? They were simply Celtic tribes who happened to live north of the Roman border in Britain. See http://www.ancestraljourneys.org/celticscothighlands.shtml

Dubhthach
05-05-2017, 08:46 AM
Given how rare extant skeletons are form a Pictish context (acidic soil is a "killer" for bones), it will be interesting if the above skeleton has aDNA analysis done. Given that we have Iron age and Anglo-Saxon era genomes from Southern Britain it would make for an interesting comparison.

sktibo
05-05-2017, 06:01 PM
Mysterious? How so? They were simply Celtic tribes who happened to live north of the Roman border in Britain. See http://www.ancestraljourneys.org/celticscothighlands.shtml

Mysterious in that they often are portrayed as mysterious, my comment wasn't literal, it was a joke, hence the use of the phrase "Pictish race"

However, I should have learned by now that I'm not funny!

JerryS.
05-05-2017, 07:24 PM
I find it fascinating that the Pictus were able to trim their mustaches so well but not the rest of their hair....