View Full Version : LGM in Italy ~19,500 YBP for J1c

Little bit
06-02-2013, 10:09 PM
Uniparental Markers in Italy Reveal a Sex-Biased Genetic Structure and Different Historical Strata

Our results suggest that most of Italian mitochondrial diversity originated during and immediately after LGM. In particular, estimates for H1 and H3 are even older in Italy than in the Franco-Cantabrian area [27] where these clades have been postulated to originate [4]. Furthermore, DAPC comparisons with a wide set of European haplotypes (Table S9) show that Italy, in most cases, is characterised by the highest number of different haplotypes. On the whole, these observations not only are in agreement with the existence of a human Glacial Refugium in Italy, but also suggest that its relevance has been until now largely underrated.

The haplogroup distribution in Italy reflects the typical pattern of mtDNA variability of Western Europe. As described for other European and Italian populations [2], [6], [14], [15], [57] most of the sequences belong to the super-haplogroup H, which includes 44.4% of the Italian mtDNA lineages. In particular, H1 turned out to represent a large proportion of H samples, encompassing the 13.8% of the total variability (10.4% excluding sub-lineages). Compared to H1, sub-haplogroups H3 and H5 represent much smaller fractions of H composition, reaching however noteworthy frequencies (3.9% and 4.3% respectively). Most of the remaining samples belong to haplogroups frequently found in western Eurasia, including U5, K1, J1, J2, T1, T2, and HV. Among the U5 lineages, U5a is the most frequent (3.70%). Haplogroups K1a, HV and J1c take into account respectively the 4.39%, 4.05% and the 3.93% of the total mtDNA variability. The remaining lineages reach frequencies that do not exceed a 3.5% threshold.

TMRCA estimates for the most frequent haplogroups (Table 2) could be classified in two groups: “old” haplogroups, predating the Last Glacial Maximum, LGM (~31,600 YBP for HV, ~28,300 YBP for U5a and ~19,500 YBP for J1c), and haplogroups dating after the LGM (~16,200 YBP for H*, ~15,600 YBP for H1, ~15,500 YBP for H3, ~14,700 YBP for H5, ~16,700 YBP for K1a). Estimates for H1 and H3 haplogroups are slightly older than estimates in Western Eurasia for the same haplogroups [2], [4], [5], [55]. These results are in agreement with what has been shown for the Basque region in Iberia [27] and may be related to the length of the mitochondrial region used.

03-19-2014, 01:09 PM
Yes, the most up-to-date DNA evidence of modern Italians finds that J1c was indeed a mainline MtDNA Haplogroup of the proto-historic Italic populations. I'm J2a1 of Tuscan Maternal Line origin. Where this Haplogroup fits in in Italian history I'm not positive. All J was once thought to have entered Europe in the Neolithic, and this is now known to be false. Subclades for J1c and J2a are both now known to have been in Europe in the Paleolithic.