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Thread: The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe - Mathieson, Reich, et al.

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    The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe - Mathieson, Reich, et al.

    http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/05/09/135616

    Farming was first introduced to southeastern Europe in the mid-7th millennium BCE - brought by migrants from Anatolia who settled in the region before spreading throughout Europe. However, the dynamics of the interaction between the first farmers and the indigenous hunter-gatherers remain poorly understood because of the near absence of ancient DNA from the region. We report new genome-wide ancient DNA data from 204 individuals-65 Paleolithic and Mesolithic, 93 Neolithic, and 46 Copper, Bronze and Iron Age-who lived in southeastern Europe and surrounding regions between about 12,000 and 500 BCE. We document that the hunter-gatherer populations of southeastern Europe, the Baltic, and the North Pontic Steppe were distinctive from those of western Europe, with a West-East cline of ancestry. We show that the people who brought farming to Europe were not part of a single population, as early farmers from southern Greece are not descended from the Neolithic population of northwestern Anatolia that was ancestral to all other European farmers. The ancestors of the first farmers of northern and western Europe passed through southeastern Europe with limited admixture with local hunter-gatherers, but we show that some groups that remained in the region mixed extensively with local hunter-gatherers, with relatively sex-balanced admixture compared to the male-biased hunter-gatherer admixture that we show prevailed later in the North and West. After the spread of farming, southeastern Europe continued to be a nexus between East and West, with intermittent steppe ancestry, including in individuals from the Varna I cemetery and associated with the Cucuteni-Trypillian archaeological complex, up to 2,000 years before the Steppe migration that replaced much of northern Europe's population.

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    Finally!

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    I see J2b2a-L283 from Bronze Age Croatia 1500-1700 BCE

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    Ayyubid Dynasty Zand Dynasty Ararat Republic Mahabad Republic Kurdistan Rojavaya Kurdistane
    I3151 4000-3600 BCE Trypillia E
    I3948 5600-5470 BCE Balkans_Neolithic E1b1b1a1b1 (L618+)
    I4550 6000-5100 BCE Latvia_HG Q1a2
    I4331 1700-1500 BCE Croatia_EMBA J2b2a
    Iboussieres25-1 10090-9460 BCE WHG J?
    I5068 5500-4775 BCE LBK_Austria J2
    I2163 1750-1625 calBCE Bulgaria_MLBA R1a1a1b2 F992+ (Z93 level)
    I3499 2884-2666 calBCE Croatia_Vucedol R1b1a1a2a2 Z2105+
    I2495 2558-2295 calBCE Anatolia_BA J1a
    Last edited by MfA; 05-10-2017 at 06:37 PM.
    E-M84>FGC18389>FGC18413>FGC18401>FGC18422>Y99171 tMRCA 2550ybp

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    LUP/ Mesolithic Findings

    * Ukraine: overall, shifted eastward, falls between WHG & SHG
    * There is a WHG shift by the Ukrainian "Neolithic"

    * Latvia (Narva, Kunda): intermediat between EHG & WHG
    ( Dramatic shift toward EHG by middle Neolithic (Combed Ware culture, etc)

    * Report 3 new hunter-gatherers from Sicily, Croatia & France - all WHG like Bichon, Villabruna & Lschbour.

    "We report new data from hunter-gatherers from France, Sicily and Croatia, as well as higher coverage data from three previously published hunter-gatherers from France and Germany. The Sicilian and Croatian individuals dating to 12,000 and 6100 BCE cluster closely with western hunter-gatherers, including individuals from Loschbour24 (Luxembourg, 6100 BCE), Bichon20 (Switzerland, 11,700 BCE), and Villabruna18 (Italy 12,000 BCE). These results demonstrate that the “western hunter-gatherer” population24 was widely distributed from the Atlantic seaboard of Europe in the West, to Sicily in the South, to the Balkan Peninsula in the Southeast, for at least six thousand years, strengthening the evidence that the western hunter gatherers represent a population that expanded from a southeastern European refugium following the last Ice Age around 15,000 years ago–in the process displacing or admixing with the existing population of western Europe."
    * The HGs from Iron Gates (Serbia-Romania border). WHG with some EHG shift as well as slight shift toward Anatolia
    "This suggests either genetic contact between the ancestors of the Iron Gates population and hunter-gatherers from Anatolia, or that the Iron Gates population is related to the source population from which the WHG split off during a post-LGM re-expansion into Europe."

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    Quote Originally Posted by MfA View Post
    I3151 4000-3600 BCE Trypillia E
    I3948 5600-5470 BCE Balkans_Neolithic E1b1b1a1b1 (L618+)
    I4550 6000-5100 BCE Latvia_HG Q1a2
    I4331 1700-1500 BCE Croatia_EMBA J2b2a
    Iboussieres25-1 10090-9460 BCE WHG J?
    I5068 5500-4775 BCE LBK_Austria J2
    I2163 1750-1625 calBCE Bulgaria_MLBA R1a1a1b2 F992+ (Z93 level)
    Where is the Y hg list ?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Gravetto-Danubian View Post
    Where is the Y hg list ?
    http://biorxiv.org/highwire/filestre.../135616-2.xlsx
    E-M84>FGC18389>FGC18413>FGC18401>FGC18422>Y99171 tMRCA 2550ybp

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    At last R1b is proven to be one of the lineages of Mesolithic Hunter Gatherers in the Balkans and Baltic. BTW Vucedol, the hope of many here is R1b-Z2105 derived. So there goes the R1b-L51 link.

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    Supplementary table 1, column T. Looks like about 125 new Y samples.

    Yamnaya from Bulgaria - Y hg I2a2a1b1b.

    Yamnaya from Ukraine - all female.
    Last edited by Megalophias; 05-10-2017 at 02:39 PM.

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    Here are all kinds of R1b's in HG for your delight:

    12000 BCE (Late Epigravettian, and above a charcoal layer at 14210-13770 BP) OrienteC_HG Italy U2'3'4'7'8'9 ..
    11140-10880 calBCE (11120±50 BP, GrA-41739) Rochedane France U5b2b I
    10090-9460 BCE (10140±50 BP, GrA-43700; layer date based on a direct date of Iboussieres39) Iboussieres25-1 France U5b2a J?
    10090-9460 BCE (10140±50 BP, GrA-43700; layer date based on a direct date of Iboussieres39) Iboussieres31-2 France U5b1 R
    9221-8548 calBCE (9480±110* BP, AA-57771) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b2c R1b1a(xR1b1a1a,xR1b1a1a2)
    8825-8561 calBCE (9420±50 BP, Poz-81128) Ukraine_Mesolithic Ukraine U5b2 R1a

    8753–8351 calBCE (9331±58 BP, BM-1146) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a2d I2a1
    8703–8246 calBCE (9198±103* BP, BM-1147) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a2a R1b1a(xR1b1a1a,xR1b1a1a2)
    9000-7500 BCE Ukraine_Mesolithic Ukraine U4b ..
    9000-7500 BCE Ukraine_Mesolithic Ukraine U5a2 ..
    8280-7967 calBCE (8960±50 BP, Poz-81127) Ukraine_Mesolithic Ukraine U5b2 I2a1
    8240-7940 calBCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U4a I
    8350-7750 BCE [daughter of I5236 at 8290-7825 calBCE (8943±77 BP, BM-1146)] Iron_Gates_HG_daughter_of_I5236 Serbia U5a2a ..
    9500-6200 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U4a ..
    9500-6200 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia K1c ..
    9500-6200 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a2d ..
    9500-6200 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a1c R1b1a(xR1b1a1a,xR1b1a1a2)
    9500-6200 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a1 ..
    9500-6200 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia K1f ..
    9700-6000 calBCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia K1c ..
    9700-6000 calBCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U8b1b ..
    7580-7190 calBCE (8369±73*, OxA-31595) Iron_Gates_HG Romania H13 R1b1a
    7465-7078 calBCE (8240±70 BP) Latvia_HG Latvia U5a2c R1b1a1a(xR1b1a1a2)

    7446-7058 calBCE (8190±60 BP, Poz-81129) Ukraine_Mesolithic Ukraine U5b2 R1b1a2
    7460-7040 calBCE (8185±80 BP, ETH-7615) Falkenstein Germany U5a2c I2a2a
    7308-7027 calBCE (8110±50 BP, Poz-90130) Croatia_Mesolithic_HG Croatia U5b2b ..
    7340-6640 calBCE (8046±122*, OxA-4380) Iron_Gates_HG Romania U5a2 I2
    7050-6530 calBCE (7878±90*, OxA-4383/8581) Iron_Gates_HG Romania K1 R
    7021–6473 calBCE (7812±69*, [8305±50 BP, OxA-3159], [8300±40 BP, PSU-1749], [8335±45 BP, PSU-1904]) Iron_Gates_HG Romania K1 ..
    7300-6000 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b2b I2a2
    7300-6000 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b2b R1b1a(xR1b1a1,xR1b1a1a,xR1b1a1a2)
    7300-6000 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a1c ..
    6636-6476 calBCE (7725±40 BP, OxA-20702) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b2a1a ..
    7100-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b2a1a ..
    7100-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a1c ..
    7100-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b1d1a ..
    7100-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a2d ..
    7100-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b1d1 ..
    7100-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a2a R1b1a(xR1b1a1a,xR1b1a1a2)
    7000-5900 BCE Romania_Neolithic_possibly_Mesolithic Romania K1 ..
    6655-6225 calBCE (7660±85*, AA-57778) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia K1c I2
    6500-6250 calBCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a1c1 I
    6467-6249 calBCE (7525±60 BP) Latvia_HG Latvia U5a1c ..
    6300-6150 BCE Bulgaria_Neolithic Bulgaria H G2a2b2b1a
    6355-5990 calBCE (7264±80 BP, OxA-16941, on Burial 20 - skull) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5a1c1 I2a2a1b2
    6248-6070 calBCE (7320±40 BP, Poz-81154) Ukraine_Neolithic Ukraine U5b2b1 ..
    6222-5912 calBCE (7179±73* BP, OxA-25211) Lepenski_Vir_Neolithic Serbia H40 R1b1a
    6205-5907 calBCE (7155±54* BP, OxA-25210) Lepenski_Vir_Neolithic Serbia J2b1 ..
    6224-5878 calBCE (7158±85* BP, AA-57770) Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U5b1d1 ..
    6200-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG_brother_of_I4880 Serbia U4b1b1 I2a2a1b
    6200-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U4a I2a2a
    6200-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U4b1b1 I2a2a1b2
    6200-5900 BCE Iron_Gates_HG Serbia U4b1b1 I2a2a1b2
    6022-5887 calBCE (7075±37 BP, OxA-32777) Balkans_Dzhulyunitsa_Neolithic Bulgaria K1a4b C
    6061-5841 calBCE (7078±85* BP, AA-57769) Iron_Gates_HG_outlier Serbia K1a R1b1a(xR1b1a1a,xR1b1a1a2)
    Last edited by jeanL; 05-10-2017 at 02:55 PM.

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