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Thread: The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asi

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    The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asi

    http://science.sciencemag.org/conten...cience.aar7711

    The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia

    Peter de Barros Damgaard1,*, Rui Martiniano2,3,*, Jack Kamm2,*, J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar1,*, Guus Kroonen4,5, Michaël Peyrot5, Gojko Barjamovic6, Simon Rasmussen7, Claus Zacho1, Nurbol Baimukhanov8, Victor Zaibert9, Victor Merz10, Arjun Biddanda11, Ilja Merz10, Valeriy Loman12, Valeriy Evdokimov12, Emma Usmanova12, Brian Hemphill13, Andaine Seguin-Orlando1, Fulya Eylem Yediay14, Inam Ullah1,15, Karl-Göran Sjögren16, Katrine Højholt Iversen7, Jeremy Choin1, Constanza de la Fuente1, Melissa Ilardo1, Hannes Schroeder1, Vyacheslav Moiseyev17, Andrey Gromov17, Andrei Polyakov18, Sachihiro Omura19, Süleyman Yücel Senyurt20, Habib Ahmad15,21, Catriona McKenzie22, Ashot Margaryan1, Abdul Hameed23, Abdul Samad24, Nazish Gul15, Muhammad Hassan Khokhar25, O. I. Goriunova26,27, Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii27, John Novembre10,28, Andrzej W. Weber29, Ludovic Orlando1,30, Morten E. Allentoft1, Rasmus Nielsen31, Kristian Kristiansen16, Martin Sikora1, Alan K. Outram22, Richard Durbin2,3,†, Eske Willerslev1,2,32,†

    Science 09 May 2018:
    eaar7711
    DOI: 10.1126/science.aar7711

    Abstract

    The Yamnaya expansions from the western steppe into Europe and Asia during the Early Bronze Age (~3000 BCE) are believed to have brought with them Indo-European languages and possibly horse husbandry. We analyze 74 ancient whole-genome sequences from across Inner Asia and Anatolia and show that the Botai people associated with the earliest horse husbandry derived from a hunter-gatherer population deeply diverged from the Yamnaya. Our results also suggest distinct migrations bringing West Eurasian ancestry into South Asia before and after but not at the time of Yamnaya culture. We find no evidence of steppe ancestry in Bronze Age Anatolia from when Indo-European languages are attested there. Thus, in contrast to Europe, Early Bronze Age Yamnaya-related migrations had limited direct genetic impact in Asia.

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    Y-DNA:

    Code:
    Population	SampleID	ObservedSN	Representat	Lineage
    Botai_CA	BOT15	N-M231	N-M231	N
    Botai_CA	BOT14	R-M478	R-M478	R1b1a1
    Kurma_EBA	DA354	Q-M1083	Q-L472	Q1a
    Lokomotiv_EN	DA357	C-F4015	C-F4015	C2b1a1
    Lokomotiv_EN	DA359	N-M2087.1	N-M2087.1	N1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE673	Q-M1100	Q-L472	Q1a
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE683	Q-L712	Q-L712	Q1a1b1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE672	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE674	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE662	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE664	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE718	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE719	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE670	Q-L940	Q-L940	Q1a2b
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE675	R-Z2105	R-Z2015	R1b1a2a2
    Shamanka_EBA	DA334	Q-L55	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA335	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA336	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA337	Q-L475	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA338	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA339	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Shamanka_EN	DA247	N-M231	N-M231	N
    Shamanka_EN	DA251	N-M2291	N-M2291	N1
    Shamanka_EN	DA245	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA248	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA362	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA250	NO-M214	NO-M214	NO1
    UstIda_EBA	DA361	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    UstIda_EBA	DA353	Q-L476	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA356	Q-L213	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA343	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    UstIda_LN	DA345	N-M2080	N-M46	N1c1
    UstIda_LN	DA355	Q-L892	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Yamnaya	YamnayaKaragash_EMBA	R-CTS1843	R-CTS1843	R1b1a2a2c1
    Turkmenistan_IA	DA382	R-F992	R-F992	R1a1a1b2
    Namazga_CA	DA379	J-L134	J-M304	J
    Namazga_CA	DA381	J-L26	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_EBA	MA2212	J-L559	J-M410	J2a
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2200	J-L26	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2205	J-L27	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2208	G-M3317	G-M406	G2a2b1

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    If a research team has a paper in Nature and one in Science released the same day, is that a hat trick?

    I went back to the recent Reich book (Who we are and how we got here) to see if I had just imagined that there was a little competitive spirit peeping through, now and then, when he credited Eske Willerslev's lab and colleagues with various discoveries, methods (particularly with Native American tribal organizations), and assertions. I don't think I imagined it; maybe. The stronger suggestions of that seem to have been from six or eight years ago (Reich 2018 pp. 182-3, 190).

    I'll be interested in hearing about these new ones from somebody who actually gets to read them.

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    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    Y-DNA:

    Code:
    Population	SampleID	ObservedSN	Representat	Lineage
    Botai_CA	BOT15	N-M231	N-M231	N
    Botai_CA	BOT14	R-M478	R-M478	R1b1a1
    Kurma_EBA	DA354	Q-M1083	Q-L472	Q1a
    Lokomotiv_EN	DA357	C-F4015	C-F4015	C2b1a1
    Lokomotiv_EN	DA359	N-M2087.1	N-M2087.1	N1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE673	Q-M1100	Q-L472	Q1a
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE683	Q-L712	Q-L712	Q1a1b1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE672	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE674	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE662	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE664	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE718	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE719	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE670	Q-L940	Q-L940	Q1a2b
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE675	R-Z2105	R-Z2015	R1b1a2a2
    Shamanka_EBA	DA334	Q-L55	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA335	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA336	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA337	Q-L475	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA338	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA339	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Shamanka_EN	DA247	N-M231	N-M231	N
    Shamanka_EN	DA251	N-M2291	N-M2291	N1
    Shamanka_EN	DA245	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA248	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA362	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA250	NO-M214	NO-M214	NO1
    UstIda_EBA	DA361	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    UstIda_EBA	DA353	Q-L476	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA356	Q-L213	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA343	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    UstIda_LN	DA345	N-M2080	N-M46	N1c1
    UstIda_LN	DA355	Q-L892	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Yamnaya	YamnayaKaragash_EMBA	R-CTS1843	R-CTS1843	R1b1a2a2c1
    Turkmenistan_IA	DA382	R-F992	R-F992	R1a1a1b2
    Namazga_CA	DA379	J-L134	J-M304	J
    Namazga_CA	DA381	J-L26	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_EBA	MA2212	J-L559	J-M410	J2a
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2200	J-L26	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2205	J-L27	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2208	G-M3317	G-M406	G2a2b1
    First G2a-M406 in ANATOLIA

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    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    Y-DNA:

    Code:
    Population	SampleID	ObservedSN	Representat	Lineage
    Botai_CA	BOT15	N-M231	N-M231	N
    Botai_CA	BOT14	R-M478	R-M478	R1b1a1
    Kurma_EBA	DA354	Q-M1083	Q-L472	Q1a
    Lokomotiv_EN	DA357	C-F4015	C-F4015	C2b1a1
    Lokomotiv_EN	DA359	N-M2087.1	N-M2087.1	N1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE673	Q-M1100	Q-L472	Q1a
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE683	Q-L712	Q-L712	Q1a1b1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE672	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE674	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE662	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE664	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE718	Q-L330	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE719	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE670	Q-L940	Q-L940	Q1a2b
    Okunevo_EMBA	RISE675	R-Z2105	R-Z2015	R1b1a2a2
    Shamanka_EBA	DA334	Q-L55	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA335	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA336	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA337	Q-L475	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA338	Q-L53	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    Shamanka_EBA	DA339	Q-L334	Q-L330	Q1a2a1c
    Shamanka_EN	DA247	N-M231	N-M231	N
    Shamanka_EN	DA251	N-M2291	N-M2291	N1
    Shamanka_EN	DA245	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA248	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA362	N-L666	N-L666	N1c2
    Shamanka_EN	DA250	NO-M214	NO-M214	NO1
    UstIda_EBA	DA361	Q-M346	Q-M346	Q1a2
    UstIda_EBA	DA353	Q-L476	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA356	Q-L213	Q-L53	Q1a2a
    UstIda_EBA	DA343	Q-L54	Q-L54	Q1a2a1
    UstIda_LN	DA345	N-M2080	N-M46	N1c1
    UstIda_LN	DA355	Q-L892	Q-M346	Q1a2
    Yamnaya	YamnayaKaragash_EMBA	R-CTS1843	R-CTS1843	R1b1a2a2c1
    Turkmenistan_IA	DA382	R-F992	R-F992	R1a1a1b2
    Namazga_CA	DA379	J-L134	J-M304	J
    Namazga_CA	DA381	J-L26	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_EBA	MA2212	J-L559	J-M410	J2a
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2200	J-L26	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2205	J-L27	J-L26	J2a1
    Anatolia_MLBA	MA2208	G-M3317	G-M406	G2a2b1
    Still no steppe Y-DNAs/admix in Bronze Age Anatolia. Interesting.

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    Did they test actual Indo-Europeans in Anatolia? There were plenty of non-IE's there at the same time.
     


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    Interesting, but I will not be able to read the full paper because you need a subscription to do that. Anyway, the quoted passage below of the paper is promising. Whether or not these were Anatolian IE speakers, we can now conclude that the "Balkan-Steppe-migration" to Anatolia hypothesis is bogus.
    "We find no evidence of steppe ancestry in Bronze Age Anatolia from when Indo-European languages are attested there. Thus, in contrast to Europe, Early Bronze Age Yamnaya-related migrations had limited direct genetic impact in Asia."
    Last edited by mephisto; 05-09-2018 at 08:23 PM.

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    Exciting times! Willerslev dropping a paper out of the blue like a boss... Too bad about the paywall.
    Ελευθερία ή θάνατος.

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    Quote Originally Posted by rms2 View Post
    Did they test actual Indo-Europeans in Anatolia? There were plenty of non-IE's there at the same time.
    Rob on Eurogenes stated that the Y-haplo G2a guy was a Hittite...

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    Quote Originally Posted by Varun R View Post
    Rob on Eurogenes stated that the Y-haplo G2a guy was a Hittite...
    They'll need more than one. The Nes imposed themselves on a native Hattic population. Sounds like they bagged a guy from the native substrate.
     


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    Dad's mtDNA: K1a1

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