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Thread: Ancient genomes of Srubnaya, Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians(Science, 2018)

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    Ancient genomes of Srubnaya, Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians(Science, 2018)

    http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/10/eaat4457

    Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads

    Maja Krzewińska1,*,, Glşah Merve Kılın1,*,, Anna Juras2, Dilek Koptekin3, Maciej Chyleński4, Alexey G. Nikitin5, Nikolai Shcherbakov6, Iia Shuteleva6,7, Tatiana Leonova6, Liudmila Kraeva8, Flarit A. Sungatov9, Alfija N. Sultanova9, Inna Potekhina10, Sylwia Łukasik2, Marta Krenz-Niedbała2, Love Daln11, Vitaly Sinika12,13, Mattias Jakobsson14,15,16, Jan Stor17 and Anders Gtherstrm1,

    Science Advances 03 Oct 2018:
    Vol. 4, no. 10, eaat4457
    DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat4457

    Abstract

    For millennia, the Pontic-Caspian steppe was a connector between the Eurasian steppe and Europe. In this scene, multidirectional and sequential movements of different populations may have occurred, including those of the Eurasian steppe nomads. We sequenced 35 genomes (low to medium coverage) of Bronze Age individuals (Srubnaya-Alakulskaya) and Iron Age nomads (Cimmerians, Scythians, and Sarmatians) that represent four distinct cultural entities corresponding to the chronological sequence of cultural complexes in the region. Our results suggest that, despite genetic links among these peoples, no group can be considered a direct ancestor of the subsequent group. The nomadic populations were heterogeneous and carried genetic affinities with populations from several other regions including the Far East and the southern Urals. We found evidence of a stable shared genetic signature, making the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe a likely source of western nomadic groups.

    Code:
    Table S3. Summary sequencing statistics for mitochondrial variants for individuals sequenced in this study. 						
    						
    Individual	Site	Culture	Age (cal BC) 95%	Biological Sex	MtDNA Haplogroup	Y Haplogroup
    chy001	Cherniy Yar	Late Sarmatian	55 - 140 CE	XX	H2a1	-
    chy002	Cherniy Yar	Late Sarmatian	65 - 220 CE	XY	T1a1	R1a1a
    tem001	Temyaysovo	Late Sarmatian	135 - 320 CE	XX	U5b2b	-
    tem002	Temyaysovo	Late Sarmatian	125 - 240 CE	XY	D4q	R1b1a1a2
    tem003	Temyaysovo	Late Sarmatian	130-320 CE	XY	U5b2b	R1b1a1a2?
    scy006*	Starosillya	Scythian	ND	XX	D4j2	-
    scy009*	Starosillya	Scythian	770 - 415 BCE	XY	J2b1a6	R1b1a1a2
    scy010*	Starosillya	Scythian	790 - 540 BCE	XX	N1b1a	-
    scy011*	Nesterivka	Scythian	355 - 115 BCE	XX	A	-
    scy192*	Glinoe	Scythian	2863 - 2503 BCE	XX	H8c	-
    scy193*	Glinoe	Scythian	ND	XY	U5a2a1	R1b1a1a2?
    scy197*	Glinoe	Scythian	2885 - 2632 BCE	XY	U5a1a1	R1b1a1a2
    scy300*	Glinoe	Scythian	397 - 209 BCE	XX	H5b	-
    scy301	Glinoe	Scythian	392 - 204 BCE	XY	U5b2a3	R1b1a1a2
    scy303*	Glinoe	Scythian	380 - 203 BCE	XX	U5a1a2b	-
    scy304	Glinoe	Scythian	361 - 172 BCE	XY	U4*	R1b1a1a2
    scy305*	Glinoe	Scythian	399 - 209 BCE	XY	U5a2b	R1b1a1a2
    scy311*	Glinoe	Scythian	389 - 204 BCE	XX	T2b	-
    scy332*	Glinoe	Scythian	248 - 391 CE	XX	M10a1a1a	-
    cim357	Glinoe Sad	Cimmerian	914 - 805 BCE	XY	H9a	R1b1a
    cim358	Glinoe Sad	Cimmerian	936 -809 BCE	XY	C5c (50%)	Q1a1
    cim359	Mokra	Cimmerian	1008 - 838 BCE	XX	R	-
    kzb001	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1735 - 1565 BCE	XX	U4b1a1a1	-
    kzb002	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1875 - 1665 BCE	XY	J1c3a	R1a1a1
    kzb003	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1765 - 1630 BCE	XY	H	R1a1a1
    kzb004	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1750 - 1620 BCE	XX	U5b2a2	-
    kzb005	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1880 - 1690 BCE	XY	HV0a	R1a1a1
    kzb006	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1745 - 1620 BCE	XX	U2e2a1a2	-
    kzb007	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1755 - 1630 BCE	XY	U5a1	R1a1a1
    kzb008	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1880 -1690 BCE	XY	HV0a	R1a1a1
    kzb009	Kazburun 1	Srubno-alakulskaya	1745 - 1620 BCE	XX	U4b1a1a1	-
    mur001	Muradym 8	Srubno-alakulskaya	ND	XX	H2a1	-
    mur002	Muradym 8	Srubno-alakulskaya	ND	XY	K1a4b	?
    mur003	Muradym 8	Srubno-alakulskaya	1880 - 1685 BCE	XY	T2a1	R1a1a1?
    mur004	Muradym 8	Srubno-alakulskaya	1885 - 1695 BCE	XX	J1c5e	-
    (*) Individuals previously used in a study focusing on mitochondrial genomes (Juras et al.2017) and are thus reported elsewhere.

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    Someone do us all a favor and request the genotype data from the authors. I was bothering these people not long ago in regards to another dataset, so...

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  5. #3
    My mtdna T1a1 shows up in a Sarmatian individual, very cool.

    Today, T1a1 is common in North Europe, the Middle East, East Europe, and is found amoung Ashkanazi Jews like myself.

    Whats the link!?

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    Note: the samples that are described as Cimmerians are actually belong to Chernogorovka culture. Not everyone agrees with identification of this culture with Cimmerians: http://www.academia.edu/1084093/The_...7_2001_307-340

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    Ibn Battuta about Asia Minor 1333CE

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    Well, these "Cimmerians" do have autosomal East Asian signal:


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    Quote Originally Posted by Generalissimo View Post
    Someone do us all a favor and request the genotype data from the authors. I was bothering these people not long ago in regards to another dataset, so...
    Alright I've requested the genotype data myself.

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    That scy332 is virtually totally Asian. Makes me wonder how people with such different ancient backgrounds got along with each other despite being part of the same "macro-culture" (apparently)
    G25 Hidden Content and Hidden Content distances
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    bummer this paper .......

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    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    Note: the samples that are described as Cimmerians are actually belong to Chernogorovka culture. Not everyone agrees with identification of this culture with Cimmerians: http://www.academia.edu/1084093/The_...7_2001_307-340
    It is surprising also that pre-Scythian populations near Black Sea had East-Asian affinities already. Doesn't matter Cimmerian or not.

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