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Thread: Shared drift with Cimmerians, Sarmatians, & Scythians

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    Lightbulb Shared drift with Cimmerians, Sarmatians, & Scythians

    New Cimmerian, Sarmatian, and Scythian samples were published in the recent paper "Genomes-Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads", krzewinska et al, 2018.

    One of the most informative ways to examine genetic relationships between various ancient populations and present day populations is to see how genetically shifted the present day population is towards the particular ancient population, in this case, Cimmerians, Sarmatians, and Scythians to the exclusion of their ancestors, in this case Haji-Firuz-Chl.

    Here I examine the genetic shift of various W Asian populations towards Cimmerians, Sarmatians, and Scythians to the exclusion of Haji-Firuz-Chl using dstats of the form D ( Chimp, Steppe-Nomad ; Haji-Firuz, W Asians ).

    Of the W Asian populations examined, Kurds showed the highest shift towards these Steppe nomads.

    Tables are sorted with highest D value on top. Z is not high with the Kurdish samples due to lower SNP overlap.

    POP1 POP2 TARGET OUTGROUP D Z SNPs
    Kurd-Kurmnaji Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0274 3.087 47831
    Kurd-Feyli Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0227 2.529 47556
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.018 4.535 227649
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0148 3.602 227649
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0121 2.947 227649
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0096 2.415 227649
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.009 2.217 226391
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0066 1.608 227649
    POP1 POP2 TARGET OUTGROUP D Z SNPs
    Kurd-Kurmnaji Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0245 3.046 61823
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0182 5.229 293059
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0157 4.313 293059
    Kurd-Feyli Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0145 1.801 61624
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0143 4.014 293059
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0116 3.273 293059
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0078 2.197 291467
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0078 2.181 293059

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    POP1 POP2 TARGET OUTGROUP D Z SNPs
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0198 5.464 266047
    Kurd-Feyli Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0187 2.121 55592
    Kurd-Kurmnaji Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0183 2.138 55774
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0176 4.802 266047
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0171 4.594 266047
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0123 3.315 264596
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0109 2.981 266047
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0081 2.306 266047
    POP1 POP2 TARGET OUTGROUP D Z SNPs
    Kurd-Kurmnaji Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.01 1.648 91526
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0052 2.041 407115
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0047 1.785 407115
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0044 1.658 407115
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0028 1.116 407115
    Kurd-Feyli Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0015 0.246 91198
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0009 0.353 404962
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0001 0.04 407115

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    This table shows which nomads the various W Asians are "most" shifted to , to the exclusion of Haji-Firuz-Chl. Ranked by highest D.

    POP1 POP2 TARGET OUTGROUP D Z SNPs
    Kurd-Kurmanji Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0274 3.087 47831
    Kurd-Kurmanji Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0245 3.046 61823
    Kurd-Kurmanji Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0183 2.138 55774
    Kurd-Kurmanji Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.01 1.648 91526
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0176 4.802 266047
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0157 4.313 293059
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0148 3.602 227649
    Abkhasian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0044 1.658 407115
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0198 5.464 266047
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0182 5.229 293059
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.018 4.535 227649
    Adygei Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0052 2.041 407115
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0116 3.273 293059
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0109 2.981 266047
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0096 2.415 227649
    Armenian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0028 1.116 407115
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0123 3.315 264596
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.009 2.217 226391
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0078 2.197 291467
    Assyrian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0009 0.353 404962
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0171 4.594 266047
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0143 4.014 293059
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0121 2.947 227649
    Georgian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0047 1.785 407115
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_CherniYar Chimp 0.0081 2.306 266047
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Chimp 0.0078 2.181 293059
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Cimmerian Chimp 0.0066 1.608 227649
    Jew_Iranian Hajji_Firuz_C Scythian_Glinoe Chimp 0.0001 0.04 407115

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    f3 stats can be used as an indicator of admixture between 2 populations to create a target. Here 1 populations is fixed as an outgroup (Mbuti) such that the strength of the admixture signal is driven by source 2 (steppe nomads).

    With f3s the lower the number, the higher the signal of admixture.

    Using Cimmerians and Sarmatian_Temyaysovo, the strongest signal of admixture is obtained in Kurds and Pashtuns and other C Asians, followed by other W Asians, followed by Europeans

    PCAs and ADMIXTURE based oracles should not be used to gauge geneflow from the steppe nomads as clustering of steppe nomads near Europeans is primarily due to shared distant Eurasian common ancestry and not actual introgression from steppe nomads as indicated by f3s here.

    I gave this example in a different thread to illustrate this point. Suppose a British individual [ B ] has a Middle-Eastern father (M) and a British mother (Bm). On a PCA B's coordinates or placement is relatively far from other Europeans, and he places about half-way between the European and Middle-Eastern cluster. If someone went by his PCA placement, they would infer he is less related Bm than other Europeans are related to Bm. However, if we do an IBD test or test for shared haplotypes between B and Bm we will find that B is actually more directly related to Bm than other Europeans are to Bm. This is opposite of what the PCA indicate.

    Similar situation here with steppe nomads placement in PCA or ADMIXTURE oracles with regards to Europeans and W Asians.

    SOURCE 1 SOURCE 2 TARGET F3 STD ERRORS Z SNPs
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-SE 0.0103 0.0036 2.9 61028
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-C3 0.0156 0.0037 4.3 61189
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Pashtun-Afg2 0.0161 0.0037 4.3 61164
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-F1 0.0179 0.0039 4.6 60948
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Pashtun-Afg1 0.0191 0.0040 4.8 61069
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Pashtun-Pak 0.0192 0.0010 19.3 284605
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-C1 0.0200 0.0038 5.2 61128
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Tajik 0.0212 0.0012 18.2 278157
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Uzbek 0.0214 0.0010 20.5 283926
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-C2 0.0247 0.0040 6.2 61124
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Adygei 0.0251 0.0011 22.8 282620
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-F8 0.0251 0.0040 6.3 60784
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-F2 0.0265 0.0043 6.1 60783
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Armenian 0.0267 0.0011 23.5 279224
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-F4 0.0269 0.0045 6.0 60796
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Kurd-F5 0.0272 0.0041 6.6 60965
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Greek 0.0274 0.0011 24.1 283944
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Assyrian 0.0281 0.0012 24.3 277971
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Abkhasian 0.0285 0.0012 23.2 278344
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo English 0.0287 0.0012 23.4 279127
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Ukrainian 0.0289 0.0012 24.0 278628
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Polish 0.0298 0.0012 25.8 282654
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Georgian 0.0298 0.0012 24.5 278753
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Irish 0.0306 0.0012 25.9 282650
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Estonians 0.0312 0.0013 23.2 267034
    Mbuti Sarmatian_Temyaysovo Lithuanians 0.0321 0.0016 19.9 260031

    SOURCE 1 SOURCE 2 TARGET F3 STD ERRORS Z SNPs
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-SE 0.0123 0.0038 3.2 47100
    Mbuti Cimmerian Pashtun-Afg2 0.0149 0.0043 3.5 47150
    Mbuti Cimmerian Uzbek 0.0193 0.0011 18.2 220257
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-C1 0.0219 0.0042 5.2 47114
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-F8 0.0222 0.0043 5.2 46873
    Mbuti Cimmerian Pashtun-Pak 0.0224 0.0011 21.0 220749
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-F1 0.0236 0.0043 5.5 47019
    Mbuti Cimmerian Pashtun-Afg1 0.0238 0.0043 5.6 47094
    Mbuti Cimmerian Tajik 0.0240 0.0012 19.5 215642
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-C3 0.0249 0.0041 6.0 47215
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-C2 0.0268 0.0042 6.4 47167
    Mbuti Cimmerian Adygei 0.0295 0.0012 25.4 219302
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-F2 0.0298 0.0047 6.4 46821
    Mbuti Cimmerian Armenian 0.0313 0.0012 25.3 216566
    Mbuti Cimmerian Assyrian 0.0320 0.0012 26.3 215563
    Mbuti Cimmerian Greek 0.0327 0.0012 27.5 220321
    Mbuti Cimmerian Abkhasian 0.0328 0.0013 26.2 215800
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-F5 0.0334 0.0048 7.0 47006
    Mbuti Cimmerian Ukrainian 0.0341 0.0013 26.3 216148
    Mbuti Cimmerian Georgian 0.0346 0.0013 27.5 216225
    Mbuti Cimmerian Estonians 0.0357 0.0014 25.5 207028
    Mbuti Cimmerian Polish 0.0357 0.0012 28.6 219260
    Mbuti Cimmerian Irish 0.0359 0.0013 28.5 219228
    Mbuti Cimmerian English 0.0359 0.0014 26.6 216443
    Mbuti Cimmerian Kurd-F4 0.0363 0.0051 7.2 46928
    Mbuti Cimmerian Lithuanians 0.0382 0.0018 21.4 201438
    Last edited by Kurd; 10-06-2018 at 04:07 AM.

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    With C Asian Saka f3s indicate a higher signal of admixture for Pashtuns and other C Asians, followed by Kurds, and then W Asians, and finally Europeans

    SOURCE 1 SOURCE 2 TARGET F3 STD ERRORS Z SNPs
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-SE -0.0024 0.0027 -0.9 111302
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Pashtun-Afg2 -0.0014 0.0028 -0.5 111441
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Uzbek 0.0018 0.0006 3.2 505695
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Pashtun-Pak 0.0024 0.0006 4.3 506089
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Pashtun-Afg1 0.0031 0.0029 1.1 111138
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Tajik 0.0051 0.0007 7.3 497090
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-C3 0.0066 0.0028 2.3 111496
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F8 0.0070 0.0028 2.5 110524
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-C1 0.0077 0.0029 2.7 111256
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F1 0.0082 0.0031 2.7 110937
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-C2 0.0083 0.0030 2.8 111375
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F5 0.0083 0.0033 2.5 110969
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F2 0.0091 0.0033 2.8 110697
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Adygei 0.0098 0.0006 15.7 503237
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Armenian 0.0111 0.0007 16.0 498803
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Assyrian 0.0119 0.0007 17.8 493573
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Abkhasian 0.0124 0.0007 17.0 497348
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F4 0.0127 0.0035 3.6 110706
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Greek 0.0131 0.0006 20.6 505535
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Georgian 0.0143 0.0007 19.8 498037
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Ukrainian 0.0147 0.0008 19.6 497992
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Polish 0.0155 0.0007 23.1 500256
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A English 0.0160 0.0007 22.0 498358
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Estonians 0.0166 0.0009 18.7 476441
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Irish 0.0169 0.0007 25.6 500273
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Lithuanians 0.0179 0.0011 15.7 467876


    SOURCE 1 SOURCE 2 TARGET F3 STD ERRORS Z SNPs
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Uzbek -0.0023 0.0005 -4.3 506984
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-SE 0.0023 0.0027 0.9 112655
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Pashtun-Afg2 0.0033 0.0029 1.1 112748
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Pashtun-Afg1 0.0069 0.0029 2.4 112475
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Pashtun-Pak 0.0071 0.0006 11.5 507840
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Tajik 0.0104 0.0008 13.4 499403
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F8 0.0129 0.0030 4.3 111889
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F1 0.0136 0.0030 4.5 112310
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-C3 0.0141 0.0031 4.6 112831
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F2 0.0156 0.0032 4.8 112091
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-C1 0.0158 0.0031 5.2 112599
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F5 0.0160 0.0034 4.7 112330
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-C2 0.0172 0.0030 5.7 112778
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Adygei 0.0177 0.0007 24.5 505285
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F4 0.0187 0.0037 5.1 112111
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Armenian 0.0204 0.0008 25.7 501492
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Assyrian 0.0211 0.0008 27.6 496262
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Abkhasian 0.0217 0.0008 26.5 500073
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Greek 0.0223 0.0007 30.3 507654
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Ukrainian 0.0228 0.0008 27.3 500623
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Estonians 0.0244 0.0010 24.9 479136
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Georgian 0.0245 0.0008 30.4 500713
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Polish 0.0247 0.0007 33.1 502381
    Mbuti Saka_Altai English 0.0256 0.0008 30.4 501091
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Irish 0.0259 0.0008 33.5 502405
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Lithuanians 0.0262 0.0013 20.8 471470

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    Quote Originally Posted by Kurd View Post
    With C Asian Saka f3s indicate a higher signal of admixture for Pashtuns and other C Asians, followed by Kurds, and then W Asians, and finally Europeans

    SOURCE 1 SOURCE 2 TARGET F3 STD ERRORS Z SNPs
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-SE -0.0024 0.0027 -0.9 111302
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Pashtun-Afg2 -0.0014 0.0028 -0.5 111441
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Uzbek 0.0018 0.0006 3.2 505695
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Pashtun-Pak 0.0024 0.0006 4.3 506089
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Pashtun-Afg1 0.0031 0.0029 1.1 111138
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Tajik 0.0051 0.0007 7.3 497090
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-C3 0.0066 0.0028 2.3 111496
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F8 0.0070 0.0028 2.5 110524
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-C1 0.0077 0.0029 2.7 111256
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F1 0.0082 0.0031 2.7 110937
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-C2 0.0083 0.0030 2.8 111375
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F5 0.0083 0.0033 2.5 110969
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F2 0.0091 0.0033 2.8 110697
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Adygei 0.0098 0.0006 15.7 503237
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Armenian 0.0111 0.0007 16.0 498803
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Assyrian 0.0119 0.0007 17.8 493573
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Abkhasian 0.0124 0.0007 17.0 497348
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Kurd-F4 0.0127 0.0035 3.6 110706
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Greek 0.0131 0.0006 20.6 505535
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Georgian 0.0143 0.0007 19.8 498037
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Ukrainian 0.0147 0.0008 19.6 497992
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Polish 0.0155 0.0007 23.1 500256
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A English 0.0160 0.0007 22.0 498358
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Estonians 0.0166 0.0009 18.7 476441
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Irish 0.0169 0.0007 25.6 500273
    Mbuti Saka_TienShan_A Lithuanians 0.0179 0.0011 15.7 467876


    SOURCE 1 SOURCE 2 TARGET F3 STD ERRORS Z SNPs
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Uzbek -0.0023 0.0005 -4.3 506984
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-SE 0.0023 0.0027 0.9 112655
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Pashtun-Afg2 0.0033 0.0029 1.1 112748
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Pashtun-Afg1 0.0069 0.0029 2.4 112475
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Pashtun-Pak 0.0071 0.0006 11.5 507840
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Tajik 0.0104 0.0008 13.4 499403
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F8 0.0129 0.0030 4.3 111889
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F1 0.0136 0.0030 4.5 112310
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-C3 0.0141 0.0031 4.6 112831
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F2 0.0156 0.0032 4.8 112091
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-C1 0.0158 0.0031 5.2 112599
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F5 0.0160 0.0034 4.7 112330
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-C2 0.0172 0.0030 5.7 112778
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Adygei 0.0177 0.0007 24.5 505285
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Kurd-F4 0.0187 0.0037 5.1 112111
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Armenian 0.0204 0.0008 25.7 501492
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Assyrian 0.0211 0.0008 27.6 496262
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Abkhasian 0.0217 0.0008 26.5 500073
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Greek 0.0223 0.0007 30.3 507654
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Ukrainian 0.0228 0.0008 27.3 500623
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Estonians 0.0244 0.0010 24.9 479136
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Georgian 0.0245 0.0008 30.4 500713
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Polish 0.0247 0.0007 33.1 502381
    Mbuti Saka_Altai English 0.0256 0.0008 30.4 501091
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Irish 0.0259 0.0008 33.5 502405
    Mbuti Saka_Altai Lithuanians 0.0262 0.0013 20.8 471470
    Hallo Kurd who Saka Tien Shan B?
    Alain Dad
    Y-DNA R1a-Y33 Eastern Corderd Ware Culture Baltoslavic/ old Pruzzen
    H76 czech Republic/England (Celtic tribes ?) W3a1d Yamnaya Culture, Samara /Pontic steppe
    Scytho-sarmatian.

    Eurogenes Global 25 Calculator/Modern

    My:
    Polish: 27.8%
    German: 21.9%
    Greek_Central_Macedonia: 20.0%
    Italian_Bergamo: 17.4%
    Russian_Voronez: 10.4%
    Mari: 2%
    Moldovan: 0.2%
    Italian_Northeast: 0.2%
    Other: 0.1%

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