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Thread: DNA of ancient inhabitants of Poland and neighbouring areas

  1. #1
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    DNA of ancient inhabitants of Poland and neighbouring areas

    I've uploaded to GEDmatch Genesis most of available ancient DNA from Poland as well as some samples from neighbouring countries:

    MESOLITHIC hunter-gatherers
    (the oldest population of Poland)


    Hunter-gatherer from Cuyavia:

    Kit Number: XM9113846
    Name: N22 Poland Hunter-Gatherer

    Ancient CUYAVIA region (Kujawy):

    Neolithic Lengyel culture, Brzesc-Kujawski Group:

    Kit Number: LW7326649
    Name: N42 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Kit Number: DD8408872
    Name: N36 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Kit Number: JA8448279
    Name: N28 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Kit Number: YN8057191
    Name: N31 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Kit Number: AR4487061
    Name: N27 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Kit Number: LE5504078
    Name: N25 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Kit Number: HF6073275
    Name: N26 Neolithic Kujawy Lengyel BKG

    Neolithic farmers, Funnel Beaker Culture / TRB:

    Kit Number: UC6688588
    Name: N18 Neolithic Kujawy Funnel Beaker

    Kit Number: GH7550062
    Name: N19 Neolithic Kujawy Funnel Beaker

    Kit Number: QC4071388
    Name: N20 Neolithic Kujawy Funnel Beaker

    Neolithic farmers, Globular Amphora Culture (GAC):

    Kit Number: KL2632962
    Name: N38 Neolithic Kujawy GAC culture

    Corded Ware Culture (CWC, Corded Ware):

    Kit Number: DK4798535
    Name: N49 Ancient Kujawy Corded Ware

    Kit Number: RU6912924
    Name: N47 Ancient Kujawy Corded Ware

    Kit Number: UL3000314
    Name: N45 Ancient Kujawy Corded Ware

    Kit Number: WZ7321602
    Name: N44 Ancient Kujawy Corded Ware

    Iwno Culture or Early Trzciniec Culture:

    Kit Number: MB7214665
    Name: N17 Ancient Kujawy Iwno Culture R1a

    Ancient LESSER POLAND (Malopolska):

    Globular Amphora Culture (GAC) samples from this study (there are more, maybe later I will upload):

    https://www.academia.edu/25318831/Koszyce_s...C5%82ku_neolitu - study has English Summary

    Kit Number: DF4610811
    Name: RISE1168 Neolithic Malopolska GAC I2a

    Bell Beaker Culture, Samborzec:

    Kit Number: CY2934277
    Name: I4251 Malopolska Bell Beaker R1b

    Kit Number: BE8733105
    Name: I4252 Malopolska Bell Beaker R1b

    Kit Number: SL5724347
    Name: I4253 Malopolska Bell Beaker R1b

    Ancient PALUKI region (near Cuyavia):

    Neolithic farmers, Globular Amphora Culture (GAC):

    Kit Number: LA7253346
    Name: I2403 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture I2a

    Kit Number: LD8560888
    Name: I2433 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture

    Kit Number: CK4589849
    Name: I2405 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture I2a

    Kit Number: XN3376426
    Name: I2441 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture I2a

    Kit Number: QR1128874
    Name: I2407 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture I2

    Kit Number: XU1078777
    Name: I2435 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture I2

    Kit Number: EJ8009458
    Name: I2434 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture

    Kit Number: FY4781090
    Name: I2440 Neolithic Paluki GAC culture I2

    Ancient GREATER POLAND (Wielkopolska):

    Corded Ware Culture (CWC, Corded Ware):

    Kit Number: GB8378550
    Name: RISE1 Wielkopolska Corded Ware

    Kultura CWC lub proto-unietycka:

    Kit Number: AT4989863
    Name: RISE431 Wielkopolska Proto-Unetice R1a

    Kultura unietycka:

    Kit Number: LT2714573
    Name: RISE145 Wielkopolska Unetice

    Ancient SUDOVIA (Suwalszczyzna) region:

    Sudovia, Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age:

    Kit Number: PH4421025
    Name: Turlojiske5 Ancient Suwalki R1a

    Kit Number: XT3725222
    Name: Vs-1188 Ancient Suwalki R1a

    Kit Number: RN4554211
    Name: OxA-5931 Ancient Suwalki

    Kit Number: RU3974207
    Name: Turlojiske1 Ancient Suwalki R1a

    Ancient SILESIA:

    Bell Beaker Culture:

    Kit Number: GS9402267
    Name: I6581 Silesia Bell Beaker R1b

    Kit Number: GA3235990
    Name: I6582 Silesia Bell Beaker

    Kit Number: YR2184032
    Name: I6534 Silesia Bell Beaker R1b

    Kit Number: MP1030698
    Name: I6580 Silesia Bell Beaker R1b

    Bronze Age Silesia:

    Kit Number: RK4990121
    Name: I6531 Silesia Bronze Age R1a

    Kit Number: WQ7348984
    Name: I6579 Silesia Bronze Age

    Unetice Culture:

    Kit Number: PQ9702384
    Name: RISE154 Silesia Unetice Culture

    Kit Number: RQ7879774
    Name: RISE109 Silesia Unetice Culture

    Ancient POMERANIA:

    Unetice Culture:

    Kit Number: NG3207778
    Name: RISE139 West Pomerania Unetice

    Ancient RED RUTHENIA region:

    Neolithic farmers, Trypillian Culture:

    Kit Number: GX7487389
    Name: I1926 Trypillian East Galicia 5kya

    Kit Number: ZH9512157
    Name: I2110 Trypillian East Galicia 5kya

    Kit Number: UR3147563
    Name: I2111 Trypillian East Galicia G2a

    Kit Number: NU7723679
    Name: I3151 Trypillian East Galicia E1b

    Ancient INFLANTY region (Latvia):

    Late Bronze Age ca. 800-200 BC:

    Kit Number: DE6697829
    Name: Kivutkalns153 Ancient Inflanty R1a

    Kit Number: BT1287316
    Name: Kivutkalns164 Ancient Inflanty

    Kit Number: ZY6861694
    Name: Kivutkalns19 Ancient Inflanty R1a

    Kit Number: XY5213069
    Name: Kivutkalns207 Ancient Inflanty

    Kit Number: JM2215719
    Name: Kivutkalns222 Ancient Inflanty R1a

    Kit Number: PN6968583
    Name: Kivutkalns25 Ancient Inflanty R1a

    Kit Number: ZN7418726
    Name: Kivutkalns194 Ancient Inflanty R1a

    Kit Number: KF6713005
    Name: Kivutkalns215 Ancient Inflanty

    Kit Number: RB1143990
    Name: Kivutkalns42 Ancient Inflanty

    Kit Number: MK9912313
    Name: Kivutkalns209 Ancient Inflanty R1a

    Ancient PODOLIA region:

    Neolithic farmers, Globular Amphora Culture (GAC):

    Kit Number: EH4045933
    Name: ILK002 Neolithic Podolia GAC I2a

    Kit Number: KG4369435
    Name: ILK001 Neolithic Podolia GAC I2a

    Kit Number: BC5990678
    Name: ILK003 Neolithic Podolia GAC

    Selected samples from neighbouring countries:

    Scythians, Ukraine, Herodotus times (Cherkasy Oblast, former Kiev Voivodeship of the Polish Crown):

    Kit Number: YB3597161
    Name: Scythian009 Ukraine 800-400 BC

    Early Medieval Russia (contamination with modern DNA removed by David Reich):

    Kit Number: DP9242486
    Name: Sungir6 Early Medieval Russian I2a

    Early Medieval Czechia (new genotyping by David Reich, better quality):

    Kit Number: AS1343261
    Name: RISE569 Early Medieval Czech

    Bronze Age Czechia, Unetice Culture, haplogroup R1b-U106:

    Kit Number: NC1911258
    Name: I7196 Bohemia Unetice R1b-U106

    Czechia, Celtic times, Bylany group of the Hallstatt Culture:

    Kit Number: LA2887022
    Name: DA112 Hallstatt Bylany Celtic 800 BC

    Kit Number: RL9361341
    Name: DA111 Hallstatt Bylany Celtic 800 BC

    Hungarian Scythians, Herodotus times (so far only one, maybe later I will upload more):

    Kit Number: HR6053540
    Name: DA191 Hungary Scythian 550 BC

    Hungary, Bronze Age Mako Culture:

    Kit Number: HZ6868325
    Name: BR1 Hungary Mako Culture 2100 BC

    Hungary, Bronze Age Kyjatice Culture (new genotyping by David Reich):

    Kit Number: DQ8464019
    Name: BR2 Hungary Kyjatice Culture 1200 BC

    Slovakia, Migration Period, chieftain with R1b-U106:

    Kit Number: LJ7725249
    Name: DA119 Spis Slovakia 375 AD R1b-S21

    Hungary Late Migration Period, Szolad:

    Kit Number: PQ1868516
    Name: AV1 Hungary Szolad 540-640 AD

    Kit Number: MK9885731
    Name: AV2 Hungary Szolad 540-640 AD

    Lithuania Migration Period, with N1c haplogroup:

    Kit Number: ME7730537
    Name: DA171 Lithuania ca. 350-650 AD N1c

    Hungary Late Middle Ages (Western immigrant?):

    Kit Number: MJ2087885
    Name: DA199 Late Medieval Hungary

    Sweden Sigtuna Viking Age (only some of the eastern-shifted samples):

    Kit Number: PC5800781
    Name: Vik_urm160 Sigtuna Viking Age

    Kit Number: NJ2572514
    Name: Vik_84005 Sigtuna Viking Age

    Prehistoric Steppes of Ukraine, samples with R1a haplogroup:

    Kit Number: AD9975805
    Name: I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 1st oldest R1a

    Kit Number: TV3464920
    Name: I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 2nd oldest R1a

    Kit Number: ZL8105546
    Name: I6561 Ukraine Steppe Sredny Stog R1a

    European in Kazakhstan, 13th or 14th century (lands of the Golden Horde):

    Kit Number: LP4438020
    Name: DA29 European in Kazakhstan 1300 AD

    Ancient Cimmerians from the Pontic Steppe:

    Kit Number: GA9020947
    Name: Cim357 Ancient Kimmerian R1b

    Bonus: Ancient Sarmatians from the Steppes:

    Kit Number: FE3331618
    Name: DA136 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: JL8098426
    Name: DA141 Ancient Sarmatian Q

    Kit Number: LV4759838
    Name: DA145 Ancient Sarmatian R

    Kit Number: ZN1441642
    Name: Chy002 Ancient Sarmatian R1a

    Kit Number: FA6708131
    Name: DA143 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: XS5668417
    Name: Chy001 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: LK6054714
    Name: Tem001 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: ZA4730644
    Name: Tem003 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: ED8879076
    Name: Tem002 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: QU3092537
    Name: DA30 Ancient Sarmatian I2

    Kit Number: XD5432322
    Name: DA26 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: PG3063442
    Name: DA139 Ancient Sarmatian

    Kit Number: QX4869454
    Name: DA134 Ancient Sarmatian R1a

    Kit Number: CQ3796350
    Name: DA144 Ancient Sarmatian R1

    Kit Number: Z831915
    Name: I0575 Ancient Sarmatian
    Last edited by Tomenable; 04-23-2019 at 05:45 AM.

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  3. #2
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    The Scythians were gentically diverse, they could be divided into several genetically distinct groups.

    Sample Scythian009 belongs to the cluster which was similar to modern North European populations:



    ^^^
    Scythian009 in Eurogenes K13:


    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 38.18
    2 North_Atlantic 33.22
    3 West_Med 14.35
    4 West_Asian 6.11
    5 East_Med 3.43
    6 Red_Sea 2.23
    7 Sub-Saharan 1.12
    8 Amerindian 0.93
    9 Oceanian 0.35
    10 South_Asian 0.06

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 South_Polish 6.18
    2 Ukrainian_Lviv 7.01
    3 East_German 7.23
    4 Croatian 7.88
    5 Ukrainian 7.89
    6 Polish 7.98
    7 Hungarian 8.67
    8 Austrian 9.34
    9 Moldavian 11.2
    10 Russian_Smolensk 11.52
    11 Southwest_Finnish 11.58
    12 Estonian_Polish 12.22
    13 Southwest_Russian 12.24
    14 Ukrainian_Belgorod 12.47
    15 Belorussian 12.57
    16 North_Swedish 12.81
    17 Estonian 14.25
    18 Finnish 14.79
    19 Kargopol_Russian 15.24
    20 Serbian 15.57

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 79.2% Polish + 20.8% Spanish_Cantabria @ 2.44
    2 83.6% Polish + 16.4% French_Basque @ 2.45
    3 78.7% Polish + 21.3% Southwest_French @ 2.49
    4 77.5% Russian_Smolensk + 22.5% French_Basque @ 2.6
    5 81.1% Polish + 18.9% Spanish_Aragon @ 2.62
    6 80.2% Polish + 19.8% Spanish_Castilla_La_Mancha @ 2.67
    7 78.4% Polish + 21.6% Spanish_Galicia @ 2.81
    8 74.1% Polish + 25.9% French @ 2.82
    9 78.7% Polish + 21.3% Spanish_Cataluna @ 2.83
    10 79.2% Polish + 20.8% Spanish_Castilla_Y_Leon @ 2.84
    11 79.8% Polish + 20.2% Spanish_Extremadura @ 2.85
    12 77.1% Ukrainian_Lviv + 22.9% Southwest_English @ 2.89
    13 80.9% Polish + 19.1% Spanish_Andalucia @ 2.9
    14 76.1% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 23.9% French_Basque @ 2.98
    15 52.9% East_German + 47.1% Polish @ 3.01
    16 72.2% Russian_Smolensk + 27.8% Spanish_Cantabria @ 3.02
    17 71.6% Russian_Smolensk + 28.4% Southwest_French @ 3.02
    18 80.3% Polish + 19.7% Spanish_Murcia @ 3.03
    19 78.9% Polish + 21.1% Portuguese @ 3.03
    20 80.2% Polish + 19.8% Spanish_Valencia @ 3.07

    =====

    Early Medieval Bohemian RISE569:

    Recently David Reich published a huge number of samples, some of them in better quality than before.

    For example this includes new genotyping for RISE569, who now has a bit more typically Slavic results:

    Early Medieval Czech RISE569, Eurogenes K15:

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 North_Sea 24.76
    2 Baltic 23.94
    3 Atlantic 16.3
    4 Eastern_Euro 14.64
    5 West_Asian 9.3
    6 West_Med 7.61
    7 Red_Sea 1.59
    8 Siberian 1.1
    9 Northeast_African 0.72
    10 Amerindian 0.04

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Ukrainian_Lviv 6.67
    2 South_Polish 6.75
    3 Ukrainian 7.56
    4 Hungarian 8
    5 Croatian 8.5
    6 East_German 8.85
    7 Polish 8.97
    8 Moldavian 9.59
    9 Russian_Smolensk 10.89
    10 Austrian 10.97
    11 Ukrainian_Belgorod 11.26
    12 Southwest_Finnish 11.29
    13 Finnish 11.31
    14 Southwest_Russian 11.63
    15 Estonian 12.1
    16 Belorussian 12.53
    17 Estonian_Polish 12.86
    18 East_Finnish 13.65
    19 Serbian 14.5
    20 Kargopol_Russian 14.74

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 77% Ukrainian_Lviv + 23% North_German @ 4.8
    2 83% Ukrainian_Lviv + 17% Orcadian @ 4.86
    3 62% Ukrainian_Lviv + 38% East_German @ 4.9
    4 80.2% Ukrainian_Lviv + 19.8% North_Dutch @ 4.92
    5 81.7% Ukrainian_Lviv + 18.3% Southwest_English @ 4.96
    6 82% Ukrainian_Lviv + 18% Irish @ 4.96
    7 82.5% Ukrainian_Lviv + 17.5% West_Scottish @ 4.98
    8 82.2% Ukrainian_Lviv + 17.8% Southeast_English @ 5.04
    9 80.8% Ukrainian_Lviv + 19.2% Danish @ 5.05
    10 79.6% Ukrainian_Lviv + 20.4% South_Dutch @ 5.11
    11 82.7% Ukrainian_Lviv + 17.3% West_Norwegian @ 5.18
    12 80.9% Ukrainian_Lviv + 19.1% Norwegian @ 5.21
    13 80.2% Ukrainian_Lviv + 19.8% West_German @ 5.23
    14 79.6% Ukrainian_Lviv + 20.4% Swedish @ 5.24
    15 80.4% South_Polish + 19.6% West_German @ 5.38
    16 63.3% South_Polish + 36.7% East_German @ 5.4
    17 58.5% East_German + 41.5% Ukrainian_Belgorod @ 5.4
    18 83.8% Ukrainian_Lviv + 16.2% French @ 5.46
    19 57.1% Ukrainian + 42.9% East_German @ 5.47
    20 63% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 37% West_German @ 5.49

    Early Medieval Czech RISE569, Eurogenes K13:

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 37.96
    2 North_Atlantic 31.33
    3 West_Med 12.02
    4 West_Asian 8.82
    5 East_Med 5.28
    6 Siberian 1.99
    7 Red_Sea 1
    8 Northeast_African 0.95
    9 Amerindian 0.54
    10 Oceanian 0.09

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 South_Polish 4.71
    2 Ukrainian_Lviv 5.48
    3 Croatian 6.21
    4 Ukrainian 6.59
    5 Hungarian 7.32
    6 Polish 7.85
    7 East_German 8.41
    8 Moldavian 9.07
    9 Austrian 9.81
    10 Southwest_Russian 10.32
    11 Ukrainian_Belgorod 10.45
    12 Russian_Smolensk 10.75
    13 Estonian_Polish 11.62
    14 Southwest_Finnish 11.87
    15 Belorussian 11.92
    16 Kargopol_Russian 13.48
    17 North_Swedish 13.79
    18 Serbian 14.06
    19 Finnish 14.12
    20 Estonian 14.2

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 62.9% Austrian + 37.1% Erzya @ 2.22
    2 77.7% Ukrainian_Lviv + 22.3% North_German @ 2.61
    3 51.7% Austrian + 48.3% Ukrainian_Belgorod @ 2.63
    4 78.5% Ukrainian_Lviv + 21.5% West_German @ 2.65
    5 66.9% East_German + 33.1% Erzya @ 2.65
    6 79.5% Ukrainian_Lviv + 20.5% South_Dutch @ 2.69
    7 64.7% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 35.3% South_Dutch @ 2.69
    8 68.9% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 31.1% French @ 2.72
    9 82.4% Ukrainian_Lviv + 17.6% Irish @ 2.73
    10 66.5% Ukrainian_Lviv + 33.5% Austrian @ 2.75
    11 80.6% Ukrainian_Lviv + 19.4% North_Dutch @ 2.76
    12 81.9% Ukrainian_Lviv + 18.1% Orcadian @ 2.76
    13 83.1% Ukrainian_Lviv + 16.9% West_Scottish @ 2.77
    14 83.1% Ukrainian_Lviv + 16.9% Southwest_English @ 2.78
    15 58.4% Austrian + 41.6% Kargopol_Russian @ 2.8
    16 82% Ukrainian_Lviv + 18% Southeast_English @ 2.8
    17 80.4% Ukrainian_Lviv + 19.6% Danish @ 2.8
    18 55.9% East_German + 44.1% Ukrainian_Belgorod @ 2.82
    19 63.5% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 36.5% West_German @ 2.82
    20 51.4% Austrian + 48.6% Southwest_Russian @ 2.83
    Last edited by Tomenable; 04-23-2019 at 05:47 AM.

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  5. #3
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    Also as Generalissimo wrote, the sample Sungir6 (Medieval Russian) used to be contaminated with modern DNA.

    However, the newly published (by Reich) Sungir6 is no longer contaminated, and is now most similar to East Slavs:

    Some GEDmatch results:

    Sungir6 (Early Medieval Russian), Eurogenes K15:

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 27.39
    2 Eastern_Euro 23.52
    3 North_Sea 18.23
    4 Atlantic 13.56
    5 West_Med 9.2
    6 West_Asian 3.07
    7 East_Med 2.42
    8 Siberian 1.05
    9 Amerindian 0.68
    10 Northeast_African 0.36
    11 Oceanian 0.31
    12 Red_Sea 0.22

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Ukrainian 5.77
    2 Southwest_Russian 6.08
    3 Ukrainian_Belgorod 6.41
    4 Estonian_Polish 6.89
    5 South_Polish 6.96
    6 Russian_Smolensk 7.03
    7 Polish 7.09
    8 Ukrainian_Lviv 7.26
    9 Belorussian 7.95
    10 Kargopol_Russian 8.09
    11 Erzya 9.42
    12 Croatian 10.09
    13 Lithuanian 10.67
    14 Estonian 10.89
    15 Moldavian 11.2
    16 East_Finnish 12.35
    17 Hungarian 13.53
    18 Finnish 14.3
    19 Southwest_Finnish 15.35
    20 Austrian 15.4

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 67.3% Ukrainian + 32.7% Erzya @ 4.02
    2 91.6% Southwest_Russian + 8.4% Sardinian @ 4.13
    3 52.2% Erzya + 47.8% Croatian @ 4.46
    4 64.8% Ukrainian + 35.2% Kargopol_Russian @ 4.46
    5 60.9% South_Polish + 39.1% Erzya @ 4.48
    6 59.4% Ukrainian_Lviv + 40.6% Erzya @ 4.62
    7 67.2% Estonian_Polish + 32.8% Moldavian @ 4.81
    8 92.1% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 7.9% Sardinian @ 4.83
    9 89.4% Ukrainian + 10.6% Chuvash @ 4.84
    10 91.6% Ukrainian + 8.4% Mari @ 4.9
    11 54.3% Ukrainian + 45.7% Southwest_Russian @ 4.91
    12 54.6% Ukrainian_Lviv + 45.4% Kargopol_Russian @ 4.96
    13 62.2% Ukrainian + 37.8% Estonian_Polish @ 5
    14 58.3% Ukrainian + 41.7% Ukrainian_Belgorod @ 5.02
    15 61.4% Polish + 38.6% Erzya @ 5.02
    16 57.1% South_Polish + 42.9% Kargopol_Russian @ 5.14
    17 58.2% Kargopol_Russian + 41.8% Croatian @ 5.16
    18 91.5% Estonian_Polish + 8.5% Sardinian @ 5.17
    19 75.8% Southwest_Russian + 24.2% Moldavian @ 5.19
    20 90.5% Southwest_Russian + 9.5% Spanish_Galicia @ 5.23

    Sungir6 (Early Medieval Russian), Eurogenes K13

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 45.76
    2 North_Atlantic 25.54
    3 West_Med 13.11
    4 East_Med 6.15
    5 West_Asian 4.08
    6 Siberian 2.6
    7 Amerindian 1.08
    8 Oceanian 0.58
    9 Northeast_African 0.53
    10 Red_Sea 0.53
    11 East_Asian 0.04

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Ukrainian 3.93
    2 Ukrainian_Lviv 5.25
    3 Southwest_Russian 5.29
    4 Estonian_Polish 5.82
    5 Polish 6.06
    6 Russian_Smolensk 6.29
    7 South_Polish 6.64
    8 Ukrainian_Belgorod 6.78
    9 Belorussian 7.2
    10 Kargopol_Russian 8.48
    11 Croatian 10.15
    12 Lithuanian 10.49
    13 Erzya 10.63
    14 Estonian 10.91
    15 Finnish 12.74
    16 Moldavian 12.74
    17 East_Finnish 12.76
    18 Southwest_Finnish 13.72
    19 Hungarian 14.65
    20 East_German 16.23

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 91.4% Estonian_Polish + 8.6% Sardinian @ 2.77
    2 93% Southwest_Russian + 7% Sardinian @ 3.36
    3 84.4% Ukrainian + 15.6% Erzya @ 3.47
    4 84.6% Lithuanian + 15.4% Sardinian @ 3.53
    5 73.6% Ukrainian + 26.4% Estonian_Polish @ 3.57
    6 82.6% Ukrainian + 17.4% Kargopol_Russian @ 3.59
    7 72.8% Estonian_Polish + 27.2% Moldavian @ 3.62
    8 73.5% Ukrainian + 26.5% Southwest_Russian @ 3.69
    9 84.3% Estonian_Polish + 15.7% Bulgarian @ 3.7
    10 91.4% Russian_Smolensk + 8.6% Sardinian @ 3.7
    11 95.7% Ukrainian + 4.3% Mari @ 3.71
    12 88% Estonian_Polish + 12% Greek_Thessaly @ 3.72
    13 88.8% Ukrainian + 11.2% Lithuanian @ 3.73
    14 95.2% Ukrainian + 4.8% Chuvash @ 3.75
    15 98.3% Ukrainian + 1.7% Selkup @ 3.76
    16 85.4% Ukrainian + 14.6% Belorussian @ 3.79
    17 68% Estonian_Polish + 32% Croatian @ 3.79
    18 98.5% Ukrainian + 1.5% Ket @ 3.8
    19 92.6% Ukrainian + 7.4% East_Finnish @ 3.81
    20 90.1% Estonian_Polish + 9.9% Central_Greek @ 3.81

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  7. #4
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    W6a

    Poland Poland Pomerania European Union
    Mesolithic Polish Hunter-Gatherer is from the study Fernandes et al. 2018:

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33067-w

    Genesis Kit Number: XM9113846
    Name: N22 Poland Hunter-Gatherer

    Similarity map:

    Interesting that similarity to northern Poles (even northern Western Poles) is higher than to Belarusians:
    (Kashubia 73, Wielkopolska 70, Mazovia 70, Suwalki 72, Lithuania 75, Latvia 74, Estonia 84, and so on)





    Some GEDmatch results:

    Eurogenes K15:

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 36.68
    2 North_Sea 34.81
    3 Eastern_Euro 16.84
    4 Atlantic 11.67

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Estonian 11.11
    2 Lithuanian 13.77
    3 Belorussian 15.73
    4 Ukrainian 15.97
    5 Polish 16.01
    6 Finnish 16.02
    7 Ukrainian_Lviv 16.16
    8 South_Polish 16.7
    9 Estonian_Polish 17.05
    10 Southwest_Russian 17.27
    11 Russian_Smolensk 17.72
    12 Ukrainian_Belgorod 17.92
    13 Southwest_Finnish 17.99
    14 East_Finnish 18.61
    15 La_Brana-1 20.06
    16 Kargopol_Russian 20.13
    17 North_Swedish 20.64
    18 Erzya 21.39
    19 Hungarian 21.64
    20 Swedish 22.34

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 96.8% Estonian + 3.2% Swedish @ 11.09
    2 98.3% Estonian + 1.7% West_Norwegian @ 11.1
    3 100% Estonian + 0% Abhkasian @ 11.11
    4 100% Estonian + 0% Adygei @ 11.11
    5 100% Estonian + 0% Afghan_Hazara @ 11.11
    6 100% Estonian + 0% Afghan_Pashtun @ 11.11
    7 100% Estonian + 0% Afghan_Tadjik @ 11.11

    8 100% Estonian + 0% Afghan_Turkmen @ 11.11
    9 100% Estonian + 0% Afghan_Uzbeki @ 11.11
    10 100% Estonian + 0% Algerian @ 11.11
    11 100% Estonian + 0% Algerian_Jewish @ 11.11
    12 100% Estonian + 0% Altaian @ 11.11
    13 100% Estonian + 0% Anzick-1 @ 11.11
    14 100% Estonian + 0% Armenian @ 11.11
    15 100% Estonian + 0% Ashkenazi @ 11.11
    16 100% Estonian + 0% Assyrian @ 11.11
    17 100% Estonian + 0% Austrian @ 11.11
    18 100% Estonian + 0% Austroasiatic_Ho @ 11.11
    19 100% Estonian + 0% Azeri @ 11.11
    20 100% Estonian + 0% Balkar @ 11.11

    Eurogenes K13:

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 61.09
    2 North_Atlantic 38.24
    3 Oceanian 0.67

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Lithuanian 12.85
    2 Estonian 12.88
    3 Finnish 14.84
    4 East_Finnish 15.72
    5 Belorussian 15.72
    6 Estonian_Polish 16.98
    7 Russian_Smolensk 17.45
    8 Southwest_Finnish 17.77
    9 Polish 19
    10 La_Brana-1 19.4
    11 Kargopol_Russian 19.68
    12 Southwest_Russian 19.76
    13 Ukrainian_Belgorod 19.99
    14 Erzya 21.22
    15 South_Polish 22.15
    16 Ukrainian 22.31
    17 Ukrainian_Lviv 23.68
    18 North_Swedish 24.02
    19 Croatian 29.48
    20 Swedish 29.64

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 81.5% Lithuanian + 18.5% La_Brana-1 @ 12.4
    2 51.2% Lithuanian + 48.8% Estonian @ 12.55
    3 78.7% Lithuanian + 21.3% Finnish @ 12.68
    4 92.6% Lithuanian + 7.4% Southwest_Finnish @ 12.82
    5 94.2% Lithuanian + 5.8% East_Finnish @ 12.84

    6 97.5% Lithuanian + 2.5% North_Swedish @ 12.84
    7 100% Lithuanian + 0% Abhkasian @ 12.85
    8 100% Lithuanian + 0% Adygei @ 12.85
    9 100% Lithuanian + 0% Afghan_Pashtun @ 12.85
    10 100% Lithuanian + 0% Afghan_Tadjik @ 12.85
    11 100% Lithuanian + 0% Afghan_Turkmen @ 12.85
    12 100% Lithuanian + 0% Aghan_Hazara @ 12.85
    13 100% Lithuanian + 0% Algerian @ 12.85
    14 100% Lithuanian + 0% Algerian_Jewish @ 12.85
    15 100% Lithuanian + 0% Altaian @ 12.85
    16 100% Lithuanian + 0% Armenian @ 12.85
    17 100% Lithuanian + 0% Ashkenazi @ 12.85
    18 100% Lithuanian + 0% Assyrian @ 12.85
    19 100% Lithuanian + 0% Austrian @ 12.85
    20 100% Lithuanian + 0% Austroasiatic_Ho @ 12.85

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  9. #5
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    Poland Poland Pomerania European Union
    BTW, you can compare ancient Inflanty (Kivutkalns) samples to modern ethnic Polish minority in Inflanty (Estonia and Latvia):

    https://anthrogenica.com/showthread....es-on-GEDmatch

    Quote Originally Posted by Tomenable View Post
    Livonia = English for Inflanty.

    Several studies include ethnic Poles from Inflanty (= modern Latvia and Estonia), which used to be part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth:

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parnawa_Voivodeship
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorpat_Voivodeship
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wenden_Voivodeship
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflanty_Voivodeship

    These Poles were used to represent ethnic Polish population as a whole in Kushniarevich et al. 2015. I've uploaded them to GEDmatch Genesis:

    From Behar et al. 2013:

    LZ6789348 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia Pole12p_1m
    KZ8706898 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL132
    AZ8283838 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL133
    EK6054770 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL136
    TK3628144 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL137
    EZ6423511 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL138
    XF3966585 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL140
    DR5396941 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL141
    LK5514818 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL142
    GL2046169 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL143

    From Tambets et al. 2018:

    LK5810440 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL135
    KC6230115 - Tambets 2018 - PL148
    HE4756510 - Tambets 2018 - PL149
    HN5578439 - Ethnic Polish in Estonia PL150
    XD1211284 - Tambets 2018 - PL151

    From Pagani et al. 2016:

    BD1045630 - Estonian Pole1 Kohtla-Järve (from this town: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kohtla-J%C3%A4rve )
    JR7565919 - Pagani 2016 Estonian Pole2
    PB4657964 - Pagani 2016 Estonian Pole3
    Last edited by Tomenable; 04-23-2019 at 06:36 AM.

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  11. #6
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    R1a > M458 > Y23110
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    J1c1

    Poland
    Is this mesolithic hunter gatherer from Poland available in G25 by Davidski?
    For K25 and other calculators by me you can send me you raw data to my email: Hidden Content

  12. #7
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    Greece United States of America
    Quote Originally Posted by michal3141 View Post
    Is this mesolithic hunter gatherer from Poland available in G25 by Davidski?
    Yes, under "POL_BKG_N_o1:N22"
    Ελευθερία ή θάνατος.

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  14. #8
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    H28 (UA/GAC)

    Quote Originally Posted by Tomenable View Post
    Also as Generalissimo wrote, the sample Sungir6 (Medieval Russian) used to be contaminated with modern DNA.

    However, the newly published (by Reich) Sungir6 is no longer contaminated, and is now most similar to East Slavs:

    Some GEDmatch results:

    Sungir6 (Early Medieval Russian), Eurogenes K15:

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 27.39
    2 Eastern_Euro 23.52
    3 North_Sea 18.23
    4 Atlantic 13.56
    5 West_Med 9.2
    6 West_Asian 3.07
    7 East_Med 2.42
    8 Siberian 1.05
    9 Amerindian 0.68
    10 Northeast_African 0.36
    11 Oceanian 0.31
    12 Red_Sea 0.22

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Ukrainian 5.77
    2 Southwest_Russian 6.08
    3 Ukrainian_Belgorod 6.41
    4 Estonian_Polish 6.89
    5 South_Polish 6.96
    6 Russian_Smolensk 7.03
    7 Polish 7.09
    8 Ukrainian_Lviv 7.26
    9 Belorussian 7.95
    10 Kargopol_Russian 8.09
    11 Erzya 9.42
    12 Croatian 10.09
    13 Lithuanian 10.67
    14 Estonian 10.89
    15 Moldavian 11.2
    16 East_Finnish 12.35
    17 Hungarian 13.53
    18 Finnish 14.3
    19 Southwest_Finnish 15.35
    20 Austrian 15.4

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 67.3% Ukrainian + 32.7% Erzya @ 4.02
    2 91.6% Southwest_Russian + 8.4% Sardinian @ 4.13
    3 52.2% Erzya + 47.8% Croatian @ 4.46
    4 64.8% Ukrainian + 35.2% Kargopol_Russian @ 4.46
    5 60.9% South_Polish + 39.1% Erzya @ 4.48
    6 59.4% Ukrainian_Lviv + 40.6% Erzya @ 4.62
    7 67.2% Estonian_Polish + 32.8% Moldavian @ 4.81
    8 92.1% Ukrainian_Belgorod + 7.9% Sardinian @ 4.83
    9 89.4% Ukrainian + 10.6% Chuvash @ 4.84
    10 91.6% Ukrainian + 8.4% Mari @ 4.9
    11 54.3% Ukrainian + 45.7% Southwest_Russian @ 4.91
    12 54.6% Ukrainian_Lviv + 45.4% Kargopol_Russian @ 4.96
    13 62.2% Ukrainian + 37.8% Estonian_Polish @ 5
    14 58.3% Ukrainian + 41.7% Ukrainian_Belgorod @ 5.02
    15 61.4% Polish + 38.6% Erzya @ 5.02
    16 57.1% South_Polish + 42.9% Kargopol_Russian @ 5.14
    17 58.2% Kargopol_Russian + 41.8% Croatian @ 5.16
    18 91.5% Estonian_Polish + 8.5% Sardinian @ 5.17
    19 75.8% Southwest_Russian + 24.2% Moldavian @ 5.19
    20 90.5% Southwest_Russian + 9.5% Spanish_Galicia @ 5.23

    Sungir6 (Early Medieval Russian), Eurogenes K13

    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 45.76
    2 North_Atlantic 25.54
    3 West_Med 13.11
    4 East_Med 6.15
    5 West_Asian 4.08
    6 Siberian 2.6
    7 Amerindian 1.08
    8 Oceanian 0.58
    9 Northeast_African 0.53
    10 Red_Sea 0.53
    11 East_Asian 0.04

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Ukrainian 3.93
    2 Ukrainian_Lviv 5.25
    3 Southwest_Russian 5.29
    4 Estonian_Polish 5.82
    5 Polish 6.06
    6 Russian_Smolensk 6.29
    7 South_Polish 6.64
    8 Ukrainian_Belgorod 6.78
    9 Belorussian 7.2
    10 Kargopol_Russian 8.48
    11 Croatian 10.15
    12 Lithuanian 10.49
    13 Erzya 10.63
    14 Estonian 10.91
    15 Finnish 12.74
    16 Moldavian 12.74
    17 East_Finnish 12.76
    18 Southwest_Finnish 13.72
    19 Hungarian 14.65
    20 East_German 16.23

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 91.4% Estonian_Polish + 8.6% Sardinian @ 2.77
    2 93% Southwest_Russian + 7% Sardinian @ 3.36
    3 84.4% Ukrainian + 15.6% Erzya @ 3.47
    4 84.6% Lithuanian + 15.4% Sardinian @ 3.53
    5 73.6% Ukrainian + 26.4% Estonian_Polish @ 3.57
    6 82.6% Ukrainian + 17.4% Kargopol_Russian @ 3.59
    7 72.8% Estonian_Polish + 27.2% Moldavian @ 3.62
    8 73.5% Ukrainian + 26.5% Southwest_Russian @ 3.69
    9 84.3% Estonian_Polish + 15.7% Bulgarian @ 3.7
    10 91.4% Russian_Smolensk + 8.6% Sardinian @ 3.7
    11 95.7% Ukrainian + 4.3% Mari @ 3.71
    12 88% Estonian_Polish + 12% Greek_Thessaly @ 3.72
    13 88.8% Ukrainian + 11.2% Lithuanian @ 3.73
    14 95.2% Ukrainian + 4.8% Chuvash @ 3.75
    15 98.3% Ukrainian + 1.7% Selkup @ 3.76
    16 85.4% Ukrainian + 14.6% Belorussian @ 3.79
    17 68% Estonian_Polish + 32% Croatian @ 3.79
    18 98.5% Ukrainian + 1.5% Ket @ 3.8
    19 92.6% Ukrainian + 7.4% East_Finnish @ 3.81
    20 90.1% Estonian_Polish + 9.9% Central_Greek @ 3.81


    For comparison that is a modern day Russian from Ivanovo not far away from Vladimir/Sunghir.


    Admix Results (sorted):

    # Population Percent
    1 Baltic 47.7
    2 North_Atlantic 22.26
    3 West_Med 9.01
    4 West_Asian 8.34
    5 Siberian 4.5
    6 East_Med 3.23
    7 South_Asian 2.13
    8 Red_Sea 1.39
    9 Amerindian 1.27
    10 Sub-Saharan 0.18

    Single Population Sharing:

    # Population (source) Distance
    1 Erzya 4.72
    2 Kargopol_Russian 4.79
    3 Southwest_Russian 5.22
    4 Ukrainian_Belgorod 5.48
    5 Russian_Smolensk 6.88
    6 Estonian_Polish 7.19
    7 Ukrainian 8.08
    8 Ukrainian_Lviv 8.38
    9 Belorussian 8.51
    10 Polish 9.09
    11 Lithuanian 9.91
    12 South_Polish 10.38
    13 Estonian 11.46
    14 East_Finnish 11.53
    15 Finnish 12.88
    16 Croatian 14.04
    17 Moldavian 15.54
    18 Southwest_Finnish 15.86
    19 Tatar 17.31
    20 Hungarian 18.45

    Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

    # Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
    1 65.2% Erzya + 34.8% Ukrainian_Lviv @ 1.77
    2 76.5% Erzya + 23.5% Croatian @ 1.99
    3 65.2% Erzya + 34.8% Ukrainian @ 2.25
    4 78.8% Erzya + 21.2% Moldavian @ 2.27
    5 71.8% Erzya + 28.2% South_Polish @ 2.56
    6 85.2% Erzya + 14.8% Serbian @ 2.65
    7 84.9% Erzya + 15.1% Austrian @ 2.65
    8 82.4% Erzya + 17.6% Hungarian @ 2.67
    9 83.9% Erzya + 16.1% East_German @ 2.69
    10 55.2% Erzya + 44.8% Ukrainian_Belgorod @ 2.7
    11 91.5% Erzya + 8.5% Spanish_Extremadura @ 2.71
    12 91% Erzya + 9% Spanish_Galicia @ 2.71
    13 91% Erzya + 9% North_Italian @ 2.72
    14 91.6% Erzya + 8.4% Spanish_Cantabria @ 2.74
    15 91.8% Erzya + 8.2% Spanish_Castilla_La_Mancha @ 2.75
    16 91.4% Erzya + 8.6% Southwest_French @ 2.76
    17 91.9% Erzya + 8.1% Spanish_Andalucia @ 2.77
    18 91.2% Erzya + 8.8% Portuguese @ 2.78
    19 91.3% Erzya + 8.7% Spanish_Cataluna @ 2.79
    20 91.5% Erzya + 8.5% Spanish_Castilla_Y_Leon @ 2.8


    Looking at this he is definitely more western shifted than modern day Russians from this region. But he has some siberian and is already mixed with Merya people of Central Russia i would say
    Y-DNA: R1a> R-M417> R-Z645> R-Z93> R-Z94> R-Y3 (Sredny Stog culture)> R-L657> R-Y4 (Andronovo)> R-Y6> R-Y5> R-Y920* (Pashtun/Indo-Aryan)

    mtdna: H28 (Globular Amphora, Bronze Age Latvia) > H28a (Ruthenian)

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  16. #9
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    https://www.academia.edu/33791135/20..._DNA_libraries

    Y-CHROMOSOME HAPLOGROUP ASSIGNMENT THROUGH NEXT GENERATION SEQUENCING OF ENRICHED ANCIENT DNA LIBRARIES

    Zenczak M1, Handschuh L1, Juras A2, Marcinkowska-Swojak M1, Philips A1, Piontek J2, Stoiarek I1, Figlerowicz M1

    institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland, 2Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Poznan, Poland

    The Y-chromosome is passed down only from father to son and it contains the longest nonrecombining portion of DNA in the human genome. This feature makes it a perfect object for studying patterns of human migrations and genealogical reconstruction. Here, we present the analysis of Y-chromosome obtained from seventeen, not yet reported, ancient male samples excavated from different burial sites in Poland: Kowalewko (Roman Iron Age), Maslomecz (Roman Iron Age), Legowo (early Middle Ages) and Niemcza (early Middle Ages). We used a custom-design approach for target enrichment of over 5K Y-chromosome SNPs which were selected from the International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG, https:// www.isogg.org) database. Enriched libraries were sequenced on lllumina Genome Analyzer I lx. Raw reads were mapped with BWA against the hgl9 reference genome. The Genome Analysis Tool Kit (GATK) was utilized to recalibrate base quality scores and call genotypes. To determine haplogroups we used sites that overlap 9.99-Mb of the non-recombining region of the Y-chromosome as proposed by Poznik et al. (Science, 2013) where alleles were observed in the derived state and MAPQ > 30. We successfully assigned haplogroups to sixteen individuals. Eight belonged to haplogroup I1 (I-M253). Three of them belonged to the sub-branch I1a3a1a1a (I-L1237) and one to I1a2a (I-Z59). I1 is the most common haplogroup in present day Scandinavia, and it is found in all places invaded by ancient Germanic tribes and Vikings. Four samples belonged to haplogroup G2a (G-P15) which is spread uniformly throughout Europe. Other individuals were assigned to I2a2 (I-M436), R1a (R-M420), R1bl (R-L278), E1b1 (E-P2). The next portion of samples is under investigation. With this study we hope to shed new light into the genetic structure of populations inhabiting lands of contemporary Poland during the Roman Iron Age and the Middle Ages.

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  18. #10
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    A genomic Neolithic time transect of hunter-farmer admixture in central Poland (2018) https://www.nature.com/articles/s415..._aP9M8KN--Yuso
    aDNA from Poland (Semargl) https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets...2daI0VNQ#gid=0
    Last edited by ruslan; 04-24-2019 at 07:02 PM.

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