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Thread: Pre Harappan village of Kunal- Hakraware people

  1. #1
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    Pre Harappan village of Kunal- Hakraware people

    Interesting article about the village of Kunal in Haryana. Please someone get us an AASI sample.

    What the excavation unearthed this time:
    ◼ Pottery, biochrome pottery, hand-and-wheel-made pottery, ceramics, wares, beads, terracotta bangles, stamps, semi-precious stones and seals, bones of neelgai, antelopes, birds, cattle and fishes
    ◼ Pit activity, indicating use of the site for industrial purposes, has been found
    ◼ Traces of mud brick walls which were used to form rectangular structures in the pre-Harappan stage.
    ◼ Furnace area and remains of water channels
    Kunal over the years
    ◼ Kunal, one of the oldest pre-Harappan site, roughly dates back to the 5th Millenium BC
    ◼ Excavations at the site first started in 1986.
    ◼ Excavations have taken place in 1992-93, 1996-97, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2001-2002 and 2002-2003.
    ◼ Kunal was a rural village centre.
    ◼ People who lived here were great artisans as demonstrated by the cultural material discovered. Those who lived are identified as Hakraware people
    ◼ The core surviving area of the site is, at present, five acres and is being protected by the state
    The cultural sequences found at Kunal belong to different periods. They are: Period I A- Stage I (Pre-Harappan), Period I B- Stage II (Early Harappan), Period II A- Stage III (Transitional phase), Period II B- Stage IV (Harappan) and Period III - painted grey ware.

    Bhattacharyya said that the detailed findings of the excavations would only be tabled after a year after verification. These findings, she said, would add an important chunk of knowledge to the already existing understanding of Harappan culture.
    https://www.hindustantimes.com/india...MEsTwEp0J.html

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    An article from 2012. The internet doesn't have much on this Hakra Ware culture.

    “When Bhirrana [Rajasthan] was excavated, from 2003 to 2006, we [recovered artifacts that provided] 19 radiometric dates,” said Dikshit, who was until recently joint director general of the Archaeological Society of India. “Out of these 19 dates, six dates are from the early levels, and the time bracket is forming from 7500 BC to 6200 BC.”

    Since the early excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro, in what is today Pakistan, the Indus Civilization has been considered among the world's most ancient civilizations — along with Egypt and Mesopotamia (in what is today Iraq).

    In recent times, archaeologists divided the Indus Civilization into the pre-Harappan, mature Harappan and late Harappan periods. The pre-Harappan period was characterized by a primitive, Stone Age culture, while the late Harappan period featured sophisticated brick cities built on a grid system, with granaries, toilets and an as-yet undeciphered written language.

    But the six samples discovered at Bhirrana include relatively advanced pottery, known as “hakra ware,” that suggests the ancient Harappan civilization began much earlier than previously believed — and that its epicenter lies in the Indian states of Harayana and Rajasthan, rather than across the border.

    As Dikshit and his colleague, BR Mani, current joint director general of the ASI, write in a recent note on their findings:

    “The earliest levels at Bhirrana and Kunal yielded ceramics and antiquities ... suggesting a continuity in culture, right from the middle of the eighth millennium BCE onwards ... till about 1800 BCE.”

    That suggests the Harappan civilization is nearly as old as sites from West Asia such as Jericho, where evidence of a neolithic city has been found to date from as early as 9000 BC. But it also means that Harappa, with new proof of hakra ware dating to 7500 BC, may have been more technologically advanced — bolstering India's claim to the title of the cradle of civilization.
    https://www.pri.org/stories/2012-11-...ously-believed

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