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Thread: Population genomics of the Viking world (bioxiv, 2019, Copenhagen)

  1. #1
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    Population genomics of the Viking world (bioxiv, 2019, Copenhagen)

    https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/703405v1

    Population genomics of the Viking world

    Ashot Margaryan, Daniel John Lawson, Martin Sikora, Fernando Racimo, Simon Rasmussen, Ida Moltke, Lara Cassidy, Emil Jorsboe, Andres Ingason, Mikkel Winther Pedersen, Thorfinn Sand Korneliussen, Helene Wilhelmson, Magdalena Maria Bus, Peter de Barros Damgaard, Rui Martiniano, Gabriel Renaud, Claude Bherer, J. Victor Moreno-Mayar, Anna Katerina Fotakis, Marie Allen, Martyna Molak, Enrico Cappellini, Gabriele Scorrano, Alexandra Buzhilova, Allison Mary Fox, Anders Albrechtsen, Berit Schutz, Birgitte Skar, Caroline Ahlstrom Arcini, Ceri G. Falys, Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson, Dariusz Blaszczyk, Denis Pezhemsky, Gordon Turner-Walker, Hildur Gestsdottir, Inge Lundstrom, Ingrid Gustin, Ingrid Mainland, Inna Potekhina, Italo Maria Muntoni, Jade Cheng, Jesper Stenderup, Jilong Ma, Julie Gibson, Jyri Peets, Jorgen Gustafsson, Katrine Hojholt Iversen, Linzi Simpson, Lisa Mariann Strand, Louise Katherine Loe, Maeve Sikora, Marek Florek, Maria Vretemark, Mark Redknap, Monika Bajka, Tamara Pushkina, Morten Sovso, Natalia Grigoreva, Tom Christensen, Ole Thirup Kastholm, Otto Christian Uldum, Pasquale Favia, Per Holck, Raili Allmae, Sabine Sten, Simun Vilhelm Arge, Sturla Ellingvag, Vayacheslav Moiseyev, Wieslaw Bogdanowicz, Yvonne Magnusson, Ludovic Orlando, Daniel G. Bradley, Marie Louise Schjellerup Jorkov, Jette Arneborg, Niels Lynnerup, Neil Price, M. Thomas Pius Gilbert, Morten E. Allentoft, Jan Bill, Soren Michael Sindbek, Lotte Hedeager, Kristian Kristiansen, Rasmus Nielsen, Thomas Werge, Eske Willerslev

    doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/703405

    Abstract

    The Viking maritime expansion from Scandinavia (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) marks one of the swiftest and most far-flung cultural transformations in global history. During this time (c. 750 to 1050 CE), the Vikings reached most of western Eurasia, Greenland, and North America, and left a cultural legacy that persists till today. To understand the genetic structure and influence of the Viking expansion, we sequenced the genomes of 442 ancient humans from across Europe and Greenland ranging from the Bronze Age (c. 2400 BC) to the early Modern period (c. 1600 CE), with particular emphasis on the Viking Age. We find that the period preceding the Viking Age was accompanied by foreign gene flow into Scandinavia from the south and east: spreading from Denmark and eastern Sweden to the rest of Scandinavia. Despite the close linguistic similarities of modern Scandinavian languages, we observe genetic structure within Scandinavia, suggesting that regional population differences were already present 1,000 years ago. We find evidence for a majority of Danish Viking presence in England, Swedish Viking presence in the Baltic, and Norwegian Viking presence in Ireland, Iceland, and Greenland. Additionally, we see substantial foreign European ancestry entering Scandinavia during the Viking Age. We also find that several of the members of the only archaeologically well-attested Viking expedition were close family members. By comparing Viking Scandinavian genomes with present-day Scandinavian genomes, we find that pigmentation-associated loci have undergone strong population differentiation during the last millennia. Finally, we are able to trace the allele frequency dynamics of positively selected loci with unprecedented detail, including the lactase persistence allele and various alleles associated with the immune response. We conclude that the Viking diaspora was characterized by substantial foreign engagement: distinct Viking populations influenced the genomic makeup of different regions of Europe, while Scandinavia also experienced increased contact with the rest of the continent.

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    Code:
    									
    									
    									
    Sample	Laboratory_ID	Country	MajorDivision	MinorDivision	Finer_age	AvgDepth(X)	Sex	Y_haplogroup	mtDNA_haplogroup
    VK1	Greenland_677	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø64	10-11th centuries CE	11.771	Female	N/A	J1c3g
    VK6	Greenland_678	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø64	10-11th centuries CE	2.974	Female	N/A	T2a1a
    VK9	Greenland_530	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø64	10-11th centuries CE	0.095	Female	N/A	J1c3g
    VK11	Greenland_532	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø64	10-11th centuries CE	0.082	Female	N/A	J1c3g
    VK14	Russia_Ladoga_5680-12	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.162	Male	I1	J1c1a
    VK15	Russia_Ladoga_5680-16	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	1.223	Female	N/A	J1b1a1
    VK16	Russia_Ladoga_5680-2	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	1111+-27	0.228	Male	I1	X2b4
    VK17	Russia_Ladoga_5680-17	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.522	Male	T1a1a	U5a2a1b
    VK18	Russia_Ladoga_5680-3	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.773	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a	H1b1
    VK19	Russia_Ladoga_5757-1	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.629	Female	N/A	J1c
    VK20	Russia_Ladoga_5680-1	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	1062 ± 27	0.496	Male	I1	H6c
    VK21	Russia_Ladoga_5680-18	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.177	Female	N/A	H5a1
    VK22	Russia_Ladoga_5680-13	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.122	Male	I	T2b
    VK23	Russia_Ladoga_5680-9	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.325	Male	I1	U4a1a
    VK24	Faroe_AS34/Panum	Faroes	Faroes	Hvalba	11th century	0.188	Male	R1b1a1b1a1	J1b1a1a
    VK25	Faroe_1	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	1.892	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a3b1a	H3a1a
    VK27	Faroe_10	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.248	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a2	U5a1g1
    VK29	Sweden_Skara 17	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	3.208	Male	I1	T2b3b
    VK30	Sweden_Skara 105	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.571	Male	R1a1a1	U5b1c2b
    VK31	Sweden_Skara 194	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.375	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1	I4a
    VK33	Sweden_Skara 175	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.938	Female	N/A	K1a4a1
    VK34	Sweden_Skara 135	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.193	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a4b1	HV+16311
    VK35	Sweden_Skara 118	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.114	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a	T2f1a1
    VK39	Sweden_Skara 181	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.164	Male	G2a2b2a1a1b1a	T2b4b
    VK40	Sweden_Skara 106	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.874	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2b1c1b	T1a1
    VK42	Sweden_Skara 62	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	9.25	Male	J2a1a1b2a1b1	T2b11
    VK44	Faroe_17	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.454	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1a1a1a1a	H3a1a
    VK45	Faroe_18	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.112	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a	H3a1
    VK46	Faroe_19	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	4.329	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2b1a	H5
    VK48	Gotland_Kopparsvik-212/65	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.49	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1a1a	H10e
    VK50	Gotland_Kopparsvik-53.64	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	6.231	Male	I1a1a1a1a	H1+16189
    VK51	Gotland_Kopparsvik-88/64	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.62	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	U5b1e1
    VK53	Gotland_Kopparsvik-161/65	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.803	Male	I2a1a2b1a1	HV9b
    VK56	Gotland_Frojel-001A98	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	1.064	Female	N/A	H6a1a
    VK57	Gotland_Frojel-03601	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.214	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a	J1c6
    VK58	Gotland_Frojel-03604	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	4.513	Female	N/A	I4a1
    VK60	Gotland_Frojel-00702	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.786	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b	H13a1a1b
    VK63	Gotland_Frojel-01499	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.187	Female	N/A	H56
    VK64	Gotland_Frojel-03504	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.874	Male	R1a1a1b1a2a	I1a1
    VK65	Denmark_Tollemosegard-BQ	Denmark	Sealand	Tollemosegård	Late Germanic Iron Age/early Viking	0.514	Female	N/A	V25
    VK69	Denmark_Tollemosegard-DS	Denmark	Sealand	Tollemosegård	Late Germanic Iron Age/early Viking	0.779	Female	N/A	H2a2a1
    VK70	Denmark_Tollemosegard-EW	Denmark	Sealand	Tollemosegård	Late Germanic Iron Age/early Viking	6.684	Male	I1a1b1a1	H7d4
    VK71	Denmark_Tollemosegard-BU	Denmark	Sealand	Tollemosegård	Late Germanic Iron Age/early Viking	0.174	Male	I1	U5a1a
    VK74	Greenland late-0928	Greenland	West_Settlement	V051	1408 CE	0.004	Female	N/A	U4b1b1b
    VK75	Greenland late-0929	Greenland	Western Settlement	V051	1300 CE	0.274	Male	R1b1a1b1a1	H54
    VK76	Greenland late-0957	Greenland	Western Settlement	V051	1294 CE	0.003	Male?	N/A	U4a1
    VK77	Greenland late-0959	Greenland	Western Settlement	V051	1301 CE	0.006	Female	N/A	I2
    VK78	Greenland late-0960	Greenland	Western Settlement	V051	1301 CE	0.027	Female	N/A	H1i2
    VK84	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 3	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	1.173	Female	N/A	J1c2p
    VK86	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 13	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	0.007	Female	N/A	T1a1c
    VK87	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 41b, sk PC	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	3.021	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2a1b1a	K1c2
    VK90	Denmark_Lejre Grav 902	Denmark	Sealand	Lejre	850-900 CE	0.32	Female	N/A	H3+152
    VK92	Denmark_Lejre Grav 935	Denmark	Sealand	Lejre	850-900 CE	0.341	Female	N/A	H1c3b
    VK94	Denmark_GI Lejre-A1861	Denmark	Sealand	Gl._Lejre	9-11th centuries CE	0.144	Female	N/A	U5a1b1
    VK95	Iceland_127	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	1.319	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1a1a1a1a	H6a1a3a
    VK98	Iceland_083	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	2.491	Male	I1a1b1a4a2	T2b3b
    VK99	Iceland_104	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	0.735	Female	N/A	I2a1
    VK101	Iceland_125	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	1.932	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2d1a1	U5b1g
    VK102	Iceland_128	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	4.163	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1 	J1c3f
    VK108	Sweden_Ljungbacka	Sweden	Malmo	Ljungbacka	9-12th centuries CE	0.866	Female	N/A	J2b1a
    VK110	Iceland_115S	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	1.792	Male	I1a1b1a1	H10+(16093)
    VK111	Iceland_118	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	1.081	Female	N/A	H10+(16093)
    VK113	Norway_Trondheim_SK223	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	0.117	Female	N/A	J1b1a1a
    VK114	Norway_Trondheim_SK332	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	0.16	Female	N/A	R1a1a
    VK116	Norway_Trondheim_SK372	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	0.005	Male	F	U6a3
    VK117	Norway_Trondheim_SK328	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	0.231	Male	R1b1a1b1a1	H1a3a
    VK118	Norway_Trondheim_SK271	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	6.076	Female	N/A	H1bb
    VK122	Iceland_A114	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	1.31	Female	N/A	H24a
    VK123	Iceland_X104	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	1.148	Male	R2a2b1	J1c9
    VK124	Norway_Trondheim_SK356	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	0.198	Female	N/A	H10a1
    VK125	Norway_Trondheim_SK367	Norway	Nor_Mid	Trondheim	12-13th centuries CE	0.003	Not_Assigned	N/A	U3a1c
    VK127	Iceland_HDR08	Iceland	Hringsdalur	Hringsdalur	10th century CE	1.055	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2b	H3g1b
    VK128	Iceland_HDR111	Iceland	Hringsdalur	Hringsdalur	10th century CE	1.489	Female	N/A	H+195
    VK129	Iceland_ING08	Iceland	Ingiridarstadir	Ingiridarstadir	10th century CE	3.62	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	U5b1b1a
    VK133	Denmark_Galgedil KO	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	784-1018 CE	0.041	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a	K1a4a1a3
    VK134	Denmark_Galgedil ALZ	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.64	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1	H1cg
    VK135	Denmark_Galgedil ALY	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.011	Female	N/A	H6a2
    VK138	Denmark_Galgedil AQQ	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.39	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2b1c1	T2b5
    VK139	Denmark_Galgedil ANG	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.556	Male	R1a1a1b1a1a1c1	J1c3k
    VK140	Denmark_Galgedil PT	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.016	Male	G2a	H27f
    VK141	Denmark_Galgedil OMB/BFQ	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	10th century CE	1.908	Female	N/A	H1as
    VK143	UK_Oxford_#7	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.041	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c1a2b	[email protected]
    VK144	UK_Oxford_#8	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.159	Male	I1	V1a1
    VK145	UK_Oxford_#9	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.109	Male	R1a1a1b	H17
    VK146	UK_Oxford_#10	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.182	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	J1c3e1
    VK147	UK_Oxford_#11	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.822	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	T1a1q
    VK148	UK_Oxford_#12	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.043	Male	I1	H6a1a
    VK149	UK_Oxford_#13	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.008	Male	I1	H1a1
    VK150	UK_Oxford_#14	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.031	Male	I2a1b1a2b1a2	H1+16239
    VK151	UK_Oxford_#15	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.142	Male	I1a1	T2b4+152
    VK153	Poland_Bodzia B1	Poland	Bodzia	Bodzia	10-11th centuries CE	0.068	Male	R1a1a	H1c3
    VK154	Poland_Bodzia B2	Poland	Bodzia	Bodzia	10-11th centuries CE	2.941	Female	N/A	H1c3
    VK155	Poland_Bodzia B3	Poland	Bodzia	Bodzia	10-11th centuries CE	0.272	Female	N/A	H1c
    VK156	Poland_Bodzia B4	Poland	Bodzia	Bodzia	10-11th centuries CE	0.961	Male	R1a1a1b1a2a	J1c2c2a
    VK157	Poland_Bodzia B5	Poland	Bodzia	Bodzia	10-11th centuries CE	0.978	Male	I1	H1c
    VK158	Russia_Pskov_7283-18	Russia	Pskov	Pskov	10-11th centuries CE	0.039	Female	N/A	N1b1a
    VK159	Russia_Pskov_7283-20	Russia	Pskov	Pskov	10-11th centuries CE	0.362	Male	R1b1a1b1a1	U2e2a1d
    VK160	Russia_Kurevanikka_7283-3	Russia	Kurevanikha	Kurevanikha	10-13th centuries CE	1.776	Male	R1a1a1b1a1a1c1c	C4a1a+195
    VK161	Russia_Kurevanikka_7283-4	Russia	Kurevanikha	Kurevanikha	10-13th centuries CE	0.023	Male	F	T2b
    VK163	UK_Oxford_#1	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.019	Male	I1	U2e2a1a1
    VK164	UK_Oxford_#2	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.002	Male	BT	I3a1
    VK165	UK_Oxford_#3	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.105	Male	I1a1b1	U4b1b1
    VK166	UK_Oxford_#4	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	4.498	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2a1b1a1	H3ag
    VK167	UK_Oxford_#5	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.902	Male	I1	H4a1a4b
    VK168	UK_Oxford_#6	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.189	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1b	H4a1a4b
    VK170	Isle-of-Man_Balladoole	IsleOfMan	IsleOfMan	Balladoole	9-10th centuries CE	1.22	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a	HV9b
    VK171	Wales_Cardiff_burial#4	Wales	Wales	Glyn_Llanbedrgoch	10-11th centuries CE	0.11	Female	N/A	H2a2b4
    VK172	UK_Oxford_#16	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.187	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	I1a1e
    VK173	UK_Oxford_#17	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.23	Male	I2a1b1a1a1	U5a1b+16362
    VK174	UK_Oxford_#18	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.939	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1b1a	H1+16239
    VK175	UK_Oxford_#19	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.906	Male	R1b1a1b1a1	H1a1
    VK176	UK_Oxford_#20	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	2.415	Male	I1a1b1a1	H10
    VK177	UK_Oxford_#21	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	1.06	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2b	H82
    VK178	UK_Oxford_#22	UK	Oxford	St_John’s_College_Oxford	880-1000 CE	0.892	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2b	K2a5
    VK179	Greenland F2	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	1.84	Male	I1	K1a3a
    VK180	Greenland F3	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	0.009	Male	IJ	J1c3b
    VK182	Greenland F5	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	0.01	Male	I	H2a1
    VK183	Greenland F6	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	0.535	Male	I1	T2b21
    VK184	Greenland F7	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	1.309	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	H4a1a4b
    VK185	Greenland F9	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	0.003	Male	CT	H4a1a1
    VK186	Greenland KNK-[6]	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø64	Early Norse	0.813	Male	I1	H1ao
    VK187	Greenland KNK-[80]	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø64	Early Norse	0.906	Female	N/A	T2a1a
    VK189	Greenland late-0992	Greenland	Western Settlement	V007	1394 CE	0.057	Female	N/A	H54
    VK190	Greenland late-0996	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø149	1360 CE	6.495	Male	I1a	K1a+195
    VK191	Greenland late-1000	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø149	1404 CE	0.03	Female	N/A	W
    VK193	Greenland late-1061	Greenland	Eastern Settlement	Ø029a	10-12th centuries CE	0.048	Female	N/A	U3a1
    VK196	Greenland late-0947_V051	Greenland	Western Settlement	V051	1080 CE	0.046	Female	N/A	U5b1e1
    VK200	Poland_Czersk gr. 609	Poland	Czersk	Czersk	11-12th centuries CE	0.018	Male	R	J1b1a1b
    VK201	Orkney_Buckquoy, sk M12	Orkney	Orkney	Buckquoy_Birsay	10th century CE	1.398	Male	I2a1b1a	H3k1a
    VK202	Orkney_Buckquoy, sk 7B	Orkney	Orkney	Buckquoy_Birsay	10th century CE	1.134	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a3a2a1d	H1ai1
    VK203	Orkney_BY78, Ar. 1, sk 3	Orkney	Orkney	Brough_Road_Birsay	10th century CE	1.308	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1	H4a1a1a1a1
    VK204	Orkney_Newark for Brothwell	Orkney	Orkney	Newark_Deerness	10th century CE	1.031	Male_(XXY?)	R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a	H1m
    VK205	Orkney_Newark 68/12	Orkney	Orkney	Newark_Deerness	10th century CE	1.188	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1a	H3
    VK206	Orkney_Newark 71(13)	Orkney	Orkney	Newark_Deerness	10th century CE	0.01	Female	N/A	J2b1a
    VK207	Orkney_BY78, Ar. 1, sk 1	Orkney	Orkney	Brough_Road_Birsay	10th century CE	0.703	Female	N/A	U4b1b1
    VK208	Orkney_BY78, Ar. 1, sk 2	Orkney	Orkney	Brough_Road_Birsay	10th century CE	0.065	Female	N/A	J1b1a1
    VK210	Poland_Kraków-Zakrzówek gr. 24	Poland	Kraków	Kraków	11-13th centuries CE	0.045	Male	I2a	H5e1a1
    VK211	Poland_Cedynia gr. 435	Poland	Cedynia	Cedynia	11-13 centuries CE	0.1	Male	R1b1a1b	W6
    VK212	Poland_Cedynia gr. 558	Poland	Cedynia	Cedynia	11-12th centuries CE	0.339	Male	R1a1a1b	H1+152
    VK213	Denmark_Gerdrup-A10	Denmark	Sealand	Gerdrup	400 CE	0.116	Female	N/A	H1
    VK214	Denmark_Gerdrup-A12	Denmark	Sealand	Gerdrup	1800 BC	0.131	Female	N/A	X2c1
    VK215	Denmark_Gerdrup-B; sk 1	Denmark	Sealand	Gerdrup	9th century CE	0.067	Male	R1b1a1b	J1c2k
    VK216	Denmark_Gerdrup-B; sk 2	Denmark	Sealand	Gerdrup	9th century CE	0.031	Female	N/A	J1c2k
    VK217	Sweden_Ljungbacka	Sweden	Malmo	Ljungbacka	9-12th centuries CE	0.138	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a	J1b1b1
    VK218	Russia_Ladoga_5680-4	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.582	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c	H5
    VK219	Russia_Ladoga_5680-10	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	992 ± 27	1.581	Male	I1a1b1	T2b6a
    VK220	Russia_Ladoga_5680-11	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	1.815	Male	I1a1	J2b1a
    VK221	Russia_Ladoga_5757-14	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	911+-27	1.953	Male	I1a1b1	K1d
    VK222	Russia_Gnezdovo 60-95	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.001	Male	BT	H63
    VK223	Russia_Gnezdovo 75-140	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.35	Male	I1a	H13a1a1c
    VK224	Russia_Gnezdovo 78-249	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.219	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a	H7a1
    VK225	Iceland_A108	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	0.594	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2b	H3v+16093
    VK226	Iceland_A115-N	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	0.041	Female	N/A	H3a1a
    VK227	Iceland_A117	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	0.544	Female	N/A	K1b2a2
    VK228	Iceland_A120	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	0.053	Female	N/A	T2b4
    VK230	Iceland_A123	Iceland	Hofstadir	Hofstadir	10-13th centuries CE	2.51	Female	N/A	H10+(16093)
    VK232	Gotland_Kopparsvik-240.65	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.316	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1 	N1a1a1
    VK234	Faroe_2	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.707	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a3b1a	H3a1a
    VK236	Faroe_14	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	1.446	Female	N/A	H3a1a
    VK237	Faroe_15	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	1.637	Male	R1a1a1b1a	J2a2c
    VK238	Faroe_4	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	1.355	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2a	H3a1a
    VK239	Faroe_5	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.027	Male	R1b1a1b	H5
    VK240	Faroe_6	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.727	Female	N/A	H1ap1
    VK241	Faroe_13	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.774	Female	N/A	H17
    VK242	Faroe_3	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.595	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1f1	H3a1a
    VK244	Faroe_12	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.537	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	H2a2a2
    VK245	Faroe_16	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	1.079	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2b1a	H3a1
    VK247	Denmark_Lejre Grav 804	Denmark	Sealand	Lejre	850-900 CE	0.045	Female	N/A	H10e1
    VK248	Faroe_22	Faroes	Faroes	Church2	16-17th centuries CE	0.076	Male	I1	H49a
    VK251	Gotland_Kopparsvik-30.64	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.043	Male	R1	U5b1e1
    VK252	Russia_Gnezdovo 78-258	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.003	Male?	N/A	H26a1
    VK253	Russia_Gnezdovo 78-262	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.008	Female	N/A	V13
    VK254	Russia_Gnezdovo 81-287	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.522	Female	N/A	HV0a1
    VK255	Russia_Gnezdovo 81-292	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.074	Female	N/A	U4c1
    VK256	UK_Dorset-3722	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.362	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	H1c7
    VK257	UK_Dorset-3723	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.017	Male	I1a1	H5a1c1a
    VK258	UK_Dorset-3733	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.022	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a	K1a4a1
    VK259	UK_Dorset-3734	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.183	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a	I2
    VK260	UK_Dorset-3735	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	0.904	Male	Q1b	H1e1a
    VK261	UK_Dorset-3736	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.049	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	H52
    VK262	UK_Dorset-3739	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.22	Male	I1a2a	J1c4
    VK263	UK_Dorset-3742	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.374	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a2b2b	K1a4d
    VK264	UK_Dorset-3744	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	0.991	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a	N1a1a1a2
    VK265	Sweden_Karda 17	Sweden	Karda	Karda	9-11th centuries CE	1.154	Female	N/A	H13a1a
    VK266	Sweden_Karda 19	Sweden	Karda	Karda	9-11th centuries CE	0.75	Female	N/A	V
    VK267	Sweden_Karda 21	Sweden	Karda	Karda	9-11th centuries CE	0.056	Male	R1b	T2b4b
    VK268	Sweden_Karda 22	Sweden	Karda	Karda	9-11th centuries CE	0.155	Male	R1b1a1b	K1c1
    VK269	Sweden_Karda 24	Sweden	Karda	Karda	9-11th centuries CE	0.071	Male	R1b1a1b	H1e1a
    VK270	Sweden_Karda 25	Sweden	Karda	Karda	9-11th centuries CE	0.039	Female	N/A	U4
    VK272	Russia_Gnezdovo 77-241(g)	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.197	Female	N/A	K1b2b
    VK273	Russia_Gnezdovo 77-255	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	1.092	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	U5a2a1b1
    VK274	Denmark_Kaargarden 391	Denmark	Langeland	Kaagården	10th century CE	1.717	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b3a	T2b+152
    VK275	Denmark_Kaargarden 217	Denmark	Langeland	Kaagården	10th century CE	0.448	Male	I1c	H
    VK276	Denmark_Kaargarden BH	Denmark	Langeland	Kaagården	10th century CE	0.118	Female	N/A	HV0
    VK278	Denmark_Galgedil TQ	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.664	Female	N/A	U5a2a1
    VK279	Denmark_Galgedil AXE	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	10th century CE	2.393	Male	I1a1b	I4a
    VK280	Denmark_Galgedil UO	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.335	Male	I2a1b1a	H11a
    VK281	Denmark_Barse Grav A	Denmark	Sealand	Bårse	10th century CE	2.046	Male	I1a1b1a1	T2
    VK282	Denmark_Stengade I, LMR c195	Denmark	Langeland	Stengade_I	10th century CE	0.439	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b	H4a1a4b
    VK284	Denmark_Grydehoj A2058	Denmark	Sealand	Trekroner-Grydehøj	9-11th centuries CE	1.105	Female	N/A	J1c5a1
    VK285	Denmark_Kaargarden Grav BZ	Denmark	Langeland	Kaagården	10th century CE	0.659	Female	N/A	H7a1
    VK286	Denmark_Bogovej Grav BJ	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.809	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2b1a1	J1c+16261
    VK287	Denmark_Kaargarden Grav BS	Denmark	Langeland	Kaagården	10th century CE	0.499	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a2a1a1a1	T2b
    VK288	Denmark_Bogovej Grav BA	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.825	Female	N/A	H3b3
    VK289	Denmark_Bodkergarden Grav H, sk 1	Denmark	Langeland	Bødkergarden	9th century CE	0.805	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1a	J2b1a
    VK290	Denmark_Kumle Hoje Grav O	Denmark	Langeland	Kumle_høje	10th century CE	1.422	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1b3b	I1a1
    VK291	Denmark_Bodkergarden Grav D, sk 1	Denmark	Langeland	Bødkergarden	9th century CE	1.113	Male	I1a1b1a4a	U5a1a2b
    VK292	Denmark_Bogovej Grav A.D.	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.1	Male	R1a1a	J1c2c1
    VK294	Denmark_Bakkendrup losfund-2, conc.5	Denmark	Sealand	Bakkendrup	850-900 CE	1.132	Female	N/A	U5a1b1h
    VK295	Denmark_Hessum sk 1	Denmark	Funen	Hessum	9-11th centuries CE	0.57	Male	I1a	T1a1
    VK296	Denmark_Hundstrup Mose sk 1	Denmark	Sealand	Hundstrup_Mose	660-780 CE	0.458	Male	I1a1b1a1	HV6
    VK297	Denmark_Hundstrup Mose sk 2	Denmark	Sealand	Hundstrup_Mose	670-830 CE	0.667	Male	I1a1b1	J1c2h
    VK298	Denmark_Besser Grav III	Denmark	Sealand	Besser	900 CE	0.398	Female	N/A	U5a1a1d
    VK300	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 22, sk IR	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	0.508	Female	N/A	H3
    VK301	Denmark_Ladby Grav 4	Denmark	Funen	Ladby	640-890 CE	0.731	Male	I1a2a	R0a2b
    VK303	Sweden_Skara 27	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	2.502	Female	N/A	T2a1b1a1
    VK304	Sweden_Skara 36	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.011	Male	F	K1a1b1e
    VK306	Sweden_Skara 33	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.052	Male	I1a	H15a1
    VK308	Sweden_Skara 101	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.455	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a1	H1c
    VK309	Sweden_Skara 53	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.305	Male	R1a1a	K1b1c
    VK312	Denmark_Rantzausminde Grav 1	Denmark	Funen	Rantzausminde	850-900 CE	0.363	Female	N/A	H13a1a1a
    VK313	Denmark_Rantzausminde Grav 2	Denmark	Funen	Rantzausminde	850-900 CE	0.315	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1	H1b
    VK314	Denmark_Rantzausminde Grav 5	Denmark	Funen	Rantzausminde	850-900 CE	0.297	Female	N/A	H6a1b2
    VK315	Denmark_Bakkendrup Grav 16	Denmark	Sealand	Bakkendrup	850-900 CE	0.584	Male	I1a1b1	T1a1b
    VK316	Denmark_Hessum sk II	Denmark	Funen	Hessum	9-11th centuries CE	1.458	Male	I1	K1a4
    VK317	Denmark_Kaargarden Grav BF99	Denmark	Langeland	Kaagården	10th century CE	1.233	Male	J2a1a1a2b2	H2a2a1
    VK318	Denmark_Hesselbjergmarken Grav B	Denmark	Langeland	Hesselbjergmarken	900-950 CE	0.003	Male?	N/A	K1b2a2
    VK319	Denmark_Ladby Grav 2	Denmark	Funen	Ladby	800 CE	0.562	Female	N/A	H1bq
    VK320	Denmark_Bogovej Grav S	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	1.368	Male	I1a1b	U5a1a1
    VK322	Denmark_Ribe 1	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.256	Female	N/A	K1a4a1c
    VK323	Denmark_Ribe 2	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.348	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c1a2b1	K2a6
    VK324	Denmark_Ribe 3	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.347	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1b4	N1a1a1a2
    VK325	Denmark_Ribe 4	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	0.593	Female	N/A	U5b3e
    VK326	Denmark_Ribe 5	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.262	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a	[email protected]
    VK327	Denmark_Ribe 6	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.164	Male	I1a2a1a1a1a	H6a1a5
    VK328	Denmark_Ribe 7	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.142	Female	N/A	U5a1d2a
    VK329	Denmark_Ribe 8	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.195	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2a1a1a2	H3+152
    VK330	Denmark_Ribe 9	Denmark	Jutland	Ribe	9-11th centuries CE	1.059	Female	N/A	H3
    VK332	Oland_1088	Sweden	Oland	Oland	858 ±68 CE	1.46	Male	I2a1b1a2b1	T2b24
    VK333	Oland_1028	Sweden	Oland	Oland	885 ± 69 CE	1.173	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2e	H2a2a1
    VK334	Oland_1058	Sweden	Oland	Oland	1049 ± 58 CE	0.554	Female	N/A	U5a2b
    VK335	Oland_1068	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.058	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a	K1b2a3
    VK336	Oland_1075	Sweden	Oland	Oland	853 ± 67 CE	1.213	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	K2a3a
    VK337	Oland_1064	Sweden	Oland	Oland	858 ± 68 CE	2.042	Male	I1a2a1a1a	U5a1b3a
    VK338	Denmark_Bogovej Grav BV	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.565	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1a1b2	W3a1
    VK339	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 16, sk GO	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	0.013	Female	N/A	T2a1a
    VK340	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 5, sk V	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	0.633	Female	N/A	H1c
    VK342	Oland_1016	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.397	Male	I2a1b1a2b	H2a1
    VK343	Oland_1021	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.259	Male	I1	H3h
    VK344	Oland_1030	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	0.983	Male	R1a1a1b1a	J1c2t
    VK345	Oland_1045	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.094	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1b2a1a1	H4a1
    VK346	Oland_1057	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.259	Male	J2	H2a2b
    VK347	Oland_1065	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	0.015	Male	I2a1b1	T2b28
    VK348	Oland_1067	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.031	Male	I2a1b1a2b1a2a	T2b28
    VK349	Oland_1073	Sweden	Oland	Oland	829 ± 57 CE	1.253	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a4b2c1a	H1e2a
    VK350	Oland_1086	Sweden	Oland	Oland	799 ± 68 CE	1.555	Female	N/A	H3n
    VK352	Oland_1012	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	1.149	Male	I1a1	H64
    VK353	Oland_1024	Sweden	Oland	Oland	1049 ± 58 CE	1.304	Female	N/A	H1e1a
    VK354	Oland_1026	Sweden	Oland	Oland	986 ± 38 CE	0.671	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2a1	H2a1
    VK355	Oland_1046	Sweden	Oland	Oland	847 ± 65 CE	1.131	Male	L2	U5b1b1a
    VK357	Oland_1097	Sweden	Oland	Oland	1053 ± 60 CE	1.387	Male	I1a2a1a1a	J2b1a
    VK358	Oland_1105	Sweden	Oland	Oland	853 ± 71 CE	1.032	Female	N/A	U3a1
    VK359	Oland_1130	Sweden	Oland	Oland	700 CE	0.006	Male	CT	H1f+16093
    VK361	Denmark_Bogovej BX	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	1.258	Female	N/A	X2b+226
    VK362	Denmark_Bogovej LMR 12077	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.64	Male	E1b1b1a1b1a	V7b
    VK363	Denmark_Bogovej BT	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	1.337	Male	I1a2a1a1a	U4b1a1a1
    VK364	Denmark_Bogovej BN	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	1.584	Female	N/A	H3u
    VK365	Denmark_Bogovej BS	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.764	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	U8a2
    VK366	Denmark_Bogovej BY	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	0.674	Female	N/A	J2a1a1a
    VK367	Denmark_Bogovej D	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	1.053	Male	I1	J1b1a1
    VK368	Denmark_Bogovej T	Denmark	Langeland	Bogøvej	10th century CE	1.255	Female	N/A	H26a1
    VK369	Denmark_Bakkendrup losfund-2, conc.1	Denmark	Sealand	Bakkendrup	850-900 CE	1.137	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	H1a
    VK370	Denmark_Galgedil ANO	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	1.307	Female	N/A	H7b2
    VK371	Denmark_Galgedil UD-Vest	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	780-990 CE	0.656	Female	N/A	H1a1
    VK372	Denmark_Galgedil KM	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	1.346	Female	N/A	U5a1a2a
    VK373	Denmark_Galgedil BER	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	1.088	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2b1a1	J2b1a
    VK379	Oland_1077	Sweden	Oland	Oland	700 CE	0.07	Male	I1	U3b1b
    VK380	Oland_1078	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	0.106	Male	I1	H27
    VK382	Oland_1132	Sweden	Oland	Oland	700 CE	0.06	Male	I1a1b1a4a2	H3g1
    VK383	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 11, sk DT	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	0.044	Female	N/A	H5c
    VK384	Denmark_Hesselbjerg Grav 14, sk EU	Denmark	Jutland	Hesselbjerg	850-900 CE	1.205	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1a1a1a	H3g1
    VK385	Denmark_Lejre Grav 321	Denmark	Sealand	Lejre	850-900 CE	1.529	Female	N/A	U4c1
    VK386	Norway_Oppland 5305	Norway	Nor_South	Oppland	9-11th centuries CE	1.219	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1f1a	J1b1a1
    VK387	Norway_Oppland 3778	Norway	Nor_South	Oppland	10-11th centuries CE	1.091	Female	N/A	U5a1a1
    VK388	Norway_Nordland 253	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	8-16th centuries CE	0.975	Male	I1	J1c5
    VK389	Norway_Telemark 3697	Norway	Nor_South	Telemark	10th century CE	1.112	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a4b	T2b
    VK390	Norway_Telemark 1648-A	Norway	Nor_South	Telemark	5-6th centuries CE	1.447	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	K2a3
    VK391	Norway_Telemark 1648-B	Norway	Nor_South	Telemark	5-6th centuries CE	0.424	Female	N/A	I3
    VK392	Norway_Telemark 1645	Norway	Nor_South	Telemark	8-10th centuries CE	1.048	Female	N/A	H1g1
    VK393	Norway_Hedmark 4006	Norway	Nor_South	Hedmark	10th century CE	1.195	Female	N/A	U8a1a
    VK394	Norway_Hedmark 4460	Norway	Nor_South	Hedmark	10th century CE	0.735	Male	R1a1a1b1a3	H13a1a1a
    VK395	Sweden_Skara 275	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.437	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a2a1a2	X2c1
    VK396	Sweden_Skara 166	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.192	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c1a1	J1c2t
    VK397	Sweden_Skara 237	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.37	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a	J1b1a1
    VK398	Sweden_Skara 231	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.291	Male	T1a2b1	H1b1+16362
    VK399	Sweden_Skara 276	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.708	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	H4a1a1a
    VK400	Sweden_Skara 236	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.066	Male	I1a1b	H1+16239
    VK401	Sweden_Skara 229	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.26	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2	H2a2b
    VK402	Sweden_Skara 38	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.531	Female	N/A	J2a1a1
    VK403	Sweden_Skara 217	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.49	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2a1b1a	K1a4a1a2b
    VK404	Sweden_Skara 277	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.425	Male	I1a1b	U4a2
    VK405	Sweden_Skara 83	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.028	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1	K1a10
    VK406	Sweden_Skara 203	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	1.296	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	K1a4a1
    VK407	Sweden_Skara 274	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.233	Male	I1	H1c21
    VK408	Russia_Ladoga_5757-18	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.165	Male	R1a1a1b1	H74
    VK409	Russia_Ladoga_5680-14	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	10-12th centuries CE	0.168	Male	I1a	H3h
    VK410	Russia_Ladoga_5680-15	Russia	Ladoga	Ladoga	1107+-27	0.129	Male	I1	X2b+226
    VK411	Denmark_Galgedil TT	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	0.019	Male	F	H1a1
    VK413	Russia_Gnezdovo 81-290	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.027	Female	N/A	[email protected]
    VK414	Norway_Oppland 1517	Norway	Nor_South	Oppland	10-11th centuries CE	1.225	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2a	H6a1a
    VK415	Norway_Oppland 1520	Norway	Nor_South	Oppland	8-11th centuries CE	1.22	Female	N/A	H6a1a
    VK417	Norway_Oppland 2808-2	Norway	Nor_South	Oppland	7-11th centuries CE	1.145	Female	N/A	H7b
    VK418	Norway_Nordland 1502	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	4th century CE	0.93	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1b	J1c2c1
    VK419	Norway_Nordland 1522	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	6-10th centuries CE	1.234	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	U5b1b1g1
    VK420	Norway_Hedmark 2813	Norway	Nor_South	Hedmark	8-11th centuries CE	1.534	Male	I1	I4a
    VK421	Norway_Oppland 3777	Norway	Nor_South	Oppland	10-11th centuries CE	0.013	Male	R1a1a	U5b2c2b
    VK422	Norway_Hedmark 4304	Norway	Nor_South	Hedmark	10th century CE	1.071	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2	J1b1a1a
    VK424	Sweden_Skara 273	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.135	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1	K2b1a1
    VK425	Sweden_Skara 44	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.119	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2b	U3a1
    VK426	Sweden_Skara 216	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.118	Male	R1b1a1b	U6a1a1
    VK427	Sweden_Skara 209	Sweden	Skara	Varnhem	10-12th centuries CE	0.111	Male	I2a1b1a	K1a4
    VK428	Gotland_Frojel-00287	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.18	Female	N/A	K1a4a1a2b
    VK429	Gotland_Frojel-01599	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	2.725	Female	N/A	H70
    VK430	Gotland_Frojel-00502	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.178	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a	T1a1b
    VK431	Gotland_Frojel-00487A	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.25	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	H2a1
    VK432	Gotland_Frojel-00303	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.304	Female	N/A	J1b1a1
    VK433	Gotland_Frojel-01798	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	2.206	Female	N/A	H5
    VK434	Gotland_Frojel-01288	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.257	Female	N/A	U5b2a2
    VK435	Gotland_Frojel-02500	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.058	Female	N/A	T1a5a
    VK437	Gotland_Frojel-02303	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.023	Female	N/A	V
    VK438	Gotland_Frojel-04498	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.215	Male	R1a1a1b	H1
    VK439	Gotland_Frojel-02498	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.161	Female	N/A	U4a2a
    VK440	Gotland_Frojel-003A88	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.071	Female	N/A	T2b+152
    VK441	Gotland_Frojel-032A98	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.032	Female	N/A	J1c1b1a
    VK442	Oland_1008	Sweden	Oland	Oland	847 ±-65 CE	1.239	Female	N/A	U2e1f1
    VK443	Oland_1101	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	2.107	Male	I1a2a1a1d2	U5b2b5
    VK444	Oland_1059	Sweden	Oland	Oland	847 ± 65 CE	0.793	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1b1	K1a
    VK445	Denmark_Gl Lejre-A1896	Denmark	Sealand	Gl._Lejre	9-11th centuries CE	1.363	Male	I1a2a2	U3b
    VK446	Denmark_Galgedil LS	Denmark	Funen	Galgedil	9-11th centuries CE	1.531	Male	I1a2a2	U5a1a1+16362
    VK448	Norway_Hedmark 4005	Norway	Nor_South	Hedmark	8-11th centuries CE	2.231	Female	N/A	H5a2
    VK449	UK_Dorset-3746	UK	Dorset	Ridgeway_Hill_Mass_Grave_Dorset	10-11th centuries CE	1.431	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1b	H6a2a
    VK450	Gotland_Kopparsvik-35	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.121	Female	N/A	J1c1b1a
    VK452	Gotland_Kopparsvik-111	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.228	Male	R1a1a1b1a	T2b
    VK453	Gotland_Kopparsvik-134	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.166	Male	R1a1a1	H8c
    VK454	Gotland_Kopparsvik-140	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.246	Female	N/A	HV9
    VK455	Gotland_Frojel-03401	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	1.603	Female	N/A	U5a2c1
    VK456	Gotland_Frojel-02404	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	1.389	Female	N/A	I1a1e
    VK457	Gotland_Frojel-03299_1	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.188	Female	N/A	I5a
    VK458	Gotland_Frojel-03299_3	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.18	Female	N/A	I1a1a3
    VK459	Gotland_Frojel-02198	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.189	Female	N/A	W3a1
    VK460	Gotland_Frojel-04898	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.288	Female	N/A	I3
    VK461	Gotland_Frojel-025A89	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.273	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a2a1a	H7b
    VK462	Gotland_Frojel-025B89	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.087	Female	N/A	H1e1a
    VK463	Gotland_Frojel-019A89	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.268	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b	H1b5
    VK464	Gotland_Frojel-019B89	Sweden	Gotland	Frojel	900-1050 CE	0.082	Female	N/A	H1
    VK466	Russia_Gnezdovo 77-222	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.123	Male	R1	H6a1a4
    VK467	Gotland_Kopparsvik-181	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.011	Male	CT	H1a
    VK468	Gotland_Kopparsvik-235	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	2.834	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2b1a	H1a1
    VK469	Gotland_Kopparsvik-260	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.225	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a	H3ac
    VK470	Russia_Gnezdovo 77-212	Russia	Gnezdovo	Gnezdovo	10-11th centuries CE	0.027	Female	N/A	HV0
    VK471	Gotland_Kopparsvik-63	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.215	Male	R1a1	H1m
    VK472	Gotland_Kopparsvik-112	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.064	Female	N/A	H13a1a1b
    VK473	Gotland_Kopparsvik-126	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	1.396	Male	I1a1b	N1a1a1a1
    VK474	Gotland_Kopparsvik-137	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	1.591	Male	E1b1b1b2a1a4	J1d
    VK475	Gotland_Kopparsvik-187	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	4.492	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b	H1a
    VK476	Gotland_Kopparsvik-225	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	0.117	Female	N/A	X2+225
    VK477	Gotland_Kopparsvik-228	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	1.166	Female	N/A	H1b1+16362
    VK478	Gotland_Kopparsvik-271	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	1.582	Female	N/A	H1m
    VK479	Gotland_Kopparsvik-272	Sweden	Gotland	Kopparsvik	900-1050 CE	1.817	Male	G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a	H1a1
    VK480	Estonia_Salme_II-E	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.866	Male	R1a1a1b1a2a	U4a2a1
    VK481	Estonia_Salme_II-F	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.421	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	T2a1a
    VK482	Estonia_Salme_II-P	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.085	Male	I1	H1a
    VK483	Estonia_Salme_II-V	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.78	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	H16
    VK484	Estonia_Salme_II-Q	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.212	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b3a	H6a1a
    VK485	Estonia_Salme_II-O	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.709	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	H16
    VK486	Estonia_Salme_II-G	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.778	Male	R1a1a1b1a2b3a	U4a2a
    VK487	Estonia_Salme_II-A	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.932	Male	R1a1a1b 	H17a2
    VK488	Estonia_Salme_II-H	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.901	Male	I1a1b1	H5c
    VK489	Estonia_Salme_II-Ä	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.602	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	T2e1
    VK490	Estonia_Salme_II-N	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.946	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a1a	H16
    VK491	Estonia_Salme_II-Õ	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.433	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a1a	H6a1a
    VK492	Estonia_Salme_II-B	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.015	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	H1b5
    VK493	Estonia_Salme_II-Š	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.828	Male	R1a1a1b1	H2a2a1
    VK494	Poland_Sandomierz 1/13	Poland	Sandomierz	Sandomierz	10-11th centuries CE	0.164	Male	R1a1a	X2c2
    VK495	Estonia_Salme_II-C	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.143	Male	I1a	H1b
    VK496	Estonia_Salme_II-W	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.978	Male	I1a2a2a	H1a
    VK497	Estonia_Salme_II-Ö	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.447	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a1a	H16
    VK498	Estonia_Salme_II-Z	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.219	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2a1	H1q
    VK504	Estonia_Salme_I-1	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.859	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a	H28a
    VK505	Estonia_Salme_I-2	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.136	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	J1b1a1b
    VK506	Estonia_Salme_I-3	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.233	Male	I1a	J1c2
    VK507	Estonia_Salme_I-4	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.823	Male	I1a1b1	HV6
    VK508	Estonia_Salme_I-5	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.72	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	J1c5
    VK509	Estonia_Salme_I-6	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.328	Male	I1a1b1	H1n+146
    VK510	Estonia_Salme_I-7	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.525	Male	I1a1b1	H10e
    VK511	Estonia_Salme_II-X	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.701	Male	I1a1b1a1	T2a1a
    VK512	Estonia_Salme_II-Ü	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.804	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	H2a2b1
    VK513	Greenland F8	Greenland	East_Settlement	Ø029	Early Norse	2.256	Male	R1a1a1	J1c1b
    VK514	Norway_Nordland 5195	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	6-10th centuries CE	1.034	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	K2b1a1
    VK515	Norway_Nordland 4512	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	10th century CE	0.636	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	H52
    VK516	Norway_Sor-Trondelag 4481	Norway	Nor_Mid	Sor-Trondelag	10th century CE	1.426	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a2	H6a1a
    VK517	Sweden_Uppsala_UM36031_623b	Sweden	Uppsala	Skämsta	11th century	1.041	Male	I2a1b1a2b1a2a	J1c3f
    VK518	Norway_Nordland 4689	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	9th century CE	0.438	Female	N/A	U5b1b1a
    VK519	Norway_Nordland 4691b	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	6-10th centuries CE	0.217	Male	I1	HV0a1
    VK520	Norway_Troms 4184	Norway	Nor_North	Troms	10th century CE	1.77	Female	N/A	U5b2a1a2
    VK521	Sol941 Grav900 Brondsager Torsiinre	Denmark	Sealand	Brondsager_Torsiinre	300 CE	4.538	Male	I1a2a2a	H16b
    VK522	Oland 1052 24846 13	Sweden	Oland	Oland	386 ± 80 AD	7.142	Female	N/A	H1a3b
    VK523	Norway_Sor-Trondelag 3699	Norway	Nor_Mid	Sor-Trondelag	pre-11th century CE	1.005	Female	N/A	I1a1
    VK524	Norway_Nordland 3708	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	10th century CE	1.606	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	HV0a1
    VK525	Norway_Nordland 3709	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	9th century CE	1.111	Female	N/A	U5a1a2a
    VK526	Norway_Nordland 5317	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	9th century CE	2.029	Female	N/A	J2b1a3
    VK527	Sweden_Uppsala_UM36031_621	Sweden	Uppsala	Skämsta	11th century	1.116	Female	N/A	J1c3f
    VK528	Norway_Troms 4049	Norway	Nor_North	Troms	8-9th centuries CE	1.599	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a4d1	K1a4a1b
    VK529	Norway_Nordland 642	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	8-9th centuries CE	1.813	Male	I1a1b1a4a2	H7
    VK530	Norway_Nordland 4511	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	10th century CE	0.965	Female	N/A	H1as
    VK531	Norway_Troms 5001A	Norway	Nor_North	Troms	2400 BC	1.399	Male	R1b1a1	U2e2a
    VK532	Kragehave Odetofter XL718	Denmark	Sealand	Kragehave Odetofter	100 CE	4.013	Male	I1a2a	U2e2a1a
    VK533	Oland 1076 28364 35	Sweden	Oland	Oland	9-11th centuries CE	4.831	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a	H13a1a1e
    VK534	Italy_Foggia-869	Italy	Foggia	San_Lorenzo	11-13th centuries CE	1.158	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2	H1
    VK535	Italy_Foggia-891	Italy	Foggia	San_Lorenzo	12-13th centuries CE	1.238	Male	R1b1a1b1b3a	T1a5
    VK536	Italy_Foggia-1240	Italy	Foggia	Cancarro	11-13th centuries CE	1.039	Female	N/A	H3h6
    VK537	Italy_Foggia-1248	Italy	Foggia	Cancarro	11-13th centuries CE	1.385	Female	N/A	V
    VK538	Italy_Foggia-1249	Italy	Foggia	Cancarro	11-13th centuries CE	1.203	Male	L1a1b	H+16291
    VK539	Ukraine_Shestovitsa-8870-97	Ukraine	Shestovitsa	Shestovitsa	10-12th centuries CE	1.574	Male	I1	V
    VK540	Ukraine_Shestovitsa-8871-96	Ukraine	Shestovitsa	Shestovitsa	10-12th centuries CE	0.882	Female	N/A	V
    VK541	Ukraine_Lutsk	Ukraine	Lutsk	Lutsk	13th century	2.563	Male	R1a1a1b1a1a1c1	H7
    VK542	Ukraine_Chernigov	Ukraine	Chernigov	Chernigov	11th century	1.204	Male	I2a1a2b1a1a	H5a2a
    VK543	Ireland_EP55	Ireland	Eyrephort	Eyrephort	9th century CE	1.001	Male	R1a1a1	I2
    VK544	Ireland_FG254	Ireland	Dublin	Finglas	9th century CE	1.613	Female	N/A	H24a
    VK545	Ireland_SSG12	Ireland	Dublin	Ship_Street_Great	7-9th centuries CE	1.852	Male	R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1a1a1a1a1a	H1bb
    VK546	Ireland_08E693	Ireland	Dublin	Islandbridge	9th century CE	0.094	Male	R1a1a1	HV6
    VK547	Norway_Nordland 4727	Norway	Nor_North	Nordland	8-11th centuries CE	4.732	Male	I1a1b1a4a2	V
    VK548	Norway_Nord-Trondelag 3705	Norway	Nor_Mid	Nord-Trondelag	9th century CE	3.407	Female	N/A	A12a
    VK549	Estonia_Salme_II-J	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.676	Male	I1a1b1	T2b5a
    VK550	Estonia_Salme_II-D	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.783	Male	N1a1a1a1a1a1a1b	V
    VK551	Estonia_Salme_II-U	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	2.308	Male	R1a1a1b1a3a1	J2a1a1a2
    VK552	Estonia_Salme_II-K	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.379	Male	I1a2a1a1d	H10e
    VK553	Estonia_Salme_II-M	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.264	Male	I1a1b1	K1c1h
    VK554	Estonia_Salme_II-L	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	0.933	Male	I1	W6a
    VK555	Estonia_Salme_II-I	Estonia	Saaremaa	Salme	8th century CE	1.099	Male	I1a2a1a1d1a	U3b1b
    VK579	Oland 1099 1785/67 35	Sweden	Oland	Oland	200-400 CE	0.126	Male	N1a1a1a1a	H1s
    VK582	SBM1028 ALKEN ENGE 2013, X2244	Denmark	Jutland	Alken_Enge	1st century CE	0.103	Male	I2a1b1a	H6a1b3

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  5. #3
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    J2a1 Z6065>Y7708>M47
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    H1j

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    VK333 Oland_1028 Sweden Oland Oland 885 ± 69 CE 1.173 Male R1b1a1b1a1a2e H2a2a1

    ^^^I think this is the second historical sample of DF19 (after 6DRIF-23 in Roman York)
    Last edited by Dewsloth; 07-17-2019 at 08:46 PM.
    R1b>M269>L23>L51>L11>P312>DF19>DF88>FGC11833 >S4281>S4268>Z17112>BY44243

    Ancestors: Francis Cooke (M223/I2a2a) b1583; Hester Mahieu (Cooke) (J1c2 mtDNA) b.1584; Richard Warren (E-M35) b1578; Elizabeth Walker (Warren) (H1j mtDNA) b1583;
    John Mead (I2a1/P37.2) b1634; Rev. Joseph Hull (I1, L1301+ L1302-) b1595; Benjamin Harrington (M223/I2a2a-Y5729) b1618; Joshua Griffith (L21>DF13) b1593;
    John Wing (U106) b1584; Thomas Gunn (DF19) b1605; Hermann Wilhelm (DF19) b1635

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  7. #4
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    That's a lot of samples and lots of I1 and not one single I1a3.

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  9. #5
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    This must be a mistake, right?

    VK123 Iceland_X104 Iceland Hofstadir Hofstadir 10-13th centuries CE 1.148 Male R2a2b1 J1c9

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  11. #6
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    Autosomal makeup of Viking Age samples from Scandinavia, British Isles and Eastern Europe:

     

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  13. #7
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    So the DF19 mystery continues...

    The Viking Age burials sampled for this study
    These 29 individuals were included in the study of Wilhelmson83 1715 and consist of all types of burials.
    1716 They are from 20 sites in Öland, excavated on separate occasions between the years 1931-1975.
    About half of the individuals (15) are dated by 14 1717 C and the rest are dated by typology. The burials are
    1718 inhumations of varied type. They have different orientation (EW, NS or SN), include different
    1719 architecture (lime stone cists, pits, coffins, full boat burial) and single as well as multiple burials in
    1720 one grave.
    Two more burials in this study (id 1099, 1052) are from the Early Iron Age. A table
    1721 overview below presents the selected individuals details.
    1722
    1723
    1724
    1725 Samples used for DNA analysis
    Sample Id Parish SHM
    (grave
    field)
    Grave id 14C calib. Year of
    excavation
    local/nonlocal? (from
    provenance
    isotopes)
    Age of death Sex
    VK332 Oland_1088 Smedby 23267 3 858 ±68 AD 1944 local 45-60 Male
    VK333 Oland_1028 Vickleby 22486 885 ± 69 AD 1939 non local Mature Male
    The uncremated human remains from burials (and other contexts)
    were recently studied using an interdisciplinary bioarchaeological perspective83 1701 integrating new
    1702 radiocarbon dates of many graves. The individuals studied for aDNA here are the majority of the late
    1703 Iron age population discussed in that study.
    The most recent dietary isotope analysis of human remains, show a great individual variation in diet5 1704
    1705 supporting the archaeozoological finds and point towards a population with highly varied subsistence
    strategies. First generation migration to Öland was investigated through 87Sr/86Sr and δ18 1706 O isotopes
    1707 and the results were interpreted to show extensive immigration to the island with 68% non-local
    1708 individuals in the Late Iron Age. The immigrants appear to be both regional and interregional. The
    1709 greater variation in individual diet could not be concluded to correlate to provenance of an individual.
    1710 The society and people living in Öland has therefore been interpreted as population of mixed
    1711 provenance resulting in a creolized society with a mixing of different non-local and local traditions
    for burial and subsistence practice
    83
    The Viking Age burials sampled for this study
    These 29 individuals were included in the study of Wilhelmson83 1715 and consist of all types of burials.
    1716 They are from 20 sites in Öland, excavated on separate occasions between the years 1931-1975.
    About half of the individuals (15) are dated by 14 1717 C and the rest are dated by typology. The burials are
    1718 inhumations of varied type. They have different orientation (EW, NS or SN), include different
    1719 architecture (lime stone cists, pits, coffins, full boat burial) and single as well as multiple burials in
    1720 one grave
    P.46 of the supplement, I'm going blind trying to read it, but if I'm reading it correctly, VK333 Oland shows higher Denmark25 and not high Italy?


    Edit: Found an earlier report on the site. Buried NS in Cist (this seems to have been fairly typical for both locals and non-locals)
    1028 Late non-local male 6 cist NS filed incisor
    Filed incisor, eh??? Maybe non-local, but maybe also Viking of some type?

    https://www.zmescience.com/science/a...ture-10122014/
    https://www.history.com/news/did-vik...e-groovy-teeth
    Until 1990, when Viking skulls with filed teeth were discovered in Sweden, it was believed that the rage for dental decoration never reached Europe. Several other examples later turned up in Denmark. And in 2005, a Swedish anthropologist analyzed 557 Viking skeletons dating from 800 to 1050 A.D., detecting deep horizontal grooves across the upper front teeth of 24 men buried in southern Sweden. Experts have surmised that the Scandinavian seafarers learned about dental modification during their far-ranging travels and began practicing it themselves, perhaps as a way to honor warriors or distinguish a specific professional group.
    Died violently?
    1028 multiple SFT perimortem, R parietal

    Schmorls nodes 9
    LEH 0
    Pathology 1: Skull (parietal). Perimortem SFT. Extension: from bregma to lateral. A second SFT
    parallell to coronal suture. Rim very sharp and tilted ( anteriorly). Ovate in shape.
    Possibly more traumas to the skull, fragments missing.
    2: Sacrum has an extra (sixth) segment.
    Last edited by Dewsloth; 07-17-2019 at 11:45 PM.
    R1b>M269>L23>L51>L11>P312>DF19>DF88>FGC11833 >S4281>S4268>Z17112>BY44243

    Ancestors: Francis Cooke (M223/I2a2a) b1583; Hester Mahieu (Cooke) (J1c2 mtDNA) b.1584; Richard Warren (E-M35) b1578; Elizabeth Walker (Warren) (H1j mtDNA) b1583;
    John Mead (I2a1/P37.2) b1634; Rev. Joseph Hull (I1, L1301+ L1302-) b1595; Benjamin Harrington (M223/I2a2a-Y5729) b1618; Joshua Griffith (L21>DF13) b1593;
    John Wing (U106) b1584; Thomas Gunn (DF19) b1605; Hermann Wilhelm (DF19) b1635

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  15. #8
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    I got halfway through changing the R1b samples from longhand to snp. Predominately U106, followed by L21, two U152, several P312, one DF27 and one Z2103. I’ll finish the other half tomorrow unless someone has already done it.

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  17. #9
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    "I1 is the most well represented haplogroup in our ancient dataset".
    Good news for me but I'm also interested in how many U106 samples there are here. I can't work it out due to lack of familiarity but assume it's a substantial number.
    Living DNA's former Cautious mode:
    Wales-related ancestry: 86.8%
    Cornwall: 8%
    North England-related ancestry: 5.2%
    Y line: Peak District, England. Big Y match: Scania, Sweden; TMRCA 1,250 ybp (YFull);
    mtDNA: traces to Glamorgan, Wales
    Mother's Y: traces to Llanvair Discoed, Wales

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  19. #10
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    That was going to be my first question the amount of u106 and r1b etc.... im on phone or id give it a go will look when im on lap top and also eventually ask alex williamson to have a look at samples etc for sub groups!!!
    Y-DNA: 4th GGF Johann Adam Weber/Weaver born 1784 in Pennsylvania (most likely Rhineland German) - Sergeant, US 17th Inf, War of 1812: R1b-U106-DF98-S1911-S1894/S1900-S4004... FGC14817 shared with 6drif-3 - one of the "Headless" Roman Gladiator/Soldiers! Father likely Captain Martin Weber b. 1739 in Hesse(?), Germany

    mtDNA: 3rd GGM Bridget O'Danagher b. 1843 Lorrha/Dorrha, Ireland - T2b2b - Pagan Migrant Icelander SSG-A3 (grave 4) - Sílastaðir in Eyjafjarðarsýsla, North Iceland is T2b2b.

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