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Thread: Genetic ancestry changes in Stone to Bronze Age transition in the East European plain

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    Genetic ancestry changes in Stone to Bronze Age transition in the East European plain

    https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1...507v1.full.pdf

    Abstract:
    Transition from the Stone to the Bronze Age in Central and Western Europe wasa period of major population movements originating from the Ponto-Caspian Steppe. Here, we report new genome-wide sequence data from 28 individuals from the territory north of this source area –from the under-studied Western part of present-day Russia, including Stone Age hunter-gatherers (10,800–4,250 cal BC) and Bronze Age farmers from the Corded Ware complexcalled Fatyanovo Culture (2,900–2,050 cal BC). Weshow that Eastern hunter-gatherer ancestry was present in Northwestern Russia already from around 10,000 BC. Furthermore, we see a clear change in ancestry with the arrival of farming –the Fatyanovo Culture individuals were genetically similar to other Corded Ware cultures, carrying a mixture of Steppe andEuropean early farmer ancestryand thus likely originating from a fast migration towards the northeast from somewhere in the vicinity of modern-day Ukraine, which is the closest area where these ancestries coexisted from around 3,000 BC

    Interestingly for Fatyanovo :
    all individuals for which the chrY hg could be determined with more depth(n=6), it was R1a2-Z93(Table 1, Supplementary Data 2), a lineage now spread in Central and South Asia, rather than the R1a1-Z283 lineage that is common in Europe
    Although the results should be interpreted with due caution because of the small sample size, we inferred that the examined WeRuHG individuals carried alleles connected to brown eyes, dark brown to black hair and intermediate or dark skin pigmentation while around a third of the Fatyanovo individuals had blue eyes and/or blond hair.
    Last edited by traject; 07-04-2020 at 08:59 AM.
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    That is just amazing stuff and finally it gets published. I see Z93 in Fatyanovo even as far north as modern day Tver Oblast. I am really waiting now for the Bam files if they are not already published to see which exact Z93 clades were found in Fatyanovo

    Then, we turned to the Bronze Age Fatyanovo Culture individuals and determined that their maternal
    (subclades of mtDNA hg U5, U4, U2e, H, T, W, J, K, I and N1a) and paternal (chrY hg R1a-M417)
    lineages (Table 1, Supplementary Fig. 5, Supplementary Data 2) were ones characteristic of CWC
    individuals elsewhere in Europe13,14,29,32,28. Interestingly, in all individuals for which the chrY hg could
    be determined with more depth (n=6), it was R1a2-Z93 (Table 1, Supplementary Data 2), a lineage now
    spread in Central and South Asia, rather than the R1a1-Z283 lineage that is common in Europ

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    Quote Originally Posted by Coldmountains View Post
    That is just amazing stuff and finally it gets published. I see Z93 in Fatyanovo even as far north as modern day Tver Oblast. I am really waiting now for the Bam files if they are not already published to see which exact Z93 clades were found in Fatyanovo
    The EHG sample is also the highest quality EHG sample we have yet.
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    BER001 Berendeyevo 1 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Volosovo/Lyalovo WeRuHG Neolithic 5487±40 4447–4259 UBA-41612 LRM2 Male 55–60 K1+16362 Q1-L54
    KAR001 Karavaikha 1 (12) Vologda Russian Federation Veretye WeRuHG Mesolithic 7520±40 6457–6258 Poz-88317 URI1 Female? Adult T2a1b1 -
    PES001 Peschanitsa 1 Arkhangelsk Russian Federation Veretye WeRuHG Mesolithic 10728±59 10785–10626 UBA-41633 URM2 Male 45–50 U4a1 R1a5-YP1301 (under YP1272)
    BOL001 Bolshnevo 3 1 (4) Tver Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4005±39 2829–2460 UBA-41613 LLP1 Male 45–55 H1b R1a-M417
    BOL002 Bolshnevo 3 2 (4) Tver Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3876±36 2468–2211 UBA-41614 LLI2 Female 20–25 J1c1b1a1 -
    BOL003 Bolshnevo 3 (3) Tver Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3956±34 2571–2345 UBA-41615 ULI2 Male 40–50 H41a R1a2-Z93
    GOL001 Goluzinovo 4 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3968±32 2575–2349 UBA-41616 ULM2 Male 20–30 T2b R1a-M417
    HAL001 Khaldeevo 1 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4037±32 2832–2473 UBA-41617 LLP1 Male 18–25 N1a1a1a2 R1a2-Z93
    HAN001 Khanevo cranium Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULM2 NA NA NA -
    HAN002 Khanevo 6 Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4083±33 2859–2495 UBA-41618 ULP1 Male 18–20 U5a1a1 R1a2-Z93
    HAN003 Khanevo 5 Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LLM1 NA NA NA -
    HAN004 Khanevo 4 Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4036±37 2835–2471 UBA-41619 LLP1 Male 18–20 H6a1a R1a2-Z93
    IVA001 Ivanovogorsky 3 Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4092±35 2864–2496 UBA-41621 LLP1 Female 30–40 U4a1b -
    MIL001 Miloslavka 1 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4033±29 2624–2474 UBA-41622 ULM2 Female 30–35 U5b2c -
    MIL002 Miloslavka 4 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3763±30 2287–2047 UBA-41623 dULM2 Female ~25 H -
    MOT001 Mytishchi 3 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age UR?P2 Female 18–20 U2e1b -
    NAU001 Naumovskoye 1 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4047±35 2836–2573 UBA-41624 ULC1 Male 50–60 T2a1b1a R1a2-Z93
    NAU002 Naumovskoye 2 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4036±40 2836–2469 UBA-41625 LLM1 Male 18–20 U5b2a1a2 R1a2-Z93
    NIK001 Nikultsino 17 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age URI1 NA NA U -
    NIK002 Nikultsino 15 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4100±34 2865–2500 UBA-41626 LLP2 Male 40–50 U5a1a1 R1a-Z645
    NIK003 Nikultsino 16 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3972±54 2522–2298 UBA-41627 URM3 Male 30–40 H15a1 R1a-M417
    NIK004 Nikultsino 9 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4141±33 2876–2620 UBA-41628 ULM2 Male 50–60 T2a1a -
    NIK005 Nikultsino 3b Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4148±49 2881–2581 UBA-41629 LRP1 Female NA J1c1b1a1 -
    NIK006 Nikultsino 11 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULP2 Male 13–16 W1c -
    NIK007 Nikultsino 6 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4047±54 2862–2466 UBA-41630 URP2 Female 18–20 U5a1b -
    NIK008A Nikultsino 7 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4039±33 2834–2472 UBA-41631 LRP2 Male 25–30 H5b R1a-Z645 (xZ283)
    NIK008B Nikultsino 7 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4039±34 2834–2472 UBA-41632 LR?M2 Male 25–30
    RDT001 Nikolo-Perevoz Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LLM2 NA NA NA -
    RDT002 Nikolo-Perevoz Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3931±35 2562–2299 UBA-41634 ULM1 NA NA T2b -
    RDT003 Nikolo-Perevoz Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LLM3 NA NA NA -
    RDT004 Nikolo-Perevoz Moscow Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LLM1 NA NA NA -
    SKO001 Skomorokhovo 3 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LLM1 Female 20–30 U2e1b -
    TIM001 Timofeyevka 15 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULI1 Male 18–25(30) K1b1a1+199 NA
    TIM002 Timofeyevka 12 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULI1 Male 12–13 N1a1a1a2 -
    TIM003 Timofeyevka 4 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LRM2 Male 35(45)–55 NA -
    TIM004 Timofeyevka 5 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULC1 Male 30–40 (45–50) NA NA
    TIM005 Timofeyevka 14 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULP1 Female 18–20 (25–30) [email protected] -
    TIM006 Timofeyevka 2 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4031±36 2833–2470 UBA-41635 ULP2 Female 20–25 (35–40) W6 -
    TIM008 Timofeyevka 13 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4036±32 2832–2473 UBA-41637 LRP2 Male 50–60 (30–35) K1c1 R1a-Z645
    TIM009 Timofeyevka 6 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age URM2 Male 16(18)–20 W6 -
    TIM010 Timofeyevka 7 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULM2 Male 18–20 T2a1b1 NA
    TIM011 Timofeyevka 10 Ivanovo Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age LRM2 Female 12–13 U5b2a1a+16311 -
    VOD001 Volosovo-Danilovsky 11 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3943±41 2570–2299 UBA-41638 URM3 Female Adult J1c1b1a -
    VOR001 Voronkovo 13 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULP1 Male 30–40 I1a1 -
    VOR002 Voronkovo 6 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age ULM2 Male 45–55 H2a1 -
    VOR003 Voronkovo 5 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 3987±29 2573–2466 UBA-41639 LLP2 Male 20–30 H6a1a R1a-Z645
    VOR004 Voronkovo 8 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4153±33 2878–2627 UBA-41640 LRM2 Female 50–60 W6 -
    VOR005 Voronkovo 7 Yaroslavl Russian Federation Fatyanovo Fatyanovo Bronze Age 4002±54 2840–2343 UBA-41641 ULP1 Male 18–20 K2a5b R1a-M417
    SOP002 Sope II Ida-Viru Estonia Estonian Corded Ware EstCWC Neolithic 4090±35 2864–2495 Poz-10827 LLP1 Female Adult R1b1 -

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    I am not sure if this sample was not published already but the HG sample from Mesolithic Archangelsk seems to be one of the oldest if not oldest R1a sample published yet

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    Quote Originally Posted by Coldmountains View Post
    That is just amazing stuff and finally it gets published. I see Z93 in Fatyanovo even as far north as modern day Tver Oblast.
    Not entirely surprising TBH, given that southern Fatyanovo contributed materially to Abashevo (which in turn gave rise to Sintashta-Petrovka).

    This finding does raise some interesting questions:
    1) Was Fatyanovo typified by Z93, or is the 100% Z93 due to limited sample size (n=6)? Should we expect more R1a subclade diversity?
    2) Does this finding disrupt the inference of a Balto-Slavic identity for Fatyanovo?
    3) What explains the discordant findings between Fatyanovo and Sintashta with respect to R1a subclade status?

    Nonetheless, based on aDNA, we have a clear southward trajectory for R1a-Z93 (Fatyanovo->Srubnaya->Turkmenistan_IA). IMO, we probably will find Z93 in Abashevo and in future aDNA from Sintashta-Petrovka. I also don't think Fatyanovo was exclusively Z93 (n=6 is hardly representative; we haven't seen the details of the Y-lines yet, these may be relatives).

    The silly idea of an "R1a migration out of the Indian Subcontinent" has just been dealt another big blow thanks to aDNA.
    The mental gymnastics needed to explain these findings away (Corded Ware-like individuals carrying Z93 5-4kya) in favour of that proposition will be nothing short of Olympian.

    In the eternal words of Generalissimo:

    [They'll] need to find [themselves] a new hobby.
    [Edit]: CM's answered Q1 in its' entirety - There are other R1a's beyond Z93. Great stuff.
    Q2 would be tentatively answered with a "no"; Fatyanovo-Balanovo might've been the culture which mediated the areal linguistic changes observed between Balto-Slavic and Indo-Iranian.
    Last edited by DMXX; 07-04-2020 at 09:28 AM. Reason: edit

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    Quote Originally Posted by DMXX View Post
    Not entirely surprising TBH, given that southern Fatyanovo contributed materially to Abashevo (which in turn gave rise to Sintashta-Petrovka).

    This finding does raise some interesting questions:
    1) Was Fatyanovo typified by Z93, or is the 100% Z93 due to limited sample size (n=6)? Should we expect more R1a subclade diversity?
    2) Does this finding disrupt the inference of a Balto-Slavic identity for Fatyanovo?
    3) What explains the discordant findings between Fatyanovo and Sintashta with respect to R1a subclade status?

    Nonetheless, based on aDNA, we have a clear southward trajectory for R1a-Z93 (Fatyanovo->Srubnaya->Turkmenistan_IA). IMO, we probably will find Z93 in Abashevo and in future aDNA from Sintashta-Petrovka. I also don't think Fatyanovo was exclusively Z93 (n=6 is hardly representative; we haven't seen the details of the Y-lines yet, these may be relatives).

    The silly idea of an "R1a migration out of the Indian Subcontinent" has just been dealt another big blow thanks to aDNA.
    The mental gymnastics needed to explain these findings away (Corded Ware-like individuals carrying Z93 5-4kya) in favour of that proposition will be nothing short of Olympian.

    In the eternal words of Generalissimo:
    1) Yes we need to wait for the actual Bam files and i think the rumored R1b samples from Fatyanovo were older dated and from other sites. So we should of course not expect Fatyanovo to be 100% R1a or Z93

    2) The theory of the Balto-Slavic identity of Fatyanovo was always quite weak and just based on disputed Baltic hydronyms and modern day distribution of uniparental markers and languages. Balto-Slavs formed much more in the west somewhere between Central Poland and Lithuania (East Poland, Belarus, Northwest Ukraine)

    3)We don't know the Z93 clades of Fatyanovo so we can not say much about the relation to Sintashta Z93 clades, but i expect more basal Z93 clades in Fatyanovo and not just Z2124 probably a lot of Z94* and maybe some Y3 or Y40.

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    Quote Originally Posted by DMXX View Post
    Not entirely surprising TBH, given that southern Fatyanovo contributed materially to Abashevo (which in turn gave rise to Sintashta-Petrovka).

    This finding does raise some interesting questions:
    1) Was Fatyanovo typified by Z93, or is the 100% Z93 due to limited sample size (n=6)? Should we expect more R1a subclade diversity?
    2) Does this finding disrupt the inference of a Balto-Slavic identity for Fatyanovo?
    3) What explains the discordant findings between Fatyanovo and Sintashta with respect to R1a subclade status?

    Nonetheless, based on aDNA, we have a clear southward trajectory for R1a-Z93 (Fatyanovo->Srubnaya->Turkmenistan_IA). IMO, we probably will find Z93 in Abashevo and in future aDNA from Sintashta-Petrovka. I also don't think Fatyanovo was exclusively Z93 (n=6 is hardly representative; we haven't seen the details of the Y-lines yet, these may be relatives).

    The silly idea of an "R1a migration out of the Indian Subcontinent" has just been dealt another big blow thanks to aDNA.
    The mental gymnastics needed to explain these findings away (Corded Ware-like individuals carrying Z93 5-4kya) in favour of that proposition will be nothing short of Olympian.

    In the eternal words of Generalissimo:



    [Edit]: CM's answered Q1 in its' entirety - There are other R1a's beyond Z93. Great stuff.
    Q2 would be tentatively answered with a "no"; Fatyanovo-Balanovo might've been the culture which mediated the areal linguistic changes observed between Balto-Slavic and Indo-Iranian.
    I think that these Fatyanovo samples dated to 4000 ybp are too young and too much in the northwest to be directly ancestral to Sintashta and Andronovo more in the east. But i not fully understand the dates in the study for example the Fatyanovo Z93 sample NAU002 is dated to 4036±40 ybp but also to 2836–2469 BC. Maybe i am reading it wrong. If they are dated to around 2500-3000 B.C they could be ancestral to Sintashta and Andronovo but 2000 B.C is definetly too young in my opinion. At least for Indo-Aryans and in the best case they would be ancestral to later Iranic/Srubnaya waves.

    So the best guess is that these Fatyanovo samples belonged to an extinct and basal Indo-Iranian group, which still would be autosomally very close to the direct CWC/early Fatyanovo/Abashevo ancestors of Andronovo and most modern day Indo-Iranians.
    Last edited by Coldmountains; 07-04-2020 at 09:43 AM.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Coldmountains View Post
    But i not fully understand the dates in the study for example the Fatyanovo Z93 sample NAU002 is dated to 4036±40 ybp but also to 2836–2469 BC.
    May be 4036±40 ybp is uncalibrated, while 2836–2469 BC is calibrated date?

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    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    May be 4036±40 ybp is uncalibrated, while 2836–2469 BC is calibrated date?
    Yes the second is the calibrated i look again on it. Is the calibrated generally assumed to be more accurate? Sorry if it is a bad question

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