Page 176 of 176 FirstFirst ... 76126166174175176
Results 1,751 to 1,760 of 1760

Thread: Population genomics of the Viking world (bioxiv, 2019, Copenhagen)

  1. #1751
    Gold Class Member
    Posts
    2,430
    Sex
    Location
    United States
    Ethnicity
    LebaGermish
    Y-DNA (P)
    P312>DF19>DF88
    mtDNA (M)
    J2a1a1e
    Y-DNA (M)
    J2a1 Z6065>Y7708>M47
    mtDNA (P)
    H1j

    United States of America Lebanon Germany United Kingdom Belgium Switzerland
    Edit: Interesting to see Rathlin showing up for Danes and Norway.

    Distances for highest of each:

    Highest Dane:
    Distance to: VK2020_SWE_Skara_VA:VK34
    0.02340960 England_Saxon:I0769
    0.02592141 DEU_Halberstadt_LBA:I0099
    0.03040841 SVK_Poprad_MAA119
    0.03044745 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ11
    0.03049755 England_Saxon:I0161
    0.03092270 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_urm161
    0.03165988 IRL_BA:rath3
    0.03251616 England_Saxon:I0159
    0.03258854 Bell_Beaker_Bavaria:I5023
    0.03307239 DEU_MA_ACD:STR_355
    0.03346973 Scythian_MDA_o:scy303
    0.03415678 England_IA:I0156
    0.03428457 England_Saxon:I0157
    0.03442875 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_84001
    0.03463763 England_Saxon:I0777
    0.03490144 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ15
    0.03500380 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:VDP-A-5
    0.03510783 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ13
    0.03513042 Bell_Beaker_CZE:I7251
    0.03534223 England_CA_EBA:I2618
    0.03547819 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:STT-A-2
    0.03575256 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:SSG-A-4
    0.03589292 Bell_Beaker_England:I6775
    0.03597006 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ16
    0.03602145 England_LBA:I5383

    Highest Norway:
    Distance to: VK2020_NOR_South_IA:VK390
    0.02405523 England_Saxon:NO3423
    0.02571974 Bell_Beaker_Scotland:I5367
    0.03052009 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL146
    0.03095510 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ16
    0.03123155 Bell_Beaker_NLD:I5750
    0.03140365 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ9
    0.03171522 DEU_BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN:I0059
    0.03185540 England_Saxon:I0769
    0.03191989 England_MBA:I7571
    0.03200511 Bell_Beaker_England:I2447
    0.03212478 IRL_BA:rath1
    0.03270555 CZE_Bilina_BA:I7949
    0.03276595 Wales_CA_EBA:I1775
    0.03276953 England_CA_EBA:I2421
    0.03281736 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:HSJ-A-1
    0.03283282 Bell_Beaker_England:I3256
    0.03289851 England_Saxon:I0773
    0.03294344 Bell_Beaker_England:I5512
    0.03302890 DEU_Unetice_EBA:I0115
    0.03328671 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL151
    0.03336338 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL93
    0.03339799 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ2
    0.03341619 England_CA_EBA:I2457
    0.03356155 England_Saxon:I0159
    0.03357062 Bell_Beaker_POL:I6583

    Highest Sweden:
    Distance to: VK2020_EST_Saaremaa_EVA:VK482
    0.02643663 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_84001
    0.02654903 Bell_Beaker_Bavaria:I5023
    0.02948981 SWE_LN:RISE98
    0.03018526 Scythian_MDA_o:scy303
    0.03090466 England_Saxon:I0769
    0.03143483 CZE_EBA:I4892
    0.03166059 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:VDP-A-5
    0.03264174 Bell_Beaker_NLD:I4069
    0.03265974 England_CA_EBA:I2618
    0.03336396 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ16
    0.03338193 DEU_Halberstadt_LBA:I0099
    0.03373932 England_CA_EBA:I2602
    0.03442402 FRA_BA:OBE3626-1
    0.03458140 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:HSJ-A-1
    0.03530085 CZE_EBA:I7201
    0.03553118 Bell_Beaker_England:I2452
    0.03559406 Bell_Beaker_Bavaria:I5525
    0.03583348 Bell_Beaker_England:I3256
    0.03592114 Corded_Ware_CHE:MX195
    0.03606197 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_stg026
    0.03638065 England_Saxon:I0773
    0.03643807 England_MBA:I7628
    0.03656011 DEU_MA_ACD:STR_355
    0.03666247 England_CA_EBA:I2421
    0.03678134 England_Saxon:I0161

    Highest Finland
    Distance to: VK2020_SWE_Gotland_VA_o:VK56
    0.04786223 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_KAL006
    0.05840509 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_VII4_1
    0.05946044 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_0LS10_1
    0.06272189 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_V10_2
    0.06455464 RUS_Ingria_IA:VIII9_1
    0.06530169 RUS_Krasnoyarsk_MLBA:I3390
    0.06791527 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_X04_1
    0.06921100 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_V12_1
    0.06941720 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_stg020
    0.07096143 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_V11_1
    0.07240261 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_gtm021
    0.07281587 Corded_Ware_POL:N49
    0.07364193 RUS_Sunghir_MA:Sunghir6
    0.07445337 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_84005
    0.07450964 KAZ_Oy_Dzhaylau_MLBA:I4790
    0.07600349 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_urm160
    0.07620760 KAZ_Shoendykol_MLBA_Fedorovo:I10111
    0.07635608 RUS_Srubnaya_Alakul_MLBA:kzb001
    0.07687269 RUS_Mezhovskaya:RISE523
    0.07706622 KAZ_Satan_MLBA_Alakul:I6799
    0.07719145 HUN_Avar_Szolad:Av2
    0.07719873 Baltic_EST_MA:s19_IIa_1
    0.07754183 POL_EBA:N17
    0.07759044 POL_EBA:I6579
    0.07775610 Corded_Ware_POL:N4

    Highest Italy:
    Distance to: VK2020_ITA_Foggia_MA:VK537
    0.02699832 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR64
    0.02724057 ITA_Rome_Late_Antiquity:RMPR35
    0.02755220 ITA_Rome_Late_Antiquity:RMPR136
    0.02862502 ITA_Rome_Imperial:RMPR49
    0.02991419 ITA_Tivoli_Renaissance:RMPR973
    0.03000081 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR54
    0.03020188 ITA_Rome_Imperial:RMPR1544
    0.03050755 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR1290
    0.03063165 ITA_Rome_Imperial:RMPR47
    0.03063182 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR58
    0.03095294 ITA_Rome_Imperial:RMPR131
    0.03141669 ITA_Rome_Imperial:RMPR835
    0.03168550 ITA_Rome_Late_Antiquity:RMPR32
    0.03205844 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR57
    0.03208658 IND_Roopkund_B:I2869
    0.03209310 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR56
    0.03245374 ITA_Tivoli_Renaissance:RMPR969
    0.03299402 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR1283
    0.03375235 IND_Roopkund_B:I3405
    0.03431854 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR65
    0.03496872 ITA_Rome_Late_Antiquity:RMPR30
    0.03521411 IND_Roopkund_B:I3345
    0.03521657 IND_Roopkund_B:I3348
    0.03538487 ITA_Rome_MA:RMPR59
    0.03593564 ITA_Rome_Late_Antiquity:RMPR122

    Highest British:
    Distance to: VK2020_NOR_North_VA:VK528
    0.02230965 England_IA:I0160
    0.02702665 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ4
    0.02859839 England_Roman:6DT18
    0.02868324 Scotland_LBA:I2860
    0.02922737 England_Saxon:I0159
    0.02998467 England_Saxon:I0774
    0.03066518 Scotland_MBA:I2655
    0.03209002 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL146
    0.03267037 CZE_EBA:I7196
    0.03270655 England_Roman:6DT3
    0.03310756 ISL_Viking_Age_Pre_Christian:VDP-A-6
    0.03343829 England_MBA:I7573
    0.03359321 England_Roman:3DT16
    0.03369446 England_Saxon:I0161
    0.03393111 Scotland_LBA:I2859
    0.03472404 Scotland_LBA:I3130
    0.03505890 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL151
    0.03536542 England_MBA:I7627
    0.03559885 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL84
    0.03570571 England_Saxon:NO3423
    0.03575609 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_stg021
    0.03576064 FRA_IA:BFM265
    0.03607417 ITA_Collegno_MA:CL83
    0.03614243 HUN_MA_Szolad:SZ7
    0.03614986 England_Roman:6DT23

    Highest Polish:
    Distance to: VK2020_SWE_Gotland_VA:VK474
    0.02923160 Bernburg_Medieval_KRA001
    0.03685994 RUS_Sunghir_MA:Sunghir6
    0.04104211 KAZ_Golden_Horde_EuroA29
    0.04216055 HUN_Avar_Szolad:Av2
    0.04239349 HUN_Avar_Szolad:Av1
    0.04457109 Scythian_UKR:scy009
    0.04636002 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_V12_1
    0.04712784 Baltic_EST_MA:s19_IIf_1
    0.04795441 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_urm160
    0.04852108 Bell_Beaker_CZE_o:I5025
    0.05117432 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_stg026
    0.05212977 CZE_Early_Slav:RISE569
    0.05216199 Bell_Beaker_Bavaria:I5531
    0.05217628 Baltic_EST_MA:s19_IVLS09KT_1
    0.05242094 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_grt036
    0.05336361 DEU_Tollense_BA:WEZ15
    0.05571378 RUS_Ingria_IA:VIII9_1
    0.05573249 Scythian_UKR:MJ14
    0.05598393 Baltic_EST_MA:s19_IIa_1
    0.05612431 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_urm035
    0.05829265 Corded_Ware_POL:N49
    0.05884860 DEU_Tollense_BA:WEZ56
    0.05894107 SWE_Viking_Age_Sigtuna:vik_stg020
    0.05926549 Baltic_EST_IA:s19_X04_1
    0.05937954 POL_EBA:I6579
    Last edited by Dewsloth; 10-28-2020 at 09:31 PM.
    R1b>M269>L23>L51>L11>P312>DF19>DF88>FGC11833 >S4281>S4268>Z17112>BY44243

    Ancestors: Francis Cooke (M223/I2a2a) b1583; Hester Mahieu (Cooke) (J1c2 mtDNA) b.1584; Richard Warren (E-M35) b1578; Elizabeth Walker (Warren) (H1j mtDNA) b1583;
    John Mead (I2a1/P37.2) b1634; Rev. Joseph Hull (I1, L1301+ L1302-) b1595; Benjamin Harrington (M223/I2a2a-Y5729) b1618; Joshua Griffith (L21>DF13) b1593;
    John Wing (U106) b1584; Thomas Gunn (DF19) b1605; Hermann Wilhelm (DF19) b1635

  2. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Dewsloth For This Useful Post:

     jcmax68 (10-30-2020),  Michał (10-29-2020)

  3. #1752
    Registered Users
    Posts
    1,091
    Sex
    Location
    Central Florida
    Ethnicity
    Aegean Greek + NW Euro
    Nationality
    American
    Y-DNA (P)
    J-L26
    mtDNA (M)
    J1b1a

    Greece United States of America
    This is an attempt at some very elementary sorting, not to be taken too seriously. Some of my assignments are almost certainly wrong, but it's the best I've got for now. It's based on a synthesis of techniques: Vahaduo (using modern proxies for sources), haplotype info from the paper, positions on Northern Euro PCA, Northwestern Euro PCA, and Celtic vs. Germanic PCA. Sometimes these techniques didn't agree with each other entirely, so I went with a best guess based on preponderance of evidence.

    A lot of the Finnic is Estonian-related, and so I'm not sure if that's really Finnic or just Baltic ancestry. Baltic and Slavic are difficult to tell apart here (the Balts eat up Slavic drift like a motherfucker), too, so I just say Balto-Slavic in most cases (though a lot of the times it's almost certainly real Baltic ancestry). The Norse ancestry is probably indeed mostly from Northern Germanic speakers given the contexts here, but some scores might actually be attributed to other types of Germanics (these can't really be told apart, as we all know). The Insular Celtic ancestry might also include hither-Atlantic continental Celtic ancestry (if it was similar to that on the islands, which it might have been). Mixed Northern refers to some mix of Northern components that was too difficult or complex to suss out. Mixed Northern-Southern refers to transitional individuals with enriched West and/or East Med ancestry relative to the Northern European norm, which is typical of many French today (not necessarily from proper Med populations-- maybe just EEF-enriched). Some of these southern-pull samples might even be Gauls-- don't know. Anyway, I'll come back to the project at some point soon and look it all over again with fresher eyes. I'm busy with the Eastern steppe samples at the moment. I think the thing to do from here would be to take the extreme examples (say, of clearly Norse types, clearly Insular Celtic types, etc.) and average them so we have "pure" proxies to better model the intermediates.

    Without further ado:
     
    Italy
    Italy_Medieval_Foggia:VK534 (11-13th Cent., 1150 CE) - Southern Italian profile
    Italy_Medieval_Foggia:VK535 (11-13th Cent., 1150 CE) - Southern Italian profile
    Italy_Medieval_Foggia:VK537 (11-13th Cent., 1150 CE) - Southern Italian profile
    Italy_Medieval_Foggia:VK537 (11-13th Cent., 1150 CE) - Balkan profile; clusters with northern Balkan groups like Romanians, etc.; Y-haplogroup: L1a1b

    Ukraine
    Ukraine_Shestovitsa_Viking_Age:VK539 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic, Y-haplogroup: I1
    Ukraine_Shestovitsa_Viking_Age:VK540 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic
    Ukraine_Lutsk_Medieval:VK541 (13th Cent., 1250 CE) - very East Slavic autosomal profile, clustering closest to Ukrainians, Southwest Russians, and Poles.

    Poland
    Poland_Bodzia_Viking_Age:VK153 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a
    Poland_Bodzia_Viking_Age:VK154 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile
    Poland_Bodzia_Viking_Age:VK155 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Norse-Finnic profile
    Poland_Bodzia_Viking_Age:VK156 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2a
    Poland_Bodzia_Viking_Age:VK157 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic-Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Poland_Sandomierz_Viking_Age:VK494 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic-Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a
    Poland_Cedynia_Viking_Age:VK212 (11-12th Cent., 1062 CE) - very Balto-Slavic autosomal profile, clustering closest to Belarusians, Smolensk Russians, and Lithuanians; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b
    Poland_Cedynia_Medieval:VK211 (11-13th Cent., 1150 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b

    Russia
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK219 (10th Cent., 992 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK221 (10th Cent., 911 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Russia_Gnezdovo_Viking_Age:VK223 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a
    Russia_Gnezdovo_Viking_Age:VK224 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a
    Russia_Gnezdovo_Viking_Age:VK254 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - possibly the result of mixture between Eastern and Southeastern European ancestors (potentially Balto-Slavic + Balkan + Volga Turkic/Uralic)
    Russia_Gnezdovo_Viking_Age:VK255 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - possibly the result of recent mixture between Norse, Finnic, and potentially Pontic Greek or Caucasian ancestors
    Russia_Gnezdovo_Viking_Age:VK272 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - possibly the result of recent mixture between Balto-Slavic, Finnic, and potentially Anatolian Greek ancestors
    Russia_Gnezdovo_Viking_Age:VK273 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - possibly the result of recent mixture between Finnic, Balto-Slavic, Norse, and Southern ancestors; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2
    Russia_Pskov_Viking_Age:VK159 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK15 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK17 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: T1a1a
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK18 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK21 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK22 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK218 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK220 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK23 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK409 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic-Balto-Slavic-Balkan profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a
    Russia_Kurevanikha_Viking_Age:VK160 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a1a1c1c
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK20 (11th Cent., 1062 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK16 (12th Cent., 1111) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Russia_Ladoga_Viking_Age:VK410 (12th Cent., 1107 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1

    Estonia
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK480 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK481 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK482 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK483 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK484 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b3a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK485 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK486 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b3a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK487 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK488 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK489 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - ~91% Norse w/ minor Finnic (~9%) admixture; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK490 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK492 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK495 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK496 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a2a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK497 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK498 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2a1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK504 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK505 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK506 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK507 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK508 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK509 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK510 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK511 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK512 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK549 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK550 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a1b
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK551 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK552 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK553 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - ~95% Norse w/ minor Finnic (~5%) admixture; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK554 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Estonia_Saaremaa_Early_Viking_Age:VK555 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a

    Wales
    Wales_Anglesey_Viking_Age:VK171 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - plots in a fairly intermediate position on Celtic vs. Germanic PCA, so possibly the result of an Insular Celtic-Germanic (probably Norse) mixture event

    Isle of Man
    Isle_of_Man_Viking_Age:VK170 (9-10th Cent., 900 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a

    Ireland
    Ireland_Dublin_Viking_Age:VK545 (7-9th Cent., 765 CE) - Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Ireland_Dublin_Viking_Age:VK544 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse profile
    Ireland_Dublin_Viking_Age:VK546 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1
    Ireland_Eyrephort_Viking_Age:VK543 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1

    Scotland
    Scotland_Orkney_Viking_Age:VK201 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a
    Scotland_Orkney_Viking_Age:VK202 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a3a2a1d
    Scotland_Orkney_Viking_Age:VK203 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1
    Scotland_Orkney_Viking_Age:VK204 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a
    Scotland_Orkney_Viking_Age:VK205 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1a
    Scotland_Orkney_Viking_Age:VK207 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Insular Celtic profile

    Faroes
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK234 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a3b1a
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK236 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK237 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK238 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2a
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK240 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK241 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK242 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1f1
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK244 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK245 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2b1a
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK248 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK25 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a3b1a
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK27 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a2
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK44 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1a1a1a1a
    Faroes_Early_Medieval:VK46 (16-17th Cent., 1600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2b1a

    Iceland
    Iceland_Hringsdalur_Viking_Age:VK127 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2b
    Iceland_Hringsdalur_Viking_Age:VK128 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Iceland_Ingiridarstadir_Viking_Age:VK129 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profi; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK101 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2d1a1
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK102 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK110 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK111 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Insular Celtic profile with a potentially strong continental pull (registering as significantly more West Med ancestry than usual); Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK122 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK123 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R2a2b1
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK225 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2b
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK227 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK230 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK95 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Insular Celtic profile with a potentially strong continental pull; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1a1a1a1a
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK98 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a4a2
    Iceland_Hofstadir_Viking_Age:VK99 (10-13th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile

    Greenland
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK1 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK11 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK6 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile, with continental pull
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK9 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK186 (11th Cent., 1047 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK513 (11th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK179 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK183 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK184 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Early_Nor se):VK187 (12th Cent., 1102 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile, with continental pull
    Greenland_Western_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Late_Nors e):VK75 (13th Cent., 1296 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1
    Greenland_Eastern_Settlement_Viking_Age_(Late_Nors e):VK190 (14th Cent., 1363 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a

    England
    England_Dorset_Viking_Age:VK256 (10-11th Cent., 998 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    England_Dorset_Viking_Age:VK258 (10-11th Cent., 998 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a
    England_Dorset_Viking_Age:VK260 (10-11th Cent., 998 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: Q1b
    England_Dorset_Viking_Age:VK261 (10-11th Cent., 998 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2
    England_Dorset_Viking_Age:VK264 (10-11th Cent., 998 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a
    England_Dorset_Viking_Age:VK449 (10-11th Cent., 998 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1b
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK143 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c1a2b
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK145 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; potentially southern mixture; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK146 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK147 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK150 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Low Countries profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a2b1a2
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK151 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK165 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK166 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2a1b1a1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK167 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK168 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1b
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK172 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK173 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a1a1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK174 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1b1a
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK175 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK176 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1

    Denmark
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK301 (7-9th Cent., 765 CE) - difficult sample; seems to have some combination of Northern European (maybe Norse, Celtic, Balto-Slavic, Uralic, or some combination) and West Med ancestry; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK319 (8th Cent., 750 CE) - seems to be a mix of Norse, continental Germanic, and southern ancestry
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK371 (8th-10th Cent., 885 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK312 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK313 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK314 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK134 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK138 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) -mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2b1c1
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK139 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a1a1c1
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK278 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK280 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK295 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK316 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK370 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK372 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK373 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2b1a1
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK446 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a2
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK141 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Denmark_Funen_Viking_Age:VK279 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b
    Denmark_Jutland_IA:VK582 (1st Cent., 100 CE) - Jastorf representative or local Nordic Bronze Age type?; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK300 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK340 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK384 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1a1a1a
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK84 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK87 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2a1b1a
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK323 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c1a2b1
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK326 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK327 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1a1a
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK328 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK329 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2a1a1a2
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK330 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age:VK322 (9-11th Cent., 1084 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age_(low_res):VK324 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1b4
    Denmark_Jutland_Viking_Age_(low_res):VK325 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK289 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1a
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK291 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a4a
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK274 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b3a
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK275 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; maybe some exotic southern ancestry; Y-haplogroup: I1c
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK276 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK282 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK285 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK286 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2b1a1
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK287 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a2a1a1a1
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK288 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK290 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1b3b
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK317 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: J2a1a1a2b2
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK320 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK338 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1a1b2
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK361 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK362 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: E1b1b1a1b1a
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK363 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1a
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK364 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK365 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK366 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK367 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Denmark_Langeland_Viking_Age:VK368 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Denmark_Sealand_IA:VK532 (2nd Cent., 100 CE) - Jastorf representative or local Nordic Bronze Age type?; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a
    Denmark_Sealand_IA:VK521 (4th Cent., 300 CE) - Jastorf representative or local Nordic Bronze Age type?; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a2a
    Denmark_Sealand_IA:VK213 (5th Cent., 400 CE) - Jastorf representative or local Nordic Bronze Age type?
    Denmark_Sealand_Early_Viking_Age:VK65 (7th Cent., 600 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Early_Viking_Age:VK70 (7th Cent., 600 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1
    Denmark_Sealand_Early_Viking_Age:VK71 (7th Cent., 600 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Denmark_Sealand_Early_Viking_Age:VK296 (7-8th Cent., 720 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1
    Denmark_Sealand_Early_Viking_Age:VK297 (7-9th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK215 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK90 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK92 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic-Finnic profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK294 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK315 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK369 (9-10th Cent., 875 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK385 (9-10th Cent,, 875 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK94 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK284 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK445 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Norse-Insular Celtic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a2
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK281 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a1
    Denmark_Sealand_Viking_Age:VK298 (10th Cent., 900 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic-Finnic profile

    Norway
    Norway_Middle_Viking_Age:VK548 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse profile
    Norway_Middle_Viking_Age:VK516 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2
    Norway_Middle_IA:VK523 (11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Norway_Middle_Medieval:VK113 (12-13th Cent., 1200 CE) - mixed Northern profile
    Norway_Middle_Medieval:VK114 (12-13th Cent., 1200 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Norway_Middle_Medieval:VK117 (12-13th Cent., 1200 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1
    Norway_Middle_Medieval:VK118 (12-13th Cent., 1200 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Norway_Middle_Medieval:VK124 (12-13th Cent., 1200 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Norway_North_LN_HG:VK531 (2400 BCE) - local HG profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1
    Norway_North_IA:VK418 (4th Cent., 350 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1b
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK419 (6-10th Cent., 750 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK514 (6-10th Cent., 750 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    Norway_North_Viking_Age_o2:VK519 (6-10th Cent., 750 CE) - probably Saami-related profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK528 (8-9th Cent., 800 CE) - Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a4d1
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK529 (8-9th Cent., 800 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a4a2
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK547 (8-11th Cent., 900 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b1a4a2
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK388 (8-16th Cent., 1100 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK525 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - Insular Celtic profile
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK526 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Norway_North_Viking_Age_o1:VK518 (9th Cent., 850 CE) - probably Saami-related profile
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK515 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK520 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK524 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    Norway_North_Viking_Age:VK530 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Norway_South_IA:VK390 (5-6th Cent., 550 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1
    Norway_South_IA:VK391 (5-6th Cent., 550 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK417 (7-11th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK392 (8-10th Cent., 850 CE) - Norse profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK415 (8-11th Cent., 900 CE) - Norse profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK420 (8-11th Cent., 900 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK448 (8-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK386 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a1f1a
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK393 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK422 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2
    Norway_South_Viking_Age_(low_res):VK389 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a4b
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK387 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Norway_South_Viking_Age:VK414 (10-11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2a

    Sweden
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK232 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK428 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK429 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK430 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK432 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic Bronze Age profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK433 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK434 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic Bronze Age profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK438 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK439 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic Bronze Age profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK440 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK450 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK452 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK454 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Balkan profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK455 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK456 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK457 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK458 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK459 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK460 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK462 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK463 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK464 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK468 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2b1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK469 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK471 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK472 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK473 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK474 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: E1b1b1b2a1a4
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK475 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK476 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Balkan profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK477 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK478 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Baltic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK479 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK48 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a1a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK50 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1a1a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK51 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK53 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1a2b1a1
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK57 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK58 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK60 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2b
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK63 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK64 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a2a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age_(low_res):VK461 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a2a1a
    Sweden_Gotland_Viking_Age:VK56 (10-11th Cent., 975 CE) - Finnic profile
    Sweden_Karda_Viking_Age:VK265 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Karda_Viking_Age:VK266 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Karda_Viking_Age:VK268 (10th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b
    Sweden_Malmo_Viking_Age:VK108 (11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile
    Sweden_Malmo_Viking_Age:VK217 (11th Cent., 1000 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a
    Sweden_Oland_IA:VK522 (4th Cent., 386 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Sweden_Oland_Early_Viking_Age:VK379 (8th Cent., 700 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK350 (8th Cent., 799 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK333 (9th Cent., 885 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2e
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK336 (9th Cent., 853 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK337 (9th Cent., 858 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK349 (9th Cent., 829 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1a4b2c1a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK358 (9th Cent., 853 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK442 (9th Cent., 847 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK444 (9th Cent., 847 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1b1
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK335 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK342 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a2b
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK343 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK344 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK346 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern (probably Balkan) profile; Y-haplogroup: J2
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK348 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a2b1a2a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK352 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK380 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK443 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d2
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK533 (9-11th Cent., 950 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK354 (10th Cent., 986 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2a1
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK334 (11th Cent., 1049 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age:VK357 (11th Cent., 1053 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1a
    Sweden_Oland_Viking_Age_(low_res):VK353 (11th Cent., 1049 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK29 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK30 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK303 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK306 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK308 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1b1a1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK309 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK31 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK33 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK34 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2a1b1a4b1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK35 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK39 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern profile; Y-haplogroup: G2a2b2a1a1b1a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK395 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a2a1a2
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK396 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c1a1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK397 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Balto-Slavic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK398 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: T1a2b1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK399 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK40 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2b1c1b
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK400 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK401 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: R1a1a1b1a3a2
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK402 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern profile
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK403 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2a1b1a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK404 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a1b
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK405 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Insular Celtic-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a2c1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK406 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: N1a1a1a1a1a1a
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK407 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse profile; Y-haplogroup: I1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK42 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: J2a1a1b2a1b1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK424 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b1
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK425 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2b
    Sweden_Skara_Viking_Age:VK427 (10-12th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Insular Celtic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a
    Sweden_Uppsala_Viking_Age:VK517 (11th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile; Y-haplogroup: I2a1b1a2b1a2a
    Sweden_Uppsala_Viking_Age:VK527 (11th Cent., 1050 CE) - Norse-Finnic profile
    Last edited by Michalis Moriopoulos; 10-29-2020 at 12:43 AM.
    Ελευθερία ή θάνατος.

  4. The Following 17 Users Say Thank You to Michalis Moriopoulos For This Useful Post:

     Andour (11-03-2020),  Babatunde (10-31-2020),  Bygdedweller (10-29-2020),  corner (11-02-2020),  Dewsloth (10-29-2020),  evon (10-29-2020),  homunculus (Yesterday),  jadegreg (11-09-2020),  Jessie (10-29-2020),  JMcB (11-02-2020),  jstephan (10-29-2020),  Megalophias (10-29-2020),  parastais (10-29-2020),  Paul333 (10-29-2020),  Radboud (10-29-2020),  Riverman (11-19-2020),  Seabass (10-29-2020)

  5. #1753
    Gold Class Member
    Posts
    2,430
    Sex
    Location
    United States
    Ethnicity
    LebaGermish
    Y-DNA (P)
    P312>DF19>DF88
    mtDNA (M)
    J2a1a1e
    Y-DNA (M)
    J2a1 Z6065>Y7708>M47
    mtDNA (P)
    H1j

    United States of America Lebanon Germany United Kingdom Belgium Switzerland
    England_Oxford_Viking_Age:VK146 (9-11th Cent., 940 CE) - mixed Northern-Southern profile; Y-haplogroup: I1a2a1a1d1a
    He’s fascinating. I think he must have had at least a southern mother and paternal grandmother.
    R1b>M269>L23>L51>L11>P312>DF19>DF88>FGC11833 >S4281>S4268>Z17112>BY44243

    Ancestors: Francis Cooke (M223/I2a2a) b1583; Hester Mahieu (Cooke) (J1c2 mtDNA) b.1584; Richard Warren (E-M35) b1578; Elizabeth Walker (Warren) (H1j mtDNA) b1583;
    John Mead (I2a1/P37.2) b1634; Rev. Joseph Hull (I1, L1301+ L1302-) b1595; Benjamin Harrington (M223/I2a2a-Y5729) b1618; Joshua Griffith (L21>DF13) b1593;
    John Wing (U106) b1584; Thomas Gunn (DF19) b1605; Hermann Wilhelm (DF19) b1635

  6. The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to Dewsloth For This Useful Post:

     JMcB (11-02-2020),  jstephan (10-29-2020),  spruithean (10-29-2020)

  7. #1754
    Registered Users
    Posts
    1,461
    Sex
    Y-DNA (P)
    C-F5481
    mtDNA (M)
    M8a

    Kyrgyzstan
    This may be relevant:

    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41431-020-00747-z

    Article
    Open Access
    Published: 02 November 2020

    Subdividing Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a1 reveals Norse Viking dispersal lineages in Britain

    Gurdeep Matharu Lall, Maarten H. D. Larmuseau, Jon H. Wetton, Chiara Batini, Pille Hallast, Tunde I. Huszar, Daniel Zadik, Sigurd Aase, Tina Baker, Patricia Balaresque, Walter Bodmer, Anders D. BÝrglum, Peter de Knijff, Hayley Dunn, Stephen E. Harding, Harald LÝvvik, Berit Myhre Dupuy, Horolma Pamjav, Andreas O. Tillmar, Maciej Tomaszewski, Chris Tyler-Smith, Marta Pereira Verdugo, Bruce Winney, Pragya Vohra, Joanna Story, Turi E. King & Mark A. Jobling -Show fewer authors

    European Journal of Human Genetics (2020)Cite this article

    Metrics details

    Abstract

    The influence of Viking-Age migrants to the British Isles is obvious in archaeological and place-names evidence, but their demographic impact has been unclear. Autosomal genetic analyses support Norse Viking contributions to parts of Britain, but show no signal corresponding to the Danelaw, the region under Scandinavian administrative control from the ninth to eleventh centuries. Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a1 has been considered as a possible marker for Viking migrations because of its high frequency in peninsular Scandinavia (Norway and Sweden). Here we select ten Y-SNPs to discriminate informatively among hg R1a1 sub-haplogroups in Europe, analyse these in 619 hg R1a1 Y chromosomes including 163 from the British Isles, and also type 23 short-tandem repeats (Y-STRs) to assess internal diversity. We find three specifically Western-European sub-haplogroups, two of which predominate in Norway and Sweden, and are also found in Britain; star-like features in the STR networks of these lineages indicate histories of expansion. We ask whether geographical distributions of hg R1a1 overall, and of the two sub-lineages in particular, correlate with regions of Scandinavian influence within Britain. Neither shows any frequency difference between regions that have higher (≥10%) or lower autosomal contributions from Norway and Sweden, but both are significantly overrepresented in the region corresponding to the Danelaw. These differences between autosomal and Y-chromosomal histories suggest either male-specific contribution, or the influence of patrilocality. Comparison of modern DNA with recently available ancient DNA data supports the interpretation that two sub-lineages of hg R1a1 spread with the Vikings from peninsular Scandinavia.

  8. The Following 9 Users Say Thank You to rozenfeld For This Useful Post:

     ADW_1981 (11-02-2020),  Bygdedweller (11-02-2020),  Dewsloth (11-02-2020),  JMcB (11-02-2020),  Marmaduke (11-02-2020),  rms2 (11-02-2020),  RVBLAKE (11-02-2020),  sheepslayer (11-02-2020),  Waldemar (11-02-2020)

  9. #1755
    Registered Users
    Posts
    2,724
    Ethnicity
    Pred.Anglo-Saxon + Briton
    Nationality
    Canadian
    Y-DNA (P)
    R1b S21184, BY50830+
    mtDNA (M)
    U4b1a2 - FGS
    Y-DNA (M)
    ?
    mtDNA (P)
    I2

    Canada England Wales Netherlands France Cornwall
    Very obvious that L664 doesn’t follow the same pattern as the Z284 guys. The former was probably a western CWC reaching branch, the latter associated to more northern battle axe culture
    YDNA: R1b-BY50830 Stepney, London, UK George Wood b. 1782 English <-> Bavarian cluster
    maternal-gf YDNA: ?? Gurr, James ~1740, Smarden, Kent, England.
    maternal-gm YDNA: R1b-P311+ Beech, John Richard b. 1780, Lewes, England
    maternal-ggf YDNA R1b-U106 Thomas, Edward b 1854, Sittingbourne, Kent
    paternal-ggf YDNA: R1b-Z17901. Gould, John Somerset England 1800s.
    paternal-ggf YDNA: R1b-L48. Scott, William Hamilton Ireland(?) 1800s

    other:
    Welch: early 1800s E-M84 Kent, England.

  10. The Following 4 Users Say Thank You to ADW_1981 For This Useful Post:

     Bygdedweller (11-02-2020),  davit (11-02-2020),  Michał (11-02-2020),  sheepslayer (11-02-2020)

  11. #1756
    Registered Users
    Posts
    1,930
    Sex
    Location
    Sweden
    Ethnicity
    Iron age Italic+Germanic
    Nationality
    Swedish
    Y-DNA (P)
    R-L2 / R1b-U152
    mtDNA (M)
    H1a1

    Sweden Italy Italy 1861-1946 Sami Vatican
    Does anybody got more information abou the VK_Oland samples?

    Burials etc?
    Hidden Content

    Eurogenes K13 Mixed Mode Population Sharing:
    1. 63.1% Swedish + 36.9% Spanish_Andalucia @ 2.93

    Dodecad K12b
    1. 87,89% Szolad3 + 12,11% CHV001_Chalmny_Varre_18th-19th @ 1,131
    7. 66.4% Norwegian + 33.6% TSI30 (Metspalu) @ 3.24


     

    Target: Nino
    Distance: 1.5423% / 0.01542331
    55.0 ISL_Viking_Age_Norse
    36.6 ITA_Rome_Latini_IA
    8.4 FIN_Levanluhta_IA2


  12. The Following User Says Thank You to Nino90 For This Useful Post:

     Dewsloth (11-18-2020)

  13. #1757
    Gold Class Member
    Posts
    2,430
    Sex
    Location
    United States
    Ethnicity
    LebaGermish
    Y-DNA (P)
    P312>DF19>DF88
    mtDNA (M)
    J2a1a1e
    Y-DNA (M)
    J2a1 Z6065>Y7708>M47
    mtDNA (P)
    H1j

    United States of America Lebanon Germany United Kingdom Belgium Switzerland
    Quote Originally Posted by Nino90 View Post
    Does anybody got more information abou the VK_Oland samples?

    Burials etc?
    There's quite a bitt out there. Look at my comments quoting Helene Wilhelmson, for instance:

    https://anthrogenica.com/showthread....l=1#post583440

    And:

    Migration and integration on the Baltic island of ÷land in the Iron Age

    Helene Wilhelmson a,⁎, T. Douglas Price b
    a Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, , Lund University, Pb 192, Lund 221 00, SE, Sweden
    b Laboratory for Archaeological Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Last edited by Dewsloth; 11-18-2020 at 03:47 PM.
    R1b>M269>L23>L51>L11>P312>DF19>DF88>FGC11833 >S4281>S4268>Z17112>BY44243

    Ancestors: Francis Cooke (M223/I2a2a) b1583; Hester Mahieu (Cooke) (J1c2 mtDNA) b.1584; Richard Warren (E-M35) b1578; Elizabeth Walker (Warren) (H1j mtDNA) b1583;
    John Mead (I2a1/P37.2) b1634; Rev. Joseph Hull (I1, L1301+ L1302-) b1595; Benjamin Harrington (M223/I2a2a-Y5729) b1618; Joshua Griffith (L21>DF13) b1593;
    John Wing (U106) b1584; Thomas Gunn (DF19) b1605; Hermann Wilhelm (DF19) b1635

  14. The Following User Says Thank You to Dewsloth For This Useful Post:

     Nino90 (11-18-2020)

  15. #1758
    Gold Class Member
    Posts
    2,430
    Sex
    Location
    United States
    Ethnicity
    LebaGermish
    Y-DNA (P)
    P312>DF19>DF88
    mtDNA (M)
    J2a1a1e
    Y-DNA (M)
    J2a1 Z6065>Y7708>M47
    mtDNA (P)
    H1j

    United States of America Lebanon Germany United Kingdom Belgium Switzerland
    Example from the report mentioned above:
    wilhelmson Table5.PNG
    R1b>M269>L23>L51>L11>P312>DF19>DF88>FGC11833 >S4281>S4268>Z17112>BY44243

    Ancestors: Francis Cooke (M223/I2a2a) b1583; Hester Mahieu (Cooke) (J1c2 mtDNA) b.1584; Richard Warren (E-M35) b1578; Elizabeth Walker (Warren) (H1j mtDNA) b1583;
    John Mead (I2a1/P37.2) b1634; Rev. Joseph Hull (I1, L1301+ L1302-) b1595; Benjamin Harrington (M223/I2a2a-Y5729) b1618; Joshua Griffith (L21>DF13) b1593;
    John Wing (U106) b1584; Thomas Gunn (DF19) b1605; Hermann Wilhelm (DF19) b1635

  16. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Dewsloth For This Useful Post:

     Nino90 (11-18-2020),  Riverman (11-19-2020)

  17. #1759
    Registered Users
    Posts
    76
    Sex
    Location
    Oslo
    Ethnicity
    Norwegian
    Nationality
    Norwegian
    Y-DNA (P)
    R1b-Z19
    mtDNA (M)
    H4a

    Norway
    This paper on the Gjellestad burial-mounds and its surrounding settlement may be of interest. Just started reading it myself. The excavation of the ship is still ongoing and started this summer. You can read more about it here. The working hypothesis is that a high status-individual (or several) was buried together with the ship. If so, fingers crossed for more DNA...
    Last edited by Bygdedweller; 11-22-2020 at 09:18 PM. Reason: article in english

  18. The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to Bygdedweller For This Useful Post:

     Calamus (Yesterday),  Dewsloth (11-22-2020),  Riverman (11-22-2020)

  19. #1760
    Registered Users
    Posts
    27
    Y-DNA (P)
    R-CTS3087
    mtDNA (M)
    H16

    United States of America England Scotland Ireland Wales
    The Y-DNA Haplogroup R2 sample is contamination correct?

Page 176 of 176 FirstFirst ... 76126166174175176

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 01-11-2019, 07:20 PM
  2. Ethics in Studies of Population Genomics
    By Eвa in forum General
    Replies: 23
    Last Post: 07-03-2018, 12:09 AM
  3. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 01-12-2018, 10:12 PM
  4. A female Viking warrior confirmed by genomics
    By JMcB in forum Archaeology (Prehistory)
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 09-30-2017, 02:03 PM
  5. A female Viking warrior confirmed by genomics
    By Helgenes50 in forum French
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 09-11-2017, 03:44 PM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •