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Thread: Ancient V samples

  1. #1
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    Ancient V samples

    There are 11 ancient V samples in the massive new Viking paper, “Population genomics of the Viking world”, by my reckoning, so I this looks like a good time to start an “ancient V” thread rather than just adding them to the old Bell Beaker one.
    Hopefully we'll list plenty more ancient V samples here as they are identified in future.
    For these Viking ones, I’ve included the sample number, lab ID, time period; and the Y haplogroup in the case of males.

    https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/703405v1

    VK65, Denmark_Tollemosegard-BQ, Late Germanic Iron Age/early Viking: V25

    VK144, UK_Oxford_#8, 880-1000 CE: V1a1 (I1)

    VK253, Russia_Gnezdovo 78-262, 10-11th centuries CE: V13

    VK266, Sweden_Karda 19, 9-11th centuries CE: V

    VK362, Denmark_Bogovej LMR 12077, 10th century CE: V7b (E1b1b1a1b1a)

    VK437, Gotland_Frojel-02303, 900-1050 CE: V

    VK537, Italy_Foggia-1248, 11-13th centuries CE: V

    VK539, Ukraine_Shestovitsa-8870-97, 10-12th centuries CE: V

    VK540, Ukraine_Shestovitsa-8871-96, 10-12th centuries CE: V (I1)

    VK547, Norway_Nordland 4727, 8-11th centuries CE: V (I1a1b1a4a2)

    VK550, Estonia_Salme_II-D, 8th century CE: V (N1a1a1a1a1a1a1b)
    Living DNA Cautious mode:
    Wales-related ancestry: 86.8%
    Cornwall: 8%
    North England-related ancestry: 5.2%
    Y line: Peak District, England. Big Y match: Scania, Sweden; TMRCA 1,280 ybp (YFull);
    mtDNA: traces to Glamorgan, Wales
    Mother's Y: traces to Llanvair Discoed, Wales

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  3. #2
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    It's damn good to see more V samples pop up! I've yet to read the study due to IRL shit, but I'd be hard-pressed not to due to my studies regarding Early Medieval Scandinavia.
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    Given that we have not seen V in the aDNA record before these dates, Is it likely that V was introduced to the British Isles by Vikings?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Garvan View Post
    Given that we have not seen V in the aDNA record before these dates, Is it likely that V was introduced to the British Isles by Vikings?
    I believe the earliest British V was found in a late Mesolithic woman, CnocCoig_1, in the Inner Hebrides. I assume it's been here since Britain was gradually reoccupied after the last Ice Age, although of course other bearers including the Vikings have arrived since.
    Living DNA Cautious mode:
    Wales-related ancestry: 86.8%
    Cornwall: 8%
    North England-related ancestry: 5.2%
    Y line: Peak District, England. Big Y match: Scania, Sweden; TMRCA 1,280 ybp (YFull);
    mtDNA: traces to Glamorgan, Wales
    Mother's Y: traces to Llanvair Discoed, Wales

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    From Reichlab 37.2 Anno file

    I7290 - Czech Bell Beaker - V3
    I7638 - CA/EBA England - V10b
    I2626 - Scotland Neolithic - V
    I0453 - Iberia Bell Beaker - V
    I0413 - Iberia Early Neolithic - V
    I2016 - LBK Germany - V1
    I2036 - LBK Germany - V1
    I2365 - Hungary Bell Beaker - V3
    I4187 - Hungary Neolithic - V1a
    I5014 - Germany Bell Beaker - V
    I5513 - England Bell Beaker - V
    I5367 - Scotland Bell Beaker - V10
    AED106 - Germany Early-Medieval - V3
    N19 - TRB Poland - V14
    N27 - BKG Poland - V14
    Collection of 14,000 d-stats: Hidden Content Part 2: Hidden Content Part 3: Hidden Content PM me for d-stats, qpadm, qpgraph, or f3-outgroup nmonte models.

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  10. #6
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    There are a couple of V samples in the new paper on human mitochondrial DNA lineages in Iron-Age Fennoscandia, which reports 103 samples from AD 300–1800.
    They are:
    Hollola15, 1050-1300 AD, V7a
    Tuukkala7, 1200–1400 AD, V7a1

    This line from the paper is of interest:
    "We chose to include the haplogroup V as ‘hunter-gatherer’ while there is no direct evidence for association of hg V with the hunter-gatherers. This is assumed here because of V’s northern distribution and its high prevalence (up to 58%34) among the Saami, the archetypal nomadic population lacking many farmer-associated haplogroups."
    Living DNA Cautious mode:
    Wales-related ancestry: 86.8%
    Cornwall: 8%
    North England-related ancestry: 5.2%
    Y line: Peak District, England. Big Y match: Scania, Sweden; TMRCA 1,280 ybp (YFull);
    mtDNA: traces to Glamorgan, Wales
    Mother's Y: traces to Llanvair Discoed, Wales

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     Eihwaz (11-21-2019)

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