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Thread: Feldman et al 2019 (Iron Age Philistines) summary and Y-chromosome exploration

  1. #1
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    Feldman et al 2019 (Iron Age Philistines) summary and Y-chromosome exploration

    Ancient DNA sheds light on the genetic origins of early Iron Age Philistines
    https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/7/eaax0061

    The ancient Mediterranean port city of Ashkelon, identified as “Philistine” during the Iron Age, underwent a marked cultural change between the Late Bronze and the early Iron Age. It has been long debated whether this change was driven by a substantial movement of people, possibly linked to a larger migration of the so-called “Sea Peoples.” Here, we report genome-wide data of 10 Bronze and Iron Age individuals from Ashkelon. We find that the early Iron Age population was genetically distinct due to a European-related admixture. This genetic signal is no longer detectible in the later Iron Age population. Our results support that a migration event occurred during the Bronze to Iron Age transition in Ashkelon but did not leave a long-lasting genetic signature.
    Main discussion topic:
    https://anthrogenica.com/showthread....ge-Philistines

    ID Analyzis group Carbon date Archeological date Genetic sex mt Ychr(original) Ychr(detailed)
    ASH029.A0101 ASH_LBA 1622–1522 MBIIC–LBII F H66a
    ASH033.A0101 ASH_LBA 1746–1643 MBIIC–LBII F N
    ASH034.A0101 ASH_LBA NA MBIIC–LBII F U3b1a
    ASH066.A0101 ASH_IA1 1371–1129 Iron I–Post Ramses III M T2c1c J J1-Z2331
    ASH067.A0101 ASH_IA1 1379–1131 Iron I–Post Ramses III M H92 R1 R1b-M269 (not L151)
    ASH002/3.A0101 ASH_IA1 1378–1134 Iron I–Post Ramses III F I1
    ASH068.A0101 ASH_IA1 1284–1126 Iron I–Post Ramses III F T1a1
    ASH008.A0101 ASH_IA2 1257–1042 Iron IIA M H2c BT J1-Z2331
    ASH087.A0101 ASH_IA2 NA Iron IIA M H4a1c L
    ASH135.A0101 ASH_IA2 NA Iron IIA F JT

    I have checked the *.bam files myself and used most recent version of ISOGG tree (July 2019).

    Some details about investigation:
    ASH066.A0101 is positive for PF4849 - one of J1-Z2331 synonimes.
    Upstream positives:
     
    PF4849 J1a2a1a2d2b2~
    PF4858 J1a2a1a2d2b~
    FGC1677 J1a2a1a2d2~
    CTS7920 J1a2a1a2d~
    AM01348 J1a2a1a2~
    AM01307 J1a2a~
    PF4659 J1
    PF4664 J1
    PF4672 J1
    PF4780 J1
    CTS5280 J
    CTS5545.1 J
    PF4519 J
    PF4521 J


    Downstream negatives:
     
    FGC20890
    ZS2601
    Z28190
    Z28238
    ZS237
    ZS10440
    ZS4340
    PF4879
    ZS1517
    ZS1582
    FGC17155
    ZS6324
    ZS7411
    ZS1542
    ZS1707
    ZS6362
    CTS1922
    FGC30566
    ZS2095
    ZS2074
    FGC39461.1
    BY4060
    ZS10270
    ZS4227
    FGC19199
    AD0000002
    FGC1705
    BY9086
    FGC40057
    FGC16638
    ZS4757
    ZS4759
    ZS8311
    FGC23912
    FGC23917
    SK2161
    ZS10707
    FGC14436
    Z18247


    ASH067.A0101 is positive for PF6426, PF6430 and PF6436 - all synonimes of R1b-M269. Found an importand downstram negative - L151.
    Upstream positives:
     

    A702 R1b1
    CTS3063 R1b1
    CTS916 R1
    CTS2565 R1
    P238 R1
    CTS7876 R
    CTS11075 R
    F652 R

    Full list of downstream negatives:
     

    L151
    L217.1
    Z378
    FGC20727
    L782
    JFS0008
    FGC6184
    Z159
    Z160
    CTS6353
    S18461
    FGC33321
    CTS9369
    FGC12993
    S5627
    FGC17415
    L217.2
    CTS2509
    L188
    S506
    CTS8234
    S22641
    FGC404
    M228.1
    Z274
    DF17
    BY132
    L2
    S255
    L196
    FGC22503
    CTS5531
    PF6584
    F1493.2
    BY247
    S471
    BY188
    DF105
    A9885
    L744
    L745
    Z16846
    BY23955
    FGC9798
    Z16334
    Z17815
    BY2570
    S7822
    Z17836
    Z21269
    Z16348
    Z16855
    CTS11954
    FGC13409
    Z23534
    L1333
    CTS4466
    A7653
    FGC12295
    FGC36542
    ZS5732^^
    FGC15494
    L1402
    Z16318
    Z16541^^
    FGC33060
    BY35675
    L1336
    FGC11320
    FGC11334
    A6496
    BY8978
    BY9408
    L1315
    A92
    BY2596
    A7911
    ZZ38
    L216
    A11713
    GG460
    GG729


    ASH008.A0101 is positive for CTS6161 - one of J1-Z2331 synonimes.
    Upstream positives:
     

    CTS11050 J1a2a1a2d2b~
    PF4850 J1a2a1a2d2b~
    CTS7920 J1a2a1a2d~
    AM01339 J1a2a1a2~
    AM01347 J1a2a1a2~
    PF4663 J1a2a1a2~
    AM01325 J1a2a1~
    AM01331 J1a2a~
    AM01336 J1a2a~
    FGC1642 J1a2a~
    L826 J1a2a~
    L255 J1
    CTS1138 J1
    CTS3210 J1
    CTS7412 J1
    CTS7598 J1
    CTS12948 J1
    CTS12950 J1
    F4289 J1
    FGC1617 J1
    PF4649 J1
    PF4655 J1
    PF4659 J1
    PF4666 J1
    PF4672 J1
    PF4695 J1
    PF4724 J1
    PF4774 J1
    PF4780 J1
    CTS687 J
    CTS4204 J
    CTS10446 J
    CTS10858 J
    CTS11750 J
    F1168 J
    F1181 J
    F2114 J
    F2839 J
    F3176 J
    FGC1599 J
    FGC3271 J
    PF4513 J
    PF4521 J
    PF4591 J
    PF4594 J


    Downstream negatives:
     
    ZS2601
    ZS4293
    ZS4303
    Z28253
    Z28255
    Z44807
    Z44812
    FGC13877
    S8223
    S20001
    FGC13883
    FGC13889
    FGC13884
    ZS5275
    ZS10440
    ZS10442
    ZS2379
    FGC4745
    ZS9415
    ZS9431
    FGC4737
    FGC4756
    FGC4758
    FGC4760
    FGC4770
    FGC4784
    Y20901
    FGC4799
    SK1304
    ZS5606
    ZS5603
    FGC17150
    ZS4008
    ZS7411
    FGC30108
    L1253
    L823
    ZS4858
    ZS1767
    ZS1775
    Z28268
    ZS1682
    ZS1682
    PF7266
    CTS1746
    ZS1468
    ZS1470
    FGC5230
    FGC5218
    FGC5227
    FGC5237
    FGC30544
    ZS1366
    FGC3716
    FGC1701
    ZS2167
    FGC1723
    FGC1731
    ZS2096
    ZS2120
    BY3722
    SK1294
    ZS11989
    ZS11994
    SK1236
    ZS4083
    ZS4085
    Y21750
    BY4060
    ZS9188
    Y22084
    Y22088
    Y22489
    FGC19899
    FGC19910
    Y13101
    ZS4227
    FGC10375
    FGC10378
    FGC10398
    FGC10376
    FGC42781
    ZS4204
    FGC4708
    FGC4423
    FGC4708
    M6661
    FGC12532
    ZS5836
    AD0000002
    FGC1707
    FGC46407
    FGC40063
    FGC40057
    FGC43392
    FGC43293
    FGC46301
    FGC13092
    FGC13092
    FGC41767
    ZS8332
    Y32108
    ZS10670
    ZS10676
    ZS3856
    F2526
    FGC19121
    FGC16658
    ZS10349
    FGC7936
    FGC4340
    FGC4318
    BY261
    ZS4754
    ZS4754
    Y19261
    Y16182
    Y16185
    Y16401
    FGC1712
    FGC1719
    FGC1729
    ZS4710
    ZS9251
    Y19869
    FGC23917
    ZS8569
    FGC49889
    FGC41888
    AD0000009
    ZS5616
    ZS11883
    ZS9364
    ZS7048
    ZS4752
    ZS12058
    ZS9689
    Y16903
    Y20114
    Y16899
    ZS10465
    ZS10842
    ZS10593
    ZS10594
    ZS6416
    ZS6415
    FGC5419
    FGC22261
    FGC4481
    FGC4487

  2. The Following 21 Users Say Thank You to artemv For This Useful Post:

     Agamemnon (08-18-2019),  Andour (05-08-2020),  Arame (09-19-2019),  BMG (08-19-2019),  Cascio (08-19-2019),  Caspian (05-07-2020),  Coldmountains (06-01-2020),  DMXX (08-18-2019),  grumpydaddybear (08-23-2019),  Helves (08-18-2019),  J1 DYS388=13 (05-07-2020),  jonahst (08-18-2019),  josh w. (08-20-2019),  Osiris (08-23-2019),  Piquerobi (08-19-2019),  Power77 (08-18-2019),  RCO (08-18-2019),  rms2 (08-19-2019),  Ryukendo (08-18-2019),  TŠltos (09-06-2019),  VytautusofAukstaitija (08-18-2019)

  3. #2
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    United States of America Star of David Israel
    Artem

    This is great. Any chance you can do the Harney paper? - Ancient DNA from Chalcolithic Israel reveals the role of population mixture in cultural transformation

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05649-9

    The bam files are here:

    https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJEB27215

    I've tried to get this to work, but been way too distracted with work and family.

    Thanks in advance!

  4. The Following User Says Thank You to grumpydaddybear For This Useful Post:

     TŠltos (09-06-2019)

  5. #3
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    Karapapakh
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    Azerbaijani
    Y-DNA (P)
    L1b-M317 (PH2079+)
    mtDNA (M)
    U7a3
    Y-DNA (M)
    R1b-Z2103

    Turkey Azerbaijan Mongolia Iran Safavid Empire Georgia Empire of Trebizond
    Is there any subclade information about sample "ASH087.A0101" which belongs to haplogroup L?

    Edit: Sorry, I did not see the main discussion topic of this paper. You can delete this post or move to the main topic.
    Last edited by Caspian; 05-06-2020 at 12:23 AM.
    Y-dna: L1b*-M317 (Pontic Cluster, PH8+, PH2079+, Y49809+)

    G25 Admixtures Chalcolithic/EBA
    Target: Caspian_scaled
    Distance: 2.2236% / 0.02223551
    35.0 CAUCASUS_EBA(Maykop_Caucasus+Kura_Araxes_Armenia)
    22.0 ANATOLIA_Chalcolithic
    14.2 IRAN_Chalcolithic
    11.6 EAST-ASIA_Neolithic
    10.6 STEPPE
    6.6 LEVANT_Chalcolithic

    G25 Admixtures Modern
    Target: Caspian_scaled
    Distance: 2.4618% / 0.02461828
    39.0 Armenian
    30.6 KAZ_Kipchak
    27.2 Armenian_Hemsheni
    3.2 Iranian_Lor

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