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Thread: The origin of elongated skulls find near Osijek, Croatia

  1. #1
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    Lightbulb The origin of elongated skulls find near Osijek, Croatia

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    Google translated text:

    LIKELY many have heard of the invention of elongated and deformed skulls in the ancient Maya, Incas and other nations. They were known by the media to tell stories, or conspiracy theories, that they were alien remains, but the scientific community proved that it was actually an unusual, yet widespread practice in many ancient civilizations.

    However, readers may be surprised by the news that such deformed skulls were found here in Osijek, and that they were actually part of a very unusual way of burial, which raised many questions with scientists.

    A study published in the journal PLOS ONE, conducted under the guidance of archaeologist Ron Pinhasi of the University of Vienna and our bioarchaeologist Mario Novak of the Institute of Anthropology, presents the results of isotopic and genetic analyzes of three buried persons found during archaeological research in Osijek in 2013, in the area of ​​Herman's Vineyard.

    This unusual burial dates from the 5th and 6th centuries AD, that is, from the time of the Great Migration of Peoples when various nomadic peoples such as the Huns, Goths, Gepids, Langobards, etc. lived in this area. interesting because the skulls of two people from that grave are artificially deformed and their heads are elongated or elevated.

    Elongated skulls and unusual resemblance of deceased young men

    "The analysis showed that there were three young men around the age of 14, all showing signs of malnutrition, and an isotope analysis indicated identical diets in all three people, where they were fed mostly cereals with a very low protein content of animal origin.

    What is extremely important are the results of ancient DNA analysis, which showed that each of the persons analyzed had a different geographical origin: a person with an elongated skull originates in East Asia, a person with an elevated skull originates in the Middle East, and a person with a normal skull from Eastern Europe "Bioarchaeologist Mario Novak told Index.

    Deformed skull - proof of status

    “Artificial skull deformity is a deliberate activity performed on the infant's head with the aim of achieving the desired shape of the skull using slats, pads or specially made headgear.

    It is a widespread cultural phenomenon that is practiced to signify group or individual identity, that is, to differentiate individuals from other people or to provide clearly visible evidence of status or belonging to a particular class, "explained molecular geneticist Kendra Sirak, a postdoctoral researcher. in the laboratory of David Reich at Harvard University and co-author of this research.

    Sacrificing people in today's Croatia?

    The study itself mentions the small possibility that the burial involved the sacrifice of young people in order to achieve a better harvest. We asked Mary Novak how likely it was for human sacrifice and whether such practices were present during the Great Migration of the People.

    "This is one of our biggest unknowns. The hypothesis that it may be about human sacrifice was actually presented by my colleagues from Romania and Hungary because there are several similar burials in the area from the same period, which are related to Germanic tribes and nomadic populations.

    For all the burials mentioned, certain patterns are repeated; for example, we have three young men of the same age, all showing signs of starvation, and they are buried very strangely, in a pit together with a bunch of animal bones and pottery, "said Novak.

    "My fellow archaeologists from overseas have come to the conclusion from similar findings that it is probably a sacrifice because they found the scattered bones of a young man mixed with animal bones in the burial grounds.

    But this is just a hypothesis for now. The time of the Great Migration is very turbulent, and historical sources are scarce. For example, we know that Roman writers mentioned the sacrifices of people to barbaric peoples, but it is difficult to confirm with certainty for now, ”he added.

    What did they believe in?

    "The tribes that passed through our area had different beliefs. They were mostly polytheists. They adored the sun, moon and the like. The Goths, for example, were Aryans, that is, they belonged to a Christian sect. The Huns were mostly totemists, believing in animals and celestial bodies.

    Interestingly, in the Black Sea area we have Sarmatas and Scythians who often worshiped deer and horses. They also sacrificed young unmarried girls. If a tribal leader died, they knew how to sacrifice crowds of horses, but also human casualties, "Novak told Index.

    Although we do not yet know if this is truly human sacrifice, this finding is certainly interesting and significant for our archeological community because of the specificity of the burial method, and given that, if nothing else, because of the elongated skulls, it will also arouse interest in Croatian citizens , we hope that further research will be carried out soon to further shed light on this unusual and mysterious find.

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  3. #2
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    I think these were indeed some Huns who came from the pontic steppe. I wonder if they had a genetic impact.
    Of all the countries, this is possibly the most beautiful. All that is beautiful and can be rarely seen in
    other countries can be seen everywhere here... Here live the people who wear the cleanest clothes and prepare the
    most flavorful dishes... Of all of God’s servants, the local people are the most compassionate and merciful...

    Ibn Battuta about Asia Minor 1333CE

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