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Thread: Kinship-based social inequality in Bronze Age Europe

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    Kinship-based social inequality in Bronze Age Europe

    https://science.sciencemag.org/conte...cience.aax6219

    I cannot access this paper. Can SKS provide the Y-DNA data for this paper?

    Given the fact they have collected 104 remains from Southern Germany, I do expect some U106+ results (which I am looking for) as well as other good data for folks.
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    It doesn't seem like the DOI is active yet?

    Also this thread should probably be moved to the Ancient DNA subforum?

    Abstract:
    In southern Germany 4000 years ago, several generations of high-ranking families were buried in cemeteries on their farmsteads, with husbands alongside wives, sons, children who died young, and poor, unrelated helpers. But one type of family member was absent from every household plot: adult daughters. Some high-ranking women were present in these Bronze Age graves in the Lech River Valley, south of Augsburg, Germany. But they were all born and reared far from their burial sites. Now, a detailed picture of their social structure has emerged from a remarkable new study. By combining evidence from DNA, artifacts, and chemical clues in teeth, an interdisciplinary team unraveled relationships and inheritance patterns in several generations of high-ranking families buried in cemeteries on their farmstead. In southern Germany 4000 years ago, several generations of high-ranking families were buried in cemeteries on their farmsteads, with husbands alongside wives, sons, children who died young, and poor, unrelated helpers. But one type of family member was absent from every household plot: adult daughters. Some high-ranking women were present in these Bronze Age graves in the Lech River Valley, south of Augsburg, Germany. But they were all born and reared far from their burial sites. Now, a detailed picture of their social structure has emerged from a remarkable new study. By combining evidence from DNA, artifacts, and chemical clues in teeth, an interdisciplinary team unraveled relationships and inheritance patterns in several generations of high-ranking families buried in cemeteries on their farmsteads
    Last edited by K33; 10-10-2019 at 06:30 PM.

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    As reported in another thread, the supplementary information can be downloaded from: https://science.sciencemag.org/conte...ce.aax6219.DC1

    For me, the Bad News is that out of 53 males tested, only 1 was U106+ (HUGO_180sk1) and the test yielded poor results (many SNPs missing, and the SNPs reported almost universally had only a single read).
    The Good News is this appears to be the oldest U106 found to date. The paper reported the Median date as 2335.5 calcBCE with a 2 sigma age range 2562–2039 calBCE.

    This is reported as a Bell Beaker grave site, so it is also the first confirmed U106 in Bell Beaker.
    Gedmatch DNA: M032736 Gedcom: 6613110.
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    Quote Originally Posted by Wing Genealogist View Post
    As reported in another thread, the supplementary information can be downloaded from: https://science.sciencemag.org/conte...ce.aax6219.DC1

    For me, the Bad News is that out of 53 males tested, only 1 was U106+ (HUGO_180sk1) and the test yielded poor results (many SNPs missing, and the SNPs reported almost universally had only a single read).
    The Good News is this appears to be the oldest U106 found to date. The paper reported the Median date as 2335.5 calcBCE with a 2 sigma age range 2562–2039 calBCE.

    This is reported as a Bell Beaker grave site, so it is also the first confirmed U106 in Bell Beaker.
    Where do you even see this information? In Table S1 that sample is merely R1b1a2 and cal BC 2461-2210.

    I'd say U106 in southern Germany at that time is pretty unlikely.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Chnodomar View Post
    Where do you even see this information? In Table S1 that sample is merely R1b1a2 and cal BC 2461-2210.

    I'd say U106 in southern Germany at that time is pretty unlikely.
    It came from Table S8, which is a separate download from most of the Supplemental Information (it downloads a zipped file containing several spreadsheet tables). They used the M405 SNP name (row 1638) and HUGO_180sk1 is in column Z.
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    From the supplemental information:
    SI 4 – Y-chromosomal haplogroup assignment
    Assignment for Y-chromosomal haplogroups was performed following the nomenclature of the
    International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG) version 11.110 (retrieved 21 April 2016,
    http://www.isogg.org). Haplogroup defining SNPs that were covered in any of the 53 males are
    listed in table S8. Calls on C-to-T or G-to-A SNPs were only considered reliable when more than
    50% of calls showed the allele (table S8).
    The finding of a male sex bias in steppe-related admixture is strengthened by the distribution of
    Y-chromosomal haplogroups that is dominated by the R1b-lineage that entered western Europe
    in the third millennium BCE in steppe-related populations.
    Of the 40 men from the Lech valley that had reliable derived SNP calls on positions informative
    about Y-chromosomal haplogroups, 17 could be assigned to R1b-P312/S116* (R1b1a2a1a2*),
    with no more derived alleles further downstream called. This lineage was shown to be prevalent
    among Beaker-complex-associated males outside of Iberia, and it has been suggested that these
    people played a major role in its distribution across central and western Europe (16). Ten
    additional men had derived alleles placing them on the lineage spanning P1-M45 to R1bL11/P310 (R1b1a2a1a), but were not covered at P312/S116.
    On the other hand, one individual associated with the Corded Ware complex (ALT_4) could be
    assigned to R1b-L11/P310 (R1b1a2a1a) and did not have the derived downstream allele defining
    P312/S116.
    Only three individuals from the Lech valley fell into clades distinct from P1-M45 and its
    subclades:
    • HUGO_169Sk1 and UNTA58_68Sk1, both dated to the BBC, fall on the Y clade G2,
    which was among the most frequent in Europe in the preceding Neolithic period (10, 115, 118,
    132), and was likely carried there by the expansion of early farmers out of Anatolia (12, 110,
    116).
    • OBKR_117, dated to the EBA, could be assigned to the I clade, already present in postglacial Europe (1, 35, 117). Interestingly, this male does not have any relatives at the same burial
    site, where the three other males for whom assignments could be made all carry P312/S116.
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    While the above synopsis of their Y-DNA analysis states they use the ISOGG 2016 tree, luckily they do include the SNP name as well as the ISOGG "long-hand" name. This makes things MUCH easier. The only minor quibble is that sometimes the "lab name" they use is not the name we are used to. For example, they use M405 for the U106 SNP.
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    This is quite huge news!! Looks like CWC was the ancestor of R1b-L151 and its downstreams, now all that leaves is where L51 is from and L151's brother clade Z2118 honestly looking at Yfull seems to be somewhere around the area. Of course PF7562 is still missing from ancient remains.

    In my opinion this also leaves a big questions for Yamnaya? If CWC is ancestral to Indo-Iranian-Aryan/Balto-Slav/Celto-Italic/Germanic what was Yamnaya ancestral too? Is CWC an offshoot, if someone can answer me this! Or will Yamnaya represent the ancestral branches to Balkan and Armenian language family, or perhaps Yamnaya is really Proto-Anatolian?

    I guess this would make sense in a way that BBC would be ancestral to the Western and Central European I-E branches and Sintasha being ancestral to Satem languages. Again maybe Yamnaya itself could explain other branches like Hellenic, Albanian, Armenian and Phrygian, which perhaps explains why they are so hard to place in the tree? I guess when they find PF7562 in ancient dna will we know where older branches of PIE split? I guess the ancestor of Yamnaya will be PIE, my honest vote would go to Dnieper–Donets culture.
    Last edited by Principe; 10-10-2019 at 09:59 PM.
    My Y Line: J2a-L210>Z489>Z482>Y15222

    My Maternal Y: R1b-U152>Z36>Y156527

    Other Y lines: 3x Great Grandfather on Maternal side: J2a-S25258>SK1336, 5x Great Grandfather on Maternal side: E-V13> A7135, 6x Great Grandfather on Maternal side: J1-Z2331>L829

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    I don't quite agree with the statement
    Of the 40 men from the Lech valley that had reliable derived SNP calls on positions informative
    about Y-chromosomal haplogroups, 17 could be assigned to R1b-P312/S116* (R1b1a2a1a2*),
    with no more derived alleles further downstream called.
    I got the 17 P312+ samples, but two of them (cols. R and BB ) did in fact have downstream calls for U152+. They were looking for 11 subclades of DF27, especially several that might be expected in a Basque population, but didn't consider any of the scattered results (rows 1686-1696) to be conclusive. And I think that's probably right, but doesn't in itself mean that none of these fifteen P312* guys were DF27+. As we are accustomed to finding, they seem not to have tested for that.

    Btw I don't think they found L21+, either.

    Edit: I note that the U152 mutation is C-T, and they disregarded C-T because it could be an artifact of post-mortem deterioration. OTOH it also could be real.
    Last edited by razyn; 10-10-2019 at 10:05 PM.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Wing Genealogist View Post
    ...The Good News is this appears to be the oldest U106 found to date. The paper reported the Median date as 2335.5 calcBCE with a 2 sigma age range 2562–2039 calBCE.

    This is reported as a Bell Beaker grave site, so it is also the first confirmed U106 in Bell Beaker.
    Congrats!
    So the oldest U106 to date is Bell Beaker? Well, that is a game changer.
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