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Thread: Initial Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria[

  1. #11
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    Very cool to see all four of those haplogroups represented!
    Ελευθερία ή θάνατος.

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  3. #12
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    Quote Originally Posted by RCO View Post
    Amazing revelations. So a population distantly related to Onge and Andamanese also reached Europe in the Palaeolithic.
    They had basal mtDNA M. But so had Goyet Q116.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Michalis Moriopoulos View Post
    Very cool to see all four of those haplogroups represented!
    The U8 is from a sample roughly from the Aurignacian.

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    Extended Data Fig. 2: Geographical distributions.
    From: Initial Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria

    Geographical distribution of the main IUP sites of western and central Eurasia (black dots), directly dated early H. sapiens predating 37,000 cal. BP (empty black dots) and directly dated late Neanderthals associated with Châtelperronian assemblages (orange squares). Bacho Kiro Cave is represented by a red circle.
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    Quote Originally Posted by epoch View Post
    They had basal mtDNA M. But so had Goyet Q116.
    No, they are more basal and more ancient than Goyet

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    It seems that the oldest four specimens (>44,000 YBP) aren't closely related to any modern non-African population. One of youngest ones (30,000 YBP) is close to other Paleolithic and more recent Europeans. Maybe the first ones represented early waves that were replaced by later ones (population density was likely low) and/or perhaps the genetic differences between non-African populations (such as Native Americans, East and West Asians, Melanesians...) appeared close to that time or slightly later...

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    I look forward to seeing if they can get DNA from the Grotta del Cavallo teeth from Apulia...

    In 2011, a team of researchers led by Stefano Benazzi of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Vienna published a study in the journal Nature which concluded that the teeth are not of Neanderthal origin, but from an early Homo sapiens and date from 45,000 to 43,000 years BP.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grotta_del_Cavallo

    I had never heard of Bacho Kiro before today, and I hope it's possible to get autosomal DNA from them, too.
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    Press release from MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT, the home institution of some of the authors. Some nice photos from the site there.
    The oldest Upper Paleolithic Homo sapiens in Europe
    Major cultural transition in Europe took place earlier than previously thought

    MAY 11, 2020

    An international research team reports new Homo sapiens fossils from the site of Bacho Kiro Cave in Bulgaria. These fossils are directly dated to approximately 45,000 years ago and in direct association with stone tools, the remains of hunted animals, bone tools, and personal ornaments. The new discoveries document the earliest known Upper Paleolithic Homo sapiens and push back in time the start of this major cultural transition in Europe. Their stone tools unearthed at the site link Bacho Kiro Cave to finds across Eurasia as far east as Mongolia.
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    Quote Originally Posted by pmokeefe View Post



    "Bayesian phylogenetic tree relating Bacho Kiro Cave mtDNA to 54 present-day humans, 10 directly radiocarbon dated ancient H. sapiens and the Vindija 33.16 Neanderthal."

    Courtesy of parasar.
    Man I'd love to see the genomes/autosomal of the some of the African pops they used...Effik, Lisongo and Ewondo in particular. But definitely Effik. Extreme South-East/South-South Nigeria is crazy interesting. Someone include Effik/Enjagham/Ijaw in a pop genomics paper abeg.
    Last edited by ThaYamamoto; 05-12-2020 at 01:37 AM.

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