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Thread: The Genomic History of the Bronze Age Southern Levant

  1. #1
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    The Genomic History of the Bronze Age Southern Levant


    We report genome-wide DNA data for 73 individuals from five archaeological sites across the Bronze and Iron Ages Southern Levant. These individuals, who share the “Canaanite” material culture, can be modeled as descending from two sources: (1) earlier local Neolithic populations and (2) populations related to the Chalcolithic Zagros or the Bronze Age Caucasus. The non-local contribution increased over time, as evinced by three outliers who can be modeled as descendants of recent migrants. We show evidence that different “Canaanite” groups genetically resemble each other more than other populations. We find that Levant-related modern populations typically have substantial ancestry coming from populations related to the Chalcolithic Zagros and the Bronze Age Southern Levant. These groups also harbor ancestry from sources we cannot fully model with the available data, highlighting the critical role of post-Bronze-Age migrations into the region over the past 3,000 years.




    ᾽Άλλο δέ τοι ἐρέω, σὺ δ᾽ ἐνὶ φρεσὶ βάλλεο σῇσιν:
    κρύβδην, μηδ᾽ ἀναφανδά, φίλην ἐς πατρίδα γαῖαν
    νῆα κατισχέμεναι: ἐπεὶ οὐκέτι πιστὰ γυναιξίν.


    -Αγαμέμνων; H Οδύσσεια, Ραψωδία λ

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  3. #2
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    Code:
    Sample ID	Label	Dating	Ceramic Period	Bone Type	mg powder used in extraction	capture experiments performed	Library IDs (by library)	 mg sample powder (by library) 	mtDNA coverage (by library)	mtDNA damage rate in first nucleotide for coverage of >2x (by library)	mtDNA 95% confidence interval for match to the consensus sequence for coverage of >2x (by library)	mtDNA haplogroup consenus over libraries (only reported where pooled coverage is >2x)	1240K capture average damage rate in first nucleotide (by library)	1240K capture average coverage on autosomal SNP targets	1240K capture average coverage on autosomal SNP targets hit at least once	1240K capture number of autosomal SNP targets covered at least once	 1240K capture X-chromosome contamination estimate (only reported if a male with at least 200 targeted SNPs on the X chromosome covered at least twice) 	 1240K capture X-chromosome contamination Z-score from zero (only reported if a male with at least 200 targeted SNPs on the X chromosome covered at least twice) 	Genetically Determined Sex	Y chromosome
    I4521	Megiddo_IBA	2334-2149 calBCE (3810±20 BP, PSUAMS-2167)	Intermediate Bronze	petrous	73	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S4521.E1.L1	 8,11 	115	0,182	[0.985,0.996]	H20a	0,158	1,15	2,85	521731	 0,009 	 3,01 	M	J
    I10268	Megiddo_MLBA	1971-1782 calBCE (3560±20 BP, OS-139225)	MB II/MB III	petrous	74	1240k+	S10268.E1.L1	 8,22 	96,8	0,21	..	K	0,154	0,64	1,88	442463	 0,003 	 1,01 	M	J
    I10104	Megiddo_MLBA	1950-1800 BCE	MB I	petrous	66	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10104.E1.L1	 7,33 	28,6	0,296	[0.992,1.000]	T2e	0,194	0,10	1,20	110585	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J
    I10265	Megiddo_MLBA	1950-1800 BCE	MB I	petrous	70	1240k+	S10265.E1.L1	 7,78 	..	..	..	..	0,139	0,04	1,16	43567	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I4519	Megiddo_MLBA	1527-1439 calBCE (3220±20 BP, OS-139223)	LB IB	petrous	76,75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S4519.E1.L1,S4520.E1.L1	 8.44,8.33 	20.9,12.7	0.194,0.197	[0.955,0.989],[0.949,0.980]	H+152	0.135,0.197	0,12	1,24	121892	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J2a1b1
    I2190	Megiddo_MLBA	1496-1302 calBCE (3135±30 BP, Poz-83433)	LB I	petrous	79	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S2190.E1.L1	 26,33 	44,8	0,215	[0.983,0.996]	H14a	0,167	0,43	1,87	295386	 0,019 	 2,32 	M	J
    I8187	Megiddo_MLBA	1800-1650 BCE	MB II	petrous	81	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S8187.E1.L1	 9,00 	48,5	0,231	[0.970,0.991]	H2a2a	0,175	0,56	1,71	425967	 0,017 	 2,45 	M	J1a2b
    I8188	Megiddo_MLBA	1800-1650 BCE	MB II	petrous	82	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S8188.E1.L1	 9,11 	42,4	0,245	[0.937,0.965]	U2d	0,169	0,20	1,30	199173	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J1a2b
    I10359	Megiddo_MLBA	1623-1518 calBCE (3295±20 BP, PSUAMS-4852)	MB III - LB I	petrous	67	1240k+	S10359.E1.L1	 7,44 	..	..	..	J1d1a1	0,136	0,08	1,15	85582	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J2a
    I10101	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	76	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10101.E1.L1	 8,44 	36,3	0,259	[0.986,0.997]	U2e1b	0,139	0,07	1,17	76659	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J1a2b
    I10270	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	75	1240k+	S10270.E1.L1	 8,33 	..	..	..	U2e1b	0,148	0,05	1,18	60057	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10361	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	65	1240k+	S10361.E1.L1	 7,22 	..	..	..	J1d	0,113	0,02	1,11	26208	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I2189	Megiddo_I2189 (outlier)	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	84	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S2189.E1.L1	 28,00 	44,2	0,228	[0.996,1.000]	U3b	0,132	0,14	1,33	134341	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	R
    I2200	Megiddo_I2200 (outlier)	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	73	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S2200.E1.L1	 24,33 	184	0,175	[0.988,0.996]	U3b	0,178	1,67	3,49	611641	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10769	Megiddo_MLBA	1550-1450 BCE	LB I	petrous	75	1240k+	S10769.E1.L1	 8,33 	799,5	0,137	[0.986,0.997]	T2c1+146	0,145	3,31	5,35	721631	 0,006 	 5,29 	M	E1b1b1b2a1
    I10770	Megiddo_MLBA	1550-1450 BCE	LB I	petrous	79	1240k+	S10770.E1.L1	 8,78 	632,3	0,132	[0.993,1.000]	T2c1+146	0,141	2,94	4,71	728196	 0,006 	 4,52 	M	E1b1b1b2a1a
    I10092	Megiddo_MLBA	1900-1700 BCE	MB II	petrous	73	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10092.E1.L1	 8,11 	85,2	0,199	[0.994,1.000]	N1b1a2	0,149	0,65	1,88	451144	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10093	Megiddo_MLBA	1900-1700 BCE	MB II	petrous	76	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10093.E1.L1	 8,44 	137	0,22	[0.990,0.998]	N1b1	0,19	1,84	3,54	667803	 0,007 	 3,66 	M	J1a2b
    I10264	Megiddo_MLBA	1880-1700 calBCE (3470±20 BP, OS-139224)	MB III - LB I	petrous	83	1240k+	S10264.E1.L1	 9,22 	88	0,216	[0.994,0.999]	T1a	0,151	0,32	1,51	276288	 0,006 	 1,00 	M	J1a2b
    I10267	Megiddo_MLBA	1732-1451 calBCE (3300±55 BP, RTK-6767)	MB III	petrous	66	1240k+	S10267.E1.L1	 7,33 	..	..	..	..	0,08	0,01	1,10	7085	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I10269	Megiddo_MLBA	1700-1600 BCE	MB III	petrous	67	1240k+	S10269.E1.L1	 7,44 	..	..	..	..	0,063	0,00	1,08	4883	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I10106	Megiddo_MLBA	1700-1500 BCE	MB III or MB III - LB I	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10106.E1.L1	 8,33 	85,8	0,215	[0.994,0.999]	T2b7a	0,16	0,22	1,33	214111	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J1a2b
    I10100	Megiddo_I10100 (outlier)	1688-1535 calBCE (3338±21 BP, RTK-7899)	MB III - LB I	petrous	77	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10100.E1.L1	 8,56 	57,2	0,267	[0.996,1.000]	T2	0,176	0,27	1,43	246566	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10771	Megiddo_MLBA	1650-1550 BCE	MB III	petrous	66	1240k+	S10771.E1.L1	 7,33 	147,6	0,25	[0.990,0.999]	U1a1a3	0,246	0,66	1,71	452530	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10266	Megiddo_MLBA	1638-1413 calBCE (3240±55 BP, RTK-6765)	MB III - LB I	petrous	79	1240k+	S10266.E1.L1	 8,78 	..	..	..	..	0,13	0,22	1,34	207891	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J
    I4525	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	70	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S4525.E1.L1	 7,78 	38,9	0,191	[0.981,0.995]	K1a18	0,151	0,21	1,41	197655	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J
    I10096	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	76	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10096.E1.L1	 8,44 	2,23	0,359	[0.853,0.981]	X	0,058	0,01	1,11	6579	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I10097	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	65	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10097.E1.L1	 7,22 	80,9	0,233	[0.994,1.000]	T1a	0,179	0,64	1,87	447415	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10099	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	77	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S10099.E1.L1	 8,56 	140	0,213	[0.990,0.997]	T2c1a	0,169	0,88	2,21	520549	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10263	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	69	1240k+	S10263.E1.L1	 7,67 	..	..	..	..	0,158	0,10	1,25	99289	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I10768	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1500 BCE	MB III - LB I	petrous	76	1240k+	S10768.E1.L1	 8,44 	137,7	0,244	[0.989,0.999]	J2a2a2	0,26	0,46	1,49	361299	 0,007 	 1,25 	M	R1b1a1a2
    I2195	Megiddo_MLBA	1600-1278 calBCE (3160±55 BP, RTK-6766)	MB III - LB I	petrous	81	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S2195.E1.L1	 27,00 	74,3	0,191	[0.971,0.985]	U3b	0,169	0,24	1,40	225197	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J
    I4518	Megiddo_MLBA	1550-1300 BCE	LB I or early LB II	petrous	73	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S4518.E1.L1	 8,11 	56,2	0,139	[0.992,1.000]	HV2a1	0,122	0,30	1,58	243559	 0,005 	 0,82 	M	T1a1a1b2
    I2198	Megiddo_MLBA	1509-1432 calBCE (3207±20 BP, RTK-7898)	MB III - LB I	petrous	83	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S2198.E1.L1	 27,67 	83,9	0,208	[0.982,0.995]	H5'36	0,179	0,37	1,64	288863	 0,009 	 1,46 	M	J1a2b
    I4517	Megiddo_IA	1107-923 calBCE (2845±25 BP, PSUAMS-2166)	late Iron I	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S4517.E1.L1	 8,33 	84,5	0,129	[0.983,0.994]	K1a	0,129	0,61	1,81	430420	 0,006 	 0,83 	M	J1
    I2201	Abel_IA	1011-846 calBCE (2790±30 BP, Poz-83471)	N/A	petrous	77	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S2201.E1.L1	 25,67 	142	0,131	[0.992,0.998]	X2	0,122	1,08	2,40	576400	 0,005 	 2,13 	M	T1a1a1b2b2b1a1a2
    I3965	Hazor_MLBA	1800-1700 BCE	MBI-II	petrous	85	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3965.E1.L1	 9,44 	28,3	0,233	[0.985,0.996]	HV1b3	0,218	1,59	3,00	681815	 0,005 	 2,81 	M	J1a2b
    I3966	Hazor_MLBA	1800-1700 BCE	MBI-II	petrous	73	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3966.E1.L1	 8,11 	115	0,195	[0.978,0.989]	R0a2	0,191	1,89	3,37	720661	 0,008 	 3,92 	M	E1b1b1b2a1
    I3832	Hazor_MLBA	1450-1250 BCE	LBII	phalanx	71	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3832.E1.L2,S3832.E1.L3,S3832.E1.L4,S3832.E1.L5	 7.89,7.89,7.89,7.89 	..,20.6,24,18.1	..,0.097,0.094,0.094	..,[0.989,0.998],[0.991,1.000],[0.984,0.999]	N1b1b	..,0.098,0.095,0.091	0,30	1,33	287367	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I7179	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7179.E1.L1	 8,33 	1,25	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	0,1	0,00	1,12	5168	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I7180	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	79	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7180.E1.L1	 8,78 	2,62	0,346	[0.933,0.999]	T1a	0,136	0,01	1,11	14793	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I7182	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	81	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7182.E1.L1	 9,00 	16,1	0,239	[0.962,0.985]	T1a2	0,114	0,05	1,14	61748	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J
    I7184	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7184.E1.L1	 8,33 	2,93	0,113	[0.931,0.968]	U1a1	0,049	0,01	1,15	14876	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6932	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	81	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6932.E1.L1	 9,00 	1,68	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	0,11	0,00	1,10	5794	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I6925	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6925.E1.L1	 8,33 	1,88	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	0,106	0,01	1,10	9467	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6924	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	77	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6924.E1.L1	 8,56 	2,49	0,246	[0.788,0.959]	..	0,138	0,02	1,10	21583	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I6928	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	76	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6928.E1.L1	 8,44 	6,54	0,239	[0.871,0.940]	H40a	0,113	0,02	1,10	24016	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	n/a (<50000 autosomal SNPs)
    I7002	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7002.E1.L1	 8,33 	7,28	0,239	[0.986,0.998]	J1c2i	0,104	0,02	1,14	26200	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6922	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	78	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6922.E1.L1	 8,67 	4,96	0,276	[0.869,0.948]	..	0,129	0,02	1,13	28121	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6923	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	74	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6923.E1.L1	 8,22 	11,7	0,243	[0.992,1.000]	..	0,183	0,09	1,17	101140	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J
    I7003	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	86	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7003.E1.L1	 9,56 	24,2	0,273	[0.963,0.984]	N1b1a2	0,164	0,12	1,20	131891	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	 n/a (200 SNPs) 	M	J2b
    I7177	Yehud_IBA	2500-2000 BCE	IBA	petrous	80	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S7177.E1.L1	 8,89 	0,932	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	n/a (<2x mtDNA coverage)	0,093	0,01	1,12	5945	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I3986	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	72	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3986.E1.L3	 8,00 	110	0,15	[0.981,0.991]	U3a2a	0,133	4,83	6,43	945269	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6461	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6461.E1.L1	 8,33 	88,2	0,131	[0.987,0.996]	N1b1a	0,116	1,05	2,15	628672	 0,009 	 2,73 	M	J1a2b
    I3985	Baqah_MLBA	1412-1234 calBCE (3065±30 BP, PSUAMS-1992)	MB11A	petrous	71	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3985.E1.L3	 7,89 	67,3	0,153	[0.991,0.999]	N1b1a2	0,14	2,65	3,72	906192	 0,007 	 4,53 	M	J1a2b
    I3707	Baqah_MLBA	1409-1265 calBCE (3070±25 BP, PSUAMS-1991)	MB11A	petrous	68	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3707.E1.L2	 7,56 	118	0,132	[0.983,0.992]	N1b1a	0,123	2,14	3,22	849772	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I3703	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	77	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3703.E1.L2	 8,56 	58,6	0,159	[0.992,1.000]	U3b3	0,129	0,99	1,97	643237	 0,003 	 1,17 	M	J1a2b
    I6464	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6464.E1.L1	 8,33 	56,4	0,164	[0.987,0.997]	U3b1a	0,141	0,82	1,91	558258	 0,013 	 2,82 	M	J1a2b
    I6463	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6463.E1.L1	 8,33 	3,02	0,233	[0.702,0.867]	H23	0,068	0,01	1,13	8148	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6565	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6565.E1.L1	 8,33 	34	0,17	[0.969,0.989]	H1+152	0,126	0,14	1,24	147556	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6462	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6462.E1.L1	 8,33 	63,6	0,131	[0.993,1.000]	U3a3	0,116	0,95	2,11	581658	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6564	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6564.E1.L1	 8,33 	96,7	0,12	[0.988,0.996]	U3b3	0,116	1,61	2,97	694489	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6566	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6566.E1.L1	 8,33 	117	0,172	[0.985,0.995]	U3b	0,159	2,81	4,64	765917	 0,008 	 4,92 	M	J1a2b
    I6567	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6567.E1.L1	 8,33 	51,2	0,149	[0.989,1.000]	H	0,145	0,94	2,14	572696	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6569	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6569.E1.L1	 8,33 	183	0,143	[0.998,1.000]	T2c1a	0,13	1,39	2,72	654027	 0,005 	 2,58 	M	J1a2b
    I6570	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6570.E1.L1	 8,33 	270	0,112	[0.996,1.000]	T2c1a	0,109	3,04	4,99	771404	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6572	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	76	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6572.E1.L1	 8,44 	157	0,157	[0.991,0.998]	U1a'c	0,147	2,65	4,54	741415	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I6460	Baqah_MLBA	1550-1150 BCE	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6460.E1.L1	 8,33 	55,7	0,173	[0.980,0.992]	U4a	0,143	0,77	1,75	563349	 0,001 	 0,32 	M	J
    I6571	Baqah_MLBA	1496-1396 calBCE (3155±20 BP, PSUAMS-3720)	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6571.E1.L1	 8,33 	142	0,14	[0.980,0.991]	I5	0,133	3,23	5,20	784348	 n/a (<female) 	 n/a (<female) 	F	n/a (female)
    I3705	Baqah_MLBA	1492-1303 calBCE (3130±25 BP, PSUAMS-1987)	MB11A	petrous	78	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3705.E1.L2,S3705.E1.L3	 8.67,8.67	110123	0.187,0.187	[0.992,0.999],[0.990,0.997]	J1b2	0.157,0.162	3,17	4,48	909868	 0,007 	 2,74 	M	J1a2b
    I3987	Baqah_MLBA	1428-1293 calBCE (3100±25 BP, PSUAMS-1989)	MB11A	petrous	72	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3987.E1.L3	 8,00 	155	0,117	[0.996,1.000]	N2a1	0,116	3,43	4,67	932502	 0,005 	 4,26 	M	J1a2b
    I3706	Baqah_MLBA	1424-1288 calBCE (3095±25 BP, PSUAMS-1990)	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S3706.E1.L2,S3706.E1.L3	 8.33,8.33 	65.5,68.3	0.182,0.177	[0.992,0.997],[0.995,0.999]	L0f2b	0.141,0.142	2,71	3,99	875824	 0,002 	 1,13 	M	J1a2b
    I6459	Baqah_MLBA	1384-1213 calBCE (3025±20 BP, PSUAMS-3719)	MB11A	petrous	75	1240k, mtDNA+3000SNPs	S6459.E1.L1	 8,33 	139	0,151	[0.995,1.000]	T1a1	0,132	2,73	4,00	860968	 0,007 	 4,51 	M	J1a2b
    ᾽Άλλο δέ τοι ἐρέω, σὺ δ᾽ ἐνὶ φρεσὶ βάλλεο σῇσιν:
    κρύβδην, μηδ᾽ ἀναφανδά, φίλην ἐς πατρίδα γαῖαν
    νῆα κατισχέμεναι: ἐπεὶ οὐκέτι πιστὰ γυναιξίν.


    -Αγαμέμνων; H Οδύσσεια, Ραψωδία λ

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  5. #3
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    Quite a lot of J1-P58 in there (I see 18 samples so far), it'll be interesting to see which branches will show up... So much for "J1 not being Semitic"! Willing to bet ZS241, or even ZS227, will show up in one of the samples from Hazor or Megiddo, this is directly relevant not only to myself as a carrier of this branch but to the origins of Jewish priesthood.

    We also have 3 E-M123 individuals (two from Megiddo, one from Hazor), 2 T-CTS2214 (one of which is CTS6280) as well as one R1b-M269 individual from Megiddo.
    Last edited by Agamemnon; 05-28-2020 at 04:04 PM.
    ᾽Άλλο δέ τοι ἐρέω, σὺ δ᾽ ἐνὶ φρεσὶ βάλλεο σῇσιν:
    κρύβδην, μηδ᾽ ἀναφανδά, φίλην ἐς πατρίδα γαῖαν
    νῆα κατισχέμεναι: ἐπεὶ οὐκέτι πιστὰ γυναιξίν.


    -Αγαμέμνων; H Οδύσσεια, Ραψωδία λ

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  7. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by Agamemnon View Post
    Quite a lot of J1-P58 in there (I see 18 samples so far), it'll be interesting to see which branches will show up... So much for "J1 not being Semitic"! Willing to bet ZS241, or even ZS227, will show up in one of the samples from Hazor or Megiddo, this is directly relevant not only to myself as a carrier of this branch but to the origins of Jewish priesthood.

    We also have 3 E-M123 individuals (two from Megiddo, one from Hazor), 2 T-CTS2214 (one of which is CTS6280) as well as one R1b-M269 individual from Megiddo.
    I think it's 2x E-M34, and 1x E-M34->M84. There is also another labeled just "R", possibly another M269, or something like R2? He's labeled as an outlier so it may not be M269 if he's not like the other guy.
    YDNA: R1b-BY50830 Stepney, London, UK George Wood b. 1782 English <-> Bavarian cluster
    maternal-gf YDNA: ?? Gurr, James ~1740, Smarden, Kent, England.
    maternal-gm YDNA: R1b-P311+ Beech, John Richard b. 1780, Lewes, England
    maternal-ggf YDNA R1b-U106 Thomas, Edward b 1854, Sittingbourne, Kent
    paternal-ggf YDNA: R1b-Z17901. Gould, John Somerset England 1800s.
    paternal-ggf YDNA: R1b-L48. Scott, William Hamilton Ireland(?) 1800s

    other:
    Welch: early 1800s E-M84 Kent, England.

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  9. #5
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    Was hoping for some J-L24>J-L25 individuals, but alas!
    Other Y-DNA:

    Maternal 6X Great Grandfather J1-ZS10441

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  11. #6
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    I think that's the history of the "Iranian" J1 invasion creating a new population and changing to the local language, what would happen in several other regions.
    J1 FGC5987 to FGC6175 (188 new SNPs)
    MDKAs before Colonial Brazil
    Y-DNA - Milhazes, Barcelos, Minho, Portugal.
    mtDNA - Ilha Terceira, Azores, Portugal
    North_Swedish + PT + PT + PT @ 3.96 EUtest 4

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  13. #7
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    If I'm not making a mistake these yDNA E are E1b1b1b2a1, meaning E-M123 M34+? So not even in the Levant we get a sample of my haplogroup, it seems so elusive it only pops up in the most weird of places (Kazakhstan, Pakistan). You people with typical haplogoups are really lucky, let me tell you that much
    Last edited by Ruderico; 05-28-2020 at 04:20 PM.
    YDNA E-Y31991>PF4428>Y134097>Y134104>Y168273>FT17866 (TMRCA ~800AD) - Domingos Rodrigues, b. circa 1690 Hidden Content , Viana do Castelo, Portugal - Stonemason, miller.
    mtDNA H20 - Monica Vieira, b. circa 1700 Hidden Content , Porto, Portugal

    Hidden Content
    Global25 PCA West Eurasia dataset Hidden Content

    [1] "distance%=1.6023"

    Ruderico

    Iberia_IA+Hallstatt,82.2
    Berber_EMA,10
    Rome_Imperial,7
    Levant_Roman,0.8

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    I see a few J2a samples as well.

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  17. #9
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    "To obtain insight into the Zagros-related ancestry component, we focused on two questions: what is the likely origin of this ancestry component and what is its likely timing? Although people of the Chalcolithic Zagros are so far the best proxy population for this ancestry component, there is no archaeological evidence for cultural spread directly from the Zagros into the Southern Levant during the Bronze Age. In contrast, there is archaeological support for connections between Bronze Age Southern Levant groups and the Caucasus (Greenberg and Goren, 2009), a term we use to represent both present-day Caucasus, as well as neighboring regions such as eastern Anatolia (see Discussion). With regard to the timing of these events, archaeology points to cultural affinities between the Kura-Araxes (Caucasus) and Khirbet Kerak (Southern Levant) archaeological cultures in the first half of the 3rd millennium BCE (Greenberg and Goren, 2009), and textual evidence documents a number of non-Semitic, Hurrian (from the northeast of the ancient Near East) personal names in the 2nd millennium BCE, for example in the Amarna archive of the 14th century BCE (Na’aman, 1994b). We therefore reasoned that the Chalcolithic Zagros component might have arrived into the Southern Levant through the Caucasus (and even more proximately the northeastern areas of the ancient Near East, although we have no ancient DNA sampling from this region). This movement might not have been limited to a short pulse, and instead could have involved multiple waves throughout the Bronze Age."

    ^^The logic here is defective, the authors would know as much had they not overlooked the uniparental data in their analysis. Odds are that the "Chalcolithic Zagros" component made its initial appearance in the Levant starting from the Pottery Neolithic until the Late Chalcolithic, something Harney et al. quite strongly hinted at. The TMRCA estimates for J1-Z2331 and J2b1-M205, which are the lineages most likely to track that first pulse of Seh_Gabi_ChL-type ancestry, fit with a late 5th millennium to early 4th millennium BCE arrival in the Levant.

    A migration straight from the Caucasus makes as much sense as a migration straight from the Iranian plateau, there are quite a few possible contenders in Mesopotamia for the spread of that ancestry (most notably the Halaf and Ubaid cultures). What is needed to answer the question of when, where and how this admixture made it to the Levant is a study dealing with the Chalcolithic Southern Levant replicating the sampling strategy in this paper (unlike Harney et al. which focused on a single site).
    Last edited by Agamemnon; 05-28-2020 at 04:50 PM.
    ᾽Άλλο δέ τοι ἐρέω, σὺ δ᾽ ἐνὶ φρεσὶ βάλλεο σῇσιν:
    κρύβδην, μηδ᾽ ἀναφανδά, φίλην ἐς πατρίδα γαῖαν
    νῆα κατισχέμεναι: ἐπεὶ οὐκέτι πιστὰ γυναιξίν.


    -Αγαμέμνων; H Οδύσσεια, Ραψωδία λ

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  19. #10
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    Quote Originally Posted by Agamemnon View Post
    Quite a lot of J1-P58 in there (I see 18 samples so far), it'll be interesting to see which branches will show up... So much for "J1 not being Semitic"! Willing to bet ZS241, or even ZS227, will show up in one of the samples from Hazor or Megiddo, this is directly relevant not only to myself as a carrier of this branch but to the origins of Jewish priesthood.

    We also have 3 E-M123 individuals (two from Megiddo, one from Hazor), 2 T-CTS2214 (one of which is CTS6280) as well as one R1b-M269 individual from Megiddo.
    Agamemnon, what did you think of their modern population models including Ashkenazi Jews? To me they look off, since they also model Tuscans as 30-40% Middle Eastern.

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