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Thread: The Peschanitsa Skull

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    The Peschanitsa Skull

    One of the WeRuHG has a reasonably well preserved skull. Peschanitsa-1 is next to Sidelkino, the oldest EHG.

    Last edited by madaleninha; 07-08-2020 at 12:14 AM.

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    A Mesolithic man from Peschanitsa, (archeological excavations by S.V Oshibkina, Lake Lacha, Kargopolie, Russian North), has been first described about 20 years ago. The find has an important role in resolving anthropological profile of the ancient populations in the Northern and Eastern Europe. This study is dedicated to its multivariate statistical analysis and comparison with a variety of European and Levantine Mesolithic materials. Peschanitsa remains belong to a male individual 45-55 years of age and date to 9890120 BP (GIN-4858). Previously, it has been claimed that Peschanitsa is unique and falls outside of the Russian, Baltic and Middle Dnieper Mesolithic fossils’ polymorphism. We use Principal Components’ analysis in order to study classical craniometric measurements of a number of Mesolithic cranial remains from the European Russia. We show that Peschanitsa’s morphology is similar to a number of individuals from different sites: Vasil’evka I (burials 13, 17) and Voloshskoe (burials 1, 5) (Middle Dnieper region); Oleni Ostrov, burials 44, 156 (Lake Onega). General craniometric characteristic of the above crania allows identification of a relatively rare anthropological type in Russian Mesolithic, “Peschanitsa type”. This is a robust, hyper-dolichocranic cranial type, which is characterised by a very high brain case, average width of the forehead, both relatively and absolutely wide face with a relatively narrow nose and orbits of an average size. This new craniometric characteristic allows close comparison with crania from Korsernor, Denmark (except for the lower brain case and narrower nose of the latter) and Hoёdic, France (except for the lower face of the French fossil). Even closer similarity exists between the “Peschanitsa Type” and representatives of Natfian culture from Levant, especially with non-typical Natufians from Eynan (Mallaha). Equally striking is the closeness between the “Peschanitsa Type” and North African crania from Afalou-Bou-Rhummel. Further research into the origin of the “Peschanitsa Type” in European Russia is under way.
    From Peschanitsa Mesolithic Man from Northern Russia according to craniometric data
    Pezhemsky D., Bulygina E.

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    Do you have a plate with the specific measurements as well?

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    Unfortunately not

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    Quote Originally Posted by madaleninha View Post
    Unfortunately not
    I came across this. I think that the name reads Peschanista. I suppose that it is the same as the sample from which DNA was extracted in the Fatyanovo paper because the description above kind of matches it. Length is 186 mm, width is 134 mm, basion-bregma height is 142 mm. This is hypsicranic, but not hyperdolichocephalic, only dolichocephalic. peschanitsa.jpg

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    Interestingly this is the earliest example of Haplogroup R1a in ancient DNA. This proves that R1a is very closely linked to the development of the Eastern Hunter Gatherer (EHG) genetic group.
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    Maternal Y-DNA: J2a-M67 > Z1847 > Y4036 > Z467 > Z447> L210

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    Quote Originally Posted by Aleph View Post
    I came across this. I think that the name reads Peschanista. I suppose that it is the same as the sample from which DNA was extracted in the Fatyanovo paper because the description above kind of matches it. Length is 186 mm, width is 134 mm, basion-bregma height is 142 mm. This is hypsicranic, but not hyperdolichocephalic, only dolichocephalic. peschanitsa.jpg
    Thanks!!!!

    What is the source?
    I can't read in Cyrillic. What are these other measures?
    I had gotten measurements from an English paper. Unfortunately, there were many errors and I found the article to be unreliable.
    Last edited by madaleninha; 09-11-2020 at 01:36 AM.

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    Quote Originally Posted by madaleninha View Post
    Thanks!!!!

    What is the source?
    I can't read in Cyrillic. What are these other measures?
    I had gotten measurements from an English article. Unfortunately, there were many errors and I found the article to be unreliable.
    i did my best to translate the ones i can to their respective values


    8. Cross diameter

    8:1. Cranial index

    17. Height diameter

    17: 1. Height-longitudinal indicator

    17:8. Height-transverse

    20. Ear height

    5. Length of skull base

    9. Smallest forehead width

    10. The greatest width of the forehead

    9:10. Latitudinal frontal index

    11. Width of the skull base

    12. Occipital width

    31. Occipital chord

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    For example, how much is the bizygomatic breadth?

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    Quote Originally Posted by madaleninha View Post
    Thanks!!!!

    What is the source?
    I can't read in Cyrillic. What are these other measures?
    I had gotten measurements from an English paper. Unfortunately, there were many errors and I found the article to be unreliable.
    Those numbers are supposed to be martin's values so presumably they correspond to the measurements of the martin numbers like m1 being length, m8 being width, m17 being basion bregma height .etc. The martin's number for bizygomatic is m45, and 45 doesn't appear on that picture so it isn't present on it. I got it from here: http://slavanthro.mybb3.ru/viewtopic.php?p=225295
    IDK how on earth I found my way to that thread though lol.
    Here is another screenshot from the thread: peschanitsa_04.jpg
    Presumably the second page of values for the skull. M45 is listed here as 139 mm. Broader than the maximum cranial width. Nasal index is 45.7 (lepto), orbital index is 77.4 (rounder than upper paleolithic hunter gatherers). M48 is upper facial length.

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