Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: The History of the Z2103...Z2110 Region and my Ancestry

  1. #1
    Registered Users
    Posts
    90
    Sex
    Location
    South Carolina
    Ethnicity
    Italian x2
    Nationality
    American
    Y-DNA (P)
    R1b - CTS1450-Y23493
    mtDNA (M)
    H30a

    Italy Italy

    The History of the Z2103...Z2110 Region and my Ancestry

    FTDNA ANCESTRY ADMIXTURE
    "Italian Peninsula
    57%
    Hunter-Gatherers were some of the earliest inhabitants of the Italian Peninsula. By about 6000 BCE, farming communities from the Middle East migrated to the southern region of Europe and assimilated with Hunter-Gatherer groups found there. In subsequent centuries, the interactions between the ancient settlers of Italy fluctuated. War and trade were common between and among Italic peoples, Etruscans, and Indo-European Celts. Foreign groups like the Phoenicians and, later, the Greeks established settlements on the fertile coasts of Sicily and the southern part of Italy. Trade with these powerful groups was important for the dispersal of ideas, such as writing, throughout ancient Italy.

    Latin peoples emerged at the forefront of the conflicts among ancient Italian peoples. By the early part of the 3rd century BCE, the Latin peoples came to dominate much of the Italian Peninsula, eventually forming the Roman Empire. Rome used a combination of the threat of force and the offer of socioeconomic benefits to incorporate other groups into their empire. Rome used the skills and knowledge of these groups to enhance their technology, furthering their goals of expanding their boundaries and consolidating power. At its height, the empire reached from the southern region of England to the Iberian coast, North Africa, and the Middle East, with Rome and the Italian Peninsula at the center. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE, Visigoths, Huns, and Ostrogoths left little remnant of Roman rule.

    In the 14th and 15th centuries, a number of city-states on the Italian Peninsula developed trade networks led by powerful families. These city-states competed among one another fiercely for more wealth and power through warfare as well as diplomacy. The modern nation of Italy we know today was born in the middle of the 19th century. During a period of Italian history known as Risorgimento, most of Italy was united by 1861. By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Italy rapidly industrialized especially in the northern region. However, most of the southern region did not industrialize as dramatically, which encouraged many Italians to migrate to the Americas. Today, Italy has abolished its monarchy and become a democratic nation recognized as a center for arts and sciences.

    Greece & Balkans
    9%
    The Balkan Peninsula has a long history of human settlement. Stone tools, such as bladelets of the Aurignacian Hunter-Gatherer culture, date to as early as 43,000 years ago. By the Neolithic period, around 7000 BCE, the arrival of Farmers from the Middle East dramatically shifted the economy as well as the settlement patterns of the region. By the early Bronze Age, around 2800 BCE, Greece became home to several complex societies like that of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations. These civilizations continued to rely on farming but saw an increase in the degree of stratified social classes. By the 4th century BCE, Macedonians assumed power in the region, integrating other Indo-European peoples of the Balkans like the Thracians into their empire. Thracians were enlisted by Alexander the Great for his campaigns eastward.

    The Antigonid dynasty controlled large portions of the region after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE, including the majority of Greek city-states and Macedonia The Romans arrived in the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula in the pursuit of pirates. By the end of the 1st century CE, the entire peninsula was under Roman control. Romans sought to anchor and legitimize their rule over Greece by adopting its cultural traditions. The region thrived under Roman rule through which it adopted Christianity. With the fall of Rome, the Byzantine Empire assumed control of the Balkans and much of its people's livelihoods were centered around Constantinople. The Goths and Huns attempted to invade the northern part of the Byzantine Empire but had little success. During the 5th century CE, Slavic peoples from Central Europe first arrived in the Balkans establishing permanent settlements.

    The Byzantine Empire came to an end in 1453 with the sacking of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Turks then spread through the Peloponnese and the Aegean regions. During the 16th century, they continued their conquests in Europe by taking control of the northern Balkans. In Greece and the Balkans, Ottoman rule lasted until the 19th century when European powers like Russia slowly gained influence over the weakening Ottoman Empire by backing the Greek movement towards independence. Russian victory in the Russo-Turkish War reduced the Ottoman Empire’s territory in the Balkans, and as a consequence, many new states like Romania and Serbia emerged.


    Iberian Peninsula
    9%
    The first inhabitants of southern Europe were Hunter-Gatherers. By around 5000 BCE, incoming Farmers from the Middle East began moving into the region. In addition to agriculture, these groups formed complex societies that were marked by impressive stone architecture. Groups like the Iberians, Ligurians, and Tartessians are the descendants of these early Farmers. Colonizers from the Eurasian Steppe arrived in the Iberian Peninsula by 2500 BCE. Celtiberians, who were speakers of an Indo-European language may be the descendants of this central Eurasian migration. All of these early groups had contact with Mediterranean cultures like the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Etruscans who over time formed colonies on the Iberian Peninsula. Around the 3rd century BCE, the Carthaginians of North Africa established colonies around the peninsula, overturning local rule. Carthago Nova, modern-day Cartagena, was founded in 229 BC on the southeastern coast of Spain. It became a major political center representing the power of Carthage on the Iberian Peninsula.

    Carthage and Rome fought a series of major wars, known as the Punic Wars, vying for dominance throughout the Mediterranean. At the end of the second Punic War, Carthage’s leading general Hannibal was defeated, passing Iberia to Roman control. It took Rome nearly two centuries to consolidate Iberia and to turn these regions into highly lucrative provinces. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the second half of the 5th century, the Iberian Peninsula was invaded by Germanic tribes like the Suebi, Vandals, and later, the Visigoths. The Visigoth Kingdom of southern Gaul gained control over most of Iberia around 470 CE. In 711 CE, Berbers and Arabs from North Africa invaded Iberia. During this period of Muslim rule, Iberia, or Al-Andalus as it was known then, flourished and experienced a Golden Age. With most of the peninsula under Muslim rule, the previous reigning Christian aristocracy sought refuge in the kingdom of Asturias in modern-day northern Spain. There they began campaigns called the Reconquista to reconquer the peninsula, which slowly drove the Muslim armies further south. By the 15th century, the Iberian Peninsula was again in the hands of the Iberian kingdoms.

    After the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula was complete, the kingdoms of Aragon, Castile, and Portugal set out on a period of exploration that stretched throughout the world. These kingdoms established colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Today, Iberian languages and cultures can be found throughout most of the Americas and Africa. Due to this colonial expansion, many modern nations and their peoples trace part of their heritage to the Iberians."

  2. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Lancer For This Useful Post:

     Mis (09-25-2020),  Silesian (09-24-2020)

  3. #2
    Registered Users
    Posts
    1,451
    Sex
    Location
    Canada's Wonderland
    Ethnicity
    Space the final frontier.
    Nationality
    Worldwide
    Y-DNA (P)
    R1b-Z2110>BY593+
    mtDNA (M)
    U5B2A2
    Y-DNA (M)
    R1b-U106

    Quote Originally Posted by Lancer View Post
    FTDNA ANCESTRY ADMIXTURE
    "Italian Peninsula
    57%
    Hunter-Gatherers were some of the earliest inhabitants of the Italian Peninsula. By about 6000 BCE, farming communities from the Middle East migrated to the southern region of Europe and assimilated with Hunter-Gatherer groups found there. In subsequent centuries, the interactions between the ancient settlers of Italy fluctuated. War and trade were common between and among Italic peoples, Etruscans, and Indo-European Celts. Foreign groups like the Phoenicians and, later, the Greeks established settlements on the fertile coasts of Sicily and the southern part of Italy. Trade with these powerful groups was important for the dispersal of ideas, such as writing, throughout ancient Italy.

    Latin peoples emerged at the forefront of the conflicts among ancient Italian peoples. By the early part of the 3rd century BCE, the Latin peoples came to dominate much of the Italian Peninsula, eventually forming the Roman Empire. Rome used a combination of the threat of force and the offer of socioeconomic benefits to incorporate other groups into their empire. Rome used the skills and knowledge of these groups to enhance their technology, furthering their goals of expanding their boundaries and consolidating power. At its height, the empire reached from the southern region of England to the Iberian coast, North Africa, and the Middle East, with Rome and the Italian Peninsula at the center. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century CE, Visigoths, Huns, and Ostrogoths left little remnant of Roman rule.

    In the 14th and 15th centuries, a number of city-states on the Italian Peninsula developed trade networks led by powerful families. These city-states competed among one another fiercely for more wealth and power through warfare as well as diplomacy. The modern nation of Italy we know today was born in the middle of the 19th century. During a period of Italian history known as Risorgimento, most of Italy was united by 1861. By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Italy rapidly industrialized especially in the northern region. However, most of the southern region did not industrialize as dramatically, which encouraged many Italians to migrate to the Americas. Today, Italy has abolished its monarchy and become a democratic nation recognized as a center for arts and sciences.

    Greece & Balkans
    9%
    The Balkan Peninsula has a long history of human settlement. Stone tools, such as bladelets of the Aurignacian Hunter-Gatherer culture, date to as early as 43,000 years ago. By the Neolithic period, around 7000 BCE, the arrival of Farmers from the Middle East dramatically shifted the economy as well as the settlement patterns of the region. By the early Bronze Age, around 2800 BCE, Greece became home to several complex societies like that of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations. These civilizations continued to rely on farming but saw an increase in the degree of stratified social classes. By the 4th century BCE, Macedonians assumed power in the region, integrating other Indo-European peoples of the Balkans like the Thracians into their empire. Thracians were enlisted by Alexander the Great for his campaigns eastward.

    The Antigonid dynasty controlled large portions of the region after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE, including the majority of Greek city-states and Macedonia The Romans arrived in the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula in the pursuit of pirates. By the end of the 1st century CE, the entire peninsula was under Roman control. Romans sought to anchor and legitimize their rule over Greece by adopting its cultural traditions. The region thrived under Roman rule through which it adopted Christianity. With the fall of Rome, the Byzantine Empire assumed control of the Balkans and much of its people's livelihoods were centered around Constantinople. The Goths and Huns attempted to invade the northern part of the Byzantine Empire but had little success. During the 5th century CE, Slavic peoples from Central Europe first arrived in the Balkans establishing permanent settlements.

    The Byzantine Empire came to an end in 1453 with the sacking of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Turks then spread through the Peloponnese and the Aegean regions. During the 16th century, they continued their conquests in Europe by taking control of the northern Balkans. In Greece and the Balkans, Ottoman rule lasted until the 19th century when European powers like Russia slowly gained influence over the weakening Ottoman Empire by backing the Greek movement towards independence. Russian victory in the Russo-Turkish War reduced the Ottoman Empire’s territory in the Balkans, and as a consequence, many new states like Romania and Serbia emerged.


    Iberian Peninsula
    9%
    The first inhabitants of southern Europe were Hunter-Gatherers. By around 5000 BCE, incoming Farmers from the Middle East began moving into the region. In addition to agriculture, these groups formed complex societies that were marked by impressive stone architecture. Groups like the Iberians, Ligurians, and Tartessians are the descendants of these early Farmers. Colonizers from the Eurasian Steppe arrived in the Iberian Peninsula by 2500 BCE. Celtiberians, who were speakers of an Indo-European language may be the descendants of this central Eurasian migration. All of these early groups had contact with Mediterranean cultures like the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Etruscans who over time formed colonies on the Iberian Peninsula. Around the 3rd century BCE, the Carthaginians of North Africa established colonies around the peninsula, overturning local rule. Carthago Nova, modern-day Cartagena, was founded in 229 BC on the southeastern coast of Spain. It became a major political center representing the power of Carthage on the Iberian Peninsula.

    Carthage and Rome fought a series of major wars, known as the Punic Wars, vying for dominance throughout the Mediterranean. At the end of the second Punic War, Carthage’s leading general Hannibal was defeated, passing Iberia to Roman control. It took Rome nearly two centuries to consolidate Iberia and to turn these regions into highly lucrative provinces. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the second half of the 5th century, the Iberian Peninsula was invaded by Germanic tribes like the Suebi, Vandals, and later, the Visigoths. The Visigoth Kingdom of southern Gaul gained control over most of Iberia around 470 CE. In 711 CE, Berbers and Arabs from North Africa invaded Iberia. During this period of Muslim rule, Iberia, or Al-Andalus as it was known then, flourished and experienced a Golden Age. With most of the peninsula under Muslim rule, the previous reigning Christian aristocracy sought refuge in the kingdom of Asturias in modern-day northern Spain. There they began campaigns called the Reconquista to reconquer the peninsula, which slowly drove the Muslim armies further south. By the 15th century, the Iberian Peninsula was again in the hands of the Iberian kingdoms.

    After the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula was complete, the kingdoms of Aragon, Castile, and Portugal set out on a period of exploration that stretched throughout the world. These kingdoms established colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Today, Iberian languages and cultures can be found throughout most of the Americas and Africa. Due to this colonial expansion, many modern nations and their peoples trace part of their heritage to the Iberians."
    We need a thread dedicated to R1b-Z2103+ and downstream clades like Yamnaya R1b-Z2109+

  4. The Following User Says Thank You to Silesian For This Useful Post:

     Mis (09-25-2020)

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 127
    Last Post: 11-25-2019, 04:27 AM
  2. Replies: 8
    Last Post: 03-12-2019, 03:37 PM
  3. Replies: 26
    Last Post: 10-23-2016, 07:49 PM
  4. Z2103 (R1b-P25>L389>P297>M269>L23>Z2103) & Z2105
    By TigerMW in forum R1b-Z2103/Z2105
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: 02-25-2015, 04:13 AM
  5. The R-Z2110* haplogroup
    By Rathna in forum R1b Early Subclades
    Replies: 9
    Last Post: 03-21-2014, 05:29 AM

Tags for this Thread

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •