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Thread: allegedly known “apewoman” Zana from Abkhazia was indeed Homo Sapien from Africa?

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    allegedly known “apewoman” Zana from Abkhazia was indeed Homo Sapien from Africa?

    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/...002/ggn2.10051

    ARTICLE
    Open Access

    The genomic origin of Zana of Abkhazia

    Ashot Margaryan, Mikkel-Holger S. Sinding, Christian Carøe, Vladimir Yamshchikov, Igor Burtsev, M. Thomas P. Gilbert

    First published: 14 June 2021

    https://doi.org/10.1002/ggn2.10051

    Abstract

    Enigmatic phenomena have sparked the imagination of people around the globe into creating folkloric creatures. One prime example is Zana of Abkhazia (South Caucasus), a well-documented 19th century female who was captured living wild in the forest. Zana's appearance was sufficiently unusual, that she was referred to by locals as an Almasty—the analog of Bigfoot in the Caucasus. Although the exact location of Zana's burial site was unknown, the grave of her son, Khwit, was identified in 1971. The genomes of Khwit and the alleged Zana skeleton were sequenced to an average depth of ca. 3× using ancient DNA techniques. The identical mtDNA and parent-offspring relationship between the two indicated that the unknown woman was indeed Zana. Population genomic analyses demonstrated that Zana's immediate genetic ancestry can likely be traced to present-day East-African populations. We speculate that Zana might have had a genetic disorder such as congenital generalized hypertrichosis which could partially explain her strange behavior, lack of speech, and long body hair. Our findings elucidate Zana's unfortunate story and provide a clear example of how prejudices of the time led to notions of cryptic hominids that are still held and transmitted by some today.
    Last edited by Shuzam87; 06-23-2021 at 06:54 PM.

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    Conclusions

    Our results prove that the unknown female buried in the Genaba family cemetery was Zana herself. In contrast to the speculations that she might have been a female Almasty, we provide definitive genome-wide data to put an end to the accounts of her as anything but a human woman.

    A note on ethics

    Following her capture in the forest, Zana was deprived of her basic human rights, and treated as a slave: she was kept in captivity, likely forced to have sexual relations with local men, and worked in forced labor conditions. After she passed away, the accounts on her mythical figure attracted several scientists to unearth her story and her son's bones were exhumed. Our study intends, both to reveal the true human nature of Zana and grant her and her descendants' remains the dignity they deserve.

    All permissions for excavations in the 1960–1970s and for aDNA analyses were provided by the relevant authorities.

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    Very interesting. So she was of Sub-Saharan African ancestry as expected and not some prehistoric semi-ape.

    Actually a tragic history I must say.
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    Quote Originally Posted by Nino90 View Post
    So she was of Sub-Saharan African ancestry as expected and not some prehistoric semi-ape.
    Whatever her ancestry, she had defects that made people call her ape or bigfoot.

    From the OP:
    We speculate that Zana might have had a genetic disorder such as congenital generalized hypertrichosis which could partially explain her strange behavior, lack of speech, and long body hair.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Shuzam87 View Post
    the grave of her son, Khwit, was identified in 1971.
    The hidden story in all of this may be the son, Khwit.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Nino90 View Post
    Very interesting. So she was of Sub-Saharan African ancestry as expected and not some prehistoric semi-ape.

    Actually a tragic history I must say.
    How did she end up in South Caucasus?

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    Quote Originally Posted by diini95 View Post
    How did she end up in South Caucasus?
    Well, there used to be some community of Black people in Abkhazia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abkhaz...frican_descent

    Also, slave trade was still active in East Africa even in the second half of 19th century, slave market in Zanzibare was active till 1870s. Slave were sold to Ottoman empire and that's not far away from Abkhazia.

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    Quote Originally Posted by rozenfeld View Post
    Well, there used to be some community of Black people in Abkhazia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abkhaz...frican_descent

    Also, slave trade was still active in East Africa even in the second half of 19th century, slave market in Zanzibare was active till 1870s. Slave were sold to Ottoman empire and that's not far away from Abkhazia.
    You are right I didn't know about the black people in Abkhazia that's very interesting

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    will they put hwe son "Kwhit" Y haplogroup on Yfull as well?
    Last edited by Shuzam87; 06-23-2021 at 08:40 PM.

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