Results 1 to 3 of 3

Thread: Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequencing Reveals Novel Haplotypes in Polynesians

  1. #1
    Registered Users
    Posts
    167
    Sex
    Omitted

    Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequencing Reveals Novel Haplotypes in Polynesians

    http://www.plosone.org/article/info:...l.pone.0035026

    Benton M, Macartney-Coxson D, Eccles D, Griffiths L, Chambers G, et al. (2012) Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequencing Reveals Novel Haplotypes in a Polynesian Population. PLoS ONE 7(4): e35026. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035026

    The high risk of metabolic disease traits in Polynesians may be partly explained by elevated prevalence of genetic variants involved in energy metabolism. The genetics of Polynesian populations has been shaped by island hoping migration events which have possibly favoured thrifty genes. The aim of this study was to sequence the mitochondrial genome in a group of Maoris in an effort to characterise genome variation in this Polynesian population for use in future disease association studies. We sequenced the complete mitochondrial genomes of 20 non-admixed Maori subjects using Affymetrix technology. DNA diversity analyses showed the Maori group exhibited reduced mitochondrial genome diversity compared to other worldwide populations, which is consistent with historical bottleneck and founder effects. Global phylogenetic analysis positioned these Maori subjects specifically within mitochondrial haplogroup - B4a1a1. Interestingly, we identified several novel variants that collectively form new and unique Maori motifs B4a1a1c, B4a1a1a3 and B4a1a1a5. Compared to ancestral populations we observed an increased frequency of non-synonymous coding variants of several mitochondrial genes in the Maori group, which may be a result of positive selection and/or genetic drift effects. In conclusion, this study reports the first complete mitochondrial genome sequence data for a Maori population. Overall, these new data reveal novel mitochondrial genome signatures in this Polynesian population and enhance the phylogenetic picture of maternal ancestry in Oceania. The increased frequency of several mitochondrial coding variants makes them good candidates for future studies aimed at assessment of metabolic disease risk in Polynesian populations.

  2. The Following User Says Thank You to apophis99942 For This Useful Post:

     Bramoan (05-21-2016)

  3. #2
    Registered Users
    Posts
    167
    Sex
    Omitted

    What is interesting to me is how mtDNA B was found among Polynesians, an oceanic macro-group, while when it occurs among continentals, it is supposedly indicative of heightened propensity to Acute Mountain Sickness: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3109103/

  4. The Following User Says Thank You to apophis99942 For This Useful Post:

     Bramoan (05-21-2016)

  5. #3
    Junior Member
    Posts
    3
    Sex
    Location
    21.082, -156.813
    Ethnicity
    Visayan & Kanaka
    Nationality
    Hawaiian
    Y-DNA
    O-F706
    mtDNA
    B4a1a1c

    Hawaii
    It's hard to figure out what build sometimes is being referred to when reading these articles focusing on Polynesians. I'm B4a1a1c.

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •