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Thread: Waves of migration into South Asia

  1. #4451
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    Quote Originally Posted by pegasus View Post
    Its not so cut and dry , Narasimhan's qpAdm was flawed to begin with. When all the relevant populations are used, it actually turns out its roughly a similar male to female ratio when you include standard errors.
    This was a former member's results earlier this year and the pattern holds. The same result occurs with Central Steppe sources like Oy Dzhalau from what he told me in PM.

    Re: Narasimhan's qpAdm was flawed to begin with.

    Reich and Narasimhan did not make that contention - "the admixture into the SPGT was definitively female-biased" - based on qpAdm or Autosome vs. X chromosome, but based only on uniparentals.
    Their Autosome vs. X chromosome which I posted shows actually a slight but insignificant skew towards males, at best it is even.
    Autosomes: InPe 0.806 Steppe 0.194
    X: InPe 0.850 Steppe 0.150

    Therefore I broke down their uniparental analysis by showing a complete absence of mt-U5 in SPGT which was the most common mtDNA on the steppe.
    IMO there was no steppe contribution to SPGT - neither male, nor female.

  2. #4452
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    Quote Originally Posted by parasar View Post
    Re: Narasimhan's qpAdm was flawed to begin with.

    Reich and Narasimhan did not make that contention - "the admixture into the SPGT was definitively female-biased" - based on qpAdm or Autosome vs. X chromosome, but based only on uniparentals.
    Their Autosome vs. X chromosome which I posted shows actually a slight but insignificant skew towards males, at best it is even.
    Autosomes: InPe 0.806 Steppe 0.194
    X: InPe 0.850 Steppe 0.150

    Therefore I broke down their uniparental analysis by showing a complete absence of mt-U5 in SPGT which was the most common mtDNA on the steppe.
    IMO there was no steppe contribution to SPGT - neither male, nor female.
    Is there a definite and checked list of Swat_IA Y-DNA and mtdna?

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  4. #4453
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    Quote Originally Posted by Coldmountains View Post
    Is there a definite and checked list of Swat_IA Y-DNA and mtdna?
    For Y DNA, I would follow kolgeh's compilation: https://anthrogenica.com/showthread....ncient-samples
    For mtDNA, I think it may be best to follow the paper's tabulation itself:
    .. L1a 756-430 calBCE (246020 BP, PSUAMS-6196) I8220
    H2 A 403-360 calBCE (229619 BP, CIRCE-DSH-5624) I2954
    H13a2a n/a (female) 406-353 calBCE (229231 BP, CIRCE-DSH-5625) I7717
    U2b2 R2a3a2b 400-200 BCE I7722
    K1b1a1+199 Q1b2 400-200 BCE I7718
    C4a'b'c n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I7720
    M52a n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I7719
    M30d1 n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I7723
    R6b L1a 400-200 BCE I7721
    M30 n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I6894
    R5a2 R1a1a1b 431-168 calBCE [431-381 calBCE (234621 BP, CIRCE-DSH-6526), 361-168 calBCE [361-168 calBCE (218030 BP, PSUAMS-3984), 358-181 calBCE (218520 BP, PSUAMS-4424)] I2955
    H15a1a1 n/a (female) 361-203 calBCE (221020 BP, PSUAMS-3721) I6893
    .. n/a (female) 361-171 calBCE [357-171 calBCE (217520 BP, PSUAMS-3761), 361-202 calBCE (220520 BP, PSUAMS-4425)] I6896
    HV6 R2a3a2b2b1 356-121 calBCE (216520 BP, PSUAMS-6197) I8245
    M30 J1 167-46 calBCE (208020 BP, PSUAMS-2788) I6549
    M30 n/a (female) 200-0 BCE [mother of directly dated I6549 at 167-46 calBCE (208020 BP, PSUAMS-2788)] I6552
    U8b1a1 n/a (female) 200 BCE - 100 CE I6547
    H+16311 n/a (female) 200 BCE - 100 CE I6551
    .. n/a (female) 50 calBCE - 52 calCE (201020 BP, PSUAMS-6195) I8218
    R30b1 n/a (female) 47 calBCE - 52 calCE (200520 BP, PSUAMS-6207) I7714
    U2a J1 41 calBCE - 57 calCE (199020 BP, PSUAMS-2789) I6550
    J1b1 GHIJK 1-1000 CE I11565
    .. BT 1-1000 CE I11562
    J1b1 J 720-895 calCE (120030 BP, Beta-428663) I1808
    M3a2 n/a (female) 1021-1154 calCE (96020 BP, PSUAMS-6206) I6890
    M5a1 R1a1a1b 1037-1207 calCE (90530 BP, Poz-83508) I2959
    .. R1a1a 1000-1250 CE [father.or.son of I2959 at 1037-1207 calCE (90530 BP, Poz-83508)] I2960
    H13a2a J2a1h2 1169-1250 calCE (83515 BP, PSUAMS-4428) I7716
    M49 J1 1276-1390 calCE (67025 BP, PSUAMS-4427) I7715
    H2b R1a1a1b 1287-1393 calCE (64020 BP, PSUAMS-6205) I6889
    M3a1 R1a1a1b2a2b 1485-1650 calCE (31030 BP, Beta-428668) I1805
    .. E1b1b1b2 1400-1126 calBCE (301845 BP, CEDAD-LTL13327A) I6900
    T2a1b E1b1b1b2 1491-922 calBCE [1044-922 calBCE (283020 BP, PSUAMS-2632), 1491-1231 calBCE (309845 BP, CEDAD-LTL13335A)] I1799
    M30+16234 n/a (female) 1372-1027 calBCE (296445 BP, CEDAD-LTL12131A I8193
    U1a1 n/a (female) 1416-831 calBCE [921-831 calBCE (274020 BP, PSUAMS-2798), 1416-1214 calBCE (305640 BP, CEDAD-LTL13332A)] I3260
    U7b R2a3a2b2c 1207-1014 calBCE (291025 BP, PSUAMS-5426) I12147
    H2a2 E1a 1195-978 calBCE (289030 BP, Beta-428665) I1992
    M E1b1b1b2a 1192-824 calBCE [1192-939 calBCE (288030 BP, Beta-428667), 1001-824 calBCE (275840 BP, CEDAD-LTL13334A)] I1985
    R30a1b H1a1a 1100-900 BCE I8194
    .. n/a (female) 1200-800 BCE I6198
    .. n/a (female) 1200-800 BCE I6901
    .. n/a (female) 1200-800 BCE I6897
    U8b1a E1b1b1b2 1200-800 BCE I6194
    M65a E1b1b1b2 1200-800 BCE I6197
    .. DE 1200-800 BCE I3261
    T1a1 n/a (female) 1071-925 calBCE (284520 BP, PSUAMS-5277) I12138
    W3a1 R1a1a1b 1044-922 calBCE (283020 BP, PSUAMS-5280) I12457
    W3a1 n/a (female) 1107-840 calBCE [1027-848 calBCE (280030 BP, Beta-428666), 1107-840 calBCE (280845 BP, CEDAD-LTL13329A] I1994
    K1a n/a (female) 1011-909 calBCE (281020 BP, PSUAMS-5503) I13226
    U4c1 n/a (female) 1011-909 calBCE (281020 BP, PSUAMS-2841) I6195
    HV2a L1a 1006-904 calBCE (280020 BP, PSUAMS-4867) I10974
    .. E1b1b1b2 1044-792 calBCE [1044-830 calBCE (278545 BP, CEDAD-LTL13328A), 901-792 calBCE (265940 BP, CEDAD-LTL13328A)] I6899
    U7a n/a (female) 992-830 calBCE (276030 BP, Beta-428664, based on 14C date on I1796, UDG31, Grave 28, Individual 1, which is genetically a duplicate and dropped due to lower quality) I8190
    [email protected] n/a (female) 974-836 calBCE (276020 BP, PSUAMS-4853) I8219
    [email protected] n/a (female) 974-836 calBCE (276020 BP, PSUAMS-2787) I6546
    H14a E1b1b1b2a 976-832 calBCE (276025 BP, PSUAMS-2157) I3262
    U2e1'2'3 C1b1a1a1 971-834 calBCE (275520 BP, PSUAMS-2795) I6553
    M35b+16304 n/a (female) 968-833 calBCE (275020 BP, PSUAMS-2791) I5397
    U2e1h n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I6557
    H H1a1 1000-800 BCE I6548
    HV13b J2a1h2 1000-800 BCE I12451
    W3a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13219
    U1a1 R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12968
    T2g R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12473
    M n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12444
    U2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12144
    U2a2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12448
    HV14a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12141
    U7b J 1000-800 BCE I12465
    H3ac L1a 1000-800 BCE I12475
    N1a1b1 J2a1 1000-800 BCE I12463
    J1d3a R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I5399
    M30d1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12461
    U2b2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12446
    R30b1 H1a1d2 1000-800 BCE I12447
    H13a2a H1a1d2 1000-800 BCE I12143
    U2b2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12142
    HV17 I2a2a1b1b1 1000-800 BCE I12471
    HV18 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12146
    M30c1 I2a2a1b1b1 1000-800 BCE I12149
    W3a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12477
    U1a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12464
    U7a L1a 1000-800 BCE I12445
    HV12b1 R2a3a2b2c 1000-800 BCE I12462
    U2b n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12460
    U2c1 L1a2 1000-800 BCE I10523
    W3b n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12454
    M30c1 R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12470
    Z3a1a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I5398
    D4j1b .. 1000-800 BCE I12980
    A+152+16362 R 1000-800 BCE I13221
    I1c1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12456
    M5a L1a2 1000-800 BCE I13222
    M5a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12455
    N1a2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13224
    T1a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13220
    U2b L1a 1000-800 BCE I13223
    W n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13227
    I1c n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12137
    M4 J2 1000-800 BCE I12458
    M65a1 L1 1000-800 BCE I12459
    M30g Q1a1b1 1000-800 BCE I12134
    M5a Q1b2 1000-800 BCE I13228
    H n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12984
    U7a L1a2 1000-800 BCE I10000
    H14 J2b 1000-800 BCE I12982
    U2c1b L1a 1000-800 BCE I12988
    [email protected] n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12983
    T1a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12979
    M70 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12981
    HV18 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12987
    R30b1 L1a 1000-800 BCE I10001
    W3a1b R2 1000-800 BCE I8998
    [email protected] E1b1b1b2 1000-800 BCE I12472
    .. CT 1000-800 BCE I12140
    W3a1b R2a 1000-800 BCE I8997
    U1a1c1d R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12449
    .. R1 1000-800 BCE I12466
    .. J 1000-800 BCE I12453
    R30b1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12985
    M4a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12136
    M5a Q1b2 927-831 calBCE (274520 BP, PSUAMS-2793) I5400
    J1b1b3 n/a (female) 921-831 calBCE (274020 BP, PSUAMS-2786) I6545
    U3b1a1 n/a (female) 911-822 calBCE (272520 BP, PSUAMS-4851) I8999
    M4a L1a 906-820 calBCE (272020 BP, PSUAMS-2797) I6555
    U4d J2a1 904-817 calBCE (271520 BP, PSUAMS-2790) I5396
    T2g1a n/a (female) 895-801 calBCE (267520 BP, PSUAMS-2794) I6292
    U2c1 n/a (female) 894-798 calBCE (267020 BP, PSUAMS-2792) I6556
    T2g1a L1a 831-796 calBCE (264520 BP, PSUAMS-2796) I6554
    M3a2 R1a1a1 824-792 calBCE (263020 BP, PSUAMS-5279) I12450
    H n/a (female) 818-789 calBCE (262020 BP, PSUAMS-4423) I6888
    U2c1a G2a2a1 970-550 BCE I8246

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  6. #4454
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    Quote Originally Posted by parasar View Post
    For Y DNA, I would follow kolgeh's compilation: https://anthrogenica.com/showthread....ncient-samples
    For mtDNA, I think it may be best to follow the paper's tabulation itself:
    .. L1a 756-430 calBCE (246020 BP, PSUAMS-6196) I8220
    H2 A 403-360 calBCE (229619 BP, CIRCE-DSH-5624) I2954
    H13a2a n/a (female) 406-353 calBCE (229231 BP, CIRCE-DSH-5625) I7717
    U2b2 R2a3a2b 400-200 BCE I7722
    K1b1a1+199 Q1b2 400-200 BCE I7718
    C4a'b'c n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I7720
    M52a n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I7719
    M30d1 n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I7723
    R6b L1a 400-200 BCE I7721
    M30 n/a (female) 400-200 BCE I6894
    R5a2 R1a1a1b 431-168 calBCE [431-381 calBCE (234621 BP, CIRCE-DSH-6526), 361-168 calBCE [361-168 calBCE (218030 BP, PSUAMS-3984), 358-181 calBCE (218520 BP, PSUAMS-4424)] I2955
    H15a1a1 n/a (female) 361-203 calBCE (221020 BP, PSUAMS-3721) I6893
    .. n/a (female) 361-171 calBCE [357-171 calBCE (217520 BP, PSUAMS-3761), 361-202 calBCE (220520 BP, PSUAMS-4425)] I6896
    HV6 R2a3a2b2b1 356-121 calBCE (216520 BP, PSUAMS-6197) I8245
    M30 J1 167-46 calBCE (208020 BP, PSUAMS-2788) I6549
    M30 n/a (female) 200-0 BCE [mother of directly dated I6549 at 167-46 calBCE (208020 BP, PSUAMS-2788)] I6552
    U8b1a1 n/a (female) 200 BCE - 100 CE I6547
    H+16311 n/a (female) 200 BCE - 100 CE I6551
    .. n/a (female) 50 calBCE - 52 calCE (201020 BP, PSUAMS-6195) I8218
    R30b1 n/a (female) 47 calBCE - 52 calCE (200520 BP, PSUAMS-6207) I7714
    U2a J1 41 calBCE - 57 calCE (199020 BP, PSUAMS-2789) I6550
    J1b1 GHIJK 1-1000 CE I11565
    .. BT 1-1000 CE I11562
    J1b1 J 720-895 calCE (120030 BP, Beta-428663) I1808
    M3a2 n/a (female) 1021-1154 calCE (96020 BP, PSUAMS-6206) I6890
    M5a1 R1a1a1b 1037-1207 calCE (90530 BP, Poz-83508) I2959
    .. R1a1a 1000-1250 CE [father.or.son of I2959 at 1037-1207 calCE (90530 BP, Poz-83508)] I2960
    H13a2a J2a1h2 1169-1250 calCE (83515 BP, PSUAMS-4428) I7716
    M49 J1 1276-1390 calCE (67025 BP, PSUAMS-4427) I7715
    H2b R1a1a1b 1287-1393 calCE (64020 BP, PSUAMS-6205) I6889
    M3a1 R1a1a1b2a2b 1485-1650 calCE (31030 BP, Beta-428668) I1805
    .. E1b1b1b2 1400-1126 calBCE (301845 BP, CEDAD-LTL13327A) I6900
    T2a1b E1b1b1b2 1491-922 calBCE [1044-922 calBCE (283020 BP, PSUAMS-2632), 1491-1231 calBCE (309845 BP, CEDAD-LTL13335A)] I1799
    M30+16234 n/a (female) 1372-1027 calBCE (296445 BP, CEDAD-LTL12131A I8193
    U1a1 n/a (female) 1416-831 calBCE [921-831 calBCE (274020 BP, PSUAMS-2798), 1416-1214 calBCE (305640 BP, CEDAD-LTL13332A)] I3260
    U7b R2a3a2b2c 1207-1014 calBCE (291025 BP, PSUAMS-5426) I12147
    H2a2 E1a 1195-978 calBCE (289030 BP, Beta-428665) I1992
    M E1b1b1b2a 1192-824 calBCE [1192-939 calBCE (288030 BP, Beta-428667), 1001-824 calBCE (275840 BP, CEDAD-LTL13334A)] I1985
    R30a1b H1a1a 1100-900 BCE I8194
    .. n/a (female) 1200-800 BCE I6198
    .. n/a (female) 1200-800 BCE I6901
    .. n/a (female) 1200-800 BCE I6897
    U8b1a E1b1b1b2 1200-800 BCE I6194
    M65a E1b1b1b2 1200-800 BCE I6197
    .. DE 1200-800 BCE I3261
    T1a1 n/a (female) 1071-925 calBCE (284520 BP, PSUAMS-5277) I12138
    W3a1 R1a1a1b 1044-922 calBCE (283020 BP, PSUAMS-5280) I12457
    W3a1 n/a (female) 1107-840 calBCE [1027-848 calBCE (280030 BP, Beta-428666), 1107-840 calBCE (280845 BP, CEDAD-LTL13329A] I1994
    K1a n/a (female) 1011-909 calBCE (281020 BP, PSUAMS-5503) I13226
    U4c1 n/a (female) 1011-909 calBCE (281020 BP, PSUAMS-2841) I6195
    HV2a L1a 1006-904 calBCE (280020 BP, PSUAMS-4867) I10974
    .. E1b1b1b2 1044-792 calBCE [1044-830 calBCE (278545 BP, CEDAD-LTL13328A), 901-792 calBCE (265940 BP, CEDAD-LTL13328A)] I6899
    U7a n/a (female) 992-830 calBCE (276030 BP, Beta-428664, based on 14C date on I1796, UDG31, Grave 28, Individual 1, which is genetically a duplicate and dropped due to lower quality) I8190
    [email protected] n/a (female) 974-836 calBCE (276020 BP, PSUAMS-4853) I8219
    [email protected] n/a (female) 974-836 calBCE (276020 BP, PSUAMS-2787) I6546
    H14a E1b1b1b2a 976-832 calBCE (276025 BP, PSUAMS-2157) I3262
    U2e1'2'3 C1b1a1a1 971-834 calBCE (275520 BP, PSUAMS-2795) I6553
    M35b+16304 n/a (female) 968-833 calBCE (275020 BP, PSUAMS-2791) I5397
    U2e1h n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I6557
    H H1a1 1000-800 BCE I6548
    HV13b J2a1h2 1000-800 BCE I12451
    W3a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13219
    U1a1 R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12968
    T2g R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12473
    M n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12444
    U2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12144
    U2a2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12448
    HV14a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12141
    U7b J 1000-800 BCE I12465
    H3ac L1a 1000-800 BCE I12475
    N1a1b1 J2a1 1000-800 BCE I12463
    J1d3a R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I5399
    M30d1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12461
    U2b2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12446
    R30b1 H1a1d2 1000-800 BCE I12447
    H13a2a H1a1d2 1000-800 BCE I12143
    U2b2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12142
    HV17 I2a2a1b1b1 1000-800 BCE I12471
    HV18 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12146
    M30c1 I2a2a1b1b1 1000-800 BCE I12149
    W3a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12477
    U1a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12464
    U7a L1a 1000-800 BCE I12445
    HV12b1 R2a3a2b2c 1000-800 BCE I12462
    U2b n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12460
    U2c1 L1a2 1000-800 BCE I10523
    W3b n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12454
    M30c1 R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12470
    Z3a1a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I5398
    D4j1b .. 1000-800 BCE I12980
    A+152+16362 R 1000-800 BCE I13221
    I1c1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12456
    M5a L1a2 1000-800 BCE I13222
    M5a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12455
    N1a2 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13224
    T1a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13220
    U2b L1a 1000-800 BCE I13223
    W n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I13227
    I1c n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12137
    M4 J2 1000-800 BCE I12458
    M65a1 L1 1000-800 BCE I12459
    M30g Q1a1b1 1000-800 BCE I12134
    M5a Q1b2 1000-800 BCE I13228
    H n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12984
    U7a L1a2 1000-800 BCE I10000
    H14 J2b 1000-800 BCE I12982
    U2c1b L1a 1000-800 BCE I12988
    [email protected] n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12983
    T1a1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12979
    M70 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12981
    HV18 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12987
    R30b1 L1a 1000-800 BCE I10001
    W3a1b R2 1000-800 BCE I8998
    [email protected] E1b1b1b2 1000-800 BCE I12472
    .. CT 1000-800 BCE I12140
    W3a1b R2a 1000-800 BCE I8997
    U1a1c1d R2a3a 1000-800 BCE I12449
    .. R1 1000-800 BCE I12466
    .. J 1000-800 BCE I12453
    R30b1 n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12985
    M4a n/a (female) 1000-800 BCE I12136
    M5a Q1b2 927-831 calBCE (274520 BP, PSUAMS-2793) I5400
    J1b1b3 n/a (female) 921-831 calBCE (274020 BP, PSUAMS-2786) I6545
    U3b1a1 n/a (female) 911-822 calBCE (272520 BP, PSUAMS-4851) I8999
    M4a L1a 906-820 calBCE (272020 BP, PSUAMS-2797) I6555
    U4d J2a1 904-817 calBCE (271520 BP, PSUAMS-2790) I5396
    T2g1a n/a (female) 895-801 calBCE (267520 BP, PSUAMS-2794) I6292
    U2c1 n/a (female) 894-798 calBCE (267020 BP, PSUAMS-2792) I6556
    T2g1a L1a 831-796 calBCE (264520 BP, PSUAMS-2796) I6554
    M3a2 R1a1a1 824-792 calBCE (263020 BP, PSUAMS-5279) I12450
    H n/a (female) 818-789 calBCE (262020 BP, PSUAMS-4423) I6888
    U2c1a G2a2a1 970-550 BCE I8246
    Is there any population in South Asia or near South Asia today with 15% E1b1b like the Swat samples? Based on their unusual Y-DNA at the first view it almost seems like as if IA Swat people became later extinct . At the second view their Y-DNA looks quite Dardic and Pre-Pashtun (good chance modern day Q1b among Pashtuns is from a Swat_IA substrate in my opinion). Are their R2a, H1a and other clades matching Kalash?

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  8. #4455
    Gold Class Member
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    Quote Originally Posted by Coldmountains View Post
    Is there any population in South Asia or near South Asia today with 15% E1b1b like the Swat samples? Based on their unusual Y-DNA at the first view it almost seems like as if IA Swat people became later extinct . At the second view their Y-DNA looks quite Dardic and Pre-Pashtun (good chance modern day Q1b among Pashtuns is from a Swat_IA substrate in my opinion). Are their R2a, H1a and other clades matching Kalash?
    Even the sites around 1000BC in South in Adichallanur and keechadi have Mediterranean & European skeletons which may be these Scythian like. However these could not sequenced unlike Swat valley. There might be some more of these foreign colonies in Chera kingdom, Odiya kingdom, Bengal etc.. too which are not found yet. It might be global Bronze age phenomena to start colonies on distant coast as we see Greek colonies all over Mediterranean and mixed with Scythian all over Black sea coast etc...

    https://www.thenewsminute.com/articl...s-india-134150



    HISTORY OF EXCAVATION
    Adichanallur was first brought to light by a German, Jagor, who excavated the place in 1876. Later, Englishman Alexander Rea, who was the Superintending Archaeologist, excavated the site between 1889 and 1905. A Frenchman called Louis Lapique had also conducted an excavation in 1904. In the article titled ‘Prehistoric antiquities in Tinnevelly’, appeared in the Archaeological Survey of India’s annual report in 1902-03, Rea said that excavations by Jagor had yielded “Upwards of 50 kinds of baked earthenware utensils of all sizes and shapes., and a great quantity of bones and skulls”. Rea discovered about 1,872 objects, and about 4,000 more later. Husks of rice and millet were found in pots inside the urns. Lamp stands, wire bangles, swords, spears and arrows were found. Importantly, several gold diadems were found. Even today the practice of tying gold diadems on the forehead of bride in the Hindu weddings is popular in Tamil Nadu. Rea also discovered a number of bronze figurines of the buffalo, the goat or the sheep, the cock, the tiger, the antelope and the elephant
    Last edited by tipirneni; 01-13-2021 at 12:40 AM.
    Y: H-M69 -> H-M82 -> SK1225 -> H-Z5888 -> H-Z5890 -> H-CTS8144 [CTS8144/PF1741/M5498] -> Z34531 (H1a1a4b3b1a8~)
    found 2875 BCE -> Jiroft/IVC Periphery 11459 Shahr-i-Sokte BA2
    mtDNA:U2a1a

    G25 Ancients Dist 1.0 IRN_Shahr_I_Sokhta_BA2 88.4 MAR_Taforalt 2.6NPL_Mebrak 5
    VK2020_SWE_Gotland_VA 4 Hidden Content

    Lactose Persistence rs3213871 rs4988243 rs4988183 rs3769005 rs2236783
    found -> DA125, Kangju

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     laltota (01-13-2021)

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