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Thread: Haplogroup R0

  1. #1
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    Haplogroup R0

    Thought I'd make a thread since this subforum isn't very active. My mtDNA is R0a2d according to 23andme, my mom is Pashtun. So far I've only found an Ashkenazi woman with the same subclade.

    R0a likely originated in the Near East, splitting off from the lineages that would eventually form the H and V haplogroups. R0a arose during the end of the height of the Ice Age, when most of the northern hemisphere was covered in ice. While H and V spread across Europe, R0a stayed primarily in the Near East. Today it can be found at highest frequencies in the Arabian peninsula and some isolated populations in Pakistan, however across the entire region and in northeastern Africa one in ten individuals are R0a. In Europe, R0a is rare outside of certain groups such as Ashkenazi Jews with recent historical ties to the Near East.



    Haplogroup R0 occurs frequently in the Arabian Plate with its highest frequency in Socotri (Population 50,000 Yemen) 38% [4] and its also found in a high frequency in the Kalash (Population 6,000 in Pakistan) with 23%[5] smaller frequency in North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Anatolia, Iranian Plateau & Dalmatia. Its greater variety in the Arabian Plate suggests R0a originated in and spread from there.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_R0_%28mtDNA%29


    It is the second most prevalent mtDNA among the Kalash:

    Genetic analysis of Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) by Quintana-Murci et al. (2004) stated that "the western Eurasian presence in the Kalash population reaches a frequency of 100%" with the most prevalent mtDNA Haplogroups being U4 (34%), R0 (23%), U2e (16%), and J2 (9%). The study asserted that no East or South Asian lineages were detected and that the Kalash population is composed of western Eurasian lineages (as the associated lineages are rare or absent in the surrounding populations). The authors concluded that a western Eurasian origin for the Kalash is likely, in view of their maternal lineages.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalash_...enetic_origins

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    R0 encompasses H and V. I guess usually when people say R0 though they mean R0(HV-).

    http://www.phylotree.org/tree/subtree_R0.htm

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    I have eight autosomal matches at 23andme who are listed as mtDNA-R0a2. One lists Poland, and another lists Eastern Europe. The rest list no information, they are anonymous, so not sure.

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    Lippold2014FigureS13R0a.png

    According to Figure S13 of Lippold et al. (2014), the Kalash R0a belong to a fairly young subclade (MRCA approx. 5000 YBP according to this figure, though one cannot be sure that this sample of Kalash has covered all extant diversity of R0a in the Kalash population), but this Kalash subclade is well distinguished (TMRCA approx. 23,000 years) from SW Asian R0a (although the subclade that is primarily represented by SW Asians in this figure also contains the mtDNA of one Pashtun individual: HGDP00230 Pathan, mtDNA R0a2d, Y-DNA R1a1).

    For the sake of completeness, here are some data regarding all the R0a representatives in the figure above from Table S1 of the same study ("MtDNA haplogroups were assigned from the genome sequences, while the NRY haplogroups are from previous studies based on SNP-typing"):

    HGDP00620 Bedouin, mtDNA R0a1+152, Y-DNA E(xE3b3)

    HGDP00600 Druze, mtDNA R0a2, Y-DNA J2(xJ2f2)
    HGDP00628 Bedouin, mtDNA R0a2, Y-DNA E3b3
    HGDP00616 Bedouin, mtDNA R0a2c, Y-DNA J(xJ2)
    HGDP00230 Pathan, mtDNA R0a2d, Y-DNA R1a1
    HGDP00678 Palestinian, mtDNA R0a2, Y-DNA J(xJ2)

    HGDP00281 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA L
    HGDP00285 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA G
    HGDP00319 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA H1
    HGDP00333 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA J2(xJ2f2)

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    Quote Originally Posted by Tįltos View Post
    I have eight autosomal matches at 23andme who are listed as mtDNA-R0a2. One lists Poland, and another lists Eastern Europe. The rest list no information, they are anonymous, so not sure.
    I have two matches listed as R0a2 and two as R0a1a but they're either anonymous or didn't include information about their ancestry.

    Quote Originally Posted by Ebizur View Post
    Lippold2014FigureS13R0a.png

    According to Figure S13 of Lippold et al. (2014), the Kalash R0a belong to a fairly young subclade (MRCA approx. 5000 YBP according to this figure, though one cannot be sure that this sample of Kalash has covered all extant diversity of R0a in the Kalash population), but this Kalash subclade is well distinguished (TMRCA approx. 23,000 years) from SW Asian R0a (although the subclade that is primarily represented by SW Asians in this figure also contains the mtDNA of one Pashtun individual: HGDP00230 Pathan, mtDNA R0a2d, Y-DNA R1a1).

    For the sake of completeness, here are some data regarding all the R0a representatives in the figure above from Table S1 of the same study ("MtDNA haplogroups were assigned from the genome sequences, while the NRY haplogroups are from previous studies based on SNP-typing"):

    HGDP00620 Bedouin, mtDNA R0a1+152, Y-DNA E(xE3b3)

    HGDP00600 Druze, mtDNA R0a2, Y-DNA J2(xJ2f2)
    HGDP00628 Bedouin, mtDNA R0a2, Y-DNA E3b3
    HGDP00616 Bedouin, mtDNA R0a2c, Y-DNA J(xJ2)
    HGDP00230 Pathan, mtDNA R0a2d, Y-DNA R1a1
    HGDP00678 Palestinian, mtDNA R0a2, Y-DNA J(xJ2)

    HGDP00281 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA L
    HGDP00285 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA G
    HGDP00319 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA H1
    HGDP00333 Kalash, mtDNA R0a, Y-DNA J2(xJ2f2)
    Thanks for the info, so it seems my subclade (R0a2d) is distinct from the one exhibited by the Kalash.

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    can anyone help with any info on the identification of mtdna r0a in portugal , thanks i am new here i just registered

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    hi, can anyone help with any info on mtdna r0a in portugal , i am new here, i just registered

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    Quote Originally Posted by the boy View Post
    hi, can anyone help with any info on mtdna r0a in portugal , i am new here, i just registered
    Hello. Please do not cross-post. This is an appropriate thread for your question. Thank you and welcome to the forum.

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    Quote Originally Posted by the boy View Post
    hi, can anyone help with any info on mtdna r0a in portugal , i am new here, i just registered
    It is around 0.1% in Spain and probably similar in Portugal. Outside of SouthWest Asia R0a is very rare.

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