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Thread: Relationship between Yamnaya and Corded Ware

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    Relationship between Yamnaya and Corded Ware

    I just noticed this handy map in Piotr Włodarczak, The traits of Early-Bronze Pontic cultures in the development of old upland Corded Ware (Małopolska group) and Złota culture communities (2014) https://www.academia.edu/15425433/Th...re_communities

    He is particularly interested in the Corded Ware on the soil of present-day Poland.

    Yamnaya-CWfromWłodarczak2014.jpg

    Here's the caption:

    Yamnaya-CWfromWlodarczak2014Caption.JPG
    Last edited by Jean M; 08-14-2016 at 08:23 PM.

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    Here's another good one on the topic from the same author:https://www.academia.edu/7484670/The...eastern_Poland

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    The movement of Yamnaya groups west and north. (Eg up the Dniepr and Prut), for the most part, was a late phenomenon (2700 BC), and seemed to stop at GAC. Although single Yamnaya graves are found as far as central Germany; the events which brought eastern genes to central-west Germany in bulk were corded ware, and possibly GAC.

    Anthony didn't have much to say about CWC, and disappointingly, Heyd deosn;t devote any articles for German CWC. I think Anthony argued it evolved as native TRB Chiefs adopted Yamnaya traits

    Here is what Heyd briefly suggested:

    "One major catalyst were the people represented in the Globular Amphora Culture, which at the time was to be found north of the Carpathian arc, and is also indicated by stray finds along the Danube and the Rhine (Raetzel-Fabian 2001; Szmyt 2003; Salanova & Heyd in press). The Globular Amphora Culture, with its personal grave goods in collective and individualised graves, its stone axes,partly ground flint adzes, and amber objects,constitutes in many respects a forerunner – around or before 3000 cal BC – for the 3rd millennium cal BC changes as described above. The other was thecontemporary migration of the northern Pontic Yamnaya Culture people into the whole of the western Pontic area and up to the eastern Carpathian basin(Kalicz 1998; Kaiser 2001); this movement influenced developments to the west'
    Last edited by Gravetto-Danubian; 08-15-2016 at 03:48 AM.

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    Quote Originally Posted by George View Post
    Here's another good one on the topic from the same author
    Yes he has published a series of useful papers on Corded Ware, including several on the chronology of the culture, which drastically reduced the upper date for the culture from the traditional 3200 BC cited by Mallory 1997 to something closer to 2800 BC.

    Here is some of his commentary on the problems:

    The basic difficulty while attempting to date the individual phases of the CWC is con-nected with the limitations of the method itself, particularly with the character of the calibration curve (Fig. 2). Many archaeological studies strive for precision at any cost, thescale of which is simply impossible to achieve. For the period of time of the late Neolithic that we are here concerned with, there are two particularly important plateaux of the calibration curve: 2880–2580 BC and 2470–2200 BC (Furholt 2003, 15–18; Müller 2000,32; Raetzel-Fabian 2000, 129–133). The beginnings of the CWC settlement in most regions can be dated to the period of time marked by the first plateau. If, as the beginning of the CWC development, a more precise date for the time brackets 2900–2750 BC is provided by some archaeological models, it does not follow directly from analysing radiocarbon datings. It is always a suggestion of an archaeologist, who is relying on other, additional premises. The difficulty connected with the other plateau, and with the decline of the CWC settlement that falls on these time brackets, is similar. The choice of a particulardate from the years 2470–2200 is linked with the chronological relation of the CWC to theBell Beaker culture. The plateau on the curve makes it difficult to suggest an objective re-construction, and again an archaeological interpretation is more important, assuming either the synchronicity or sequentiality of cultural changes.
    From https://www.academia.edu/3026324/ARC...SUS_CHRONOLOGY
    Last edited by Jean M; 08-15-2016 at 08:33 AM.

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