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Thread: Late date of farming in Lithuania

  1. #1
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    Late date of farming in Lithuania

    Not that it is news that farming came late to Lithuania, but this new paper seeks precision.

    Gytis Piličiauskas, Dalia Kisielienė, Giedrė Piličiauskienė, Deconstructing the concept of Subneolithic farming in the southeastern Baltic, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, First Online: 16 August 2016 : http://link.springer.com/article/10....334-016-0584-9

    The paper presents a critical review of the zooarchaeological, macrobotanical, palynological and archaeological data from Lithuania and their previous interpretations, which formerly served as the basis for the concept of development of pre-Neolithic or Subneolithic low intensity farming and/or livestock breeding in the eastern Baltic region. Moreover, it presents the first direct AMS dates from the crop remains and domestic animal bones discovered in Lithuanian Subneolithic and Neolithic settlements. An investigation proved that most of, or possibly all, the early farming “evidence” came from the wrong identification of the plant and animal species and incorrect dating of crop remains and domestic animal bones. The errors of dating were caused by the fresh water reservoir effect being ignored when dating the bulk lacustrine sediment samples, by the failure to evaluate the impact of the palimpsest and bioturbation phenomena on the formation of an archaeological layer, and by insufficient attention to stratigraphy and spatial documentation of the finds during very extensive archaeological excavations in the second half of the 20th century. To date, no credible evidence is available in Lithuania that domestic animals had been kept and crops grown before the Neolithic Globular Amphora and Corded Ware cultures in 3200/2700 cal BC. However, this does not mean such evidence may not appear in the future, provided direct AMS dating of animal and crop residues from Subneolithic contexts continues, and systematic macrobotanical studies finally start not only in the lake settlement and fishing sites, but also in higher altitude areas.

  2. The Following 7 Users Say Thank You to Jean M For This Useful Post:

     Agamemnon (09-04-2016),  ArmandoR1b (09-04-2016),  Captain Nordic (09-05-2016),  Ignis90 (09-04-2016),  lgmayka (09-05-2016),  parastais (09-04-2016)

  3. #2
    J Man
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    I remember reading somewhere before that in parts of what is today Lithuania hunter-gatherers survived right up until the Bronze Age. I see here that the Narva culture which was a hunter-gatherer culture lasted until the start of the Bronze Age. We have two mtDNA results from the Narva culture remains from Lithuania so far dating to around 4450 BC both of which belong to haplogroup U5b which fits nicely with other Mesolithic European hunter-gatherer remains.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narva_culture

    http://www.ancestraljourneys.org/mesolithicdna.shtml

  4. The Following 4 Users Say Thank You to J Man For This Useful Post:

     Captain Nordic (09-05-2016),  Ignis90 (09-04-2016),  Jean M (09-04-2016),  parastais (09-04-2016)

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