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Thread: Who are the Sea Peoples and what role did they play in ...

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    Who are the Sea Peoples and what role did they play in ...

    Who are the Sea Peoples and what role did they play in the devastation of civilizations that occurred shortly after 1200 BCE?

    By: Eric Cline

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    Here are 10 Fascinating Theories Regarding The Ancient Sea Peoples

    When I look at the Egyptian depictions recorded in extraordinary detail with their horned helmets, kilts and Halstatt like swords they remind me of Celts.


    Two Hittite and Philistine sites were discovered recently.

    It will be interesting to get aDNA from the these sites. Both are linked to the Sea People's.

    The Philistines are one of the mysterious tribes of the ''Sea Peoples''. For many centuries, it was unknown where they come from. As Alicia McDermott from Ancient Origins wrote in September 22, 2015:
    ''The Sea Peoples were a group of tribes that arose and battled against ancient Mediterranean communities from 1276-1178 BC. At the time the victims of their barrages called them: theSherden, the Sheklesh, Lukka, Tursha, Peleset and Akawasha. Lack of concrete evidence has left the history of the Sea Peoples to be heavily debated in the archaeological community. Scholars believe that it is likely the identity of the warrior Sea Peoples is Etruscan/Trojan, Italian, Philistine, Mycenaen or even Minoan.

    A new study focuses on one of these alleged Sea Peoples – the Philistines. The origin of where they came from has also been a longstanding question for archaeologists. The past assumption was that as they were after all, “sea” people, they must be based from a location near water. The new discovery goes against this previously held idea. Tel Tayinat/Tell Tayinat (ancient Kunulua), Turkey was previously thought to have been just one of the many locations invaded by the Philistines, however new research proposes that they may have their origins in that location instead. The common previously held belief was that the Philistines were originally from the Aegean or Cyprus regions.

    Many researchers also tie the presence of the Philistines to the exploits of the Sea Peoples, a mysterious confederation of tribes that appears to have wreaked havoc across the eastern Mediterranean at the end of the Late Bronze Age, in the 13th and 12th centuries B.C. A relief in the mortuary temple of pharaoh Ramses III depicts his battle against the Sea Peoples around 1180 B.C. and records the names of several of the tribes, among them the Peleset, who are featured with distinctive headgear and kilts.

    Delilah’s People Archaeologists uncover Philistine artifacts.
    Around this time, the Peleset may have settled in or around Ashkelon, which had already been a major Canaanite port on the Mediterranean Sea for centuries. They also set up rule in four other major cities—Ashdod, Ekron, Gath, and Gaza—and the region became known in the Hebrew Bible as the land of the Palestu, the origin of the modern term "Palestine."

    The homelands of the Sea Peoples are also elusive, and researchers who associate the plundering Peleset with the Philistines think the cemetery finds may help provide answers to that archaeological mystery as well.

    "I was once asked, if someone gave me a million dollars, what I would do," says Eric Cline, an archaeologist at George Washington University, National Geographic Society grantee, and author of a recent book on the Sea Peoples and the end of the Bronze Age. "I said, I'd go out and look for a Sea Peoples' site that explains where they came from, or where they ended up."

    Eric Cline, Professor of Classics and Anthropology at George Washington University and author of the remarkable 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed, told The Daily Beast, “What is absolutely most important about this discovery is that it represents the first time in a very long time that we might be able to say something more definitive about the Sea Peoples.” He added that while we have Philistine pottery at many sites in the Near East, we have never before had such numerous skeletal remains. “The fact that we’ve got so many skeletons means that we should be able to do DNA analysis as well as strontium isotope analysis, which might allow us to finally talk about where they came from.”

    "The inscriptions of Ramesses III at his Medinet Habu mortuary temple in Thebes record three victorious campaigns against the Sea Peoples considered bona fide, in Years 5, 8 and 12, as well as three considered spurious, against the Nubians and Libyans in Year 5 and the Libyans with Asiatics in Year 11. During Year 8 some Hittites were operating with the Sea Peoples."

    aDNA is fascinating.
    Last edited by Heber; 09-14-2016 at 08:24 PM.
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