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Thread: Genetic Genealogy and Ancient DNA in the News

  1. #2341
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    Quote Originally Posted by R.Rocca View Post
    Blood ties: Unraveling ancestry and kinship in a Stone Age mass burial
    https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJEB28451

    Description:
    In 2011 archaeological excavations near the village of Koszyce, Poland, uncovered a 5000-year-old mass burial with the remains of 15 men, women and children belonging to the Globular Amphora culture. All had suffered violent deaths but had been buried with great care. To shed new light on this apparent tragedy we conducted a detailed interdisciplinary investigation of the skeletons. Genome-wide kinship analyses revealed an extended family with several first- and second-degree relationships. The bodies had been carefully arranged according to these relationships by someone who knew the deceased. Strontium isotope measurements of tooth enamel indicate a semi-settled lifestyle. The analyses provide an unprecedented level of insight into social behavior, group structure, and violent intergroup conflict at the end of the Neolithic period in Europe.

    The data is available but I could not find the paper. I tried to download the files but they are very large and their server is very slow and the connections continue to time out. So, I was only able to download the files and do the Y-chromosome assignments for these four males:

    RISE1160 = I2a2a1b-CTS10057
    RISE1162 = I2a2a1b2a-L801
    RISE1163 = I2a2a1b2a-L801
    RISE1165 = I2a2a1b2-Z161
    Richard, is there an associated paper? Or were these samples included in an earlier paper and only now uploaded?

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  3. #2342
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    Quote Originally Posted by K33 View Post
    Richard, is there an associated paper? Or were these samples included in an earlier paper and only now uploaded?
    I couldn't find the associated DNA paper, but I think this very well done study is on the same burial:

    https://www.academia.edu/25318831/Ko...5%82ku_neolitu
    Paternal: R1b-U152 >> L2 >> FGC10543, Pietro della Rocca, b. 1559, Agira, Sicily, Italy
    Maternal: H4a1-T152C!, Maria Coto, b. ~1864, Galicia, Spain
    Mother's Paternal: J1+ FGC4745/FGC4766+ PF5019+, Gerardo Caprio, b. 1879, Caposele, Avellino, Campania, Italy
    Father's Maternal: T2b-C150T, Francisca Santa Cruz, b.1916, Garganchon, Burgos, Spain
    Paternal Great (x3) Grandfather: R1b-U106 >> L48 >> CTS2509, Filippo Ensabella, b.~1836, Agira, Sicily, Italy

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  5. #2343
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    Formation of the Indo-European Branches in the light of the Archaeogenetic Revolution

    John T. Koch
    Formation of the Indo-European Branches in the light of the Archaeogenetic Revolution


    John T. Koch* *University of Wales, Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies Formation of the Indo-European Branches in the light of the Archaeogenetic Revolution Philology and archaeology evolved in tandem for over a century in a general awareness that reconstructed proto-languages (such as Proto-Indo-European, Proto-Germanic, Proto-Celtic) and later prehistoric cultures inhabited the same world. In effect, the two disciplines were studying the same thing. However, mapping reconstructed linguistic evidence onto text-free archaeology presented a near insurmountable challenge. The widespread astonishment that greeted the decipherment of Linear B as Late Bronze Age Greek illustrates the unreliability of carefully argued circumstantial inferences, even at the protohistoric horizon. David Anthony’s The Horse, the Wheel, and Language (2007) impressed many readers, but I know of no prior adherents of the Anatolian hypothesis of Indo-European origins who changed views upon reading it. By then, we knew that ancient DNA evidence was coming. What we had not expected is that it would reveal, not incremental changes of population, but changes so dramatic that they very probably came with a change of language. In particular, this was the case with massive gene flow from the Pontic–Caspian steppe in the 3rd millennium BC, which transformed the Siberian Altai and central, northern, and western Europe. In other words, this new data seemed to confirm, for at least some key elements, the steppe hypothesis that had been constructed and won adherents on the basis of completely non-genetic evidence, rather linguistic and archaeological. There were also less dramatic negative discoveries. For example, Cassidy et al. 2016 shows that three Early Bronze Age men from Rathlin Island were very different genetically from Neolithic woman from near Giant’s Ring outside Belfast. But the men were much closer to the modern Irish. In other words, the shift at the Neolithic–Bronze Age Transition was much greater, and relatively little had happened since. The authors accordingly suggested that the Rathlin men spoke the Indo-European language that then evolved into Gaelic in situ. We can anticipate that genome-wide samples of ancient Europeans will soon number many 10,000s, filling gaps in most parts between the expansion from the steppe and historical populations speaking attested preRoman languages. We shall soon see whether this new evidence (archaeogenetic and isotopic) provides a conclusive advance for mapping nodes of the Indo-European family tree onto prehistoric populations and archaeological cultures. The paper will attempt a snapshot, reviewing results of some recent archaeogenetic studies and what they might imply about languages in later prehistoric Europe. What gaps and uncertainties remain? And where might answers come from?

    https://www.academia.edu/38220415/Fo...tic_Revolution
    Last edited by Heber; 01-26-2019 at 11:02 AM.
    Gerard Corcoran
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  7. #2344
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    Quote Originally Posted by R.Rocca View Post
    Blood ties: Unraveling ancestry and kinship in a Stone Age mass burial
    https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJEB28451

    Description:
    In 2011 archaeological excavations near the village of Koszyce, Poland, uncovered a 5000-year-old mass burial with the remains of 15 men, women and children belonging to the Globular Amphora culture. All had suffered violent deaths but had been buried with great care. To shed new light on this apparent tragedy we conducted a detailed interdisciplinary investigation of the skeletons. Genome-wide kinship analyses revealed an extended family with several first- and second-degree relationships. The bodies had been carefully arranged according to these relationships by someone who knew the deceased. Strontium isotope measurements of tooth enamel indicate a semi-settled lifestyle. The analyses provide an unprecedented level of insight into social behavior, group structure, and violent intergroup conflict at the end of the Neolithic period in Europe.

    The data is available but I could not find the paper. I tried to download the files but they are very large and their server is very slow and the connections continue to time out. So, I was only able to download the files and do the Y-chromosome assignments for these four males:

    RISE1160 = I2a2a1b-CTS10057
    RISE1162 = I2a2a1b2a-L801
    RISE1163 = I2a2a1b2a-L801
    RISE1165 = I2a2a1b2-Z161
    These further samples from the past two days:

    RISE1250 = I2a2a-L59
    RISE1252 = I2a2a1-CTS616
    RISE1254 = I2a2a1b2a-L801

    I will not be attempting to download any more samples from that study. Their servers are brutally slow.
    Paternal: R1b-U152 >> L2 >> FGC10543, Pietro della Rocca, b. 1559, Agira, Sicily, Italy
    Maternal: H4a1-T152C!, Maria Coto, b. ~1864, Galicia, Spain
    Mother's Paternal: J1+ FGC4745/FGC4766+ PF5019+, Gerardo Caprio, b. 1879, Caposele, Avellino, Campania, Italy
    Father's Maternal: T2b-C150T, Francisca Santa Cruz, b.1916, Garganchon, Burgos, Spain
    Paternal Great (x3) Grandfather: R1b-U106 >> L48 >> CTS2509, Filippo Ensabella, b.~1836, Agira, Sicily, Italy

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  9. #2345
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    https://journals.plos.org/plosone/ar...l.pone.0210718

    Medieval mummies of Zeleny Yar burial ground in the Arctic Zone of Western Siberia

    Sergey Mikhailovich Slepchenko , Alexander Vasilyevich Gusev, Evgenia Olegovna Svyatova, Jong Ha Hong, Chang Seok Oh, Do Seon Lim, Dong Hoon Shin

    PLOS
    Published: January 25, 2019
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210718

    Abstract

    Notwithstanding the pioneering achievements of studies on arctic mummies in Siberia, there are insufficient data for any comprehensive understanding of the bio-cultural details of medieval people living in the region. In the Western Siberian arctic, permafrost mummies have been found in 12th to 13th century graves located in the Zeleny Yar (Z-Y) burial ground (66°19'4.54"N; 67°21'13.54"E). In 2013–2016, we were fortunate to be able to excavate that cemetery, locating a total of 47 burials, including cases of mummification. Some of these mummies had been wrapped in a multi-layered birch-bark cocoon. After removal of the cocoon, we conducted interdisciplinary studies using various scientific techniques. Gross anatomical examination and CT radiography showed that the internal organs were still well preserved inside the body cavities. Under light and electron microscopy, the histological findings were very similar to those for naturally mummified specimens discovered in other countries. Ancient DNA analysis showed that the Z-Y mummies’ mtDNA haplotypes belong to five different haplogroups, namely U5a (#34), H3ao (#53), D (#67–1), U4b1b1 (#67–2), and D4j8 (#68), which distinguish them for their unique combination of Western- and Eastern Siberia-specific mtDNA haplogroups. Our interdisciplinary study obtained fundamental information that will form the foundation of successful future investigations on medieval mummies found in the Western Siberian arctic.

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  11. #2346
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    Quote Originally Posted by R.Rocca View Post
    These further samples from the past two days:

    RISE1250 = I2a2a-L59
    RISE1252 = I2a2a1-CTS616
    RISE1254 = I2a2a1b2a-L801

    I will not be attempting to download any more samples from that study. Their servers are brutally slow.
    You are right: I tried to download the first BAM file... the page loads to infinity and beyond!

    Well: I'll try again to download the rest of the files and to process them through the BAM Analysis kit. Only a question: the abstract says that they have 15 samples, but there are more or less 48 BAM files to download... what are they?

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  13. #2347
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    More on David Reich and the New York Times

    https://culturologies.wordpress.com/...ew-york-times/

    Interesting read and nice map on The Bell Beakers.

    The New York Times have made a few corrections to their article.

    https://twitter.com/debbiekennett/st...392330753?s=21
    Gerard Corcoran
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    The origins of the Basques and Celts in Atlantic Europe in the light of new discoveries

    https://www.academia.edu/38230544/Th...ard=view-paper

    https://html1-f.scribdassets.com/84u...15022eb426.jpg

    https://html2-f.scribdassets.com/84u...11bfe1a8e3.jpg










    Quote Originally Posted by Heber View Post
    Formation of the Indo-European Branches in the light of the Archaeogenetic Revolution

    John T. Koch
    Formation of the Indo-European Branches in the light of the Archaeogenetic Revolution


    John T. Koch* *University of Wales, Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies Formation of the Indo-European Branches in the light of the Archaeogenetic Revolution Philology and archaeology evolved in tandem for over a century in a general awareness that reconstructed proto-languages (such as Proto-Indo-European, Proto-Germanic, Proto-Celtic) and later prehistoric cultures inhabited the same world. In effect, the two disciplines were studying the same thing. However, mapping reconstructed linguistic evidence onto text-free archaeology presented a near insurmountable challenge. The widespread astonishment that greeted the decipherment of Linear B as Late Bronze Age Greek illustrates the unreliability of carefully argued circumstantial inferences, even at the protohistoric horizon. David Anthony’s The Horse, the Wheel, and Language (2007) impressed many readers, but I know of no prior adherents of the Anatolian hypothesis of Indo-European origins who changed views upon reading it. By then, we knew that ancient DNA evidence was coming. What we had not expected is that it would reveal, not incremental changes of population, but changes so dramatic that they very probably came with a change of language. In particular, this was the case with massive gene flow from the Pontic–Caspian steppe in the 3rd millennium BC, which transformed the Siberian Altai and central, northern, and western Europe. In other words, this new data seemed to confirm, for at least some key elements, the steppe hypothesis that had been constructed and won adherents on the basis of completely non-genetic evidence, rather linguistic and archaeological. There were also less dramatic negative discoveries. For example, Cassidy et al. 2016 shows that three Early Bronze Age men from Rathlin Island were very different genetically from Neolithic woman from near Giant’s Ring outside Belfast. But the men were much closer to the modern Irish. In other words, the shift at the Neolithic–Bronze Age Transition was much greater, and relatively little had happened since. The authors accordingly suggested that the Rathlin men spoke the Indo-European language that then evolved into Gaelic in situ. We can anticipate that genome-wide samples of ancient Europeans will soon number many 10,000s, filling gaps in most parts between the expansion from the steppe and historical populations speaking attested preRoman languages. We shall soon see whether this new evidence (archaeogenetic and isotopic) provides a conclusive advance for mapping nodes of the Indo-European family tree onto prehistoric populations and archaeological cultures. The paper will attempt a snapshot, reviewing results of some recent archaeogenetic studies and what they might imply about languages in later prehistoric Europe. What gaps and uncertainties remain? And where might answers come from?

    https://www.academia.edu/38220415/Fo...tic_Revolution
    Gerard Corcoran
    R1b-DF21-S5456-S6166, H1C1

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  17. #2349
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    I am no linguist, but I don't think the "Basque substrate" thing is the consensus view among linguists, but I could be wrong.

    Seems to me the importance of the Basques is really radically inflated and has been for years.
     


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    Y-DNA: R1b-FGC36981 (L21> DF13> Z39589> CTS2501> Z43690> Y8426> BY160> FGC36974>FGC36982 >FGC36981)

    Additional Data:
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    Dad's mtDNA: K1a1

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    Five interesting articles on the current archaeogenetics debate.

    http://onlinedigeditions.com/publica...owser%5C%22%22
    Gerard Corcoran
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