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Thread: The Genetic History of Northern Europe

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    The Genetic History of Northern Europe

    The Genetic History of Northern Europe

    Alissa Mittnik, Chuan-Chao Wang, Saskia Pfrengle, Mantas Daubaras, Gunita Zariņa, Fredrik Hallgren, Raili Allmäe, Valery Khartanovich, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Anja Furtwängler, Aida Andrades Valtueña, Michal Feldman, Christos Economou, Markku Oinonen, Andrejs Vasks, Mari Tõrv, Oleg Balanovsky, David Reich, Rimantas Jankauskas, Wolfgang Haak, Stephan Schiffels, Johannes Krause

    Yet another (mostly) Baltic aDNA paper:

    http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/03/03/113241

    Supplementary information:

    http://biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/s...1/113241-1.pdf

    Abstract:

    "Recent ancient DNA studies have revealed that the genetic history of modern Europeans was shaped by a series of migration and admixture events between deeply diverged groups. While these events are well described in Central and Southern Europe, genetic evidence from Northern Europe surrounding the Baltic Sea is still sparse. Here we report genome-wide DNA data from 24 ancient North Europeans ranging from ~7,500 to 200 calBCE spanning the transition from a hunter-gatherer to an agricultural lifestyle, as well as the adoption of bronze metallurgy. We show that Scandinavia was settled after the retreat of the glacial ice sheets from a southern and a northern route, and that the first Scandinavian Neolithic farmers derive their ancestry from Anatolia 1000 years earlier than previously demonstrated. The range of Western European Mesolithic hunter-gatherers extended to the east of the Baltic Sea, where these populations persisted without gene-flow from Central European farmers until around 2,900 calBCE when the arrival of steppe pastoralists introduced a major shift in economy and established wide-reaching networks of contact within the Corded Ware Complex."
    Last edited by Pribislav; 03-03-2017 at 10:01 PM.

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    This is a great accompaniment to the Estonian paper in the thread above and are perhaps best discussed together. Can we join the threads.
    It looks like the release of all the ancient DNA papers is being starting to carefully orchestrated. I look forward to the crescendo!
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    I think the title "G H of Northern Europe" is stretching it a bit though

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    Quote Originally Posted by Gravetto-Danubian View Post
    I think the title "G H of Northern Europe" is stretching it a bit though
    That is what I thought, too, after scanning the paper. I guess "Genetic History of One Little Corner of Northern Europe" just didn't have the same ring to it.

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    I am stumped that not one of their samples was derived for EDAR. Should we doubt the SHG results?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Inigo Montoya View Post
    I am stumped that not one of their samples was derived for EDAR. Should we doubt the SHG results?
    Nope they are solid.
    Early EDAR perhaps just died off and came in again later.

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    No big surprises if I understand correctly.

    I think something like this sums it all up:
    Mesolithic guys
    I2 in Lithuania, R1b in Latvia
    Neolithic guys
    some R1a EHGs perhaps also arrived
    Corded Ware
    R1a, R1a everywhere

    Did I miss something?

    p.s.
    No N1c until 200 BCE, no N1c in Kivutkalns. I thought around this time and in Kivutkalns would be the place where N1c got going in Baltics. Nah, R1a, R1a everywhere.

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    I'm delighted that this paper and the Estonian one have been rapidly released in preprint to counter the misleading conclusions of Jones et al 2017 which hit the headlines so recently. Note this paragraph:

    The production and use of pottery, in Central and southern Europe often seen as part of the ‘Neolithic package’, was already common among foragers in Scandinavia during the preceding Mesolithic Ertebølle phase. Similarly in the eastern Baltic, where foraging continued to be the main form of subsistence until at least 4,000 calBCE, ceramics technology was adopted before agriculture. Recent genome wide data of hunter-gatherers from the Baltic Narva Culture revealed genetic continuity with the preceding Mesolithic inhabitants of the same region as well as influence from the more northern EHG 21.
    21 = Jones, E. R. et al. The Neolithic Transition in the Baltic Was Not Driven by Admixture with Early European Farmers. Curr Biol, (2017).

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    Nice article but the title should be "The Genetic History of Northeastern Europe". More or less the expected results, no breakthrough. Kunda and Narva close to WHG was the biggest surprise there. That's not the place where the main action happened but a corner of Europe relatively static under the general changes happening elsewhere.
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